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The Use of the Past to Shape the Present:Shifting Depictions of the Ancient World in Twentieth-Century American Cinema
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作者 Jacqueline E.Jay 《复旦人文社会科学论丛:英文版》 2019年第1期61-78,共18页
The ancient film epic has its roots at the very dawn of cinema as a form of popular art and entertainment,with a number of early silent films drawing their plots from ancient Biblical and Classical sources,and the gen... The ancient film epic has its roots at the very dawn of cinema as a form of popular art and entertainment,with a number of early silent films drawing their plots from ancient Biblical and Classical sources,and the genre remains relevant in the early twenty-first century.Ancient film epics thus provide a useful lens through which to trace evolutions in film history and in western culture more broadly.This paper analyzes seven American films spanning the early twentieth century to the early twenty-first century(Intolerance,Quo Vadis,The Egyptian,The Ten Com?mandments.Spartacus,Gladiator,300),identifying specific ways each film mirrors or challenges the time period in which it was produced. 展开更多
关键词 FILM HISTORY ANCIENT HISTORY ANCIENT FILM epic INTOLERANCE D.W.Griffith Quo VADIS The Egyptian The Ten Commandments Cecil B.DeMille-Spartacus Stanley Kubrick GLADIATOR 300
Analysis of Methods of Conserving Cultural Heritage in Ancient Cities: A Case Study of Nantou Ancient City in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China 预览
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作者 MI Ruipeng 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第4期125-127,共3页
Takes the renovation of Nantou Ancient City in Shenzhen for example, this study reveals the opportunities and challenges brought by the renovation of the ancient city to the conservation of cultural heritage via analy... Takes the renovation of Nantou Ancient City in Shenzhen for example, this study reveals the opportunities and challenges brought by the renovation of the ancient city to the conservation of cultural heritage via analyzing the problems existing in the cultural heritage conservation of Nantou Ancient City and excavating the cultural heritage value of the ancient city. Based on it, this study put forwards some suggestions on the excavation and the inheritance of cultural heritage value, in order to seek the interactive relationship and promote the coordinated development between the ancient city and the cultural heritage. 展开更多
关键词 ANCIENT CITY CULTURAL heritage CULTURAL value Culture creativity Nantou ANCIENT CITY
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Estimation of maximum mass velocity from macroseismic data: A new method and application to archeoseismological data
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作者 M.V.Rodkin A.M.Korzhenkov 《大地测量与地球动力学:英文版》 2019年第4期321-330,共10页
An important task in seismic hazard assessment is the estimation of intensity and frequency of rare strong seismic shaking, in particular, the long-term peak ground velocity values(PGVs). A recently proposed method is... An important task in seismic hazard assessment is the estimation of intensity and frequency of rare strong seismic shaking, in particular, the long-term peak ground velocity values(PGVs). A recently proposed method is suitable for simply estimating PGVs based on the examination of the magnitude of displacements of rock blocks. The effectiveness of this method is demonstrated by results of studies on the source zones of two large earthquakes and a vicinity of one strong explosion. In this study, the method is applied to the examination of archeoseismological data from the ancient Rehovot-ba-Negev city and other ancient cities from the Negev desert(in Southern Israel) where numerous evidences of presumable seismic damage were found earlier. The cities and also a sophisticated irrigation system within the region, which existed in the Negev desert, were abandoned however in the middle of the seventh century. The abandonment could be caused by a combined effect, from not only the cessation of the state support from Byzantium as a result of the Arab conquest but also the severe destruction from the strong earthquake that hit the area at that time. The intensities of the seismic events that hit the cities were estimated earlier, which are within the range of 8 e9. Our estimates indicate that the PGV values are about 1.5 m/s. Hence, the magnitude of the causative earthquake could be in the range M z 6.5 e7.5, and the location of the epicenter might be at a distance of a few dozens of kilometers from the ancient Rehovot-ba-Negev city, while the other variants associated with the earthquake seem to be less probable. 展开更多
关键词 ANCIENT earthquakes ANCIENT cities in the NEGEV DESERT PGV ESTIMATION from macroseismic DATA Earthquake hazard assessment for southern Israel
EXHIBITING ASIA The beauty of Asian civilizations shines at exhibitions accompanying the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations 预览
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作者 Wang Fang 《中国东盟报道(英文)》 2019年第6期28-30,共3页
Ancient Chinese civilization, Indian civilization and Babylon civilization, all born on the Asian continent, represent important chapters of human history. Asia has plentiful splendors of world civilization. In May, s... Ancient Chinese civilization, Indian civilization and Babylon civilization, all born on the Asian continent, represent important chapters of human history. Asia has plentiful splendors of world civilization. In May, several exhibitions themed on Asian civilizations kicked off in Beijing during the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations, offering a feast of Asian arts and civilizations. 展开更多
关键词 Ancient Chinese CIVILIZATION INDIAN CIVILIZATION BABYLON CIVILIZATION
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The Positive Influence of Buddhism Upon the Development of Science and Technology in Ancient China 预览
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作者 ZHOU Hanguang 《哲学研究:英文版》 2019年第4期217-222,共6页
It is important and worthwhile to discuss what kind of influence Buddhism cast on the development of science and technology in ancient China. The author does not agree with Joseph Needham’s view:“There can be little... It is important and worthwhile to discuss what kind of influence Buddhism cast on the development of science and technology in ancient China. The author does not agree with Joseph Needham’s view:“There can be little doubt that on the whole its action was powerfully inhibitory”, and the author thinks Buddhism took a positive promotion and influence on the development of science and technology in ancient China as a whole. There were four main ways of Chinese Buddhism influence on ancient science and technology:(1) The Buddhist scriptures actually contain a wealth of knowledge of science and technology;the eminent Buddhist monks introduced them into China through translation, therefore enriched contents of science and technology in ancient China.(2) Some knowledge of science and technology in ancient Indian and other districts got into China along with the spread of Buddhism.(3) Ancient Chinese Buddhists took part in science and technology practice actively at that time, and they had got a series of achievements in science and technology.(4) Being inspired and affected by Buddhist scientific knowledge, those non-Buddhist scientists had engaged in many created work in a further step, and made much contributions to development of science and technology. The doctrine of Buddhism was not a complete hindrance to the development of science and technology, and the result turned out contrary in many respects that it had promoted development of science and technology. In fact, Chinese Buddhism had made many important contributions in the fields of astronomy, mathematics, medicine, and so on. 展开更多
关键词 BUDDHISM POSITIVE INFLUENCE SCIENCE and technology ANCIENT China
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论古代中国人的治学智慧(上) 预览
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作者 蒋永福 《图书馆》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第8期1-6,共6页
中国人在几千年文明旅程中积累有极其丰富的治学思想,这一思想遗产是博大精深的中华文化的重要组成部分。中华民族热爱学习的优良传统,是这一思想遗产形成、积累和代代相传的深厚历史基础。在这一思想遗产中,闪烁着中华民族特有的智慧之... 中国人在几千年文明旅程中积累有极其丰富的治学思想,这一思想遗产是博大精深的中华文化的重要组成部分。中华民族热爱学习的优良传统,是这一思想遗产形成、积累和代代相传的深厚历史基础。在这一思想遗产中,闪烁着中华民族特有的智慧之光,照亮着历代学者的为学之路。文章把古代中国人的治学智慧,归纳为十个方面,分别为:学为明道,这是古代中国人的治学宗旨所在;立志正心,这是古代中国人治学的心理与品德基础;经世致用,这是古代中国人治学的修己治人目标所在;勤奋钻研,这是古代中国人治学的基本方法;博约相济,这是古代中国人治学的宏观策略;善疑善问,这是古代中国人把治学引向深入的重要门径;尊师重友,这是古代中国人治学的基本途径;涵泳自得,这是古代中国人治学的基本要领;学有次序,这是古代中国人治学的基本规则;以学为乐,这是古代中国人治学的乐趣所在。 展开更多
关键词 治学智慧 古代 中国
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Ancient Myths and the Construction of Regional Literary History--The General History of Sichuan Literature 预览
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作者 Kong Xuyou Wu Lingwei 《当代社会科学(英文)》 2019年第3期59-68,共10页
The literary study of ancient mythology is a rational and necessary prerequisite for the study of the general history of Sichuan literature in the Pre-Qin period, though it can go beyond the study of literature. Compa... The literary study of ancient mythology is a rational and necessary prerequisite for the study of the general history of Sichuan literature in the Pre-Qin period, though it can go beyond the study of literature. Compared with other Chinese regional literatures such as Jing-Chu literature, the insufficiency of the literalization of the early Ba-Shu myth, to some extent, devalues the Ba-Shu literature in the Pre-Qin period and affects its consistence. When dealing with the influence of ancient mythology on the development of Chinese regional literature, including Sichuan literature, we need to analyze the inherent impact of regional mythology on the developing literature using a three-step process: restoring and summarizing the mythological pedigree, uncovering the “conceptual structure” of the mythology, and explaining the impact of the mythology on the developing literature. This paper uses this three-step process to construct the general history of Sichuan literature. 展开更多
关键词 ANCIENT Ba-Shu MYTHOLOGY the general history of SICHUAN LITERATURE WRITING CONCEPTUAL structure
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Mastering Specificity of Acupoints Based on Clinical Verses of Acupuncture and Moxibustion
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作者 WANG Rong 《中国结合医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第9期710-711,共2页
The classic verses of acupuncture and moxibustion are the ancient records of the content of acupuncture and moxibustion in the form of songs, including meridians, acupoints, techniques, clinical treatment, medical cas... The classic verses of acupuncture and moxibustion are the ancient records of the content of acupuncture and moxibustion in the form of songs, including meridians, acupoints, techniques, clinical treatment, medical cases, etc. About 20 articles among them summarize the valuable clinical experience of ancient famous acupuncturists. The verses are extremely useful. They prescribe a method of treating disease in which very few acupoints are selected (mostly only one, but sometimes two or three points). The point selection is based on the acupuncturists' advanced mastery of acupoint specificity, which practitioners today must learn. Unfortunately, because of the verses' simple expression, it is difficult for modern readers to understand them in depth. As a result, undergraduates majoring in acupuncture and moxibustion are no longer required to study the verses(1,2) This means that modern acupuncturists are unfamiliar with these verses and seldom use them in clinic practice. This greatly limits the application and promotion of the verses. 展开更多
关键词 acupuncture and MOXIBUSTION ANCIENT RECORDS As a RESULT
The role of geometrical features in the architecturalstructural interaction:Some case studies of the Iranian ancient architecture
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作者 Maryam ZANDIYEHVAKILI Isa HOJAT Mehdi MAHMUDI 《结构与土木工程前沿:英文版》 EI CSCD 2019年第3期716-724,共9页
This research aims to enhance the interaction between a structure and its architectural form.Having a qualitative approach,the present work discovers some successfully used geometrical features of the Iranian ancient ... This research aims to enhance the interaction between a structure and its architectural form.Having a qualitative approach,the present work discovers some successfully used geometrical features of the Iranian ancient architecture in terms of the architectural-structural interaction.We define four qualitative criteria for this assessment,i.e.,construction-ability,cost effectiveness,participation of the structure in fulfillment of the visual,and functional-semantic needs of the architectural form.For this purpose,two case studies including the Jame Mosque of Isfahan and the Soltaniyeh building are investigated.The outcomes of this research help designers to not only design efficient structures by adapting non-load bearing elements with the general form of the structure,but also meet concepts such as the unity or perfectionism in the structure. 展开更多
关键词 architectural-structural INTERACTION GEOMETRICAL FEATURES structure ARCHITECTURAL form IRANIAN ANCIENT architecture
The strategies of translating Chinese ancient poems 预览
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作者 王久灵 《校园英语》 2019年第27期220-221,共2页
The challenges of translating the Chinese ancient poe try have been discussed,particularly the preservation of symmetric form,the connotation of images and the delivering of rhythm is difficult to address.The essay tr... The challenges of translating the Chinese ancient poe try have been discussed,particularly the preservation of symmetric form,the connotation of images and the delivering of rhythm is difficult to address.The essay translates the poem《水调歌头·明月几时有》and also discuss the translation theory and strategies applied including the combination of literal translation and free translation,Skopos theory and the target of readers. 展开更多
关键词 Chines ANCIENT POEM TRANSLATION THEORY TRANSLATION STRATEGIES
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Coupling textural and stable-isotope variations in fluvial stromatolites: Comparison of Pleistocene and recent records in NE Spain
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作者 C.Arenas M.C.Osacar +1 位作者 Auque C. Sancho 《古地理学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期150-169,共20页
Textural and stable isotopic features of two middle Pleistocene fluvial stromatolite profiles are compared to a recent stromatolite, both formed in the River Piedra system (NE Spain), to test the reliability of climat... Textural and stable isotopic features of two middle Pleistocene fluvial stromatolite profiles are compared to a recent stromatolite, both formed in the River Piedra system (NE Spain), to test the reliability of climatic, hydrologic and depositional information derived from ancient records. The Pleistocene stromatolites formed in a multi-domed, highly-inclined cascade-barrage. The recent stromatolite also formed in a highly-inclined cascade of the River Piedra, the sedimentary conditions of which were periodically examined between the years 2000 and 2012. The Pleistocene stromatolites are formed of an alternation of 1) thin large-crystal laminae (type A), with elongated crystals up to 1mm long, and 2) thick small-crystal laminae (type B), consisting of cyanobacterial fan- and bushshaped bodies. The textural and isotopic comparison with the recent stromatolite shows that each A–B couplet corresponds to one year. The type-A laminae are comparable to the macrocrystalline laminae that occur in the cool-period deposits of the recent stromatolite, and the type-B laminae are comparable to the warm-period deposits of the recent stromatolite. Water temperatures (Tw), calculated from δ^18Ocalcite and present measures of δ^18Owater, were similar in the Pleistocene and recent specimens, and close to the measured river Tw. Thus, the Pleistocene stromatolites formed not far from isotopic equilibrium, as did the recent stromatolite. The Pleistocene δ^18Ocalcite biannual oscillation is wider in amplitude than in the recent stromatolite, which suggests larger differences in Tw through the year in the Pleistocene than at present. The Pleistocene δ^13Ccalcite does not show any pattern;and the values are slightly higher than the recent ones. The co-evolution of δ^18O and δ^13C is parallel in the Pleistocene stromatolites, matching the recent stromatolite behavior. These results and their comparison with other ancient examples prove that textural and isotopic features in ancient stromatolites are useful tools to infer past dep 展开更多
关键词 TUFA RECENT and ancient STROMATOLITES Stable isotopes Biotic and abiotic LAMINAE Intra-annual and inter-annual water temperature VARIATIONS
LHARI COUNTY,A MAJOR LINK ALONG THE ANCIENT TEA-HORSE ROAD 预览
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作者 Sochung(Text&Photo) 《中国西藏:英文版》 2019年第3期50-55,共6页
Lhari County is situated in a special part of Nagqu in the Tibet Autonomous Region. People living in the valley of southern Tibet often refer to it as north Lhari, and it is recognized as part of the area where north ... Lhari County is situated in a special part of Nagqu in the Tibet Autonomous Region. People living in the valley of southern Tibet often refer to it as north Lhari, and it is recognized as part of the area where north Tibetan culture continues to prevail. Nevertheless. 展开更多
关键词 LHARI COUNTY A MAJOR LINK ALONG THE ANCIENT TEA-HORSE ROAD
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The Ancient and Modern Silk Roads in a Historian’s Eyes 预览
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作者 ZHANG HUI 《今日中国:英文版》 2019年第8期36-38,共3页
FOUR years ago, the publication of a book created a great sensation in Western media. The Silk Roads: A New History of the World written by the Oxford University professor of history Peter Frankopan quickly topped bes... FOUR years ago, the publication of a book created a great sensation in Western media. The Silk Roads: A New History of the World written by the Oxford University professor of history Peter Frankopan quickly topped bestseller lists in the English world after its launching. 展开更多
关键词 The ANCIENT MODERN SILK ROADS a Historian’s EYES
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The Rebirth of an Ancient Craft 预览
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作者 JIAO FENG 《今日中国:英文版》 2019年第8期74-77,共4页
THE art of printing has always helped steer the direction of the development of civilizations through creating conditions for the vast dissemination of knowledge and exchange between civilizations. China was the first... THE art of printing has always helped steer the direction of the development of civilizations through creating conditions for the vast dissemination of knowledge and exchange between civilizations. China was the first country to invent printing, which has played a very important role in the rise and development of the Chinese culture, making great and unique contributions to the development of civilizations around the world. 展开更多
关键词 The REBIRTH AN ANCIENT CRAFT THE ART
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The Quest for the Modernization and Internationalization of Traditional Chinese Medicine 预览
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作者 Boli Zhang Shengli Yang De-an Guo 《工程(英文)》 2019年第1期1-2,共2页
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is deeply rooted in ancient Chinese culture and has been practiced by Chinese people for thousands of years in order to maintain their health and fight against disease. This ancient ... Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is deeply rooted in ancient Chinese culture and has been practiced by Chinese people for thousands of years in order to maintain their health and fight against disease. This ancient Chinese wisdom has accumulated from the long struggle to cope with various diseases through hundreds or even thousands of trial-and-error practices. However, due to its empirical character, TCM has long been criticized as being deficient in scientific evidence, and is still not widely accepted by the mainstream conventional medical system. The complexity of the chemical components of TCM and the clarification of its mechanisms remain an enormous challenge in the conversion of TCM into an evidence-based medicine. Thanks to incredible progress in biomedical research, TCM has evolved at an astonishing pace in various aspects, as indicated by the 2015 Nobel Prize awarded to Professor Youyou Tu for her discovery of artemisinin. 展开更多
关键词 Traditional CHINESE medicine ANCIENT CHINESE has accumulated
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The Planning Management Experience and Enlightenment of the Cityscape Inheritance of the Ancient City of Yangzhou 预览
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作者 TANG Bei 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第2期32-40,共9页
China is currently facing the problem of large-scale destruction of the overall cityscape brought about by the rapid development of the city. The optimization of urban stocks and the improvement of urban quality have ... China is currently facing the problem of large-scale destruction of the overall cityscape brought about by the rapid development of the city. The optimization of urban stocks and the improvement of urban quality have become the necessary paths for major cities to improve their urban soft power and obtain secondary economic growth. At present, most cities in China are still in the exploratory period of the protection of the cityscape, facing the dilemma of various ways but poor effects. Since the 1990s, Yangzhou has begun to protect and inherit the cityscape, accumulating systematic protection methods and retaining the complete cityscape. This paper analyzed the characteristic cityscape of the ancient city of Yangzhou, sorted out its strategic methods in the planning management, and summarized the local experience in the inheritance of the characteristic cityscape, in order to provide a reference for China’s future cityscape protection work. 展开更多
关键词 The ANCIENT city of Yangzhou INHERITANCE of the CITYSCAPE PLANNING management EXPERIENCE ENLIGHTENMENT
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FITTING REMARKS
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作者 孙佳慧 《汉语世界:英文版》 2019年第2期90-92,共3页
You are what you wear-or, as the ancient saying goes:"The clothes make the man, just like the saddle makes the horse.” People have always used fashion to signal their wealth, creativity, or taste, as much as cov... You are what you wear-or, as the ancient saying goes:"The clothes make the man, just like the saddle makes the horse.” People have always used fashion to signal their wealth, creativity, or taste, as much as covering up or keeping warm. But how do you tell if an outfit looks good? Some people turn to their friends, when they feel like they can't trust the mirror or a pushy salesperson. Such conversations, though, are studded with landmines. Anyone who has been asked the fateful question "How do I look in this?” knows the internal struggle-being truthful without causing offense, or complimenting without sounding insincere. Some language skills are necessary to come out of these conversations with your friendships intact. 展开更多
关键词 ANCIENT saying GOES SADDLE MAKES HORSE
古代素食制作工艺初探 预览
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作者 李明晨 张思宇 《南宁职业技术学院学报》 2019年第1期9-12,共4页
中国的素食制作历史悠久,可以上溯至两汉魏晋时期。素食制作在历史过程中,不仅发展出许多名菜佳肴,而且制作工艺也日趋成熟。如今,素食的饮食方式受到越来越多的关注,人们也在关注着素食的制作。通过研究古代的素食制作工艺,可以看出,... 中国的素食制作历史悠久,可以上溯至两汉魏晋时期。素食制作在历史过程中,不仅发展出许多名菜佳肴,而且制作工艺也日趋成熟。如今,素食的饮食方式受到越来越多的关注,人们也在关注着素食的制作。通过研究古代的素食制作工艺,可以看出,蒸、煮、煨、炒、炸等是主要的工艺手法,对于今天继承和发展素食遗产有着积极的现实意义。 展开更多
关键词 古代 素食制作 工艺
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Mortuary Mentalities in Ancient Egypt 预览
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作者 Eric de Payen 《文化与宗教研究:英文版》 2019年第4期173-182,共10页
There is almost no work on ancient Egypt in Taiwan since historians are logically interested in ancient China.Egyptologists either work on archeology or study papyrus and written texts found in pyramids and tombs,with... There is almost no work on ancient Egypt in Taiwan since historians are logically interested in ancient China.Egyptologists either work on archeology or study papyrus and written texts found in pyramids and tombs,without putting it in perspective with other civilizations,such as Greek civilization.Philippe Ariés’ global history offers innovative opportunities on the study of Egyptian mentalities.All traditional historical work aims to study an ancient society,a social class,but very few focuses on the individuals.The theses of Lucien Febvre,father of the notion of mentalities,allow the historical discipline to have access not only to the factual structures of societies but also to the mental structures of the individuals that compose it.This new approach raises a crucial question: What are Europe’s roots? Has the Egyptian heritage been underestimated? 展开更多
关键词 ANCIENT EGYPT Philippe Ariès mentalities DEATH
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The Ancient Silk Roads Historical Significance and Its Role in Inspiring Joint Development of the Belt and Road Initiative
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作者 Li Guoqiang 《求是:英文版》 2019年第1期62-77,共16页
The ancient Silk Road was the most extraordinary stage for exchange and integration between civilizations in human history. It enriched the progress of Eurasia in economic, political, cultural, and social terms for an... The ancient Silk Road was the most extraordinary stage for exchange and integration between civilizations in human history. It enriched the progress of Eurasia in economic, political, cultural, and social terms for an extended historical period, and witnessed the and intellectual cultures of the East and West interact and blend together. The ancient Silk Road allowed for exchange of commodities, convergence of cultures, inclusiveness between civilizations, communication between peoples, and scientific and technological interaction, and thus enabled the people of all countries along its path to become authors of a grand epic of mutual economic benefit and cultural inspiration. 展开更多
关键词 ANCIENT SILK ROADS HISTORICAL Significance Inspiring Joint
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