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《黄帝内经》“劫刺”与《太素》“却刺”之辨

Identification of Chinese character “劫刺”in Huangdi Neijing and “却刺” in Taisu
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摘要 从《黄帝内经》篇中的'劫刺'和仁和寺本《太素》篇中的'却刺'之异入手,逐条罗列传世本《黄帝内经》及其历代不同注本、传本、校本中'劫刺''却刺'之不同。'却''劫'二字,字形相似,笔者详细分析了导致'却刺'误作'劫刺'的字形演变因素。以此为基础,运用音韵学和训诂学方法,因'卻'与'郤(郄)'二字的上古音完全相同,遵'因声求义'之旨,而将'却刺'释为'郤(郄)刺',其义当为'隙刺'或'穴刺'解。最后,对'郤刺'的学术意义作了探讨,认为这是刺灸部位由脉到穴演变过程中的一个特定认识阶段,与刺脉、刺肉、刺筋等刺法相区别而言。所以,历代诸书中的'劫刺'当为'却刺'之误,从而澄清了自北宋以降,诸家对'燔针却刺'的误解误注。 In order to identify the differences between '劫刺' in Huangdi Neijing(The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic) and '却刺' in Taisu(Grand Simplicity of the Yellow Emperor’s Inner Classic), the edition of Ninna-ji, Japan, the author analyzed all '劫刺' and '却刺'of the extant Huangdi Neijing, its annotation books, its handed-down books and its collated books during the past dynasties. '劫' and '却' are similar in Chinese character pattern. The authors had also analyzed the evolution factors of Chinese character patterns in detail, which induced the misunderstanding of '却刺' as '劫刺'. Hence, the phonology and Chinese exegetics were adopted in analysis. '卻' and '郤(郄)' were completely same in ancient pronunciation. In compliance with the theory as seeking for the connotation from the pronunciation, '却刺' was explained as '郤(郄)刺', meaning cleft needling or point needling. Additionally, the academic significance of '郤刺' was explored. It was believed that it was the specific recognition stage from the vessel to the point regarding the sites of acupuncture and moxibustion in terms of the differences in needling techniques, i.e. vessel needling, muscle needling or tendon needling. It is concluded that '劫刺'resulted from the misunderstanding of '却刺' in the books of different dynasties, hence, the mistakes in the explanation and annotation of '燔针却刺' since the Northern Song Dynasty have been clarified.
作者 申玮红 周琦 顾漫 SHEN Wei-hong;ZHOU Qi;GU Man(Institute of China History of Medicine and Medical Literature,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100700,China)
出处 《中国针灸》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期209-214,共6页 Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
基金 中国中医科学院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目:ZZ100515.
关键词 劫刺 却刺 太素 黄帝内经 textual research(劫刺, 却刺) Taisu(Grand Simplicity of The Yellow Emperor’s Inner Classic) Huangdi Neijing(The Yellow Emperor’s Internal classic)
作者简介 第一作者:申玮红,副研究员。E-mail:353656066@qq.com
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