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新时代中国乡村振兴:探索与思考——乡村地理青年学者笔谈

Discussions and thoughts of the path to China’s rural revitalization in the new era:Notes of the young rural geography scholars
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摘要 乡村振兴是新时期国家重大战略,是一项系统工程。中国地域广阔,资源禀赋和经济发展区域差异显著,乡村振兴路径需要体现乡村发展的综合性、复杂性和区域性。来自乡村地理学领域的16位青年学者,以笔谈方式,对中国乡村振兴的科学路径开展了深入讨论。核心观点如下:(1)乡村振兴需要遵循时空分异规律,重点关注乡村发展的时空传承与现实需求之间的衔接,建立彰显地域特色和具有可操行性的理论和技术体系,分类、有序地推进乡村的人居环境、产业体系、生态环境和治理模式等转型。(2)力求城乡融合和联动,构建城乡复合多中心网络体系,创新采用'乡村群'空间组织模式,以乡村内生力、城镇辐射力与规划约束力共同驱动乡村振兴。(3)在中国'大国小农'的基本国情下,农业承载着食品安全、社会稳定和生态产品等多重功能,需要构建农业'全价值链'的发展路径,促进一二三产业深度融合,助力乡村产业兴旺。(4)在能源富集区,在保障国家能源安全需求前提下,需从根本上解决农村发展不平衡不充分问题;在西南地区,依托山区特色生态、人文资源打造山区现代农业产业体系、重塑乡村旅游新品牌、构筑山水田园乡村家园;在东北地区,乡村振兴应与'东北振兴'战略协同推进,有序分类推进;在长三角地区,应在全面认知乡村工业化到乡村城镇化,再到乡村特色化,到乡村的社会、文化和生态建设的阶段演化特征基础上,寻求差异化的乡村振兴路径;在西北地区,应在生态保护的前提下有效提升乡村'自主脱贫'的能力,实现从'输血'扶贫向'造血'扶贫转变;在京津冀地区,需以城乡基本公共服务均等化为目标,推动城乡融合与乡村振兴;在资源型地区,乡村振兴核心将以一二三产业融合的高效农业体系替代以资源开采为核心的产业体系;在传统农区,优化耕地利用转型同农� The rural revitalization,as a national strategy in the new era,puts forward the requirements and goals of the thriving industry,pleasant living environments,social etiquette and civility,effective governance and prosperity.China is a country with a vast territory,marked by regional differences in resource and economic development levels.What’s more,rural areas are complex,diverse,and have many problems.Rural revitalization is a systematic project with comprehensive,complex and regional characteristics.Sixteen young scholars in the field of rural geography across the country have conducted in-depth discussions and reflections on the scientific path of rural revitalization in China.The core points are as follows:(1)In accordance with the law of time-space distribution,we should fully understand the connection between the historical basis of rural development and the practical needs,establish a theoretical and technical system that highlights regional characteristics and has operability,and promote the transformation of rural residential environment,industrial system and governance mode in a classified and orderly manner.(2)Rural revitalization strives for the integration between urban and rural areas to build a compound multi-center network system,which breaks through the village and town systems of traditional linear'central place',and innovate the spatial organization mode of'village cluster'.Rural endogenous force,urban radiation force and planning binding force jointly drive rural revitalization.(3)The agriculture has multiple functions such as food safety,social stability,and ecological products.Its development needs to create the whole value chain of agriculture to promote the integration of primary,secondary and tertiary industries.(4)In energy-rich areas,we should fundamentally solve the problem of unbalanced and inadequate rural development under the premise of ensuring the national energy security demand.In Southwest China,we should take advantage of ecology and human resources to build a modern agricul
作者 杨忍 文琦 王成 杜国明 李伯华 曲衍波 李红波 许家伟 贺艳华 马利邦 李智 乔陆印 曹智 戈大专 屠爽爽 陈秧分 YANG Ren;WEN Qi;WANG Cheng;DU Guo-ming;LI Bo-hua;QU Yan-bo;LI Hong-bo;XU Jia-wei;HE Yan-hua;MA Li-bang;LI Zhi;QIAO Lu-yin;CAO Zhi;GE Da-zhuan;TU Shuang-shuang;CHEN Yang-fen(School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China;School of Resources and Environment,Ningxia University,Yinchuan 750021,China;School of Geographical Sciences,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China;School of Resources and Environment,Northeast Agricultural University,Harbin 150030,China;College of City and Tourism,Hengyang Normal University,Hengyang 421002,Hunan,China;School of Public Management,Shandong University of Finance and Economic,Jinan 250014,China;School of Geography Science,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210023,China;Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development,Henan University of Economics and Law,Zhengzhou 450046,China;College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Hunan Normal University,Changsha 410081,China;College of Geography and Environmental Science,Northwest Normal University,Lanzhou 730070,China;College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang 050024,China;China Urban-Rural Development Institute,Shanxi University,Taiyuan 030006,China;Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf,the Ministry of Education,Nanning Normal University,Nanning 530001,China;Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081,China)
出处 《自然资源学报》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第4期890-910,共21页 Journal of Natural Resources
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(41501187,41571161,41601178,41741022,41771560,41801175,41871177).
关键词 乡村振兴 城乡融合 乡村发展 乡村地理学 中国 rural revitalization urban-rural integration rural development rural geography China
作者简介 杨忍(1984-),男,贵州毕节人,博士,副教授,博士生导师,主要从事乡村地理学、城乡发展与土地利用研究。E-mail:yangren0514@163.com;通讯作者:陈秧分(1983-),男,湖南湘乡人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事乡村产业发展、国际农业经济研究。E-mail:chenyangfen@caas.cn
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