Although criminal procedural law went through revision at a comparatively large scale in 1996,and the adversary procedure was introduced to China at the same time, the judicial certification rules were not established in the system. As a result, not only the litigious confrontation between accusing party and defending party is apt to be in chaos, but also judge seems to have infinite right of discretion in the litigious process. Therefore, in the future criminal evidence law, the rules about object of proof, burden of proof and standard of proof should be reestablished, in order to keep the most basic litigious conformation.
Burden of proof
Standard of proof