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Detection of Earth’s free oscillation excited by the Japan Mw9.0 Earthquake using different tiltmeter and strainmeter

Detection of Earth’s free oscillation excited by the Japan Mw9.0 Earthquake using different tiltmeter and strainmeter
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摘要 The observatory network of the Crustal Deformation China Seismological Bureau was equipped with vertical pendulum tiltmeter,borehole tiltmeter,tunnel extension meters,multi-component borehole strainmeter,body strainmeter and other tilt and strain observation instruments.All of these instruments have recorded the Earth’s free oscillation excited by the Japan Mw9.0 Earthquake.By analyzing those observations,all of the spheroidal oscillation modes(0S3-0S30)and toroidal oscillation modes(0T3-0T20)excited by the Japan Mw9.0 Earthquake were detected in this paper.In addition,comparing the different observation results which obtained by those instruments,we revealed their capacity to observe different kinds of oscillation and different frequency band modes,and analyzed report the reason.We found that the body strainmeter and the vertical pendulum tiltmeter have better observing results for spheroidal oscillation.Because of high noise in low frequency band,the borehole tiltmeter cannot observe the low-order spheroidal oscillation.In terms of observing the toroidal oscillation,the multi-component borehole strainmeter got a best result.The vertical pendulum tiltmeter observes a few toroidal oscillation modes,and the tunnel extension meters can only observe some low-order modes. The observatory network of the Crustal Deformation China Seismological Bureau was equipped with vertical pendulum tiltmeter,borehole tiltmeter,tunnel extension meters,multi-component borehole strainmeter,body strainmeter and other tilt and strain observation instruments.All of these instruments have recorded the Earth’s free oscillation excited by the Japan Mw9.0 Earthquake.By analyzing those observations,all of the spheroidal oscillation modes(0S3-0S30)and toroidal oscillation modes(0T3-0T20)excited by the Japan Mw9.0 Earthquake were detected in this paper.In addition,comparing the different observation results which obtained by those instruments,we revealed their capacity to observe different kinds of oscillation and different frequency band modes,and analyzed report the reason.We found that the body strainmeter and the vertical pendulum tiltmeter have better observing results for spheroidal oscillation.Because of high noise in low frequency band,the borehole tiltmeter cannot observe the low-order spheroidal oscillation.In terms of observing the toroidal oscillation,the multi-component borehole strainmeter got a best result.The vertical pendulum tiltmeter observes a few toroidal oscillation modes,and the tunnel extension meters can only observe some low-order modes.
作者 Yan Zhang Fangjie Meng Yan Zhang;Fangjie Meng;Key Laboratory of Earthquake Geodesy, Institute of Seismology, China Earthquake Administration;Wuhan Base of Institute of Crustal Dynamics,China Earthquake Administration
出处 《大地测量与地球动力学:英文版》 2018年第5期398-403,共6页 Geodesy and Geodynamics
基金 supported by China seismological bureau special scientific research(17A18ZX085)
关键词 TILTMETER Strainmeter Free OSCILLATION of the Earth Tohoku EARTHQUAKE Tiltmeter Strainmeter Free oscillation of the Earth Tohoku earthquake
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