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血管生成因子在心血管疾病中的研究进展
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作者 魏秀芳 齐国先 《国际老年医学杂志》 2019年第4期251-256,共6页
生成是组织器官生长和修复的重要环节,血管生成因子在这一环节起到重要的调控作用。通过干预单一或多个血管生成因子而达到疾病的治疗目的,尤其是在心血管疾病治疗领域,目前已成为研究的热点。通过调控血管生成因子的表达,研究其在心血... 生成是组织器官生长和修复的重要环节,血管生成因子在这一环节起到重要的调控作用。通过干预单一或多个血管生成因子而达到疾病的治疗目的,尤其是在心血管疾病治疗领域,目前已成为研究的热点。通过调控血管生成因子的表达,研究其在心血管疾病中所发挥的作用,可以制定干预措施,为心血管疾病的治疗探索新的策略,为心血管疾病患者带来福音。 展开更多
关键词 血管生成因子 生长因子 趋化因子 基质金属蛋白酶 转录因子 血管生成 心血管疾病
Pirfenidone suppresses the abnormal activation of human Müller cells after platelet-derived growth factor-BB stimulation
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作者 Yi-Jin Tao Qin Chen +4 位作者 Li Wang Xiao Yang Qing Cun Wen-Yan Yang Hua Zhong 《国际眼科杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第7期1075-1082,共8页
AIM: To determine the effect of pirfenidone on the activated human Müller cells by platelet-derived growth factor-BB(PDGF-BB). METHODS: The primary human Müller cells were separated from retinal tissues and ... AIM: To determine the effect of pirfenidone on the activated human Müller cells by platelet-derived growth factor-BB(PDGF-BB). METHODS: The primary human Müller cells were separated from retinal tissues and established the pathogenic model by stimulated with PDGF-BB. The Müller cells behaviour of normal group and the model group was measured by MTT assay, Trypan blue assay, cell migration assay, and collagen contraction assay. The expression of transforming growth factor(TGF)-β1,-β2, and pigment epithelium-derived factor(PEDF) was estimated with realtime polymerase chain reaction(PCR), Western blot and immunofluorescence analyses. RESULTS: A pathogenic/proliferative model of Müller cells was established by stimulating normal cultured Müller cells with 10 ng/mL PDGF-BB for 48 h. After treated with 0.2 and 0.3 mg/mL pirfenidone, the proliferation, migration and collagen contraction was statistically significantly depressed in the model group compared with the normal groups. The expression levels of TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 were significantly down-regulated, while the PEDF expression was significantly up-regulated after treated with 0.2 and 0.3 mg/mL pirfenidone in the model group. CONCLUSION: Pirfenidone effectively suppress the proliferation, migration and collagen contraction of the human Müller cells stimulated with PDGF-BB through down-regulation of TGF-β1/TGF-β2 and up-regulation of PEDF. 展开更多
关键词 pirfenidone Müller CELLS PLATELET-DERIVED GROWTH factor-BB transforming GROWTH factor proliferative VITREORETINOPATHY
Vascular endothelial growth factor A promotes platelet adhesion to collagen Ⅳ and causes early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage 预览
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作者 Zun-Wei Liu Jun-Jie Zhao +1 位作者 Hong-Gang Pang Jin-Ning Song 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第10期1726-1733,共8页
The role of vascular endothelial growth factor A in platelet adhesion in cerebral microvessels in the early stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage remains unclear.In this study,the endovascular puncture method was used to p... The role of vascular endothelial growth factor A in platelet adhesion in cerebral microvessels in the early stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage remains unclear.In this study,the endovascular puncture method was used to produce a rat model of subarachnoid hemorrhage.Then,30 minutes later,vascular endothelial growth factor A antagonist anti-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 antibody,10μg,was injected into the right ventricle.Immunohistochemistry and western blot assay were used to assess expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A,occludin and claudin-5.Immunohistochemical double labeling was conducted to examine co-expression of GP Ⅰa-Ⅱ integrin and type Ⅳ collagen.TUNEL was used to detect apoptosis in the hippocampus.Neurological score was used to assess behavioral performance.After subarachnoid hemorrhage,the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A increased in the hippocampus,while occludin and claudin-5 expression levels decreased.Co-expression of GP Ⅰa-Ⅱ integrin and type Ⅳ collagen and the number of apoptotic cells increased,whereas behavioral performance was markedly impaired.After treatment with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 antibody,occludin and claudin-5 expression recovered,while co-expression of GP Ⅰa-Ⅱ integrin and type Ⅳ collagen and the number of apoptotic cells decreased.Furthermore,behavioral performance improved notably.Our findings suggest that increased vascular endothelial growth factor A levels promote platelet adhesion and contribute to early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage.This study was approved by the Biomedical Ethics Committee,Medical College of Xi’an Jiaotong University,China in December 2015. 展开更多
关键词 nerve REGENERATION VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR A VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR receptor 2 subarachnoid hemorrhage brain injuries platelet adhesion COLLAGEN blood-brain barrier neural REGENERATION
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Plasma relative abundance of epidermal growth factor receptor mutations predicts clinical response to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma
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作者 徐含烟 《中国医学文摘:内科学分册(英文版)》 2019年第2期103-104,共2页
Objective To determine whether relative abundance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in plasma predicts clinical response to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in... Objective To determine whether relative abundance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in plasma predicts clinical response to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Methods In this prospective study,adult patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled in our hospital from 1 April 2016 to 1 January 2017. EGFR mutations in tumortissues were detected by ADx-amplification refractory mutationsystem (ADx-ARMS). EGFR mutations of plasmafree tumor DNA were detected by ADx-ARMS and ADxsuperamplification refractory mutation system (ADx-SuperARMS)at the same time. Patients with EGFR-mutantin tumor tissues and receiving EGFR-TKIs were finallyenrolled. Plasma mutation-positive patients with bothmethods were high abundance group. Patients with positivemutations by ADx-SuperARMS but negative of ADx-ARMS were medium abundance group. 展开更多
关键词 PFS PLASMA relative abundance of EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR mutations predicts clinical response to EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors in PATIENTS with advanced lung adenocarcinoma
要素配置会扭曲技术进步偏向性对全要素生产率增长的影响吗? 预览 被引量:1
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作者 常远 吴鹏 《当代经济科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期20-34,共15页
本文从理论层面探析技术进步偏向性和要素配置偏向性对全要素生产率增长的影响机制,并构建静态和动态面板模型,利用中国的数据实证分析不同要素结构配置下技术进步偏向性和要素配置偏向性对全要素生产率增长的异质性影响,探究要素配置... 本文从理论层面探析技术进步偏向性和要素配置偏向性对全要素生产率增长的影响机制,并构建静态和动态面板模型,利用中国的数据实证分析不同要素结构配置下技术进步偏向性和要素配置偏向性对全要素生产率增长的异质性影响,探究要素配置是否会扭曲其影响。研究发现,要素替代弹性小于1,技术进步偏向性与要素配置偏向性抑制全要素生产率的增长;而中国的数据表明,要素配置合理下技术进步偏向性与要素配置偏向性抑制全要素生产率的增长,但要素错配扭曲了技术进步偏向性对全要素生产率增长的影响,引入全要素生产率增长的滞后项后要素错配扭曲技术进步偏向性抑制作用的程度有所下降;整体上,中国全要素生产率的增长主要由要素配置推动,而非技术进步。 展开更多
关键词 全要素生产率 技术进步偏向性 要素配置 要素错配 要素替代弹性
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Effects of Huatan Tongluo decoction on vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 expression in synovial tissues of rats with collagen-induced arthritis
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作者 Chen Jinchun Qiu Mingshan +7 位作者 Li Yihan Zhang Qian Zhang Yiyan Lin Shuangjie Zhang Shaohong Qian Lixia Gao Hai Li Liang-cheng 《中医杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第2期191-198,共8页
OBJECTIVE:To determine the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism of Huatan Tongluo decoction on rats with collagen-induced arthritis.METHODS:Forty specific pathogen-free Wistar rats were selected,and 10 were rand... OBJECTIVE:To determine the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism of Huatan Tongluo decoction on rats with collagen-induced arthritis.METHODS:Forty specific pathogen-free Wistar rats were selected,and 10 were randomly selected as the control(group 1).The remaining rats were injected intradermally with emulsified type II bovine collagen at the tail base and back,followed by a booster 7 d post first immunization.After establishing collagen-induced arthritis(CIA),rats were randomly divided into three groups(n=10).The rats were treated orally for 30 d as follows:group 1,saline;group 2,model(saline);group 3,tripterygium polyglycoside(TP;7.81 mg/kg,positive control);group 4,Huatan Tongluo decoction(HTTL;7.5 g/kg).Body weight,ankle swelling and arthritis index were measured over the course of the study.The rats were sacrificed 30 d after treatment.Morphological changes in the synovium were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining.Pannus formation and synovial thickness in the left ankle were observed by color Doppler ultrasoundVascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)and VEGFR2 protein levels were measured by immunohistochemistry.VEGF/VEGFR2 mRNA levels were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.RESULTS:Compared with the model group,a significantly lower arthritis index was observed in the positive control group(P<0.05)and HTTL group(P<0.01),after treatment.Both positive control and HTTL reduced intra-articular pannus formation and synovial thickening.Furthermore,VEGF mRNA,and VEGFR2 protein and mRNA levels were significantly downregulated(P<0.05)in the treatment groups.CONCLUSION:Inhibition of the expression of VEGF and VEGFR2 in synovial tissues and the formation of pannus and synovial hyperplasia may be part of the mechanism of HTTL for relieving the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis in CIA rats. 展开更多
关键词 Arthritis experimental TRIPTERYGIUM VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR A VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR receptor-2 Huatan Tongluo decocti on
Safety and efficacy of EFGR and VEGF signaling pathway inhibition therapy in patients with colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis 预览
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作者 Siwen Liu Rong Ma +7 位作者 Haixia Cao Shaorong Yu Dan Chen Changwen Jing Zhuo Wang Junying Zhang Jifeng Feng Jianzhong Wu 《肿瘤学与转化医学:英文版》 2019年第2期80-90,共11页
Objective Epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) inhibitors are two targeted therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer(mCRC). However, few studies have focused on the safe... Objective Epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) inhibitors are two targeted therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer(mCRC). However, few studies have focused on the safety and efficacy of combined targeted therapy against those of a single inhibition therapy of EFGR or VEGF. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the anti-tumor activity of the combined inhibition therapy and single inhibition therapy in patients with mCRC. Methods We searched PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane library, Embase, and annual meeting proceedings for relevant clinical trials. Objective response rate(ORR), progression-free survival(PFS), overall survival(OS), and adverse events were extracted and calculated.Results Nine trials comprising 3977 patients were selected for the analysis. The combined inhibition therapy showed a 3.7% improvement in ORR compared with single inhibition, and this difference was statistically significant [hazard ratio(HR)= 1.33;95% confidence interval(CI), 1.01–1.74;P = 0.04]. Subgroup analysis showed that the combined EGFR and VEGF inhibitor therapy had an 11.65% improvement in ORR compared with VEGF inhibitor therapy(OR = 2.14;95% CI, 1.34–3.40;P = 0.001). EGFR and VEGF inhibitor therapy and chemotherapy had an 18.08% improvement in ORR compared with chemotherapy(OR = 2.21;95% CI, 1.05–4.64;P = 0.04). Moreover, EGFR and VEGF inhibitor therapy significantly improved PFS compared with VEGF inhibitor therapy(OR = 0.82;95% CI, 0.69–0.97;P = 0.02). VEGF inhibitor therapy and chemotherapy significantly improved PFS compared with EGFR and VEGF inhibitor therapy and chemotherapy(OR = 1.20;95% CI, 1.11–1.30;P = 0.00). In addition, EGFR and VEGF inhibitor therapy showed improved OS compared with VEGF inhibitor therapy(HR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.65–0.94;P = 0.008). Finally, the combined inhibition therapy showed an obviously increased risk of cutaneous and mucosal effects(RR = 6.45;95% CI: 2.71–15.36;P < 0.01), diarrhea/abdominal pain(RR = 1.97;95% CI: 1.45–2.68;P < 0.01), 展开更多
关键词 colorectal cancer (CRC) EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR receptor (EGFR) vascular endothelial GROWTH FACTOR (VEGF) META-ANALYSIS
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Hepatitis C virus core protein modulates several signaling pathways involved in hepatocellular carcinoma 预览
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作者 Shahab Mahmoudvand Somayeh Shokri +1 位作者 Reza Taherkhani Fatemeh Farshadpour 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第1期42-58,共17页
Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)is the fifth most common cancer,and hepatitis C virus(HCV)infection plays a major role in HCC development.The molecular mechanisms by which HCV infection leads to HCC are varied.HCV core p... Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)is the fifth most common cancer,and hepatitis C virus(HCV)infection plays a major role in HCC development.The molecular mechanisms by which HCV infection leads to HCC are varied.HCV core protein is an important risk factor in HCV-associated liver pathogenesis and can modulate several signaling pathways involved in cell cycle regulation,cell growth promotion,cell proliferation,apoptosis,oxidative stress and lipid metabolism.The dysregulation of signaling pathways such as transforming growth factorβ(TGF-β),vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF),Wnt/β-catenin(WNT),cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2)and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorα(PPARα)by HCV core protein is implicated in the development of HCC.Therefore,it has been suggested that this protein be considered a favorable target for further studies in the development of HCC.In addition,considering the axial role of these signaling pathways in HCC,they are considered druggable targets for cancer therapy.Therefore,using strategies to limit the dysregulation effects of core protein on these signaling pathways seems necessary to prevent HCV-related HCC. 展开更多
关键词 Hepatitis C virus Core protein TRANSFORMING GROWTH factorβ Vascular endothelial GROWTH FACTOR WNT/Β-CATENIN CYCLOOXYGENASE-2 PEROXISOME proliferatoractivated receptorα Hepatocellular carcinoma
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人脐带间充质干细胞对糖尿病足溃疡模型大鼠血清炎性因子及相关细胞生长因子的影响
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作者 解志磊 房涛 +1 位作者 徐敦元 蒋京军 《中华实验外科杂志》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第7期1270-1273,共4页
目的观察人脐带间充质干细胞对糖尿病足溃疡模型大鼠血清炎性因子及相关细胞生长因子的影响,探讨其治疗糖尿病足溃疡的作用机制.方法 50只无特定病原体(SPF)级雄性大鼠使用高脂饮料喂养4周后,采用腹腔注射1%链脲佐菌素(40 mg/kg)、水蒸... 目的观察人脐带间充质干细胞对糖尿病足溃疡模型大鼠血清炎性因子及相关细胞生长因子的影响,探讨其治疗糖尿病足溃疡的作用机制.方法 50只无特定病原体(SPF)级雄性大鼠使用高脂饮料喂养4周后,采用腹腔注射1%链脲佐菌素(40 mg/kg)、水蒸汽熏蒸的方法建立糖尿病足溃疡模型,取建模成功30只大鼠分为模型组、高剂量人脐带间充质干细胞治疗组(高剂量治疗组:股动脉注射人脐带间充质干细胞2.0×10^6/0.2 ml)、低剂量人脐带间充质干细胞治疗组(低剂量治疗组:股动脉注射人脐带间充质干细胞1.0×10^6/0.2 ml)各10只,另取10只SPF级雄性大鼠大鼠为空白对照组(空白组).比较溃疡面积愈合率、血清炎性因子、相关细胞生长因子、肉芽组织成纤维细胞数及新生毛细血管数等指标.应用SPSS 21.0统计软件分析,符合正态分布的计量资料用均值±标准差(Mean±SD)表示,多组间比较采用方差分析,两两比较采用配对t检验,不符合正态分布的计量资料用四分位数间距表达,多组间比较采用Kruskal-WallisH检验,两组比较采用Manne Whitnery U检验.结果(1)创面愈合率:模型组、低剂量治疗组、高剂量治疗组分别为(26.31±4.32)%、(66.92±7.24)%、(74.74±8.32)%.低剂量治疗组、高剂量治疗组创面愈合率明显高于模型组(t=8.424、11.201,P<0.01),高剂量治疗组创面愈合率明显高于低剂量治疗组(t=3.148,P<0.05).(2)血清炎性因子:模型组、低剂量治疗组、高剂量治疗组血清白细胞介素-1(IL-1)、肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、超敏C-反应蛋白(hs-CRP)含量分别为(6.12 ±0.25)、(4.54±0.36)、(4.20±0.33) ng/L;(29.45±3.12)、(21.13±3.24)、(18.20±2.65) ng/L;(0.61±0.08)、(0.45±0.07)、(0.37±0.06) ng/L.低剂量治疗组、高剂量治疗组大鼠血清IL-1、TNF-α、hs-CRP含量明显低于模型组(t=11.400、5.849、5.111、14.666、8.691、8.222,P<0.05,P<0.01);高剂量治疗组大鼠IL-1、TNF-α、hs-CRP含 展开更多
关键词 糖尿病足溃疡 人脐带间充质干细胞 炎性因子 生长因子
基于环境与竞争因子的思茅松单木地上生物量生长模型构建 预览
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作者 施凯泽 欧光龙 +4 位作者 吴文君 李超 闾妍宇 李晟 胥辉 《林业调查规划》 2019年第1期10-15,共6页
以云南省普洱市思茅松天然林128株单木数据为研究对象,采用理论方程Richards模型和幂函数经验方程为基础模型,通过统计计算,再引入环境和竞争因子建立思茅松单木地上部分生物量生长模型,并进行独立性验证。结果表明,未引入环境和竞争因... 以云南省普洱市思茅松天然林128株单木数据为研究对象,采用理论方程Richards模型和幂函数经验方程为基础模型,通过统计计算,再引入环境和竞争因子建立思茅松单木地上部分生物量生长模型,并进行独立性验证。结果表明,未引入环境和竞争因子的木材、树皮、树枝、树叶、地上总生物量的决定系数分别为0.742 4、0.765 7、0.476 0、0.483 6、0.728 7,引入环境因子和竞争因子后决定系数有着较大的提升,木材、树皮、树枝、树叶、地上总生物量的决定系数分别达到0.850 8、0.832 3、0.709 8、0.539 9、0.852 5,并且引入环境因子和竞争因子后理论方程的决定系数都要强于经验方程。在预估精度方面,木材、树皮、树枝、树叶、地上总生物量的预估精度达到80.03%、79.91%、51.98%、44.06%、81.07%,除树枝和树叶外均有较高的预估精度。 展开更多
关键词 思茅松 生物量 生长模型 环境因子 竞争因子
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Diabetic neuropathy research: from mouse models to targets for treatment 预览
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作者 Vuong M. Pham Shinji Matsumura +2 位作者 Tayo Katano Nobuo Funatsu Seiji Ito 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第11期1870-1879,共10页
Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most serious complications of diabetes, and its increase shows no sign of stopping. Furthermore, current clinical treatments do not yet approach the best effectiveness. Thus, the deve... Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most serious complications of diabetes, and its increase shows no sign of stopping. Furthermore, current clinical treatments do not yet approach the best effectiveness. Thus, the development of better strategies for treating diabetic neuropathy is an urgent matter. In this review, we first discuss the advantages and disadvantages of some major mouse models of diabetic neuropathy and then address the targets for mechanism-based treatment that have been studied. We also introduce our studies on each part. Using stem cells as a source of neurotrophic factors to target extrinsic factors of diabetic neuropathy, we found that they present a promising treatment. 展开更多
关键词 brain derived NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR DIABETES extrinsic FACTORS NERVE growth FACTOR NERVE regeneration NEUROTROPHIC FACTORS NON-OBESE type 2 DIABETES phosphatase and tensin homolog stem cell streptozotocin
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Effect of laparoscopic hepatectomy on growth factor, immunoglobulin and related factors in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
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作者 Gang Wang Gen-Hai Shen +2 位作者 Quan-Gen Gao Jian-Mao Yuan Li-Qiang Qian 《海南医科大学学报(英文版)》 2019年第12期53-56,共4页
Objective:To compare the effects of laparoscopic surgery and traditional open surgery on serum growth factor, immunoglobulin and related factors in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after operation.Methods: 60 pa... Objective:To compare the effects of laparoscopic surgery and traditional open surgery on serum growth factor, immunoglobulin and related factors in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after operation.Methods: 60 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma admitted to our hospital from 2014 to 2018 were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group, with 30 cases in each group. Patients in the control group underwent traditional open radical hepatectomy, while patients in the observation group underwent laparoscopic radical hepatectomy. Before and after the operation, the levels of Alpha-alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin G (IgG), matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13), Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were compared between the patients in the two groups.Results:The levels of ALT, AST, VEGF, aFGF, bFGF, IgA, IgM, and IgG of patients in the control group were significantly decreased after the operation, but the levels of MMP-13, PCT and CRP increased significantly. The serum levels of ALT, AST, VEGF, aFGF, bFGF, IgA, IgM, and IgG of patients in the observation group were significantly decreased after operation, but the levels of MMP-13, PCT and CRP increased significantly. The above indexes of patients in the observation group were better than those in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion: Laparoscopic hepatectomy has a good clinical effect. It can significantly reduce the level of growth factor in serum of patients. It has less damage to immune function than open surgery and can reduce the level of inflammatory stress caused by operation. 展开更多
关键词 LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY Open SURGERY Liver cancer Growth FACTOR IMMUNOGLOBULIN Inflammatory FACTOR
Uncoupling neurotrophic function from nociception of nerve growth factor:what can be learned from a rare human disease? 预览
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作者 Kijung Sung Wanlin Yang Chengbiao Wu 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第4期570-573,共4页
Nerve growth factor(NGF) is a powerful trophic factor that provides essential support for the survival and differentiation of sympathetic and sensory neurons during development. However, NGF also activates nociceptors... Nerve growth factor(NGF) is a powerful trophic factor that provides essential support for the survival and differentiation of sympathetic and sensory neurons during development. However, NGF also activates nociceptors contributing significantly to inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain after tissue injury. As such anti-NGF based therapies represent a promising strategy for pain management. Because of dose-dependent serious side effects such as back pain, injection site hyperalgesia, clinical trials of using NGF to treat various disorders such as diabetic neuropathies, chemotherapy-induced and human immunodeficiency virus-associated peripheral neuropathies were all discontinued. Thus far, worldwide clinical applications of NGF in treating patients are very limited except in China. Hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy type V(HSAN V) is an extremely rare disease. Genetic analyses have revealed that HSAN V is associated with autosomal recessive mutations in NGF. One of the mutations occurred at the 100th position of mature NGF resulting in a change of residue from arginine to tryptophan(R100W). Although those HSAN V patients associated with the NGFR100W mutation suffer from severe loss of deep pain, bone fractures and joint destruction, interestingly patients with the NGFR100W mutation do not show apparent cognitive deficits, suggesting important trophic support function is preserved. We believe that NGFR100W provides an ideal tool to uncouple the two important functions of NGF: trophic versus nociceptive. Studies from investigators including ourselves have indeed confirmed in animal testing that the NGFR100W no longer induced pain. More importantly, the trophic function seemed to be largely preserved in NGF harboring the R100W mutation. On the mechanistic level, we found that the NGFR100W mutation was capable of binding to and signaling through the tyrosine receptor kinase A receptor. But its ability to bind to and activate the 75 kDa neurotrophic factor was significantly diminished. The significance of these fin 展开更多
关键词 hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy V nerve growth FACTOR NGFR100W mutation pain tyrosine RECEPTOR kinase A p75 NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR RECEPTOR
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腹腔镜肝癌切除术对肝癌患者生长因子、免疫球蛋白及相关因子水平的影响 预览
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作者 王刚 沈根海 +2 位作者 高泉根 袁建毛 钱利强 《海南医学院学报》 CAS 2019年第12期931-934,共4页
目的:比较腹腔镜手术与传统开腹手术对肝癌患者术后血清生长因子、免疫球蛋白及相关因子水平的影响。方法:收集我院收治的肝癌患者60例,随机分为对照组与观察组各30例。对照组行传统开腹肝癌根治术;观察组患者行腹腔镜肝癌根治术。分别... 目的:比较腹腔镜手术与传统开腹手术对肝癌患者术后血清生长因子、免疫球蛋白及相关因子水平的影响。方法:收集我院收治的肝癌患者60例,随机分为对照组与观察组各30例。对照组行传统开腹肝癌根治术;观察组患者行腹腔镜肝癌根治术。分别于手术前、后,比较两组谷丙转氨酶(ALT)、谷草转氨酶(AST)、血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)、酸性成纤维细胞生长因子(aFGF)、碱性成纤维细胞生长因子(bFGF)、免疫球蛋白A(IgA)、免疫球蛋白M(IgM)、免疫球蛋白G(IgG)、基质金属蛋白酶-13(MMP-13)、降钙素原(PCT)及C反应蛋白(CRP)水平。结果:对照组术后血清中ALT、AST、VEGF、aFGF、bFGF、IgA、IgM及IgG水平均显著降低,MMP-13、PCT及CRP水平均显著升高;观察组术后血清中ALT、AST、VEGF、aFGF、bFGF、IgA、IgM及IgG水平均显著降低,MMP-13、PCT及CRP水平均显著升高。术后观察组上述指标水平均优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:腹腔镜肝癌切除术临床疗效较好,可显著降低患者血清中生长因子水平,对患者免疫功能损伤较开腹手术小,可降低手术操作造成的炎性应激反应水平。 展开更多
关键词 腹腔镜手术 开腹手术 肝癌 生长因子 免疫球蛋白 炎症因子
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Elevated levels of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with knee articular cartilage injury 预览
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作者 Zhen-Wei Wang Le Chen +5 位作者 Xiao-Rui Hao Zhen-An Qu Shi-Bo Huang Xiao-Jun Ma Jian-Chuan Wang Wei-Ming Wang 《世界临床病例杂志》 2019年第11期1262-1269,共8页
BACKGROUND Inflammatory cytokines play a vital role in the occurrence of osteoarticular injury and inflammation. Whether inflammation-associated factors interleukin-1β(IL- 1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)... BACKGROUND Inflammatory cytokines play a vital role in the occurrence of osteoarticular injury and inflammation. Whether inflammation-associated factors interleukin-1β(IL- 1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are involved in the pathogenesis of keen articular cartilage injury remains poorly understood. AIM To measure the levels of inflammatory factors [IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and VEGF] in patients with knee articular cartilage injury. METHODS Fifty-five patients with knee articular cartilage injury were selected as patient groups, who were divided into three grades [mild (n = 20), moderate (n = 19) and severe (n = 16)] according to disease severity and X-ray examinations. Meanwhile, 30 healthy individuals who underwent physical examination were selected as the control group. The levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and VEGF were measured by ELISA and immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS Compared with the control group, patient groups displayed significantly higher levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and VEGF, and the extent of increase was directly proportional to the severity of injury (P < 0.05). In addition, the number of cells with positive staining of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and VEGF in the synovial membrane were significantly increased, along with increased disease severity (P < 0.05). After treatment, the scores of visual analogue scale and the Western Ontario and McMaster University of Orthopaedic Index in patient groups were 2.26 ± 1.13 and 15.56 ± 7.12 points, respectively, which were significantly lower than those before treatment (6.98 ± 1.32 and 49.48 ± 8.96). Correlation analysis suggested that IL-1β and TNF-α were positively correlated with VEGF. CONCLUSION IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and VEGF levels are increased in patients with knee articular cartilage injury, and are associated with the disease severity, indicating they might play an important role in the occurrence and development of knee articular cartilage injury. Furthermore, therapeutically targeting t 展开更多
关键词 KNEE ARTICULAR CARTILAGE injury INTERLEUKIN-1Β INTERLEUKIN-6 Tumor necrosis factor Vascular endothelial growth FACTOR
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体外胚胎培养是胚胎工程技术的关键环节 预览
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作者 李楠 林忠 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第29期4735-4742,共8页
背景:体外早期胚胎的培养是胚胎工程技术的主要环节之一。目的:近年来,随着科学家的研究对胚胎发育和体外胚胎培养有了新认识和进展。方法:由第一作者检索1990年1月至2018年10月PubMed数据库相关文献,检索词为“Embryo Engineering;Pre-... 背景:体外早期胚胎的培养是胚胎工程技术的主要环节之一。目的:近年来,随着科学家的研究对胚胎发育和体外胚胎培养有了新认识和进展。方法:由第一作者检索1990年1月至2018年10月PubMed数据库相关文献,检索词为“Embryo Engineering;Pre-implantation Embryo;In vitro embryo culture;Assisted Reproductive Technology;ART”,文献语言限制在英文。根据纳入排除标准,最终纳入76条进行分析探讨。结果与结论:在严格遵循医学伦理学原则条件下开展的胚胎体外培养体系是动物胚胎工程的一项关键技术,是保证运用胚胎生物技术顺利生产体外胚胎的基础,通过改良体外胚胎培养体系,可以使体外培养环境更加接近体内环境,提高体外胚胎质量。 展开更多
关键词 胚胎工程 体外胚胎培养 辅助生殖技术 植入前胚胎 培养体系 营养物质 发育阻滞 生长因子
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盐分离子对两种枸杞生长的影响 预览
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作者 童翠芸 张得芳 +1 位作者 樊光辉 王占林 《青海农林科技》 2019年第2期8-13,共6页
为了了解枸杞的生长因子与土壤盐分之间的关系,对三个盐碱化程度不同的枸杞种植样地的土壤盐分以及宁夏枸杞和黑果枸杞的地径、树高、东西冠幅、南北冠幅等生长因子进行调查和分析。结果表明:在同一盐分水平条件下,两种枸杞地径增长幅... 为了了解枸杞的生长因子与土壤盐分之间的关系,对三个盐碱化程度不同的枸杞种植样地的土壤盐分以及宁夏枸杞和黑果枸杞的地径、树高、东西冠幅、南北冠幅等生长因子进行调查和分析。结果表明:在同一盐分水平条件下,两种枸杞地径增长幅度最大,在不同盐分水平条件下,全盐、Na^+、Cl^-、SO4^2-是影响黑果枸杞和宁夏枸杞生长因子的主导因子。因此黑果枸杞和宁夏枸杞适合在全盐、Na^+、Cl^-、SO4^2-含量相对居中的中度盐化土中种植。 展开更多
关键词 枸杞 黑果枸杞 生长因子 盐分含量
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滑菇菌株126工厂化栽培技术试验
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作者 申苗 常尚连 +1 位作者 燕海云 朱小乐 《中国食用菌》 北大核心 2019年第5期29-31,共3页
研究滑菇工厂化栽培技术,为工厂化企业提供了技术指导。通过对工厂化栽培条件下滑菇(Pholiota nameko)菌株126的适宜生长温度、湿度和最佳栽培料配比进行研究,获得了滑菇工厂化栽培技术,即温度(16±0.5)℃、湿度(90±2)%,最佳... 研究滑菇工厂化栽培技术,为工厂化企业提供了技术指导。通过对工厂化栽培条件下滑菇(Pholiota nameko)菌株126的适宜生长温度、湿度和最佳栽培料配比进行研究,获得了滑菇工厂化栽培技术,即温度(16±0.5)℃、湿度(90±2)%,最佳栽培料配比为棉籽壳30%、玉米芯60%、麸皮9%、石膏1%。 展开更多
关键词 滑菇 工厂化栽培 栽培技术 生长因子
富血小板血浆:在肌腱和韧带损伤修复中的应用 预览
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作者 王皓楠 王继宏 温树正 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第30期4875-4881,共7页
背景:富血小板血浆是一种含有高浓度血小板的血浆,含有多种生长因子和细胞因子,有助于促使韧带和肌腱再生,促进多发性肌肉骨骼疾病的恢复。目的:探讨富血小板血浆用于肌腱和韧带损伤修复的最新文献分析。方法:以“platelet-rich plasma,... 背景:富血小板血浆是一种含有高浓度血小板的血浆,含有多种生长因子和细胞因子,有助于促使韧带和肌腱再生,促进多发性肌肉骨骼疾病的恢复。目的:探讨富血小板血浆用于肌腱和韧带损伤修复的最新文献分析。方法:以“platelet-rich plasma,ligament injury,repair of ligament,tendon injury,repair of tendon,growthfactors”为检索词,应用计算机检索PubMed 数据库1990至2018年发表的相关文献共64篇;以“富血小板血浆”在中国知网检索相关文献1篇,对富血小板血浆的制备、分类、血小板源生长因子的释放及其促进韧带、肌腱修复的相关文献进行综述。结果与结论:虽然富血小板血浆对肩袖和髌骨肌腱病变及尺侧支、前交叉韧带等韧带损伤的治疗效果有限且无定论,但是多项基础科学和活体动物实验支持富血小板血浆在肌腱和韧带疾病中的应用。目前富血小板血浆是一种可行的保守治疗措施,其并发症或不良反应风险较低。在选择富血小板血浆注射方式时,病因可能会有一定的影响,例如富白细胞富血小板血浆与贫白细胞富血小板血浆,贫白细胞富血小板血浆对于肱骨外上髁炎等疾病的治疗可能更有益处,因为其可能有助于诱导炎症反应以达到促进恢复的目的。目前富血小板血浆尚未成为治疗的标准方法之一,然而随着对最佳候选方案的进一步研究,在未来其可能发展为较为普遍的疗法。 展开更多
关键词 富血小板血浆 肌腱损伤 韧带损伤 生物制品 生长因子 细胞因子 富白细胞富血小板血浆 贫白细胞富血小板血浆
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IGF-Ⅰ在绒山羊毛囊中的研究进展 预览
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作者 黄佳星 孟伟 +1 位作者 邵付丹 郭旭东 《生物化工》 2019年第3期155-157,共3页
毛囊由毛球、毛干、内根鞘、连接组织鞘和外根鞘五部分组成,其发育过程需要多种生长因子协同作用来调节。一直以来,胰岛素样生长因子1(IGF-Ⅰ)都作为重要的生长因子来研究其对毛囊生长的影响。IGF-Ⅰ能促进毛囊生长,且可以影响调控毛囊... 毛囊由毛球、毛干、内根鞘、连接组织鞘和外根鞘五部分组成,其发育过程需要多种生长因子协同作用来调节。一直以来,胰岛素样生长因子1(IGF-Ⅰ)都作为重要的生长因子来研究其对毛囊生长的影响。IGF-Ⅰ能促进毛囊生长,且可以影响调控毛囊生长发育其它基因的表达量。但目前同类型文章仅对IGF-Ⅰ简单提及,本文主要对近年来IGF-Ⅰ在绒山羊毛囊生长发育中的最新研究进行综述和展望。 展开更多
关键词 绒山羊 毛囊 生长因子 IGF-Ⅰ
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