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2018:The Hottest Summer in China and Possible Causes
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作者 Ting DING Yuan YUAN +1 位作者 Jianming ZHANG Hui GAO 《气象学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第4期577-592,共16页
In 2018,China experienced the hottest summer since 1961.The maximum,mean,and minimum temperatures all reached the highest.Air temperatures in most regions were much higher than normal;in northern China especially,the ... In 2018,China experienced the hottest summer since 1961.The maximum,mean,and minimum temperatures all reached the highest.Air temperatures in most regions were much higher than normal;in northern China especially,the temperature anomalies were above double of the standard deviations.Consistent variations of temperature anomalies appeared in the national mean and in northern China on different timescales from intraseasonal to annual,indicating that the above normal temperature in northern China contributed significantly to the record-breaking hot summer of entire China.Relationships among the high temperature in summer 2018,the tropospheric circulation,and the global sea surface temperatures(SSTs)are further analyzed.It is found that the intensified and more northward western Pacific subtropical high(WPSH),weakened Northeast China cold vortex(NECV),and positive geopotential height anomaly from northern China to the Sea of Japan resulted in the abnormally high temperature in summer 2018.From late July to mid August,the WPSH was stronger than normal,with its ridge line jumping to north of 40°N;meanwhile,the NECV was much weaker and more northward than normal;both of the two systems led to the persistent high temperature in northern China during this period.In addition,the SSTs in Kuroshio and its extension area(K–KE)in summer 2018 were also the highest since 1961 and the greatest positive SST anomaly in K–KE was favorable for the above normal geopotential height over North China–Northeast China–Japan at 500 hPa,giving rise to the exceptionally high temperature in northern China. 展开更多
关键词 SUMMER temperature western PACIFIC SUBTROPICAL high(WPSH) NORTHEAST China cold vortex(NECV) atmospheric circulation KUROSHIO and its extension(K-KE)
青山(Koke Aγula)与元大都 被引量:2
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作者 党宝海 《中国史研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2011年第4期 121-130,共10页
忽必烈圣旨中的Koke Aγula/青山儿/青山子、马可波罗和鄂多立克提到的“绿山”、乌马里记载的Kuk Taq均为万寿山,今北京北海琼华岛。根据元大都的修建过程和当时高丽使臣的记载可知,元大都是以万寿山一带为核心设计建造的。
关键词 Kke Aγula 青山 绿山 万寿山 琼华岛 元大都
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