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公司章程“另有规定”条款的司法审查路径

Judicial Review on the Clause “Otherwise Provided” in the Company’s Articles of Association
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摘要 公司章程'另有规定'条款的司法审查主要体现在两个方面,一是公司法上的哪些规范可以由公司章程'另有规定';二是在允许公司章程'另有规定'的情况下章程如何'另有规定'。就前一个方面而言,艾森伯格教授的信义规则不可被'排除'的观点在中国的司法裁判实践中并不具可行性,公司法及相关法律规范中,除了关系到债权人利益、具有公共性特点的强制性规范以外,其他规范在理论上都可以被公司章程'排除'适用。针对第二个方面而言,当前理论与实务界区分初始章程与章程修订案、区分程序性规范与实体性规范的做法并不可取,裁判中法官应重点考察公司章程'另有规定'条款是否涉嫌'股东压制'以及是否符合比例原则。 There are two aspects in judicial reviewing on the clause'otherwise provided'in the company’s articles of association.One is which specifications of the Company Law can be specified by'otherwise provided'in the company’s articles of association.Another is how to specified'otherwise provided'in the case of allowing'otherwise provided'in the company’s articles of association.In the former aspect,cannot be'excluded'in the faith rules of professor Eisenberg’s has no feasibility in China’s judicial practice.In the Company Law and related legal specifications,except for the compulsory specifications that are related to the interests of creditors and have public characteristics,other specifications can theoretically be'excluded'by the company’s articles of association.For the second aspect,the practice is not advisable for the current theory and practice to distinguish the initial articles of association and the revised articles of association,and to distinguish procedural specifications and substantive specifications.The judge in the judgement should focus on whether the clause'otherwise provided'in the company’s articles of association is suspected on'shareholder suppression'and whether it is in line with the principle of proportionality.
作者 王小波 WANG Xiao-bo(Southwest University of Political Science and Law,Chongqing 401120 China)
机构地区 西南政法大学
出处 《河北法学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第9期175-183,共9页 Hebei Law Science
关键词 公司章程 另有规定 缺省性规范 股东协议 company’s articles of association otherwise provided default specification shareholder agreement
作者简介 王小波(1987-),男,江西永丰人,西南政法大学经济法学院2014级博士研究生,研究方向:环境与资源法、公司法。
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