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我国海滩管理问题成因分析及对策建议 预览 被引量:1

Analysis on the Causes of Beach Management Issues of China and the Countermeasures
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摘要 海滩是我国沿海地区重要的海洋自然资源之一,在具备滨海旅游功能的同时还能够防岸护堤、维护人民生命财产安全,是我国海洋环境保护和海洋资源开发利用的重要组成部分。然而受海浪、风暴潮、海平面上升等自然因素以及直接或间接开发利用活动等人为因素的影响,我国海滩资源遭到严重破坏,部分海滩退化甚至消失,海滩侵蚀、海滩污染等日益加剧,同时海滩管理也凸显许多漏洞。因此,加强海滩环境保护、优化海滩管理体制成为滨海旅游区产业发展中的关键。文章在概述国内外海滩管理研究情况的基础上,分析我国海滩资源存在问题的成因,尤其是管理弊端,并就优化海滩管理提出相关对策建议。 The beach is one of the important marine natural resources in the coastal areas.It has the functions of coastal tourism and can protect the breakwater,safeguard people's lives and property security at the same time.It is the important component of China's marine environment protection and marine resources development and utilization.However,affected by the influence of some natural factors such as waves,storm surge,rising sea levels,and other man-made factors such as the direct or indirect development and utilization activities,the beach resources have suffered severe damages,part of the beach has degraded or even disappeared,beach erosion and pollution also become more and more serious.At the same time,the beach management also highlights many loopholes.Therefore,it has become the key of the development of coastal tourism industry to strengthen environmental protection and optimize the beach managing system.On the basis of summary of beach management research situation,the causes of the problems especially the beach resources in management were analyzed,and relevant countermeasures and suggestions on optimi-zing the beach management were put forward in this paper.
作者 冯若燕 余静 李鹏 FENG Ruoyan;YU Jing;LI Peng;Ocean University of China;Shandong Institute of Environmental Science
出处 《海洋开发与管理》 2016年第9期33-36,共4页 Ocean Development and Management
关键词 海滩资源 海滩养护 滨海旅游 生态环境 监督管理 Beach resources Beach nourishment Coastal tourism Ecological environment Supervision
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