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Protective capability of Astragalus (Huangqi)on auditory function in a rat model of estrogen deficiency
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作者 Xu-Jun Hu 《中华医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第1期106-108,共3页
To the Editor:The estrogen level of females plays an important role in the maintenance of auditory integrity.[1] In laboratory studies,a worsened auditory function was reported on the ovariectomized rats relative to t... To the Editor:The estrogen level of females plays an important role in the maintenance of auditory integrity.[1] In laboratory studies,a worsened auditory function was reported on the ovariectomized rats relative to the result on the ovary-intact animals. 展开更多
关键词 Protective CAPABILITY ASTRAGALUS (Huangqi) ESTROGEN DEFICIENCY
老年多器官功能不全综合征急性肾损伤的中医辨治理论探究 预览
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作者 任亢宗 沈琳 +3 位作者 刘明 庞永诚 龚瑞莹 魏丹霞(指导) 《中国中医急症》 2019年第1期102-105,共4页
老年多器官功能不全综合征(MODSE)患者急性肾损伤是临床较为常见的急危重症,由发病人群体质的特殊性决定了其病因病机的独特性。本文基于“云南陆氏气阴学术流派”的经验传承,认为以气阴亏虚为疾病发生的起点,以浊毒内停、肾络瘀阻为疾... 老年多器官功能不全综合征(MODSE)患者急性肾损伤是临床较为常见的急危重症,由发病人群体质的特殊性决定了其病因病机的独特性。本文基于“云南陆氏气阴学术流派”的经验传承,认为以气阴亏虚为疾病发生的起点,以浊毒内停、肾络瘀阻为疾病发展的核心,并由此提出以解毒化浊、益气养阴、活血祛瘀为治疗老年多器官功能不全综合征急性肾损伤的方法,以期能达到改善患者肾功能,遏制“诸脏衰”的病势。并为中西医结合治疗MODSE提供思路及方法。 展开更多
关键词 老年多器官功能不全综合征 急性肾损伤 虚、浊毒、瘀 陆氏气阴学说
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Neurological functional evaluation based on accurate motions in big animals with traumatic brain injury 预览
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作者 Ji-Peng Jiang Xue-Gang Niu +9 位作者 Chen Dai Ke Ma Hui-You Xu Shi-Xiang Cheng Zhi-Wen Zhang Feng Duan Xu Zhu Yu-Ting Wang Xu-Yi Chen Sai Zhang 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第6期991-996,共6页
An accurate and effective neurological evaluation is indispensable in the treatment and rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury.However,most of the existing evaluation methods in basic research and clinical practice ... An accurate and effective neurological evaluation is indispensable in the treatment and rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury.However,most of the existing evaluation methods in basic research and clinical practice are not objective or intuitive for assessing the neurological function of big animals,and are also difficult to use to qualify the extent of damage and recovery.In the present study,we established a big animal model of traumatic brain injury by impacting the cortical motor region of beagles.At 2 weeks after successful modeling,we detected neurological deficiencies in the animal model using a series of techniques,including three-dimensional motion capture,electromyogram and ground reaction force.These novel technologies may play an increasingly important role in the field of traumatic brain injury diagnosis and rehabilitation in the future.The experimental protocol was approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of Logistics University of People’s Armed Police Force(approval No.2017-0006.2). 展开更多
关键词 nerve REGENERATION evaluation method NEUROLOGICAL deficiency TRAUMATIC brain injury motion capture ELECTROMYOGRAM ground reaction force neural REGENERATION
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冠心病“痰瘀滞虚”理论内涵与外延
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作者 王阶 邢雁伟 +7 位作者 姚魁武 李军 陈光 董艳 熊兴江 刘咏梅 李洪峥 张振鹏 《中医杂志》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第4期280-284,共5页
通过对冠心病中医文献进行收集、整理与归纳、分析,结合现代医学对冠心病病理生理诊断治疗的新认识及课题组前期研究,提出冠心病'痰瘀滞虚'病机理论。认为痰、瘀、滞、虚4个证候要素紧密结合、互相转化、互为因果,是冠心病的核... 通过对冠心病中医文献进行收集、整理与归纳、分析,结合现代医学对冠心病病理生理诊断治疗的新认识及课题组前期研究,提出冠心病'痰瘀滞虚'病机理论。认为痰、瘀、滞、虚4个证候要素紧密结合、互相转化、互为因果,是冠心病的核心病机,贯穿冠心病的整个病程。提出邪气是冠心病主要的致病因素,包括外邪和内邪。根据对冠心病'痰瘀滞虚'病机的认识,提出在冠心病的中医治疗中,除豁痰祛瘀,还应结合辨证注重温肾阳、补肾阴、固护真元、调畅情志。 展开更多
关键词 血瘀 气滞 虚证 冠心病
种鹅的维生素需要研究进展 预览
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作者 梁静茹 王志跃 +1 位作者 杨海明 代航 《中国饲料》 北大核心 2019年第5期47-49,共3页
维生素是鹅生长发育、维持正常生理机能必不可少的营养物质,维生素的添加量过多或过低都会出现不同的生长代谢障碍,所以在鹅的饲养过程中应该严格控制维生素的添加量。本文主要针对种鹅在不同生长阶段对维生素的需要量,以及不同维生素... 维生素是鹅生长发育、维持正常生理机能必不可少的营养物质,维生素的添加量过多或过低都会出现不同的生长代谢障碍,所以在鹅的饲养过程中应该严格控制维生素的添加量。本文主要针对种鹅在不同生长阶段对维生素的需要量,以及不同维生素的功能和缺乏症进行总结,以期为维生素在种鹅生产上的应用提供参考依据。 展开更多
关键词 种鹅 维生素 缺乏症 需要量
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Δ4-3-oxosteroid-5β-reductase deficiency:Responses to oral bile acid therapy and long-term outcomes
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作者 Mei-Hong Zhang Kenneth DR Setchell +3 位作者 Jing Zhao Jing-Yu Gong Yi Lu Jian-She Wang 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第7期859-869,共11页
BACKGROUND Disorders of primary bile acid synthesis may be life-threatening if undiagnosed,or not treated with primary bile acid replacement therapy.To date,there are few reports on the management and follow-up of pat... BACKGROUND Disorders of primary bile acid synthesis may be life-threatening if undiagnosed,or not treated with primary bile acid replacement therapy.To date,there are few reports on the management and follow-up of patients withΔ4-3-oxosteroid 5β-reductase(AKR1D1)deficiency.We hypothesized that a retrospective analysis of the responses to oral bile acid replacement therapy with chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA)in patients with this bile acid synthesis disorder will increase our understanding of the disease progression and permit evaluation of this treatment regimen as an alternative to the Food and Drug Administration(FDA)approved drug cholic acid,which is currently unavailable in China.AIM To evaluate the therapeutic responses of patients with AKR1D1 deficiency to oral bile acid therapy,specifically CDCA.METHODS Twelve patients with AKR1D1 deficiency,confirmed by fast atom bombardment ionization-mass spectrometry analysis of urine and by gene sequencing for mutations in AKR1D1,were treated with differing doses of CDCA or ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA).The clinical and biochemical responses to therapy were monitored over a period ranging 0.5-6.4 years.Dose adjustment,to optimize the therapeutic dose,was based on changes in serum biochemistry parameters,notably liver function tests,and suppression of the urinary levels of atypical hepatotoxic 3-oxo-Δ4-bile acids measured by mass spectrometry.RESULTS Physical examination,serum biochemistry parameters,and sonographic findings improved in all 12 patients during bile acid therapy,except one who underwent liver transplantation.Urine bile acid analysis confirmed a significant reduction in atypical hepatotoxic 3-oxo-Δ4 bile acids concomitant with clinical and biochemical improvements in those patients treated with CDCA.UDCA was ineffective in down-regulating endogenous bile acid synthesis as evidenced from the inability to suppress the urinary excretion of atypical 3-oxo-Δ4-bile acids.The dose of CDCA required for optimal clinical and biochemical responses varied from 5.5-10 m 展开更多
关键词 Δ4-3-oxosteroid-5β-reductase DEFICIENCY Mass SPECTROMETRY BILE ACID synthesis DISORDER Chenodeoxycholic ACID Ursodeoxycholic ACID
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Necrolytic acral erythema in a human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus coinfected patient: A case report
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作者 Katerina G Oikonomou Dost Sarpel +2 位作者 Alexandra Abrams-Downey Adnan Mubasher Douglas T Dieterich 《世界肝病学杂志:英文版(电子版)》 2019年第2期226-233,共8页
BACKGROUND Necrolytic acral erythema (NAE) is a rare dermatological disorder, which is associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection or zinc deficiency. It is characterized by erythematous or violaceous lesions oc... BACKGROUND Necrolytic acral erythema (NAE) is a rare dermatological disorder, which is associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection or zinc deficiency. It is characterized by erythematous or violaceous lesions occurring primarily in the lower extremities. The treatment includes systemic steroids and oral zinc supplementation. We report a case of NAE in a 66-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HCV co-infected woman with NAE. NAE is rarely reported in co-infected patients and the exact mechanisms of pathogenesis are still unclear. CASE SUMMARY A 66-year-old HIV/HCV co-infected female patient presented with painless, nonpruritic rash of extremities for one week and underwent extensive work-up for possible rheumatologic disorders including vasculitis and cryoglobulinemia. Punch skin biopsies of right and left thigh revealed thickened parakeratotic stratum corneum most consistent with NAE. Patient was started on prednisone and zinc supplementation with resolution of the lesions and improvement of rash. CONCLUSION Clinicians should maintain high clinical suspicion for early recognition of NAE in patients with rash and HCV. 展开更多
关键词 Necrolytic acral ERYTHEMA Human IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS HEPATITIS C VIRUS Zinc DEFICIENCY Case report
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Changes in Soil Iron Fractions and Availability in the Loess Belt of Northern China After 28 Years of Continuous Cultivation and Fertilization
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作者 CHEN Xu WEI Xiaorong +1 位作者 HAO Mingde ZHAO Jing 《土壤圈:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第1期123-131,共9页
Iron(Fe) deficiency in calcareous soils of the Loess Plateau of China is a wide spread issue and primarily affects agricultural production due to the relatively higher soil pH and carbonate content. Understanding the ... Iron(Fe) deficiency in calcareous soils of the Loess Plateau of China is a wide spread issue and primarily affects agricultural production due to the relatively higher soil pH and carbonate content. Understanding the relationships between Fe distribution in soil fractions, Fe availability, and their responses to cropping and fertilization could provide essential information for assessing Fe availability in soils and managing soils to improve Fe availability. A long-term field experiment was established in 1984 in a split-plot design using cropping systems as main plots and fertilizer treatments as subplots on a farmland in the Loess Plateau. The cropping systems included fallow, continuous wheat cropping, continuous alfalfa cropping, continuous maize cropping, and a rotation system that included a legume. Various fertilization treatments using chemical and/or manure fertilizers were included in each cropping system. Soil samples were collected from 0–10 and 20–40 cm depths in 2012. Long-term planting of crops significantly increased the concentrations of available Fe in the soils. The largest increase was observed in the continuous alfalfa cropping system. Long-term cropping significantly increased the concentrations of Fe associated with carbonates and organic matter, but decreased the concentration of Fe associated with minerals in the soils. The effect of fertilization on the distribution of Fe in the soil fractions varied with cropping system and soil depth. The fertilization treatment with manure generally increased the concentrations of Fe associated with the soil fractions.Long-term cropping and fertilization in the highland farmland significantly affected the availability of Fe and the distribution of Fe fractions in the soil. 展开更多
关键词 CROPPING system FE AVAILABILITY FE deficiency long-term experiment MANURE soil depth
Clinical and muscle magnetic resonance image findings in patients with late-onset multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
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作者 Dao-Jun Hong Min Zhu +4 位作者 Zi-Juan Zhu Lu Cong Shan-Shan Zhong Ling Liu Jun Zhang 《中华医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第3期275-284,共10页
Background:Late-onset multiple acyl-coA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder. It is still unclear about the muscle magnetic resonance image (MRI) pattern of the distal... Background:Late-onset multiple acyl-coA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder. It is still unclear about the muscle magnetic resonance image (MRI) pattern of the distal lower limb pre- and post-treatment in patients with late-onset MADD. This study described the clinical and genetic findings in a cohort of patients with late-onset MADD, and aimed to characterize the MRI pattern of the lower limbs.Methods:Clinical data were retrospectively collected from clinic centers of Peking University People's Hospital between February 2014 and February 2018. Muscle biopsy, blood acylcarnitines, and urine organic acids profiles, and genetic analysis were conducted to establish the diagnosis of MADD in 25 patients. Muscle MRI of the thigh and leg were performed in all patients before treatment. Eight patients received MRI re-examinations after treatment.Results:All patients presented with muscle weakness or exercise intolerance associated with variants in the electron transfer flavoprotein dehydrogenase gene. Muscle MRI showed a sign of both edema-like change and fat infiltration selectively involving in the soleus (SO) but sparing of the gastrocnemius (GA) in the leg. Similar sign of selective involvement of the biceps femoris longus (BFL) but sparing of the semitendinosus (ST) was observed in the thigh. The sensitivity and specificity of the combination of either "SO+/GA-" sign or "BFL+/ST-" sign for the diagnosis of late-onset MADD were 80.0% and 83.5%, respectively. Logistic regression model supported the findings. The edema-like change in the SO and BFL muscles were quickly recovered at 1 month after treatment, and the clinical symptom was also relieved.Conclusions:This study expands the clinical and genetic spectrums of late-onset MADD. Muscle MRI shows a distinct pattern in the lower limb of patients with late-onset MADD. The dynamic change of edema-like change in the affected muscles might be a potential biomarker of treatment response. 展开更多
关键词 MULTIPLE ACYL-COA DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY Electron transfer FLAVOPROTEIN DEHYDROGENASE MUSCLE magnetic resonance imaging MUSCLE edema-like change
非线性复差分方程亚纯解的振荡性质 预览
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作者 高晗佳 赵小茜 王珺 《数学物理学报:A辑》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第1期59-66,共8页
该文主要研究以下两类非线性复差分方程an(z)f(z+n)^jn+…+a1(z)f(z+1)^j1+a0(z)f(z)^j0=b(z),an(z)f(qnz)^jn+…+a1(z)f(qz)^j1+a0(z)f(z)^j0=b(z),其中,ai(z)(i=0,1,…,n)与b(z)为非零有理函数,ji(i=0,1,…,n)为正整数,q为非零复常数... 该文主要研究以下两类非线性复差分方程an(z)f(z+n)^jn+…+a1(z)f(z+1)^j1+a0(z)f(z)^j0=b(z),an(z)f(qnz)^jn+…+a1(z)f(qz)^j1+a0(z)f(z)^j0=b(z),其中,ai(z)(i=0,1,…,n)与b(z)为非零有理函数,ji(i=0,1,…,n)为正整数,q为非零复常数.当上述方程的亚纯解的超级小于1并且极点较少时,对解的零点分布进行了估计.此外,当亚纯解具有无穷多个极点时,也对极点收敛指数给出下界. 展开更多
关键词 非线性复差分方程 亚纯解 极点 零点 亏量
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宁波天童风景名胜区设计不足与改进建议 预览
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作者 庞超 《设计》 2019年第5期53-55,共3页
文章以天童景区为研究对象,提出天童景区目前设计存在的不足,并提供改进建议。文章通过对天童景区进行实地调查,并对有关天童景区、天童寺相关的历史文献进行分析,发现天童景区目前在引导、介绍标志的设立;景区特色与历史文化的展现等... 文章以天童景区为研究对象,提出天童景区目前设计存在的不足,并提供改进建议。文章通过对天童景区进行实地调查,并对有关天童景区、天童寺相关的历史文献进行分析,发现天童景区目前在引导、介绍标志的设立;景区特色与历史文化的展现等诸多方面存在问题。天童景区在之后的运营中,需要从游客旅行便利的角度,对景区引导、介绍标志进行重新设计,并放置在合适的位置。在景区之后的设计规划中,天童景区也应该立足于景区特点,对于景区内绿化景观、建筑用途进行重新规划设计,展现自身历史文化与自然风光。 展开更多
关键词 天童景区 设计 不足 建议
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票据欠缺交付与善意持票人的利益保护 预览
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作者 金锦花 宋国 《东北师大学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第3期192-196,共5页
为了充分发挥票据的功能,于欠缺交付之情形应当保护善意持票人的利益。传统的票据行为理论诠释票据行为采用一元构成模式,无法在其理论的逻辑框架内完美地应付欠缺交付的情形;而对票据行为采取二元构成模式的票据行为二阶段说,则以... 为了充分发挥票据的功能,于欠缺交付之情形应当保护善意持票人的利益。传统的票据行为理论诠释票据行为采用一元构成模式,无法在其理论的逻辑框架内完美地应付欠缺交付的情形;而对票据行为采取二元构成模式的票据行为二阶段说,则以其理论逻辑构造充分证成“欠缺交付的场合票据作成人亦应当向善意持票人履行票据债务”的结论。我国当前的票据立法,不构成援用二阶段说的障碍,因此,在司法实践中可以以二阶段说的理论逻辑,论证票据行为的效力,否定票据作成人的对物抗辩,以保护善意持票人的利益。 展开更多
关键词 票据交付 欠缺 二阶段说 善意持票人
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Liver failure caused by prolonged state of malnutrition following bariatric surgery
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作者 Willem J Lammers Antonie JP van Tilburg +1 位作者 Jan A Apers Janneke Wiebolt 《世界肝病学杂志:英文版(电子版)》 2018年第3期396-399,共4页
Bariatric surgery is an effective tool in the treatment of patients with morbid obesity.In these case reports we describe 2 patients who developed liver failure after currently-practiced types of bariatric surgery,cau... Bariatric surgery is an effective tool in the treatment of patients with morbid obesity.In these case reports we describe 2 patients who developed liver failure after currently-practiced types of bariatric surgery,caused by a prolonged state of malnutrition provoked by psychiatric problems.Despite intensive guidance of a psychologist and dieticians after surgery,our patients deteriorated psychologically,resulting in a prolonged state of severe malnutrition and anorexia.Finally,a state of starvation was reached,passing a critical level of the liver capacity.Patients who present with signs of severe protein malnutrition after bariatric surgery should be closely monitored and checked for nutritional status.Specific attention should be given to patients who develop psychiatric problems post-bariatric surgery.If refeeding does not result in clinical improvement,reversal surgery should be considered in a timely manner. 展开更多
关键词 Protein DEFICIENCY HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA HYPERAMMONEMIA Liver failure UREA cycle
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谢晶日运用中药治疗单纯性甲胎蛋白升高经验探析 预览
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作者 孙志文 刘潇 谢晶日(指导) 《浙江中医药大学学报》 CAS 2018年第7期522-524,528共4页
[目的]总结谢晶日教授运用中药治疗单纯性甲胎蛋白升高的临证经验,为临床治疗本病提供借鉴。[方法]通过跟随谢晶日教授临证学习和对验案的整理,总结谢师运用中药治疗单纯性甲胎蛋白升高的学术观点和治疗特色,并举典型验案一则加以佐证。... [目的]总结谢晶日教授运用中药治疗单纯性甲胎蛋白升高的临证经验,为临床治疗本病提供借鉴。[方法]通过跟随谢晶日教授临证学习和对验案的整理,总结谢师运用中药治疗单纯性甲胎蛋白升高的学术观点和治疗特色,并举典型验案一则加以佐证。[结果]谢晶日教授认为单纯性甲胎蛋白升高其病因主要责之于三个方面,即虚、瘀、毒。"虚"指脾虚,包括脾气虚、脾阳虚、胃阴虚;"瘀"责之于肝,包括气郁和血瘀;"毒",即湿毒、热毒、痰毒。病变脏腑主要责之于肝、脾,并将其病机概括为"因病致虚,因虚得实,复又因实致病"。治疗当以疏肝健脾、化瘀解毒为主要治疗原则,临床应用每收良效。所举验案,具体展示了上述辨证思路和治疗经验。[结论]谢晶日教授详辨病证,从虚、瘀、毒三方面辨治单纯性甲胎蛋白升高的临床经验,值得总结效法,应用推广。 展开更多
关键词 原发性肝癌 甲胎蛋白 辨证论治 医案 名医经验
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从虚瘀浊毒论治脓毒症急性肾损伤
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作者 汪磊 邱占军 李善刚 《亚太传统医药》 2018年第9期53-54,共2页
脓毒症急性肾损伤患者往往病情危重,死亡率高。正气亏虚是其病理基础,毒瘀互结、三焦壅塞是其病机关键,治疗上应当以益气扶正、通腑泄浊、化瘀解毒为基本治法,以提高疗效,改善患者预后。
关键词 脓毒症 急性肾损伤 浊毒
跨区域大气污染执法的依据探析
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作者 王超锋 《中国环境管理干部学院学报》 CAS 2018年第6期5-7,58共4页
作为一种新型的大气污染执法类型,跨区域大气污染执法的稳定实施有赖于完善的政策法规支持以及政府间协议的支撑,而我国现有政策法规以及政府间协议尚难以为跨区域大气污染执法提供全面可靠的依据支持.鉴于此,我国政府应从法规的制定、... 作为一种新型的大气污染执法类型,跨区域大气污染执法的稳定实施有赖于完善的政策法规支持以及政府间协议的支撑,而我国现有政策法规以及政府间协议尚难以为跨区域大气污染执法提供全面可靠的依据支持.鉴于此,我国政府应从法规的制定、政策的出台以及政府间协议的签署三个方面入手,对跨区域大气污染执法的路径、主体、客体、程序以及实施保障等关键内容进行明确规定,以促进跨区域大气污染执法依据的完善,保障跨区域大气污染执法活动的稳定实施. 展开更多
关键词 跨区域大气污染执法 依据 不足 完善
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行政事业单位会计集中核算模式的优化探析
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作者 张回应 《产业创新研究》 2018年第4期118-120,共3页
随着财务管理体制的改革,新的挑战和机遇也在不断涌现,其中会计集中核算的推行,为市场注入了新的血液,取得了良好的成效。但是目前我国行政事业单位实施会计集中核算制的现状依然存在着很大的问题,同时也在冲击着行政事业单位的财务管... 随着财务管理体制的改革,新的挑战和机遇也在不断涌现,其中会计集中核算的推行,为市场注入了新的血液,取得了良好的成效。但是目前我国行政事业单位实施会计集中核算制的现状依然存在着很大的问题,同时也在冲击着行政事业单位的财务管理环境。本文对会计集中核算模式进行分析,阐述了其对行政事业单位发展的影响,提出了改善、优化这一模式的相关措施。 展开更多
关键词 行政事业单位 会计集中核算 缺陷 相关措施
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环境作用谱应用于混凝土耐久性的研究 预览
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作者 孙韬 《江苏建筑职业技术学院学报》 2018年第1期24-27,共4页
环境作用谱在混凝土耐久性研究领域的应用尚不多见.环境作用谱应用于混凝土耐久性上,已取得了部分研究成果,在此基础上,分析其存在的缺陷.提出了在一定的环境作用谱作用下,采用绝缘电阻法、腐蚀电流法和损伤变量法,研究钢筋混凝土结构... 环境作用谱在混凝土耐久性研究领域的应用尚不多见.环境作用谱应用于混凝土耐久性上,已取得了部分研究成果,在此基础上,分析其存在的缺陷.提出了在一定的环境作用谱作用下,采用绝缘电阻法、腐蚀电流法和损伤变量法,研究钢筋混凝土结构腐蚀当量加速关系的建议.明确了环境作用谱理论,在加速腐蚀方面的应用方向.为混凝土耐久性研究提供新的理论方法. 展开更多
关键词 环境作用谱 钢筋混凝土结构 耐久性 腐蚀 缺陷
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时代呼唤“工匠精神”回归 预览
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作者 张小琼 《襄阳职业技术学院学报》 2018年第2期126-128,共3页
文章解读了“工匠精神”的具体内涵,分析了“工匠精神”的特点,并从质量荣辱价值观的缺失、专注精神的缺失、法律制度的缺失和质量精神的缺失四个方面对当代“工匠精神”的缺失进行了剖析。
关键词 工匠精神 内涵 缺失
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李伟从虚毒瘀论治慢性肾衰竭经验及常用药对
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作者 周乐 李伟 《辽宁中医杂志》 2018年第7期1364-1365,共2页
慢性肾衰竭为临床常见疾病,治疗上颇为棘手,中医药治疗慢性肾衰竭有一定的优势。李伟教授从事肾脏疾病临床和基础研究近30年,认为慢性肾衰竭乃本虚标实,以脾肾亏虚为本,随着病情进展,水湿、浊毒、瘀血等多种病邪产物丛生,形成慢性肾衰... 慢性肾衰竭为临床常见疾病,治疗上颇为棘手,中医药治疗慢性肾衰竭有一定的优势。李伟教授从事肾脏疾病临床和基础研究近30年,认为慢性肾衰竭乃本虚标实,以脾肾亏虚为本,随着病情进展,水湿、浊毒、瘀血等多种病邪产物丛生,形成慢性肾衰竭"虚、毒、瘀"的基本病机。治疗上以益肾活血清泄为大法,采用保肾健脾以固本求源、泄浊解毒以疏导三焦、化瘀通络以通为要及复感外邪当祛邪等治疗方法,辨证施治,并常使用药对,处方精妙,临床常获良效。 展开更多
关键词 慢性肾衰竭 虚毒瘀 经验介绍 药对
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