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Correlation between a Change of Drug Resistance of <i>Klebsiella pneumonia</i>and Defined Daily Doses of Antimicrobial Agents from 2014 to 2018 认领
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作者 Jiuli Hu Xu Xiao +3 位作者 Chanchan Hu Rui Wang Yanwu Zhao Xiaoqin Zhu 《药理与制药(英文)》 2020年第11期299-305,共7页
Introduction: The prevalence of </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Klebsiella pneumoniae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> has rapidly incr... Introduction: The prevalence of </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Klebsiella pneumoniae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> has rapidly increased in recent years and the distribution differed greatly by region, We aimed to study the relationship between antibiotic resistance and </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">K. pneumoniae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">, especially carbapenem-resistant </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Klebsiella pneumoniae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> (CRKP) in our tertiary hospitals from 2014 to 2018.</span></span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Methodology: The antibiotic consumption data of </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">K. pneumoniae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> were expressed as the defined daily dose (DDD) per 100 inpatient days</span></span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(DDDs). </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">K. pneumoniae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> which isolated from clinical samples in</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> hospital between January 2014 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and the correlation between antibiotic resistance rate and antibiotic frequency was analyzed.</span></span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results: From 2014 to 2018, a total of 2295 strains of </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">K. pneumoniae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> were isolated, with the detection rates of 8.2%, 9.2%, 11.9%, 13.4% and 14.0%. There were 423 strains of CRKP, with the detection rates of 7.5%, 5.8%, 17</span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">.</span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">8% 24.2% and 25.2% respectively. </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">K. pne 展开更多
关键词 Klebsiella pneumonia Antibiotic Consumption Resistance Correlation Analysis Defined Daily Doses
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疑病症的临床及认知功能特点研究 认领
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作者 张晨琳 劳成明 +5 位作者 段金凤 陈京凯 胡婵婵 胡健波 许毅 黄满丽 《中国现代医生》 2018年第5期86-89,共4页
目的探讨疑病症患者的临床特征及认知功能特点。方法选取2015年1∽12月间在浙江大学医学院附属第一医院就诊的疑病症患者(疑病症组)44例和健康对照者(对照组)42例,使用汉密尔顿抑郁量表(Hamihon’s depression scale items,HAMD... 目的探讨疑病症患者的临床特征及认知功能特点。方法选取2015年1∽12月间在浙江大学医学院附属第一医院就诊的疑病症患者(疑病症组)44例和健康对照者(对照组)42例,使用汉密尔顿抑郁量表(Hamihon’s depression scale items,HAMD)、汉密尔顿焦虑量表(Hamilton’s anxiety scale,HAMA)评定临床症状,使用精神分裂症认知功能成套测验共识版(MATRICSconsensuscognitivebattery.MCCB)评定疑病症患者的认知功能。结果疑病症组HAMD、HAMA评分显著高于对照组(tHAMD=18.61,P〈0.01;tHAMD=16.85,P〈0.01)。在MCCB测试中,疑病症组在注意/警觉性、工作记忆、词语学习、视觉学习、推理和问题解决、社会认知的分数及总体综合分数显著低于对照组(P均〈0.01)。控制了年龄、性别、受教育年限影响因素以后,疑病症组HAMD评分、HAMA评分与注意/警觉性、工作记忆、词语学习、视觉学习、推理和问题解决、社会认知领域及总体综合分数成负相关(P均〈0.05)。结论疑病症患者存在抑郁和焦虑情绪且有认知功能损害。 展开更多
关键词 疑病症 抑郁 焦虑 认知功能
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