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尿毒症血清活化Notch信号通路调控血管平滑肌细胞表型转化 预览

Uremic serum regulates the phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells through activating the Notch signaling pathway
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摘要 目的研究尿毒症血清对血管平滑肌细胞(vascular smooth muscle cell,VSMC)表型转化影响,探讨动静脉内瘘(arteriovenous fistula,AVF)狭窄及失功的机制。方法 (1)弹性纤维染色(elastic-Van Gieson staining,EVG)比较内膜厚度,免疫组化法观察α-SMA、FSP-1、PCNA的表达;(2)培养人主动脉平滑肌细胞株(human aortic smooth muscle cells,HASMCs),分为无血清组(control,Ctl)、10%正常血清组(normal serum group,NS)、5%~20%尿毒症血清组(uremia serum group,US),检测平滑肌细胞α-SMA、SMMHC、SM22α、FSP-1、PCNA的表达;(3)Western blot检测各组平滑肌细胞N1ICD蛋白的表达,QPCR检测细胞Notch1-3、Hes1、Hes5的mRNA表达,并比较Notch信号抑制剂DAPT预处理24h对细胞SM22α、SMMHC、FSP-1、PCNA、Hes1的mRNA表达的影响;(4)免疫组化染色检测Jagged1的表达,ELISA法检测人脐静脉内皮细胞(human umbilical vein endothelial cells,HUVECs)Jagged1的表达,并用Western blot法检测HASMCs的Jagged1蛋白表达。结果 (1)内瘘内膜显著增厚,增生内膜α-SMA呈阳性表达;与正常血管比较,增生内膜FSP-1、PCNA阳性表达增加,差异均有统计学意义(FSP-1:Ctl-A:P=0.024,Ctl-V:P=0.011;PCNA:Ctl-A:P=0.002;Ctl-V:P=0.005);(2)与10%NS组相比,10%US组细胞α-SMA、SM22α蛋白表达下降,而FSP-1、PCNA蛋白表达增加,差异均有统计学意义(P=0.002;P=0.001;P=0.001;P<0.001),且上述指标与尿毒症血清呈浓度依赖性;10%US组细胞SM22α、SMMHC的mRNA表达下降,而FSP-1、PCNA的mRNA表达增加,差异有统计学意义(P=0.014;P=0.003;P=0.045;P=0.001);(3)与10%NS组比较,10%US组细胞N1/CD蛋白的表达显著增加,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001);10%US组细胞Notch 1,3、Hes 1、Hes 5的mRNA表达增加,差异有统计学意义(P值分别为<0.001,0.025,<0.001,0.035),Notch2的表达无统计学差异(P=0.907);DAPT预处理可上调SM22α、SMMHC的mRNA表达,下调FSP-1、PCNA及Hes1的mRNA表达,差异均有统计学意义(P=0.003;P=0.020;P=0.036;P=0.009;P<0.001);(4)内瘘组织 Objective To study the effect of uremic serum on phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells and to correlate the results to the mechanism of arteriovenous fistula(AVF) stenosis and dysfunction. Methods (1) The intimal thickness of AVF was compared with normal vessles by elastic Van Gieson staining, and the expressions of α-SMA, FSP-1 and PCNA were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining.(2)Human aortic smooth muscle cells(HASMCs) were cultured in vitro and divided into 3 groups:serum-free group(Ctrl group), 10% normal serum group(NS group), and 5~20% uremia serum group(US group). The expressions of α-SMA, SM22α, FSP-1 and PCNA proteins and mRNAs were assessed by Western blot and quantitative PCR.(3) The expression of N1 ICD protein in different groups was assayed by Western blot;the expressions of Notch1-3, Hes1 and Hes5 mRNAs were detected by quantitative PCR. HASMCs were pre-treated with the Notch signal inhibitor DAPT for 24 h, and then the expressions of SM22α, SMMHC, FSP-1, PCNA and Hes1 m RNAs were measured by quantitative PCR.(4)The expression of Jagged1, a ligand of Notch, was detected by immunohistochemical staining. Jagged1 protein expressed by human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) was assayed by ELISA;Jagged1 expression in HASMCs was measured by Western blot. Results(1)In AVF, intimal thickness increased significantly, the expression of α-SMA in neointima was positive, and the positive rates of FSP-1 and PCNA were higher than those in normal vascular tissue(P<0.05).(2)In US groups, the expressions of α-SMA and SM22α proteins decreased significantly(P=0.002 and0.001, respectively), while the expressions of FSP-1 and PCNA proteins increased significantly(P=0.001 and <0.001, respectively), as compared with those in NS group. These changes showed a tendency of uremia serum concentration dependence. In US group, the expressions of SM22α and SMMHC mRNAs decreased significantly(P=0.014 and 0.003, respectively), while the expressions of FSP-1 and PCNA mRNAs increased significan
作者 刘方圆 黄凤璋 刘日光 傅君舟 梁鸣 LIU Fang-yuan;HUANG Feng-zhang;LIU Ri-guang;FU Jun-zhou;LIANG Ming(Department of Nephrology,Guangzhou First People’s Hospital,Guangzhou Medical University,Guangzhou 510180,China)
出处 《中国血液净化》 CSCD 2019年第1期35-41,共7页 Chinese Journal of Blood Purification
基金 国家自然科学基金(81570689) 广东省自然科学基金(2017A030313566).
关键词 尿毒症血清 血管平滑肌细胞 动静脉内瘘 表型转化 Uremia serum Vascular smooth muscle cell Arteriovenous fistula Phenotype transformation
作者简介 通讯作者:梁鸣,Email:liangming1972@126.com.
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