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海岸挤迫现象对滨海湿地丧失的影响及对策研究综述 被引量:3

Impacts of 'Coastal Squeeze' on Loss of Coastal Wetlands and Countermeasures:A Review
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摘要 受海平面上升和海岸带人类活动加剧的双重胁迫,国内外滨海湿地退化严重。海岸挤迫(coastal squeeze)现象研究成为国内外学者研究滨海湿地退化或丧失的重要方向之一。基于国内外相关文献,总结了滨海湿地对海平面上升的适应机制,阐释了海岸挤迫的成因、表现和影响,列举了不同代表性国家因海岸挤迫造成的湿地受损情况,以及相应的评估方法和应对策略。综述海岸挤迫现象的成因、影响和对策,可以为气候变化背景下中国滨海湿地的保护、恢复和修复提供借鉴。 Under the combined stress of sea-level rise and intensified human activities, the coastal wetlands worldwide have suffered severe degradation. Among the various issues contributing to the loss of coastal wetlands, researchers throughout the world have considered'coastal squeeze'as one of the most critical factors.Based on a thorough review on the relevant studies at home and abroad, this article outlined the adaptation mechanism of the coastal wetlands in response to rise of the sea level, and studied the cause of coastal squeeze and its features and impacts, and provided examples on the wetland damage due to coastal squeeze from different representative countries, as well as their evaluation methods and countermeasures. Focusing on the cause of the phenomenon and its impacts and countermeasures, the review provided the reference for China's coastal wetlands protection and restoration in the context of climate change.
作者 罗舒心 万新月 熊欣悦 毕莹 邵冬冬 LUO Shuxin;WAN Xinyue;XIONG Xinyue;BI Ying;SHAO Dongdong;School of Environment, Beijing Normal University
出处 《湿地科学》 CSCD 北大核心 2015年第6期778-784,共7页 Wetland Science
基金 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2013CB430402) 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金课题(20110003120029)资助
关键词 海岸挤迫 海平面上升 人类活动干扰 滨海湿地退化 coastal squeeze sea level rise human intervention degradation of coastal wetlands
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