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对“敬畏生命”新的哲学解读 被引量:1

A New Philosophical Interpretation of Reverence for Life
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摘要 生命,从其发生发展的视角看,就是宇宙的普遍联系和无限运动在某个具体时空坐标点上的一种表现。从这个意义上讲,所谓敬畏生命,就是敬畏无限、敬畏自然。敬畏生命的伦理意义在于,人类相关于生命的行为,将透过对自然环境的影响,反作用于自身。作为一个伦理命题,它具体表现为三条相辅相成的原则:其一,'无为'亦即'顺从'原则,就是不要以僭越的姿态对待生命;其二,'有为'亦即'适度'的原则,就是在对自然环境正确认识和判断的基础上,主动促使自然环境朝着更适宜生命生长的状态转化;其三,'中和'亦即'和谐'原则,就是在与自然环境交往的过程中,在一定程度上克制自己的欲望和社会本性,实现与自然环境的和谐共生。 Life,from the perspective of its occurrence and development,is a manifestation of universal connection and infinite motion of the universe at a specific space-time coordinate point.In this sense,the so-called reverence of life means the reverence of infinity and nature.The ethical significance of reverence for life lies in that human beings’actions related to life will react on themselves through their influence on the natural environment.As an ethical proposition,it is embodied in three complementary principles.Firstly,the'Wu-wei'or'obedience'principle,that is,not to treat life in an overbearing manner.Secondly,the'You-wei'or'moderate'principle,that is,to actively promote the natural environment to a more suitable state of life growth on the basis of correct understanding and judgment of the natural environment.Thirdly,the'neutralization'or'harmony'principle,that is,to restrain one’s desire and social nature to a certain extent in the process of communicating with the natural environment,and to achieve harmonious coexistence with the natural environment.
作者 曾小五 ZENG Xiaowu(Department of Social Sciences,Guangdong Medical University,Zhanjiang 524023,China)
出处 《中国医学伦理学》 2019年第4期447-453,共7页 Chinese Medical Ethics
关键词 敬畏生命 哲学解读 生命哲学 Reverence of Life Philosophical Interpretation Philosophy of Life
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