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美国气候正义:立场变迁与实质辨析

American Climate Justice: Stance Changes and Essence Analysis
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摘要 美国气候正义立场变迁受国内、国际两方面因素影响。国内因素主要是美国的联邦制政治结构,具体表现为'分裂政府'导致国际协议与国际气候变化拨款的获批较为困难,而且联邦各州在众议院的议员名额相等也对美国气候正义产生了重大影响。同时国内因素还包括普通民众对气候正义的不同态度。国际因素主要是新型经济体的气候谈判立场,尤其是中国政府的谈判立场对美国的气候正义立场的影响较为明显。 The changes in the US climate justice stance are affected by both domestic and international factors. The domestic factor is mainly the political structure of the United States. To be specific,the'split government'makes it difficult to obtain the ratifcation of international agreements and the appropriation for international climate change.Besides,the equal number of representatives in the House of Representatives of each federal state has also had a major impact on US climate justice. At the same time,domestic factors also include different attitudes of ordinary people towards climate justice. The international factor is mainly the climate negotiation stance of new economy. In particular,the negotiating position of the Chinese government has a more obvious impact on the US climate justice stance.
作者 孙承 李建福 SUN Cheng;LI Jian-fu(School of Politics and Public Administration,China University of Political Science and Law,Beijing 100088,China)
出处 《山西大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期101-111,共11页 Journal of Shanxi University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition)
关键词 气候正义 气候变化 《联合国气候变化框架公约》 climate justice climate change United Nations Framework on Climate Change Convention(UNFCCC)
作者简介 孙承(1950-),男,北京人,中国政法大学政治与公共管理学院教授、博士生导师,主要从事国际政治、当代亚太等研究。
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