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从形式的知识到形式生成——观念史启发下的设计理论探索
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作者 范路 《新建筑》 2019年第3期19-24,共6页
形式是现代建筑重要的概念,其含义丰富而多变。文章从共时性视角解读福蒂对于"形式"概念的历史演化研究,以此为据从形式呈现、形式转化和形式关联三个维度反思了现代建筑中的形式主义思想流派,并尝试探索一种当代的形式生成... 形式是现代建筑重要的概念,其含义丰富而多变。文章从共时性视角解读福蒂对于"形式"概念的历史演化研究,以此为据从形式呈现、形式转化和形式关联三个维度反思了现代建筑中的形式主义思想流派,并尝试探索一种当代的形式生成设计理论。 展开更多
关键词 形式 形式呈现 形式转化 形式关联 形式主义 形式生成
劳氏救助标准合同格式替代方案的探讨
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作者 江南 《海运情报》 2019年第3期17-17,16共2页
一位业内人士告知,劳氏救助标准合同格式(Lloyd's Open Form,LOF)替代方案的提出是为了纠正对传统标准形式救助合同的批评,同时为打捞者提供公平的回报。
关键词 合同格式 标准形式 业内人士 FORM
A Nekhoroshev Type Theorem for the Nonlinear Wave Equation in Gevrey Space
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作者 Chunyong LIU Huayong LIU Rong ZHAO 《数学年刊:B辑英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第3期389-410,共22页
In this paper, the authors prove a Nekhoroshev type theorem for the nonlinear wave equation utt=uxx-mu-f(u),x∈[0, π] in Gevrey space.
关键词 Gevrey SPACE Nonlinear wave EQUATION NORMAL FORM Stability
Jordan canonical form of three-way tensor with multilinear rank (4,4,3)
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作者 Lubin Cui Minghui Li 《中国数学前沿:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第2期281-300,共20页
The Jordan canonical form of matrix is an important concept in linear algebra. And the concept has been extended to three-way arrays case. In this paper, we study the Jordan canonical form of three-way tensor with mul... The Jordan canonical form of matrix is an important concept in linear algebra. And the concept has been extended to three-way arrays case. In this paper, we study the Jordan canonical form of three-way tensor with multilinear rank (4,4,3). For a 4 × 4 × 4 tensor gj with multilinear rank (4,4,3), we show that gj must be turned into the canonical form if the upper triangular entries of the last three slices of gj are nonzero. If some of the upper triangular entries of the last three slices of gj are zeros, we give some conditions to guarantee that gj can be turned into the canonical form. 展开更多
关键词 JORDAN CANONICAL form TENSOR DECOMPOSITION MULTILINEAR RANK
村上春树《挪威的森林》中孤独感的解读 预览
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作者 金海 《山东农业工程学院学报》 2019年第4期109-110,共2页
村上春树是一位极富盛名和影响力的日本现代作家,近年来村上春树的作品备受世界人民的喜爱与追捧。由于生活环境以及社会现状的影响,村上春树的作品中大多充满矛盾孤独的情感,其中《挪威的森林》为典型作品。本文将简要分析《挪威的森... 村上春树是一位极富盛名和影响力的日本现代作家,近年来村上春树的作品备受世界人民的喜爱与追捧。由于生活环境以及社会现状的影响,村上春树的作品中大多充满矛盾孤独的情感,其中《挪威的森林》为典型作品。本文将简要分析《挪威的森林》中孤独感的表现形式以及体现途径,旨在帮助读者更加深入的感受作者以及小说中的孤独感。 展开更多
关键词 《挪威的森林》 孤独感 表现形式
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革命与话语:苏区动员的语言载体形态与特征 预览
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作者 谭琪红 向绪伟 《井冈山大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第1期64-69,共6页
语言载体是人类重要的传播媒介和传播符号。在文化相对滞后的中央苏区,中共充分运用音乐歌谣类、戏剧舞蹈类、谈话讲演类的语言载体进行民众动员和宣传鼓动。这些语言载体充分呈现了信息传播与教育认知相统一、情感沟通与艺术表达相统... 语言载体是人类重要的传播媒介和传播符号。在文化相对滞后的中央苏区,中共充分运用音乐歌谣类、戏剧舞蹈类、谈话讲演类的语言载体进行民众动员和宣传鼓动。这些语言载体充分呈现了信息传播与教育认知相统一、情感沟通与艺术表达相统一、价值灌输与思想启蒙相统一的特点,迅速快捷有效地传播着中共革命文化、革命情感和革命价值的红色文化,发挥着认知、沟通、调适、慰籍、激励和凝聚的功效。 展开更多
关键词 中央苏区 语言载体 形态 特征 功效
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Metaphysics Z 17’s Ontological Deduction of the Ε■δο■as Principle and Primary Substance through the Analysis of the Becoming 预览
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作者 Fernando A.Riofrío 《哲学研究:英文版》 2019年第1期16-42,共27页
This research represents another of the various different versions of the Hylomorphism of the third millennium(some closer and some less close to the thought of Aristotle).Its aim is to find the most profound and basi... This research represents another of the various different versions of the Hylomorphism of the third millennium(some closer and some less close to the thought of Aristotle).Its aim is to find the most profound and basic intrinsic explanation of the being of the sense-perceptible substance,by means of a systematic approach to the theory of substance developed in the central books of Aristotle's Metaphysics.The theory of substance is based on the hylomorphic conception of the sense-perceptible substance,and reaches its culmination in Chapter 17 of Metaphysics Book Zeta,where Aristotle develops the definitive deeper argument that demonstrates the essence of substance.The argument is developed through a rigorous analysis of the sense-perceptible thing and its elements during the existence of the thing and after its corruption.The result obtained by this analysis is that none of the material components of a sense-perceptible thing,nor the sum of all of them,explain the constitution of the sense-perceptible thing,or its nature.And the final conclusion is that there exists an entity distinct from all of the material components,which is the arrangement and the essence of the sense-perceptible thing,that is,its form.The form also emerges as the primary cause of the being of the sense-perceptible thing and the primary substance,because it acts as the cause of matter and of the hylomorphic compound,and possesses the characters of substantiality in the maximum degree,being separate(τōχωριστòν)and being"a this"(τò?τóδετι).To take another angle,the soul is the form of biological organisms and man;and this investigation ends by establishing how the Aristotelian argument applies to a biological organism,and demonstrates that the soul is the first cause of this and the primary substance,by means of the distinction of the proximate matter and remote matter of the living being. 展开更多
关键词 PRIMARY substance definition of substance form matter Hylomorphism BECOMING CAUSE ARISTOTLE
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Form and Interconversion Factor of Selenium in Soil 预览
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作者 Ying XING Yongxian LIU +4 位作者 Panxia LIANG Qing LIAO Liping PAN Taiqing HUANG Zepu JIANG 《农业生物技术:英文版》 CAS 2019年第1期116-120,共5页
In recent years,production and processing of natural selenium-rich agricultural products has become a research hotspot.The main factor affecting the selenium content in plant is the content of effective selenium in so... In recent years,production and processing of natural selenium-rich agricultural products has become a research hotspot.The main factor affecting the selenium content in plant is the content of effective selenium in soil.So it is important to understand the form and conversion relationship of selenium in soil and find ways to improve selenium effectiveness.By summarizing the researches on selenium at home and abroad,we analyze the classification of soil selenium form,the transformation among different selenium forms and the improving factors of selenium effectiveness.We understand the relationship between chemical form and extraction form of selenium,analyze the driving factors of conversion among different forms,and discuss the ways to improve selenium effectiveness of soil in high selenium-rich area.By combining characteristics of soil and crop in different selenium-rich regions,different selenium activation methods are used,which could provide more scientific evidence for further selenium research. 展开更多
关键词 SOIL SELENIUM FORM CONVERSION FACTOR
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Accretivity of the General Second Order Linear Differential Operator
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作者 V.G.MAZ’YA I.E.VERBITSKY 《数学学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第6期832-852,共21页
For the general second order linear differential operator ■ with complex-valued distributional coefficients ajk, bj, and c in an open set Ω ? Rn(n ≥ 1), we present conditions which ensure that-L0 is accretive, i.e.... For the general second order linear differential operator ■ with complex-valued distributional coefficients ajk, bj, and c in an open set Ω ? Rn(n ≥ 1), we present conditions which ensure that-L0 is accretive, i.e., Re<-L0φ, φ >≥ 0 for all φ∈ C0∞(Ω). 展开更多
关键词 ACCRETIVE differential OPERATORS complex-valued COEFFICIENTS Schr?dinger operator form BOUNDEDNESS
The BLM realization for the integral form of Uv(glm|n)
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作者 Xiaoyu Chen 《中国科学:数学英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第2期351-370,共20页
In this paper, we embed the integral form of the quantum supergroup Uv(glm|n) to the product of a family of integral quantum Schur super algebras. We show that the image of the embedding is a free Z[v, v-1]-module by ... In this paper, we embed the integral form of the quantum supergroup Uv(glm|n) to the product of a family of integral quantum Schur super algebras. We show that the image of the embedding is a free Z[v, v-1]-module by finding the basis explicitly and calculating the fundamental multiplication formulas of these bases. Unlike the non-super case, the fundamental multiplication formula, which is the key step, is more complicated since we have to deal with the case of multiplying the odd root vectors. As a consequence, via the base change, we realize the quantum supergroup at roots of unity as a subalgebra of the product of quantum Schur superalgebras. Thus, we find a new basis of quantum supergroups at odd roots of unity which comes from quantum Schur superalgebras. 展开更多
关键词 QUANTUM supergroup QUANTUM SCHUR SUPERALGEBRA BLM basis integral form
Suppression of oscillatory congestion via trunk link bandwidth and control gain in star network 预览
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作者 Sainan WANG Shu ZHANG Jian XU 《应用数学和力学:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第1期25-48,共24页
The time delay-induced instability in an Internet congestion control model is investigated.The star topology is considered,and the link bandwidth ratio and the control gain are selected as the tunable parameters for c... The time delay-induced instability in an Internet congestion control model is investigated.The star topology is considered,and the link bandwidth ratio and the control gain are selected as the tunable parameters for congestion suppression.The stability switch boundary is obtained by the eigenvalue analysis for the linearized system around the equilibrium.To investigate the oscillatory congestion when the equilibrium becomes unstable,the center manifold reduction and the normal form theory are used to study the periodic oscillation induced by the delay.The theoretical analysis and numerical simulation show that the ratio between bandwidths of the trunk link and the regular link,rather than these bandwidths themselves,is crucial for the stability of the congestion control system.The present results demonstrate that it is not always effective to increase the link bandwidth ratio for stabilizing the system,and for some certain delays,adjusting the control gain is more efficient. 展开更多
关键词 Internet CONGESTION control HOPF BIFURCATION delayed differential equation stability normal form
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论出版文化的亚文化形态 预览
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作者 董中锋 徐婷婷 《出版科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期124-128,共5页
出版文化有诸多亚文化,亚文化的发展逐渐形成为一种形态。与出版直接相关的亚文化形态有印刷文化、书评文化、书饰文化、版本文化、版权文化等,它们有的在出版的上游,有的在出版的下游;有的与出版互为因果,有的与出版相互依存。它们与... 出版文化有诸多亚文化,亚文化的发展逐渐形成为一种形态。与出版直接相关的亚文化形态有印刷文化、书评文化、书饰文化、版本文化、版权文化等,它们有的在出版的上游,有的在出版的下游;有的与出版互为因果,有的与出版相互依存。它们与出版文化有着千丝万缕的联系,有的还不断地转化到出版文化之中,由亚文化变成为主文化。正是这些多样化的亚文化,推动了出版文化的发展和进步;也正是亚文化的存在,才使出版文化具有无限的张力与活力。 展开更多
关键词 出版文化 亚文化 形态 内涵
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自然的合目的性及其美学沉思
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作者 李咏吟 《浙江社会科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期109-116,159共9页
康德的'自然的合目的性'理论,显示了《判断力批判》的现代性思想价值,这一理论为人类正确地理解自然提供了重要思想路径。自然的合目的性,既可以通过人类的主体性理解获得审美价值与生存智慧,又可以通过自然本身的形式美感与实... 康德的'自然的合目的性'理论,显示了《判断力批判》的现代性思想价值,这一理论为人类正确地理解自然提供了重要思想路径。自然的合目的性,既可以通过人类的主体性理解获得审美价值与生存智慧,又可以通过自然本身的形式美感与实体功能形成真正科学理性的解释。在反思自然中,我们必须承认,自然存在永远独立于人类存在,人类只有自由地建立与自然的智慧联系,才能获得生命永续发展的自由。 展开更多
关键词 自然的合目的性 形式的合目的性 实践的合目的性 美学
Quantities of comorbidities affects physical,but not mental health related quality of life in type 1 diabetes with confirmed polyneuropathy 预览
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作者 Anne-Marie L Wegeberg Theresa Meldgaard +4 位作者 Sofie Hyldahl Poul Erik Jakobsen Asbjφrn M Drewes Birgitte Brock Christina Brock 《世界糖尿病杂志:英文版(电子版)》 2019年第2期87-95,共9页
BACKGROUND A large number of adults with long-term type 1 diabetes are affected by symmetrical peripheral neuropathy.These complications increase socioeconomic expenses and diminish the individual quality of life.The ... BACKGROUND A large number of adults with long-term type 1 diabetes are affected by symmetrical peripheral neuropathy.These complications increase socioeconomic expenses and diminish the individual quality of life.The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36)is a generic patient reported questionnaire,measuring mental and physical health related quality of life.We hypothesized that diabetic neuropathy would decrease physical and mental quality of life measured with SF-36,and that clinical appearance may be associated with the decline.AIM To investigate if diabetic neuropathy would decrease physical and mental quality of life measured with SF-36,and if clinical appearance may be associated with the decline.METHODS Forty-eight adults[age 50±9 years,10 females,disease duration 32(14-51)years]with verified diabetic symmetrical peripheral neuropathy and 21 healthy participants(age 51±6 years,6 females)underwent standardised nerve conduction testing and completed the SF-36 questionnaire.Furthermore,disease duration,number of comorbidities,both diabetes related and nondiabetes related,vibration perception threshold,number of hypoglycaemic events,HbA1c and administration way of insulin was notified.RESULTS In comparison to healthy subjects,patients’mental composite score was not significantly diminished(51.9±8.9 vs 53.1±5.5,P=0.558),while the physical composite score was(46.3±11.7 vs 54.6±3.3,P=0.002).As expected,the overall physical health related symptoms in patients were associated to total number of comorbidities(P<0.0001),comorbidities relation to diabetes(P=0.0002)and HbA1c(P=0.005)as well as comorbidities not related to diabetes(P=0.0006).CONCLUSION The finding of this study emphasises the importance of focusing on quality of life in adults with diabetes and especially in those with multiple comorbidities as well as the possibility of HbA1c as a biomarker for severe complication. 展开更多
关键词 Quality of life 36-Item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36) Diabetes mellitus Type 1 Diabetic NEUROPATHIES COMORBIDITY
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英美哥特式小说的陌生化效应 预览
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作者 陈黎莉 《郑州航空工业管理学院学报:社会科学版》 2019年第3期56-61,共6页
英美哥特式小说以其在内容和形式两个方面的独特性而产生了陌生化效应。故事上,哥特式小说从不同视角观察和揭露残酷的现实,包括爱伦坡为代表的纯粹的哥特式风格小说、霍桑为代表的与当时社会形式相结合的哥特式风格小说和与女性主义相... 英美哥特式小说以其在内容和形式两个方面的独特性而产生了陌生化效应。故事上,哥特式小说从不同视角观察和揭露残酷的现实,包括爱伦坡为代表的纯粹的哥特式风格小说、霍桑为代表的与当时社会形式相结合的哥特式风格小说和与女性主义相结合的以女性为核心的哥特式小说;形式上,哥特式小说封闭的叙事空间和独特的哥特式人物形象使它有别于其他类型的小说。 展开更多
关键词 哥特式小说 陌生化效应 英美文学
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现代程序的典型特征和基本属性 预览
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作者 凃明君 《理论与现代化》 2019年第1期44-54,共11页
现代程序(prodedure)是对事件进程的事先设计和安排,其见之于现实行动的具体步骤是一种特殊的过程;程序规定的过程具有形式性,也包含实质内容,是一种动态的规定性步骤;现代社会,指令性的程式渐渐被动态的、权变的、指导性的弹性程序所代... 现代程序(prodedure)是对事件进程的事先设计和安排,其见之于现实行动的具体步骤是一种特殊的过程;程序规定的过程具有形式性,也包含实质内容,是一种动态的规定性步骤;现代社会,指令性的程式渐渐被动态的、权变的、指导性的弹性程序所代替;与规律主要是事后归纳总结的认识论不同,程序主要是事前设计的方法论。科学性、合理性和正当性是现代程序最基本的属性,其下尚有分析性、秩序性、形式性、明确性和人为性等五种基本属性,并衍生出可表述性、独立性、中立性、规范性、一致性、结构性、公开性、权变性、为人性等属性。 展开更多
关键词 程序 程式 过程 形式 步骤
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坝上风景再造 华黎在云南新寨咖啡庄园的学习式介入 预览
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作者 徐好好 《时代建筑》 2019年第1期88-99,共12页
华黎主持的云南新寨咖啡庄园项目,是近期建筑师以对话式、学习式介入乡建,进行乡村房屋建设的范例。如何理解场地并面对场地要素的碎片?如何通过清晰的建筑形式回应场地痕迹?如何从设计层面切入空间、结构、材料、技术的建筑学思考?文... 华黎主持的云南新寨咖啡庄园项目,是近期建筑师以对话式、学习式介入乡建,进行乡村房屋建设的范例。如何理解场地并面对场地要素的碎片?如何通过清晰的建筑形式回应场地痕迹?如何从设计层面切入空间、结构、材料、技术的建筑学思考?文章尝试用具体案例来讨论华黎对上述问题的解答。 展开更多
关键词 建筑师华黎 新寨咖啡庄园 场地 形式 结构 学习式介入乡建
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反预期标记的形式与功能 预览
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作者 陆方喆 曾君 《语言科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期40-49,共10页
反预期标记是从功能角度分出的语用类标记,其形式多样,可以是词、短语或者句式,语音上具有非重读性,语义上具有程序性.其功能在于:1)触发隐义,包括隐义前提和隐义结论;2)语用制约,提供话语理解的线索,引导受话人成功复原说话人的交际意... 反预期标记是从功能角度分出的语用类标记,其形式多样,可以是词、短语或者句式,语音上具有非重读性,语义上具有程序性.其功能在于:1)触发隐义,包括隐义前提和隐义结论;2)语用制约,提供话语理解的线索,引导受话人成功复原说话人的交际意图;3)促进语篇连贯. 展开更多
关键词 反预期标记 形式 功能
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The smoothed finite element method (S-FEM):A framework for the design of numerical models for desired solutions
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作者 Gui-Rong Liu 《结构与土木工程前沿:英文版》 EI CSCD 2019年第2期456-477,共22页
The smoothed finite element method (S-FEM) was originated by G R Liu by combining some meshfree techniques with the well-established standard finite element method (FEM). It has a family of models carefully designed w... The smoothed finite element method (S-FEM) was originated by G R Liu by combining some meshfree techniques with the well-established standard finite element method (FEM). It has a family of models carefully designed with innovative types of smoothing domains. These models are found having a number of important and theoretically profound properties. This article first provides a concise and easy-to-follow presentation of key formulations used in the S-FEM. A number of important properties and unique features of S-FEM models are discussed in detail, including 1) theoretically proven softening effects;2) upper-bound solutions;3) accurate solutions and higher convergence rates;4) insensitivity to mesh distortion;5) Jacobian?free;6) volumetric-locking-free;and most importantly 7) working well with triangular and tetrahedral meshes that can be automatically generated. The S-FEM is thus ideal for automation in computations and adaptive analyses, and hence has profound impact on Al-assisted modeling and simulation. Most importantly, one can now purposely design an S-FEM model to obtain solutions with special properties as wish, meaning that S-FEM offers a framework for design numerical models with desired properties. This novel concept of numerical model demand may drastically change the landscape of modeling and simulation. Future directions of research are also provided. 展开更多
关键词 computational METHOD FINITE ELEMENT METHOD smoothed FINITE ELEMENT METHOD strain SMOOTHING technique SMOOTHING domain weakened weak form solid mechanics SOFTENING effect upper bound solution
建筑载体视阈下蒙古族建筑装饰图案形态研究 预览
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作者 李丽 范嘉 《华中建筑》 2019年第4期21-24,共4页
蒙古族图案是本民族传统文化的重要组成部分,与民族性、地域性建筑相结合,形成了'独具一格'的蒙古族建筑装饰图案体系,是蒙古族建筑的重要识别因素与典型特征。该文通过史料分析、现状调研、形态分析的研究方法,对蒙古族建筑装... 蒙古族图案是本民族传统文化的重要组成部分,与民族性、地域性建筑相结合,形成了'独具一格'的蒙古族建筑装饰图案体系,是蒙古族建筑的重要识别因素与典型特征。该文通过史料分析、现状调研、形态分析的研究方法,对蒙古族建筑装饰图案的现状、形成因素及形态特征进行了深入的分析研究,对蒙古族传统文化的传承与发展具有重要意义。 展开更多
关键词 建筑载体 蒙古族图案 形态 色彩 特征研究
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