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《巴黎协定》“适应”制度评析 预览
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作者 许健 钱林 《太原理工大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第2期41-48,共8页
2015年通过的《巴黎协定》第七条及其相关规定设立了“适应”制度的大致框架,规定了全球适应目标、国际社会在“适应”领域的合作与支持,以及国家驱动为主的“适应”模式,极大地推动了“适应”在国际环境立法中的发展。然而《巴黎协定... 2015年通过的《巴黎协定》第七条及其相关规定设立了“适应”制度的大致框架,规定了全球适应目标、国际社会在“适应”领域的合作与支持,以及国家驱动为主的“适应”模式,极大地推动了“适应”在国际环境立法中的发展。然而《巴黎协定》中“适应”制度存在着全球适应目标模糊、资金分配失衡、追踪机制框架化等问题,影响着“适应”制度的实施效果。对此,有必要以国家自主贡献为依托,通过平衡“减缓”与“适应”资金分配等方式完善“适应”制度。此外,中国应当重视与《巴黎协定》“适应”制度的衔接,积极开展“适应”行动。 展开更多
关键词 “适应” 《巴黎协定》 全球适应目标 国际合作 国家驱动 中国应对
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Addressing Climate Change Vulnerability in Alaska Native Villages Through Indigenous Community Knowledge 预览
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作者 Elizaveta Barrett Ristroph 《社会学研究:英文版》 2019年第1期1-19,共19页
From a Western standpoint, Alaska Native Villages (ANVs) and other indigenous groups have a particular vulnerability to climate change. At the same time, these groups may be seen by themselves and Westerners as having... From a Western standpoint, Alaska Native Villages (ANVs) and other indigenous groups have a particular vulnerability to climate change. At the same time, these groups may be seen by themselves and Westerners as having particular knowledge that can help them adapt to climate change. This paper explores how ANVs are vulnerable to climate change and considers factors such as colonization that aggravate this vulnerability. It then explores how indigenous community knowledge may reduce vulnerability and facilitate adaptation and resilience. It concludes that indigenous community knowledge alone is insufficient to support adaptation and resilience, given the degree of social, political, and climate change, so long as Western institutions privilege Western science over other forms of knowledge. That said, indigenous community knowledge should inform agency decision-making and development projects and may serve as cultural capital that can support resilience. The desire to use indigenous knowledge may be a proxy for a larger issue—the need to include indigenous communities in decision-making about climate change. 展开更多
关键词 Alaska NATIVE VILLAGES ndigenous KNOWLEDGE CLIMATE change ADAPTATION VULNERABILITY
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VANET中基于捎带确认机制的自适应数据传播策略 预览 被引量:1
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作者 赵金龙 张娓娓 陈绥阳 《计算机应用研究》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第6期1858-1862,1872共6页
车载自组网(VANET)通过自组织分散环境传播交通数据,交通数据的特点使得VANET数据传播方法更适合依赖广播。然而,当在高密度场景下广播数据时,可扩展问题和数据传播冗余问题变得尤为突出,可能导致广播风暴的发生。针对数据传播冗余和广... 车载自组网(VANET)通过自组织分散环境传播交通数据,交通数据的特点使得VANET数据传播方法更适合依赖广播。然而,当在高密度场景下广播数据时,可扩展问题和数据传播冗余问题变得尤为突出,可能导致广播风暴的发生。针对数据传播冗余和广播开销等问题,以最远转发策略和捎带确认机制为基础,提出一种捎带确认的自适应最远转发策略(AckAMFR),根据存储转发的概念进行信息的传输和存储,降低了数据冗余,具有较强的可靠性和较小的广播开销。仿真结果表明,该转发策略具有低广播开销和高数据传输率的特性。 展开更多
关键词 车载自组网 捎带确认 自适应 数据冗余 存储转发
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感应与调适:元明易代两起祥瑞的文学意义发微
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作者 饶龙隼 《复旦学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第4期85-94,共10页
世当元明易代鼎革之际,两起祥瑞同时异地并出,颇引起东南士绅的关注,亦激发相关叙咏与解读。其一,至正二十年(1360)春某月日,在西昌石塘萧氏故居之旧址,于蓬蒿瓦砾中突产瑞芝二本;其二,也正是在这一年春二月某日,金华硕儒宋濂应聘将赴金... 世当元明易代鼎革之际,两起祥瑞同时异地并出,颇引起东南士绅的关注,亦激发相关叙咏与解读。其一,至正二十年(1360)春某月日,在西昌石塘萧氏故居之旧址,于蓬蒿瓦砾中突产瑞芝二本;其二,也正是在这一年春二月某日,金华硕儒宋濂应聘将赴金陵,临行前自占得'文物之祥'。透过这两起祥瑞之表象,可考见其文学意义迥异:前者,表征为西昌十名贤对文明发祥的感应,而在明初政治高压下有更强的适应性;后者,表征为浙东文人入明后的文学观调适,而在明初政治高压下缺乏更强的适应性。正因为得益于自身更强的适应性,西昌文人在政治高压下保有后劲,而将西昌雅正文学接引入馆阁,后又将馆阁文学风范推广到朝野;也正是受累于自身更弱的适应性,浙东文人在政治高压下缺乏后劲,因使其调适过的文学观不合时用,最终导致浙东文学传统顿然消歇。 展开更多
关键词 萧氏瑞芝 文物之祥 感应 调适 文学意义 发微
盾构推进姿态控制策略研究 预览
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作者 任颖莹 孙振川 褚长海 《隧道建设(中英文)》 北大核心 2019年第6期1038-1044,共7页
为提高盾构施工过程中姿态控制系统的控制精度和控制性能,提出一种盾构推进姿态控制策略。该策略将轨迹自动跟踪控制方法与模糊自适应PID闭环控制算法相结合,通过轨迹、位移、压力等多个闭环反馈实现对各个分区液压缸的速度控制,保证盾... 为提高盾构施工过程中姿态控制系统的控制精度和控制性能,提出一种盾构推进姿态控制策略。该策略将轨迹自动跟踪控制方法与模糊自适应PID闭环控制算法相结合,通过轨迹、位移、压力等多个闭环反馈实现对各个分区液压缸的速度控制,保证盾构推进轨迹按照设计的隧道轴线运行,并通过电液控制试验平台中的推进系统对提出的策略进行试验验证。结果表明,文章提出的控制策略能够使位移偏差维持在5 mm之内,可以很好地满足施工要求。 展开更多
关键词 盾构 推进系统 姿态控制 自适应 轨迹跟踪控制
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高原适应遗传学缺氧诱导因子通路相关基因及其药理学研究进展
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作者 贺启莲 格日力 +1 位作者 李占强 芦殿香 《药学学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第4期611-619,共9页
人类对高原缺氧环境的适应表现、机制及相关药理学研究一直是科研探索的热点。一个世纪以来,主要集中于青藏高原、南美洲安第斯高原和埃塞俄比亚高原的高原世居人群对于慢性缺氧所具有的独特生理适应已经得到了科学验证,而近10年来的基... 人类对高原缺氧环境的适应表现、机制及相关药理学研究一直是科研探索的热点。一个世纪以来,主要集中于青藏高原、南美洲安第斯高原和埃塞俄比亚高原的高原世居人群对于慢性缺氧所具有的独特生理适应已经得到了科学验证,而近10年来的基因研究也证实高原适应具有遗传学基础,尤其与缺氧诱导因子(hypoxia inducible factor,HIF)通路及缺氧反应基因(hypoxia response elements,HREs)具有密切关系。但有趣的是,对高原缺氧的适应表现和遗传机制在上述三大高原世居人群中却并不完全相同,其中西藏人具有更好的高原适应表现,并且HIF通路是其最关键的适应机制。同时,由于HIF通路涉及广泛,可调节数以百计的下游基因表达,并与癌症、炎症、缺血、急性脏器损伤和感染等多种疾病密切相关,因此HIF通路的激活剂和抑制剂研究也取得了很大进展。本文就三大高原世居人群对高原环境的不同适应反应、HIF及HREs在不同种族高原适应中的遗传学作用机制、HIF通路的药理学研究进展进行了综述,以期为高原低氧遗传性适应及HIF相关性疾病的进一步研究提供参考。 展开更多
关键词 缺氧 高原 适应 缺氧诱导因子 脯氨酸羟化酶
Multispecies hybridization in birds 预览
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作者 Jente Ottenburghs 《鸟类学研究:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第3期239-249,共11页
Hybridization is not always limited to two species;often multiple species are interbreeding. In birds, there are numerous examples of species that hybridize with multiple other species. The advent of genomic data prov... Hybridization is not always limited to two species;often multiple species are interbreeding. In birds, there are numerous examples of species that hybridize with multiple other species. The advent of genomic data provides the oppotunity to investigate the ecological and evolutionary consequences of multispecies hybridization. The interactions between several hybridizing species can be depicted as a network in which the interacting species are connected by edges. Such hybrid networks can be used to identify ‘hub-species’ that interbreed with multiple other species. Avian examples of such ‘hub-species’ are Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) and European Herring Gull (Larus argentatus). These networks might lead to the formulation of hypotheses, such as which connections are most likely conducive to interspecific gene flow (i.e. introgression). Hybridization does not necessarily result in introgression. Numerous statistical tests are available to infer interspecific gene flow from genetic data and the majority of these tests can be applied in a multispecies setting. Specifically, model-based approaches and phylogenetic networks are promising in the detection and characterization of multispecies introgression. It remains to be determined how common multispecies introgression in birds is and how often this process fuels adaptive changes. Moreover, the impact of multispecies hybridization on the build-up of reproductive isolation and the architecture of genomic landscapes remains elusive. For example, introgression between certain species might contribute to increased divergence and reproductive isolation between those species and other related species. In the end, a multispecies perspective on hybridization in combination with network approaches will lead to important insights into the history of life on this planet. 展开更多
关键词 Adaptation ADMIXTURE Genomics INTROGRESSION Network analysis PHYLOGENETICS SPECIATION
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气候变化对农业水管理的影响及应对策略研究 预览
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作者 许迪 李益农 +1 位作者 龚时宏 张宝忠 《农业工程学报》 EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第14期79-89,共11页
气候变化导致全球年平均气温上升、降水模式变化、河流特性改变、极端气候事件频发等,显现出其对农业水资源和农业生产造成的影响,使全球尤其是干旱和半干旱地区可持续农业发展和现代农业水管理面临重大挑战。该文介绍气候变化下的极端... 气候变化导致全球年平均气温上升、降水模式变化、河流特性改变、极端气候事件频发等,显现出其对农业水资源和农业生产造成的影响,使全球尤其是干旱和半干旱地区可持续农业发展和现代农业水管理面临重大挑战。该文介绍气候变化下的极端气候事件发生,评价气候变化通过气温和降水的改变以及极端气候事件频度和程度加剧等各种方式对农业用水可利用量和水质以及作物需水造成的影响,阐述气候变化通过水要素对灌溉用水、可用耕地、作物产量带来的影响,综述气候变化对农业水管理的影响及应对策略,提出在气候变化对农业水管理的影响及应对策略研究上,应认真考虑气候变化对农业水管理影响的尺度效应和不确定性,从而有助于因地制宜地制定和合理选用农业水管理应对策略;应积极构建基于多模型集成模式的气候变化对农业水管理影响的综合评估方法,从而有利于改善综合预测评估结果的准确性和可靠性;应深入进行农业水管理应对策略的适应-减缓利弊权衡研究和协同效用分析,从而有效改进和提高应对策略的效用。建议国内应该加强对综合评估方法和效用分析的研究力度。 展开更多
关键词 气候变化 农业 水资源 农业水管理 农业生产 应对策略 适应 减缓
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不同海拔高度农牧民气候变化及其影响感知差异分析 预览
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作者 梅江梅 周尧治 《高原农业》 2019年第1期108-116,共9页
本研究通过问卷调查山南市不同海拔高度的农牧民对气候变化及其影响的感知,并通过计算其相对感知强度,探究不同海拔高度农牧民气候变化及其影响的感知差异,并因地制宜地提出适应气候变化的措施。结果表明:(1)山南市绝大部分农牧民感知... 本研究通过问卷调查山南市不同海拔高度的农牧民对气候变化及其影响的感知,并通过计算其相对感知强度,探究不同海拔高度农牧民气候变化及其影响的感知差异,并因地制宜地提出适应气候变化的措施。结果表明:(1)山南市绝大部分农牧民感知到气候变化,不同海拔高度的农牧民对本地气候变化的感知存在差异。农牧民对夏季升温、过去与现在气候对比方两方面,相对感知强度很高,而且基本随着海拔高度的升高而增强。这表明海拔高度是影响农牧民对气候变化感知一个重要因素。(2)不同海拔高度的农牧民一致认为可利用水源发生了变化,且随海拔升高,认为可利用水源减少的农牧民增多,变化的时间大致在2011年以后。这与国家气象信息中心数据显示的山南市降水量从2010年开始至今持续低于多年平均值相吻合。(3)政府应建立防灾减灾体系,拓展当地的产业格局,根据不同海拔村庄的气候环境制定相宜的适应计划,积极利用气候变化带来的潜在利益,减少气候变化带来的损失。 展开更多
关键词 气候变化 感知 适应 不同高度 差异分析 西藏
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BCRH-15D型现场混装乳化炸药车改进 预览
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作者 王晓峰 《广东化工》 CAS 2019年第2期134-135,151共3页
通过对BCRH-15D型现场混装乳化炸药车的"水环"、静态混合器、装药计量系统、电控系统等的改进,满足了安全技术要求,提高了整车对作业环境的适应性,从而满足了市场需求。
关键词 现场混装车改进 适应 安全要求 市场需求
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基于语言顺应论的英语阅读教学模式 预览
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作者 张晓丽 《大学英语教学与研究》 2019年第1期3-6,共4页
本文基于语言顺应论和英语阅读过程的本质,提出了顺应性英语阅读教学模式。作者把阅读过程分为读前、读中和读后三个阶段,在阅读过程中,教师应该引导学生从词汇、句子、语篇方面顺应文章的语言结构;从作者的心理世界、文本的社会和文化... 本文基于语言顺应论和英语阅读过程的本质,提出了顺应性英语阅读教学模式。作者把阅读过程分为读前、读中和读后三个阶段,在阅读过程中,教师应该引导学生从词汇、句子、语篇方面顺应文章的语言结构;从作者的心理世界、文本的社会和文化背景方面顺应文章的语境。文章旨在帮助学生更好地理解文章,提高阅读理解能力,培养阅读兴趣。 展开更多
关键词 阅读 顺应 语境
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网络洗稿行为的法律性质与规制路径探究 预览
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作者 廖斯 《盐城工学院学报:社会科学版》 2019年第2期24-30,共7页
网络洗稿行为以信息网络为依托、“高级抄袭”为手段、以“恶性竞争”为结果。在著作权法上,网络洗稿行为应构成对作品的改编而非复制,并且还构成汇编行为;在反不正当竞争法上,网络洗稿行为构成《反不正当竞争法》第十二条的互联网不正... 网络洗稿行为以信息网络为依托、“高级抄袭”为手段、以“恶性竞争”为结果。在著作权法上,网络洗稿行为应构成对作品的改编而非复制,并且还构成汇编行为;在反不正当竞争法上,网络洗稿行为构成《反不正当竞争法》第十二条的互联网不正当竞争行为。在规制路径上,除适用有关的著作权民事救济外,还应当采取行政规制手段,具体而言,《著作权法》第四十八条规定的行政规制手段存在局限性,有关机关可依据《反不正当竞争法》第十二条、第二十四条的规定,对网络洗稿行为施以适当的行政规制。 展开更多
关键词 网络洗稿行为 改编行为 汇编行为 互联网不正当竞争 行政规制
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宋代白话小说中的超现实婚恋遇合作品分布及其创作特点 预览
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作者 洪树华 《鲁东大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 2019年第4期57-63,共7页
宋人白话小说大多散佚,据现存资料,获悉宋代话本小说涉及超现实婚恋遇合的作品有17篇。这些作品具有一些明显的创作特点:基本上是对前人文言作品中的故事加工改造;用通俗的语言加以表达,适应市民阶层的阅读需要;结构安排上以诗歌穿插作品。
关键词 话本 白话小说 超现实婚恋遇合 改写 通俗化
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Research on the Strategic Model for the Translation of Taoist Classics Based on Adaptation Theory 预览
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作者 LIU Ze-lin 《文学与艺术研究:英文版》 2019年第8期907-912,共6页
The core view of the adaptation theory is that language has a systematic propagation law,and language translation should be unfolded and extended according to the basic structure of the system.This paper has conducted... The core view of the adaptation theory is that language has a systematic propagation law,and language translation should be unfolded and extended according to the basic structure of the system.This paper has conducted an in-depth study on the translation of classics of the Taoist culture,with the purpose of improving the accuracy of the translation strategy.This paper also focuses on adaptation theory and taking the continuation and adaptation process of discourse as the core of the research,and conducts the construction analysis on the strategic model.The content of this paper is predicted to offer some simple translation reference ideas for professional translators who are dedicated to the direction of classics. 展开更多
关键词 adaptation theory Taoist culture classics translation strategic model
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进化策略自主选择的改进混洗蛙跳算法 预览
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作者 张强 李盼池 《哈尔滨工程大学学报》 EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第5期979-985,共7页
针对经典混合蛙跳优化算法寻优精度不高和易陷入局部收敛区域的缺点,本文提出一种基于进化策略自主选择的混洗蛙跳算法。算法中最差个体根据不同知识来源采取4种进化策略,每次迭代通过计算每种进化策略的立即价值、未来价值和综合奖励... 针对经典混合蛙跳优化算法寻优精度不高和易陷入局部收敛区域的缺点,本文提出一种基于进化策略自主选择的混洗蛙跳算法。算法中最差个体根据不同知识来源采取4种进化策略,每次迭代通过计算每种进化策略的立即价值、未来价值和综合奖励来决定最差个体的进化方式,并通过个体进化策略概率变异算法来提升寻优速度和避免陷入局部最优解。利用10个Benchmark函数对本文算法与8种进化算法进行性能比较。实验表明:所提的算法能较好地平衡全局探索能力和局部挖掘能力,可以用较少的迭代次数获取较优结果,具有很好的收敛速度和精度。 展开更多
关键词 混洗蛙跳算法 进化策略 上限置信区间 变异 优化 模因演算 群体智能 自适应
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基于PMT的护理干预对青年乳癌术后病人病耻感及应对方式的影响 预览
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作者 尹春岚 曲慧利 杨富国 《青岛大学学报(医学版)》 CAS 2019年第4期465-468,共4页
目的探讨基于保护动机理论(PMT)的护理干预对根治术后青年乳癌病人病耻感和应对方式的影响。方法选取120例根治术后青年乳癌病人,按其所在病区分为对照组和干预组。两组病人均给予常规的健康教育及护理,干预组在此基础上实施为期3个月... 目的探讨基于保护动机理论(PMT)的护理干预对根治术后青年乳癌病人病耻感和应对方式的影响。方法选取120例根治术后青年乳癌病人,按其所在病区分为对照组和干预组。两组病人均给予常规的健康教育及护理,干预组在此基础上实施为期3个月的基于PMT的护理干预。干预前后比较两组病人病耻感及应对方式的评分。结果与同期对照组相比,干预后干预组病人病耻感评分显著降低,差异有统计学意义(t=9.726,P<0.05);面对应对评分显著升高,回避应对评分显著降低,差异有统计学意义(t=6.524、4.505,P<0.05)。结论基于PMT的护理干预可显著改善根治术后青年乳癌病人的病耻感,促使其采取积极的疾病应对方式,从而提高青年乳癌病人的生存质量。 展开更多
关键词 保护动机理论 乳房肿瘤 青年人 手术后期间 护理方法学研究 适应 心理学
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Comprehensive analysis on China's National Climate Change Assessment Reports: Action and emphasis
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作者 Bing WANG Ge HONG +2 位作者 Chao-Qun CUI Hao YU Tad MURTY 《工程管理前沿:英文版》 2019年第1期52-61,共10页
Climate change assessment is central for lowcarbon management practice. This paper investigates China's National Climate Change Assessment Reports of 2007, 2011, and 2015. These three reports are compared with oth... Climate change assessment is central for lowcarbon management practice. This paper investigates China's National Climate Change Assessment Reports of 2007, 2011, and 2015. These three reports are compared with other climate change assessment reports by data mining. The necessity of national climate change assessment is analyzed with the requirements at home and abroad. The latest progress surrounding climate change impacts, adaptation, and mitigation is outlined with the increasing temperature rise in China and the urgency of climate change commitments. The achievements in climate change assessment indicate the increasing climate change vulnerability on sectors and regions in China and the strategies and priorities for low-carbon actions. Distinct gaps and differences are identified in the coverage of industry, regions, and vulnerability assessment between our assessments and other evaluation reports. These gaps and differences demonstrate the importance and future improvements of China's national climate change assessment in international climate governance. The outlook for China's fourth assessment report is proposed. 展开更多
关键词 climate change ASSESSMENT low-carbon management impact ADAPTATION MITIGATION
A new look at roles of the cryosphere in sustainable development 预览
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作者 WANG Xiaoming LIU Shi-Wei ZHANG Jing-Lin 《气候变化研究进展:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期124-131,共8页
While the cryosphere may bring in adverse impacts on natural and built environment, it may also provide benefits resulting from cryosphere services. By looking into the effect of the cryosphere on human-being, the stu... While the cryosphere may bring in adverse impacts on natural and built environment, it may also provide benefits resulting from cryosphere services. By looking into the effect of the cryosphere on human-being, the study develops a unified approach in the analysis of cryospheric risks and services, with one focusing on the adverse impacts by cryospheric hazards and another emphasizing on the benefits that people can obtain from the natural capitals in the cryosphere. Meanwhile, climate change could further alter and complicate the roles of the cryosphere, not only by the changes in risks to cryospheric hazards, but also the changes in services that could potentially add more risks. The study further proposed a risk-based approach for the development of climate adaptation in the cryosphere. The approach essentially takes options to reduce exposure and vulnerability of societies to cryospheric hazards, and to better manage natural capitals and demands together with enhancing utility of the cryosphere, so as to maintain the benefit of cryosphere services in a sustainable way. The study further addresses the role of cryosphere services in strengthening sustainable development in terms of its relation with the sustainable development goals (SDGs), and provides a preliminary results on how the services contributes to SDGs. Overall, the approach developed in this study creates a new way to comprehensively assess the effect of cryosphere changes on our society and identify measures to maximize the benefit while minimizing the risk in relation to the cryosphere. 展开更多
关键词 CRYOSPHERE Cryospheric science CRYOSPHERE service CRYOSPHERE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE impact CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION Risk management
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The Mist of Greed 预览
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作者 张馥莉 《校园英语》 2019年第20期254-255,共2页
Throne of Blood is a successful adaptation directed by famous Japanese director Akira Kurosawa of Shakespeare’s masterpiece—Macbeth in 1957. The plot of that the two main characters are trapped in the forest is not ... Throne of Blood is a successful adaptation directed by famous Japanese director Akira Kurosawa of Shakespeare’s masterpiece—Macbeth in 1957. The plot of that the two main characters are trapped in the forest is not included by the original story of Macbeth. By analyzing details of the scene, it can be seen as a symbolization of how people being trapped in the mist of greed. 展开更多
关键词 An ADAPTATION of MACBETH Akira Kurosaw SCENE ANALYSIS
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Revisiting Emergency Food Reserve Policy and Practiceunder Disaster and Extreme Climate Events
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作者 Jonatan A.Lassa Paul Teng +1 位作者 Mely Caballero-Anthony Maxim Shrestha 《国际灾害风险科学学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第1期1-13,共13页
All food systems will continue to be affected by disasters and extreme climate events. Triggered by recent food crises around the world and climate change concerns,some governments have been trying to develop more rob... All food systems will continue to be affected by disasters and extreme climate events. Triggered by recent food crises around the world and climate change concerns,some governments have been trying to develop more robust and resilient food systems. One of the oldest options for many governments is to stockpile emergency food reserves for the purpose of food security and disaster preparedness. In the aftermath of the world food price crises in2007–2008 and 2011, some governments in Asia have been maintaining emergency food reserves to ensure greater supply and price stability. Disasters and extreme climate events help governments to justify emergency food reserves. This research examined emergency food reserve policies in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Malaysia.Emergency food reserves emerged as a practice where the shared objectives of development, disaster risk reduction,and climate change adaptation have been demonstrated by governments. The findings suggest that most governments maintain the strong view that adequate emergency food reserves can buffer national food price shocks and shocks from disasters and climate change, and soften disruptions in trade due to export bans during times of disasters and climate emergencies.Under global climate change scenarios, food security is at risk and volatile(Porter et al. 2014). The expected increase in climate extremes has generated anticipatory actions from governments, including a new push for EFR policy adoption. Triggered by recent disasters and climate change concerns, some governments have been trying to develop more robust and resilient food systems(Fan and Brzeska 2014;Porter et al. 2014). For many countries in Asia, this means the renewed adoption of EFR. Unfortunately, we argue that this is not well understood in climate change adaptation studies as well as contemporary disaster studies.The Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN)first initiated a Food Security Reserve Agreement in 1979,with the purpose of meeting emergency requirements(ASEAN 1979). Po 展开更多
关键词 Climate change adaptation DISASTER PREPAREDNESS EMERGENCY FOOD RESERVES FOOD security FOOD stockpiling SOUTHEAST Asia
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