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明代的养老之政 预览

The Policy of Provide for the Aged in Ming Dynasty
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摘要 赡养老人是我们中华民族的优良传统,历代王朝都很重视养老问题。明代作为一个统一的盛大王朝,对养老的重视也达到了空前阶段。明代实行养老之政的重要原因与明代的孝道思想得到深入发展和老人在社会生活中发挥的重要作用有关,离不开明太祖的大力倡导,更是为了激励社会风俗。其举措主要有免除劳役、给予优待、设立养济院、惩治不孝等,不仅对明代贯彻落实'以孝治天下'、改善家庭关系、维护统治秩序等都有重要影响,而且对我们今天构建养老体系等方面仍有重要意义。 Supporting the old is a fine tradition of our Chinese nation,and every dynasty attaches great importance to the problem of supporting the old.As a long unified and stable dynasty,the Ming Dynasty has extended The policy of provide for the aged to the extreme.The important reason for the implementation of the pension policy in the Ming Dynasty is related to the thought of filial piety was further developed and the important role played by the elderly in social life.The measures include the exemption of labor,preferential treatment,the establishment of nursing homes and the punishment of not filial and so on.It is not only benefit for the Ming Dynasty ruling the world with filial piety,improve the family relationship,consolidate the ruling order,but also are still of great significance to the construction of the pension system today.
作者 王榕烽 WANG Rong-feng;Fujian Normal University(Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350117,China)
机构地区 福建师范大学
出处 《忻州师范学院学报》 2019年第3期114-118,共5页 Journal of Xinzhou Teachers University
关键词 明代 养老之政 举措 影响 启示 Ming Dynasty the policy of provide for the aged measures influence revelation
作者简介 王榕烽,男,在读硕士,从事明清史研究。
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