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低云在不同季节对东海黑潮海洋锋响应的个例研究 预览 被引量:4
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作者 杨爽 刘敬武 张苏平 《中国海洋大学学报:自然科学版》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2015年第10期7-17,共11页
本文采用高分辨率的CALIPSO(Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations)卫星资料,结合欧洲中心的再分析资料,在东海黑潮区域分别选取冬、春、夏季的典型个例,对比分析层积云、层云、海雾3种边界层云。分... 本文采用高分辨率的CALIPSO(Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations)卫星资料,结合欧洲中心的再分析资料,在东海黑潮区域分别选取冬、春、夏季的典型个例,对比分析层积云、层云、海雾3种边界层云。分析结果显示,层积云发生在高空槽后,云顶1.2~2.5km,云底0.7~2km,云顶平滑度差,海气界面不稳定,地表偏北风,边界层不稳定,底层混合均匀,云层上方有逆温层存在;层云发生在高空槽前,伴有强烈冷平流,位于地面低压前部,云顶高度300~700m,较平滑,云底不接地,海气界面稳定,地表南风,边界层稳定,有不接地逆温,云区无下沉运动;海雾发生在高空槽后,低层有暖平流,地面位于高压中心,雾顶小于700m,底部接地,雾顶最为平滑,海气界面稳定,地表南风,风速很小,边界层稳定,逆温层很低,并伴有强烈下沉运动,地表相对湿度大于90%。黑潮锋通过影响海气边界层,进而影响低云的高度、形态等特性,三种低云高度自南向北均逐渐下降,在SST大梯度区有突变,海雾与低云性质相似,在一定条件下可以相互转化。 展开更多
关键词 CALIPSO卫星 黑潮锋 低云 海气边界层
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The Formation of Wind Curl in the Marine Atmosphere Boundary Layer over the East China Sea Kuroshio in Spring 预览
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作者 ZHANG Suping KONG Yang 《中国海洋大学学报:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2014年第6期883-892,共10页
Various data are used to investigate the characteristics of the surface wind field and rainfall on the East China Sea Kuroshio(ESK) in March and April, 2011. In March, the wind speed maximum shows over the ESK front(E... Various data are used to investigate the characteristics of the surface wind field and rainfall on the East China Sea Kuroshio(ESK) in March and April, 2011. In March, the wind speed maximum shows over the ESK front(ESKF) in the 10 meter wind field, which agrees with the thermal wind effect. A wind curl center is generated on the warm flank of the ESKF. The winds are much weaker in April, so is the wind curl. A rainband exists over the ESKF in both the months. The Weather Research and Forecasting(WRF) model is used for further researches. The winds on the top of the marine atmosphere boundary layer(MABL) indicate that in March, a positive wind curl is generated in the whole MABL over the warm flank of the ESKF. The thermal wind effect forced by the strong SST gradient overlying the background wind leads to strong surface northeasterly winds on the ESKF, and a positive shearing vorticity is created over the warm flank of the ESKF to generate wind curl. In the smoothed sea surface temperature experiment, the presence of the ESKF is responsible for the strong northeast winds in the ESKF, and essential for the distribution of the rainfall centers in March, which confirms the mechanism above. The same simulation is made for April, 2011, and the responses from the MABL become weak. The low background wind speed weakens the effect of the thermal wind, thus no strong Ekman pumping is helpful for precipitation. There is no big difference in rainfall between the control run and the smooth SST run. Decomposition of the wind vector shows that local wind acceleration induced by the thermal wind effect along with the variations in wind direction is responsible for the pronounced wind curl/divergence over the ESKF. 展开更多
关键词 海洋大气边界层 卷曲 中国东海 海表面温度 黑潮 东中国海 平稳运行 控制运行
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