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Study on Teaching Practice of the "Site Design" Course 预览
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作者 Dingtao CAI Shaomin NI Haoran LENG 《亚洲农业研究:英文版》 2019年第7期87-89,共3页
"Site Design" is a very important basic course of architecture, covers all design except building monomer design, and is an important course related to the organic integration of architecture and surrounding... "Site Design" is a very important basic course of architecture, covers all design except building monomer design, and is an important course related to the organic integration of architecture and surrounding environment. At present, some problems in teaching of the site design are as below: contradiction between teaching content and arrangement of teaching time, separation of theory teaching from design practice, and teaching methods not integrating with the latest design software. For these teaching issues, some reform measures are put forward for the teaching of "Site Design", such as adjusting teaching syllabus, teaching content, arrangement of teaching time, teaching method and teaching means. We hope to develop students holistic thinking in site design and the holistic design concept of site design and architectural design. 展开更多
关键词 SITE DESIGN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN HOLISTIC THINKING HOLISTIC DESIGN CONCEPT
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Preliminary Discussion on Application of“3W”Teaching Method in Architectural Design Course 预览
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作者 ZHONG Xinping 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第5期149-151,共3页
Architectural design course is the main course of architecture major.“Master-apprentice” guidance is the main mode of architectural design course teaching.How to teach between teachers and apprentices? Architectural... Architectural design course is the main course of architecture major.“Master-apprentice” guidance is the main mode of architectural design course teaching.How to teach between teachers and apprentices? Architectural design teachers in different colleges and universities do not have a unified approach,which easily leads to confusion in teaching.This study put forward “ 3W ” teaching method,and made a preliminary discussion on its concept,structure and application.“ 3W ” method is a method that the architectural design instructor uses three progressive questions to guide the whole process of architectural design.Through a detailed discussion of the three questions,it showed that this method was a building design guiding method with simple operation,easy grasp and adaptability. 展开更多
关键词 “3W” TEACHING METHOD ARCHITECTURAL design TEACHING SPECULATIVE ABILITY
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Application of Flipped Classroom in Architectural Design Course of Architecture Discipline 预览
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作者 Shaomin NI Haoran LENG Dingtao CAI 《亚洲农业研究:英文版》 2019年第8期73-76,共4页
Through the study of the teaching reform design of the course in Architecture Design using the flipped classroom,this paper discussed the effectiveness of the information-based teaching method for students’ learning.... Through the study of the teaching reform design of the course in Architecture Design using the flipped classroom,this paper discussed the effectiveness of the information-based teaching method for students’ learning. It integrated the flipped classroom into all aspects of Architectural Design teaching. By using the flipped classroom,it is expected to effectively solve the problems related to the traditional Architectural Design teaching,enhance the students’ participation in the teaching process,create a learning atmosphere for students,enhance the initiative of self-learning,and promote the improvement in the quality of Architectural Design teaching. 展开更多
关键词 Flipped CLASSROOM ARCHITECTURE DISCIPLINE ARCHITECTURAL Design Teaching REFORM
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Signs of Urban Identity in the Cities of Terra d’Otranto:A Contribution to Historical Research and Issues about Conservation Practices 预览
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作者 Julia Puretti 《土木工程与建筑:英文版》 2019年第4期238-243,共6页
The cities of Terra d’Otranto own a stratified architectural heritage,strongly connected with the local rural resources.From 15th to 19th century important phases of urban development contributed to creating an incis... The cities of Terra d’Otranto own a stratified architectural heritage,strongly connected with the local rural resources.From 15th to 19th century important phases of urban development contributed to creating an incisive characterization of many small cities holding precious cultural traces,appreciable in the specific use of construction materials and in the peculiar image of the historic city landscapes.Steeples and church pediments can be identified as signs of urban identity,alongside monumental walls,city gates,fortified buildings and other explicit representations of religious and secular authority.Moreover squares,courtyards and surroundings of undeniable cultural interest form a typical environmental heritage that the communities have enriched with many tangible and intangible values.In regard to the vulnerability of the building heritage,considerations on the broad scope of conservation are more important than ever,especially in relation to the required implementation of knowledge through scientific research and more attentive restoration practices on the architectural heritage of the historic cities.Ultimately,an in-depth study of the urban palimpsest is necessary for the proper identification of the features to safeguard,considering the risk of losing important testimonies for the collective memory. 展开更多
关键词 Historical CITIES URBAN IDENTITY architectural conservation COLLECTIVE memory TERRA d'Otranto ITALY
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Nondestructive inspection of a brick-timber structure in a modern architectural heritage building:Lecture hall of the Anyuan Miners' Club,China
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作者 Jian Jiao Qiuling Xia Fei Shi 《建筑学研究前沿(英文版)》 CSCD 2019年第3期348-358,共11页
Detailed survey and inspection of the structure of the lecture hall of the Anyuan Miners’Club were conducted during a restoration project.Nondestructive inspection measures were used to assess the physical and mechan... Detailed survey and inspection of the structure of the lecture hall of the Anyuan Miners’Club were conducted during a restoration project.Nondestructive inspection measures were used to assess the physical and mechanical conditions of the structure.The brick and wood structures of the building were tested,the overall bearing capacity was calculated,and a safety appraisal was conducted in accordance with the codes and standards of the existing building.Inspection results provide architects and construction engineers with reliable data to develop a preservation plan and ensure the safety of the heritage building. 展开更多
关键词 MODERN ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE Brick-timber structure In situ assessment NONDESTRUCTIVE inspection Safety appraisal
Instructors'perspectives on the pedagogy of architectural graduation projects:A qualitative study
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作者 Mohammed Ghonim Nehad Eweda 《建筑学研究前沿(英文版)》 CSCD 2019年第3期415-427,共13页
In architectural education,graduation projects represent the transition from academia to the profession,and they are the courses that encourage architecture students to demonstrate the knowledge acquired and the skill... In architectural education,graduation projects represent the transition from academia to the profession,and they are the courses that encourage architecture students to demonstrate the knowledge acquired and the skills developed throughout the educational program.This study aims to explore the instructors’perspectives on improving the pedagogy of architectural graduation projects.To achieve this aim,this study has adopted a qualitative method,applied analytical and deductive methodologies,and conducted a survey among 44 academic architects from architectural schools worldwide.This paper is structured into three sections.The first section provides an overview of the topic and its current related issues.The second section introduces the survey,its methods,tools,and procedures,and the participants’profiles.The third section presents the qualitative survey findings and their discussion.The conclusions of this study confirm the results of some previous studies.Some conclusions contradict common practices related to graduation projects,but the original approaches have been provided.The importance of this study inherits the relevance of adopting these courses;that is,for educators and employers to assess the extent to which graduates have acquired the competence necessary to practice architecture. 展开更多
关键词 ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION Design EDUCATION GRADUATION projects ENROLLMENT criteria Teaching techniques Evaluation methods
Spatial Evolution of Tourism-Oriented Rural Residential Space: A Case Study of Xiaochuanfangyu Village, Dongshuichang Village and Maojiayu Village in Jizhou District, Tianjin 预览
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作者 ZHANG Yu FAN Yue DONG Li 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第2期28-31,40共5页
Currently, rural residential space can’t continue to meet the growing demand for tourism receptions because of the development of rural tourism, resulting in the evolution and reconstruction of residential space in r... Currently, rural residential space can’t continue to meet the growing demand for tourism receptions because of the development of rural tourism, resulting in the evolution and reconstruction of residential space in rural areas. In the past decade, rural tourism has become the main driving force for industrial transformation and economic growth in rural areas of China. Taking three tourism-oriented villages in Jizhou District, Tianjin, namely Xiaochuanfangyu Village, Dongshuichang Village and Maojiayu Village, as the objects of the research, this paper analyzed the influence of rural tourism on the evolution of rural residential space from the perspectives of the spatial pattern and architectural style at the microscopic scale. 展开更多
关键词 RURAL TOURISM RURAL RESIDENTIAL space ARCHITECTURAL style Spatial evolution
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Research on the Spatial Form of Folk Academy in Xiangxi Area—Taking Chongshi Academy as an Example 预览
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作者 Ying Wang Xiaofeng Li 《土木工程与建筑:英文版》 2019年第6期381-389,共9页
In the development process of the entire academy of Xiangxi(China),there are lots of difficulties but it has a unique charm.Both the architectural culture and the college culture collide with the regional culture,crea... In the development process of the entire academy of Xiangxi(China),there are lots of difficulties but it has a unique charm.Both the architectural culture and the college culture collide with the regional culture,creating a spark of difference.This paper,taking Chongshi academy as an example,elaborated and analyzed cases from four aspects of historical evolution,architectural layout and site selection environment,architectural space composition and elements,and architectural decoration art for in-depth investigation of the case,and carried out field research mapping to provide a reliable basis for relevant research. 展开更多
关键词 Chinese FOLK ACADEMY SPATIAL FORM Chongshi ACADEMY ARCHITECTURAL culture
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Inheritance of Traditional Architectural Culture in the Construction of Characteristic Towns: A Case Study of Qianhouwan Village History and Culture Exhibition Hall in Sanjiang Town,Nanchang County 预览
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作者 CAI Dingtao LENG Haoran 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第5期1-4,共4页
The construction of characteristic towns is in full swing under the guidance of policies.There have been many outstanding achievements,but many problems are also exposed.Especially for towns with traditional ancient v... The construction of characteristic towns is in full swing under the guidance of policies.There have been many outstanding achievements,but many problems are also exposed.Especially for towns with traditional ancient villages,when characteristic towns are built,there is not enough attention to the original traditional architectural culture,or the style is inconsistent and uncoordinated after construction.Based on this,taking the construction of history and culture exhibition hall of Qianhouwan Village in Sanjiang Town of Nanchang County as an example,this paper introduces the design and actual construction situation,and elaborates the inheritance of traditional architectural culture under the background of characteristic town construction in Sanjiang Town. 展开更多
关键词 Traditional ARCHITECTURAL culture CHARACTERISTIC TOWN INHERITANCE
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Aerial Bud Bank and Structural Changes of Woody Species from Argentine Chaco in Response to Disturbances 预览
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作者 Sandra Bravo María Basualdo +1 位作者 Carlos Kunst Florencia del Corro 《环境科学与工程:A》 2019年第2期58-69,共12页
The objectives of this work were to estimate the ABB (Aerial Bud Bank) size in small individuals of four native woody species and its relationship with structural changes of plants after disturbances. Study area was l... The objectives of this work were to estimate the ABB (Aerial Bud Bank) size in small individuals of four native woody species and its relationship with structural changes of plants after disturbances. Study area was located in dry forests from Western Chaco region, Argentina. Three tree species: Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco (Apocynaceae), Schinopsis lorentzii (Anacardiaceae), Sarcomphalus mistol (Rhamnaceae) and a shrubby species, Schinus fasciculatus (Anacardiaceae) were selected for this study. Twenty (20) juvenile individuals (below 6 cm diameter) were randomly sampled from each species and plant height (m), diameter (cm) and plant cover (%) were recorded. ABB was estimated by counting of all growth modules (shoots/branches and thorns) identified in a 1 m length segment of main stem. Results of an ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) showed significant effects of species (p < 0.0001), number of shoots/branches (p < 0.05) and number of thorns (p < 0.05) on ABB. Schinopsis lorentzii and S. fasciculatus were categorized as high ABB species, S. mistol and A. quebracho-blanco as medium and low ABB species, respectively. ABB size diminished in all species studied when plant height (p = 0.0006) and plant cover (p < 0.0001) increased which could be related to most allocation of resources towards height growth and elongation of growth modules rather than to the differentiation of new shoots. A correspondence analysis of ABB size, growth habit, number of sprouts/resprouts, presence of thorns in studied species growing in forests with different disturbances history, showed that perturbations increased number of resprouts, shrubby growth habit but spinescence was only trait with significant association with disturbed areas. These results enhance the knowledge of resprouting pattern after disturbances of native woody species and open new research lines for futures studies. 展开更多
关键词 ABB ARCHITECTURAL changes WOODY SPECIES disturbances
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Restoration,Strengthening and Planning in Italian and German Reconstruction after World War Ⅱ:Essay in Three Steps 预览
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作者 Emanuela Sorbo 《土木工程与建筑:英文版》 2019年第2期115-124,共10页
Post WWⅡ reconstruction took place at a time of fundamental importance for our understanding of the divide,theoretical and technical,between consolidation,reconstruction and restoration.Indeed,this period represents ... Post WWⅡ reconstruction took place at a time of fundamental importance for our understanding of the divide,theoretical and technical,between consolidation,reconstruction and restoration.Indeed,this period represents the moment in which the earliest stages of this rift emerged.In this essay,we shall attempt to provide an account of this phenomenon by citing case studies considered important within the Italian and German context:post-WWⅡ reconstruction work in the Veneto region(at key sites such as the Basilica Palladiana in Vicenza,the Palazzo dei Trecento in Treviso and the Church of the Eremitani in Padua),reconstruction of the Alte Pinakothek in Munich,and reconstruction and work for new use of the hospital,Ospedale Maggiore,in Milan,as a seat for the Università Statale.Considering these instances provides us with an opportunity to reconsider the transition,theoretical and technical,between conservation of ruins and reconstruction of memory. 展开更多
关键词 CULTURAL heritage post-WWⅡreconstruction CULTURAL memory and IDENTITIES architectural RESTORATION and conservation
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Prolegomena for a Living Architecture 预览
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作者 Armando Dal Fabbro 《土木工程与建筑:英文版》 2019年第2期88-95,共8页
Rational and intuitive can be considered as two sides of the same coin? If they coexist in the design process,what do they refer to and what do they stand out for? What kind of relationship can be established between ... Rational and intuitive can be considered as two sides of the same coin? If they coexist in the design process,what do they refer to and what do they stand out for? What kind of relationship can be established between the act of prefiguring the work and of putting it into operation,according to procedures and techniques that are coherent and necessary for its construction? The value of an architectural project is shown by its being a continuous search for expression of art,even if,as we know,architecture also has a social function and plays a civil role.The universal meanings and the cultural reference context,which have always been the heritage of the architectural project,are increasingly taking on a secondary value.Issues and concepts such as:tradition,memory,modernity,invention and location seem to have lost any research prerogative at the expense of the meaning and use attributed to the architectural and urban composition in the overall design process. 展开更多
关键词 ARCHITECTURAL composition RATIONAL ARCHITECTURE expression of art the UNIVERSAL MEANINGS
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Crystal phase engineering on photocatalytic materials for energy and environmental applications
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作者 Song Bai Chao Gao +1 位作者 Jingxiang Low Yujie Xiong 《纳米研究:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第9期2031-2054,共24页
Crystal phase engineering on photocatalytic materials is a subfield of photocatalysis with intensive research,which has been proven as a:versatile approach to maneuver their performanee for applications in energy-and ... Crystal phase engineering on photocatalytic materials is a subfield of photocatalysis with intensive research,which has been proven as a:versatile approach to maneuver their performanee for applications in energy-and environment-related fields.In this article,the state-of-the-art progress on phase-e ngin eered photocatalytic materials is reviewed.Firstly,we discuss the phase engin eeri ng on pristi ne semic on ductor photocatalysts,in which the phase-dependent light absorption,charge transfer and separation,and surface reaction behaviors in photocatalytic processes are summarized,respectively.Based on the elucidated mechanisms,the implementation of phase junctions in photocatalytic reactions is then presented.As a focus,we highlight the rational design of phase junctions toward steering the charge kinetics for enhanced photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic performanee.Moreover,the crystal phase engineering on semiconductor丒based hybrid photocatalysts is also in troduced,which un derli nes the importa nee of choosi ng a suitable phase for semic on ductor comp orients and co-catalysts as well as the synergism of differe nt semico nductor phases for improved photocatalytic performa nee.Fin ally,the challe nges and perspectives in this research field are proposed.In this review,particular emphasis is placed on establishing a linkage between crystal phase and photocatalytic activity to develop a structure-activity guide.Based on the guide,a framework is suggested for future research on the rational phase design of photocatalysts for improved performanee in energy and environmental applications. 展开更多
关键词 PHOTOCATALYSIS CRYSTAL phase CHARGE KINETICS ARCHITECTURAL design energy environment
Experience Free Life in Ancient lown Yangliuqing 预览
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《中外文化交流:英文版》 2019年第7期44-46,共3页
Different from the gentle and graceful style of Jiangnan ancient town,Yangliuqing has a more straightforward and heroic character?The architectural style of the town is open and the lines are straight and clear,which ... Different from the gentle and graceful style of Jiangnan ancient town,Yangliuqing has a more straightforward and heroic character?The architectural style of the town is open and the lines are straight and clear,which is especially clean and neat. 展开更多
关键词 EXPERIENCE Free LIFE The ARCHITECTURAL STYLE
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A Study on the Traditional Chinese Traditional Architectural Form of Mythological Tradition 预览
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作者 XIONG Cheng-xia ZHANG Ai-jia 《文学与艺术研究:英文版》 2019年第6期597-607,共11页
Objective Through the metaphorical archetypal spirit and mythological semantics of Chinese character structure, this paper explores the metaphorical mythological gene and the moral order of the Chinese character struc... Objective Through the metaphorical archetypal spirit and mythological semantics of Chinese character structure, this paper explores the metaphorical mythological gene and the moral order of the Chinese character structure, geographical thinking and aesthetic orientation of the mythological prototypes derived from the Chinese characters. Method The cultural archetypes and the theories of big and small traditions are adopted to sort out the mythological beliefs in the former architectural forms of the big traditions and the ethical narrative system carried by the buildings in the small cultural traditional societies. In the architectural archetypes dominated by big and small cultural traditions, the thinking of “archetypes and ethics” is found to be a homologous gene, which confirms the universal significance of the spirit of Chinese Confucian ethics to the power of Chinese civilization flowing and inheriting and human morality. Conclusion The structure of Chinese characters has the function of “recording” and “interpreting”, and the mythological thinking of architectural form materials, understands the ultimate transformation of cultural archetypes in creation, and guides the value of the traditional architectural design of “bringing out goodness and symbiosis” in the contemporary era. To relieve the material pursuit of spiritual enjoyment at that moment, to promote cultural heritage and the role of social treatment, to build cultural identity and the spiritual transcendence of the existence value of space ethics and the overall social and cultural identity. 展开更多
关键词 ARCHITECTURAL MYTHOLOGY Chinese character structure ORIGINAL THINKING social ETHICS the order of human relations
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A Summary of Research on Urban Village Transformation in China from the Perspective of Architectural Spaces 预览
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作者 HU Jing SHEN Ying 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第5期70-74,80共6页
Based on the rational classification and screening of the literature related to the transformation of urban villages in China,this paper studied the research framework of the architectural space field in the study of ... Based on the rational classification and screening of the literature related to the transformation of urban villages in China,this paper studied the research framework of the architectural space field in the study of urban village transformation,and analyzed the research status of architectural spaces and users in the process of urban village transformation,proposed four research contents of urban village transformation,namely,promoting space rights for all types of people to live on an equal footing,paying attention to the renewal and rejuvenation of urban areas,attaching importance to the technical methods of space construction,and ensuring flexible and diverse space construction methods,and summed up the necessity of carrying out research on urban village transformation in the field of architectural space construction. 展开更多
关键词 Urban VILLAGE TRANSFORMATION ARCHITECTURAL space construction RESEARCH content RESEARCH RESULT
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Bamboo Houses of the Dai People 预览
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作者 GUO ZHIDONG 《今日中国:英文版》 2019年第7期78-80,共3页
People of the Dai ethnic group in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, traditionally live in housing constructed of bamboo stalks. Such buildings have the merits of being damp-proof, well ventilated, protected against wild... People of the Dai ethnic group in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, traditionally live in housing constructed of bamboo stalks. Such buildings have the merits of being damp-proof, well ventilated, protected against wild animals and insects, and resistant to floods. With distinctive architectural features, they represent a key type of traditional Chinese dwellings. 展开更多
关键词 DAI ETHNIC group YUNNAN PROVINCE distinctive ARCHITECTURAL
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唐代渤海国建筑色彩浅析 预览
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作者 闫金强 李金蔓 李琛 《遗产与保护研究》 2019年第5期122-126,共5页
建筑文化是历史文明的重要组成部分。建筑色彩是体现建筑个性,表现建筑功能的重要因素。渤海国(698—926年)是粟末靺鞨族政权,其范围相当于今中国东北地区、朝鲜半岛东北及俄罗斯远东地区的一部分。文章罗列渤海国的多样化建筑,结合考... 建筑文化是历史文明的重要组成部分。建筑色彩是体现建筑个性,表现建筑功能的重要因素。渤海国(698—926年)是粟末靺鞨族政权,其范围相当于今中国东北地区、朝鲜半岛东北及俄罗斯远东地区的一部分。文章罗列渤海国的多样化建筑,结合考古工作介绍其主要形态及表现色彩,由乡村建筑原色到贵族建筑的人工施色,再到宫殿级建筑色彩的形成。此外,还详细介绍上京城高等级建筑的色彩特点及其纹样,总结上京城建筑色彩体现的艺术特色。 展开更多
关键词 渤海国 建筑 色彩
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The Compatibility of Architectural Presentation and Structural Design 预览
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作者 ZHANG Jie WANG Dong 《景观研究:英文版》 2018年第3期12-14,共3页
Architectural works,in the material form of buildings,are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art.However,today's architects have excessively seeked the artistic expression of building skins,and ignor... Architectural works,in the material form of buildings,are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art.However,today's architects have excessively seeked the artistic expression of building skins,and ignored the architectural aesthetics represented by the structural system as a building skeleton and the elaboration of aesthetics of the architecture itself.Authors of this paper showed the compatibility of architectural presentation and structural design by interpreting the interaction between them,and proposed that a building is a building structure,and the building structure is the building. 展开更多
关键词 ARCHITECTURAL PRESENTATION STRUCTURAL DESIGN ARCHITECTURAL ART
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Regional Characteristics of Architectural Colors in Traditional Villages:A Case Study of Linpu Village,Fuzhou City 预览
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作者 YAN Chen DUAN Rui +2 位作者 ZHENG Yiqi WU Shuting LAN Siren 《景观研究:英文版》 2018年第5期39-41,46共4页
Linpu Village of Fuzhou City was selected for research,colors of representative buildings there including ancient dwellings,ancestral halls,and temples were analyzed using field research,color atla comparison,data col... Linpu Village of Fuzhou City was selected for research,colors of representative buildings there including ancient dwellings,ancestral halls,and temples were analyzed using field research,color atla comparison,data collection,and analysis and induction,in accordance with the Chinese Color System,the color composition of each type of building was summarized.Regional characteristics and causes of the architectural color of Linpu Village were further explored analyzing the geographical location,local customs and practices,and architectural functions of the village.Finally,according to the dual requirements of building beautiful villages and cultural heritage protection,suggestions for establishing color standards for buildings in traditional villages were put forward. 展开更多
关键词 TRADITIONAL VILLAGE ARCHITECTURAL COLOR Chinese COLOR System Fuzhou RURAL ARCHITECTURE
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