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关于网络成瘾的心理学研究 预览 被引量:286

Psychological Researches on Internet Addiction
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摘要 网络成瘾指一种心理上对网络的依赖,其概念与药物成瘾既有相似又有差异.目前还缺乏编制精良、应用广泛的测量工具.多数研究采用调查的方法,严格的实验研究很少.一些研究者提出理论模型从心理层面对其进行解释,其中具代表性的有:Young提出的ACE模型,Davis的认知-行为模型,以及Grohol的阶段模型,分别探讨了网络依赖的发生与网络的致瘾特征,网络用户的个体特质以及外在环境之间的关系. Internet addiction is a type of psychological dependence on internet use, and there are a lot of similarities and differences between it and traditional addictions. So far only a few measurements was developed so well that the reliabilities havent ever been criticized by many researchers. In the same time, in most of the cases, the researchers have studied the phenomenon by the only way of survey, while few of them have designed any strict experiments to study it . However some of the researchers have brought about several models to interpret the phenomenon, such as, Young with the ACE Model, Davis with the Cognitive-Behavioral Model and Grohol with the Stage Mode, who have done some good jobs in the exploration of the relationships between internet addiction and the addictive features of internet itself, the personality traits of the internet users and the surroundings around them.
作者 陈侠 黄希庭 白纲 Chen Xia, Huang Xiting, Bai Gang (Department of Psychology, South-West China Normal University, Chongqing 400715)
出处 《心理科学进展》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2003年第3期 355-359,共5页 Advances In Psychological Science
基金 全国教育科学规划项目
关键词 网络成瘾症 病态网络使用 YOUNG ACE模型 DAVIS 认知-行为模型 Grohol 网络用户 个体特质 internet addiction, internet addiction disorder, pathological internet use.
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  • 1[1]Young K S. Internet addiction: the emergence of a new clinical disorder. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 1996,1(3): 237~244 被引量:1
  • 2[2]Goldberg I. Internet addiction disorder. http://www.cog.brown.edu/brochure/people/duchon/ humor/ internet.addiction.html, 1995 被引量:1
  • 3[3]Davis R A. A cognitive-behavioral model of pathological Internet use (PIU).Computers in Human Behavior, 2001,17(2): 187~195 被引量:1
  • 4[4]Young K S, Rodgers R C. Internet addiction: Personality traits associated with its development.The 69th annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, 1998 被引量:1
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  • 7[7]Joinson A. Causes and implications of disinhibited behavior on the internet. In: J Gackenbach ed. Psychology and the internet: Intrapersonal, interpersonal, and transpersonal implications. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998. 43~60 被引量:1
  • 8[9]Schuman E. It's official: Net abusers are pathological. http://techweb.com/wire/news/ aug/0813addict.html,1997 被引量:1
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  • 10[12]Grohol J. Internet addiction guide.http://psychcentral.com/netaddiction/,1999 被引量:1

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