基金This research was supported by the National Grand Fundanental Research 973 Program of China （Grant No. 2015CB452800）, the National Natural Science Foundation of China （Grant Nos. 41275099, 41205073 and 41275012）, and the Natural Science Foundation of the Nanjing Joint Center of Atmospheric Research （Grant No. NJCAR2016MS02）. The authors are grateful for the GAME reanalysis data provided by the Japan Meteorological Agency and the Earth Observation Research Center/National Space of Development Agency of Japan.
基金This work was supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China （No. 2015AA016301）, the National Key R＆D Program of China （No, 2017YFB1002900）, and the Jiangsu Provincial Key R＆D Program （No. BE2016216）.
基金This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11604193 and 11774034, and the Natural Science Foundation for Young Sci- entists of Shanxi Province, China （Grant No. 201601D202012）.
基金This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China （Nos. 11404290, 61307019, 11504333, and 61505178）, the National Key Scientific In- struments and Equipments Development of Special Item, China （No. 2012YQ130125）, the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Henan Province （No. 2013008）, and the Program for Science ＆ Technology Innovation Talents in Universities of Henan Province （No. 172102210481）.