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Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria as Biological Control Agent in Rice 认领
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作者 Duangkhaetita Kanjanasopa Wanthakarn Aiedhet +1 位作者 Suraphon Thitithanakul Chanyarat Paungfoo-Lonhienne 《农业科学(英文)》 2021年第1期1-8,共8页
The use of agrochemical products to combat diseases in crops has adverse effects on the environment and human health. Plant growth promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) has been increasingly proposed as an eco-friendly alte... The use of agrochemical products to combat diseases in crops has adverse effects on the environment and human health. Plant growth promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) has been increasingly proposed as an eco-friendly alternative in agriculture. PGPRs have beneficial effects not only in promoting plant growth but also have shown their potential as biological control agent, being able to inhibit plant pathogens. Here, we investigated the use of PGPR <em>Paraburkholderia</em> sp. strain SOS3 to provide disease protection in rice (<em>Oryza sativa</em> L.). The antagonistic activity of SOS3 against five fungal pathogens of rice was assessed by dual culture on plates and on rice seedlings. The results showed that on plate assay, SOS3 inhibits the growth of <em>Curvularia lunata</em>, <em>Rhizoctonia solani</em>, <em>Pyricularia oryzae</em>, <em>Helminthosporium oryzae</em>, and <em>Fusarium moniliforme</em> by 17.2%, 1.1%, 8.3%, 32.5%, and 35.4%, respectively. When inoculated on rice seeds, SOS3 promotes seed germination and significantly reduces disease symptoms in plants infected with <em>R. solani</em>. These results suggest that SOS3 has a great potential to be used in rice agriculture to combat the “Sheath Blight” disease. 展开更多
关键词 Antifungal Activity BIOCONTROL RICE Fungal Pathogen Sustainable Agriculture Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria
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农村居民人均收入的影响因素研究——基于1989~2016年数据分析 认领
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作者 张芷蔧 《现代农业研究》 2021年第1期51-52,共2页
为探究提升农村居民人均收入的对策,文章选取了1989-2016的相关数据,建立以农林牧渔业增加值、农业机械总动力及农作物播种总面积等因素为解释变量的多元线性回归模型,通过对模型进行数量化分析,研究农村居民收入的影响因素。研究果显示... 为探究提升农村居民人均收入的对策,文章选取了1989-2016的相关数据,建立以农林牧渔业增加值、农业机械总动力及农作物播种总面积等因素为解释变量的多元线性回归模型,通过对模型进行数量化分析,研究农村居民收入的影响因素。研究果显示,农林牧渔业增加值、农业机械总动力及农作物播种总面积与农村居民收入正相关。基于分析结果提出了促进农村居民收入提升的政策建议。 展开更多
关键词 三农问题 农民收入 农林牧渔业增加值 农业机械总动力 农作物播种面积
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Effects of Industrial Agriculture and Urbanization on Structure and Functional Organization of Macroinvertebrate of Coastal Streams in Cameroon 认领
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作者 Fils Mamert Onana Antoine Arfao Tamsa +4 位作者 Siméon Tchakonte Ernest Koji Nectaire Lié Nyamsi Tchatcho Yannick Nkouefuth Nfongmo Serge Hubet Zebaze Togouet 《水资源与保护(英文)》 2021年第2期154-171,共18页
The impact of land use changes on watercourses is poorly documented in Cameroon. Therefore, this study examines the effects of agriculture and urbanization on water quality, the structure and functional organization o... The impact of land use changes on watercourses is poorly documented in Cameroon. Therefore, this study examines the effects of agriculture and urbanization on water quality, the structure and functional organization of macroinvertebrates of streams in the coastal zone of Cameroon. Nine sampling stations including three per catchment area with different land occupations (agricultural, urban and forest) were selected. Benthic macroinvertebrates were sampled monthly from February to July 2018 and the physicochemical variables were measured simultaneously. The urban and agricultural streams showed highly polluted waters with high nutrient and suspended matter content, whereas the forest stream waters are moderately polluted. In addition, the hierarchical ascending classification indicated a proximity in water quality between the agricultural and forest streams for which the main physicochemical variables did not vary significantly. With regards to macroinvertebrates, the forest watercourse is characterized by the proliferation of pollution-sensitive taxa, high diversity indices and complex trophic structuring, indicating its good ecological status. In contrast the urban watercourse, heavily polluted is characterized by low diversity indices reflecting a simplification of the structure of stands dominated by the pollution-tolerant collector-gatherer stands. The majority of biological indices and functional feeding groups were not significantly different between the agricultural and forest streams, suggesting a less pronounced impact of agriculture on macroinvertebrates. Our results showed that, riparian vegetation even though constituted of perennial crops, reduces the effects of agricultural inputs on streams and promotes the establishment of diversified macroinvertebrate communities. 展开更多
关键词 Industrial Agriculture URBANIZATION MACROINVERTEBRATES Water Quality Riparian Vegetation Perennial Crops
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Land Tenure and Its Influence on Agriculture in Artisanal Gold-Mining Zones of Sikasso Region, Mali 认领
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作者 Mahamadou Moussa Keita George Morara Ogendi 《生态学期刊(英文)》 2021年第2期95-104,共10页
Land tenure is a major determinant of the types of land use in a region or area and, by extension, affects its conservation. Most of the land that falls under public or communal land-tenure systems in developing count... Land tenure is a major determinant of the types of land use in a region or area and, by extension, affects its conservation. Most of the land that falls under public or communal land-tenure systems in developing countries such as Mali faces numerous challenges among them being natural resource overexploitation. This is mainly because the land is openly accessible to all people around it, and thus the tendency to overexploit the land resources leading to degradation, and food and environmental insecurity. In Mali, land ownership falls under three categories: Public or Government, Communal and Private. This study was undertaken to assess the land ownership types in Yanfolia District, Mali, a gold-mining area that lies some 170 km southern east of capital district of Bamako and upstream of Selingué dam on Sankarini River. A social survey of 200 households was done using a structured questionnaire. Additional research instruments were focus group discussion, key informant interviews and observation check-lists. The data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The study findings indicated that most of the land under gold-mining was owned by the government followed by community and finally private. There were significant associations between size of land under gold-mining and land tenure types: communal land (<em>χ</em><sup>2</sup> = 30.52;p = 0.000);private land (<em>χ</em><sup>2</sup> = 65.09;p = 0.000) and public or government land (<em>χ</em><sup>2</sup> = 177;p = 0.000). Gold-mining takes place mostly on lands classified under public/government and communal compared to that which takes place on lands classified as private. It is recommended that the relevant Malian governmental regulatory and enforcement agencies implement and enforce existing environmental laws with respect to land and environment. These agencies should adopt participatory and sustainable approaches to land and natural resources management for improved food and environmental security. 展开更多
关键词 LAND Gold-Mining Environment AGRICULTURE Food-Security
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Zai Pit Effects on Selected Soil Properties and Cowpea (<i>Vigna unguiculata</i>) Growth and Grain Yield in Two Selected Dryland Regions of Kenya 认领
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作者 Sillus O. Oduor Nancy W. Mungai Seth F. O. Owido 《土壤科学期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期39-57,共19页
Erratic rainfall and temperature regimes, strongly affect agricultural productivity. To address the reduction in production, this study assessed the effect of Zai pit depths on selected soil properties and cowpea grow... Erratic rainfall and temperature regimes, strongly affect agricultural productivity. To address the reduction in production, this study assessed the effect of Zai pit depths on selected soil properties and cowpea growth and grain yield. “Zai” pit technology was tested in two locations falling under Agroecological Zone IV (relatively dry areas) <i>i.e.</i> Katumani in Machakos County and Naivasha in Nakuru County, Kenya, aiming to determine the combined effect of four “Zai” pit depths and two levels of manure (plots with manure and plots without manure) on selected soil properties, growth and yield of cowpea. Experiment was laid out in split plot arrangement, with manure levels as the main plot factor and “Zai” pit depths (Flat: Z<sub>0</sub>, 30 cm: Z<sub>30</sub>, 45 cm: Z<sub>45</sub> and 60 cm: Z<sub>60</sub>) as subplot factor, replicated four times. Cowpea (M66 variety) was used as the test crop. Inorganic N and extractable P were significantly (P < 0.05) higher, at 1.37 mg<span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&sdot;</span></span>kg<sup><span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&minus;</span></span>1</sup> for N<sub>in</sub> and 80.4 mg<span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&sdot;</span></span>kg<sup><span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&minus;</span></span>1</sup> for P<sub>ex</sub> in Zai pits compared to flat plots which were at 0.91 mg<span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&sdot;</span></span>kg<sup><span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&minus;</span></span>1</sup> for N<sub>in</sub> and 47.1 mg<span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&sdot;</span></span>kg<sup><span style="white-space:nowrap;"><span style="white-space:nowrap;">&minus;</span></span>1</sup> for P<sub>ex</sub>. The values of N<sub>in</sub> and P<sub>ex</sub> also varied depending on depths, with Z<sub>45</sub> having highest N<su 展开更多
关键词 Zai Pits ASALs Soil Moisture Dryland Agriculture Cattle Manure Inorganic Nitrogen Extractable Phosphorus
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Internet of Things for the Future of Smart Agriculture: A Comprehensive Survey of Emerging Technologies 认领
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作者 Othmane Friha Mohamed Amine Ferrag +2 位作者 Lei Shu Leandros Maglaras Xiaochan Wang 《自动化学报:英文版》 SCIE EI 2021年第4期718-752,共35页
This paper presents a comprehensive review of emerging technologies for the internet of things(IoT)-based smart agriculture.We begin by summarizing the existing surveys and describing emergent technologies for the agr... This paper presents a comprehensive review of emerging technologies for the internet of things(IoT)-based smart agriculture.We begin by summarizing the existing surveys and describing emergent technologies for the agricultural IoT,such as unmanned aerial vehicles,wireless technologies,open-source IoT platforms,software defined networking(SDN),network function virtualization(NFV)technologies,cloud/fog computing,and middleware platforms.We also provide a classification of IoT applications for smart agriculture into seven categories:including smart monitoring,smart water management,agrochemicals applications,disease management,smart harvesting,supply chain management,and smart agricultural practices.Moreover,we provide a taxonomy and a side-by-side comparison of the state-ofthe-art methods toward supply chain management based on the blockchain technology for agricultural IoTs.Furthermore,we present real projects that use most of the aforementioned technologies,which demonstrate their great performance in the field of smart agriculture.Finally,we highlight open research challenges and discuss possible future research directions for agricultural IoTs. 展开更多
关键词 Agricultural internet of things(IoT) internet of things(IoT) smart agriculture smart farming sustainable agriculture
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Ranking of Feijoa (FEIJOA Sellowiana) in Subtropical Humidified Zone of Adjara and Forest Ecosystem by Multiple-Factor Approach 认领
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作者 Zurab Seperteladze Eter Davitaia +8 位作者 Melor Alpenidze George Gaprindashvili Roman Maisuradze Guram Memarne Neli Khalvashi Nino Kedelidze Tamar Aleksidze Nino Rukhadze Tamar Khardziani 《林学期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期1-13,共13页
It was elaborated a method of agro-ecosystem ranking for feijoa culture and forest ecosystem in one of regions of Western Georgia—Adjara subtropical humidified zone. On the basis of mineralogical and morphometric ana... It was elaborated a method of agro-ecosystem ranking for feijoa culture and forest ecosystem in one of regions of Western Georgia—Adjara subtropical humidified zone. On the basis of mineralogical and morphometric analysis (biometric parameters, beginning and end of growth, beginning of fruit ripening and mass ripening, frost resistance etc.) of feijoa culture (Feigoa selliowiana) and by multiple-factor approach we have evaluated culture’s rational disposition and optimal environment for development of land. The main accent was made on geomorphological (relief, inclination, exposition) and agro-climatic (sum of active temperatures, hydrothermal coefficient, temperature conditions, physical and chemical features of soil) factors. As a result of implemented zoning a landscape zone with agricultural resources potential and hypsometrical levels optimal for development of feijoa culture was revealed. During the research we also revealed corresponding agro-eco<span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;">- </span></span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;">system zone, compatible with feijoa zone, evaluation of quality of forest land and determination of ecosystem and its indicating character. For determination of compatibility of feijoa plants and distribution of forest ecosystem we have created a map of large-scale ecosystems and geo-information system. By Cartometric and geographic-informational analysis</span></span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;">,</span></span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> it became possible to find information about types of forest ecosystems, areas occupied by them and their share in researched zone.</span></span></span> 展开更多
关键词 Agriculture FORESTRY Resource Potential Control Sorts GEOGRAPHY GIS
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Python Software Integrates with Microcontrollers and Electronic Hardware to Ease Development for Open-Source Research and Scientific Applications 认领
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作者 Daniel K. Fisher Reginald S. Fletcher Saseendran S. Anapalli 《物联网(英文)》 2021年第1期42-58,共17页
Many options exist for developing and implementing monitoring systems for research and scientific applications. Commercially, available systems and devices, however, are usually built using proprietary tools and progr... Many options exist for developing and implementing monitoring systems for research and scientific applications. Commercially, available systems and devices, however, are usually built using proprietary tools and programming instructions, and often offer limited flexibility for end users. The use of open-source hardware and software has been embraced by the research and scientific communities and can be used to target unique data and information requirements. Development based on the Arduino microcontroller project has resulted in many successful applications, and the Arduino hardware and software environment continues to expand and become more powerful but can be intimidating for users with limited electronics or programming experience. The open-source Python language has gained in popularity and is being taught in schools and universities as an introduction to computer programming and software development due to its simple structure, ease of use, and large standard library of functions. A project called CircuitPython was developed to extend the use of Python to programming hardware devices such as programmable microcontrollers and maintains much of the original Python lang<span>uage and features, with additional support for accessing and controlling microcontroller hardware. The objective of the work reported here is to discuss the CircuitPython programming language and demonstrate its use in the development of research and scientific applications. Several open-source sensing and monitoring systems developed using open-source hardware and the open-source CircuitPython programming language are presented and described. 展开更多
关键词 CircuitPython PYTHON ARDUINO Agriculture Monitoring System SENSORS
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跳出“无工不富”思维模式在“土地”上做大文章——农业现代化道路的常熟“中泾”实践 认领
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作者 庄莉莉 《中小企业管理与科技》 2021年第3期96-97,共2页
实施乡村振兴战略,率先实现农业农村现代化是苏南农村发展的现实课题。常熟市常福街道中泾村跳出“无工不富”的思维模式,在“土地”上做文章,从六个方面着力,转变农业发展方式,构建新型农业生产经营体系,培养造就新型农民队伍,大踏步... 实施乡村振兴战略,率先实现农业农村现代化是苏南农村发展的现实课题。常熟市常福街道中泾村跳出“无工不富”的思维模式,在“土地”上做文章,从六个方面着力,转变农业发展方式,构建新型农业生产经营体系,培养造就新型农民队伍,大踏步走中国特色的农业现代化道路,成为都市型生态农业综合开发的典范。 展开更多
关键词 农业 现代化 中泾村
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油茶果壳的综合利用 认领
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作者 李玉梅 林海涛 +2 位作者 李淋倍 阳辰峰 陈铭远 《现代农业科技》 2021年第1期178-180,182,共4页
油茶是中国特有的木本油料植物,油茶果壳的资源得到开发利用,会促进油茶产业的发展。果壳里含有丰富的活性成分。本文分析了油茶果壳在工业、医药、农业等方面的应用。在工业上,油茶果壳可提取木质素,可以作为造纸的原料;在医学上,油茶... 油茶是中国特有的木本油料植物,油茶果壳的资源得到开发利用,会促进油茶产业的发展。果壳里含有丰富的活性成分。本文分析了油茶果壳在工业、医药、农业等方面的应用。在工业上,油茶果壳可提取木质素,可以作为造纸的原料;在医学上,油茶果壳可提取具有抗氧化能力的多糖,提取鞣质类化合物,鞣质类化合物有止血、止痛的功效;在农业上,制备生物炭,利于植物生长,能够降解做肥料。同时,对油茶果壳应用前景进行了展望,以期为油茶果壳的综合利用提供参考。 展开更多
关键词 油茶 果壳 综合利用 工业 医药 农业
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电子商务对乡村振兴的促进作用研究 认领
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作者 陈德宝 《江苏商论》 2021年第2期29-32,共4页
农业农村农民问题是关系国计民生的根本性问题,电子商务在解决“三农”问题中具有重大意义,提供了政策、市场等诸多发展机遇,与此同时电子商务对乡村产业发展、生态发展、乡风文明、农民增收等方面有着重要的促进作用。
关键词 三农 电子商务 乡村振兴关系
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晚清浙江的鸦片种植 认领
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作者 钟声 向来 《湘南学院学报》 2021年第1期59-64,共6页
晚清浙江鸦片种植情况因国家政策的变动而相应变化。道光朝的禁烟运动与浙江山区玉米禁种法令促使部分鸦片开始从沿海向山区转移。咸同之后,随着禁烟法令的松弛,沿海的鸦片种植面积迅速扩大并接近饱和;同时因战乱破坏,山区大量招致客民... 晚清浙江鸦片种植情况因国家政策的变动而相应变化。道光朝的禁烟运动与浙江山区玉米禁种法令促使部分鸦片开始从沿海向山区转移。咸同之后,随着禁烟法令的松弛,沿海的鸦片种植面积迅速扩大并接近饱和;同时因战乱破坏,山区大量招致客民垦种,以至浙江鸦片种植地域范围随之延伸。鸦片种植面积的增加,致使农村丧失了部分劳动力,并侵占了其它作物的种植区域,对农业发展造成了严重影响。 展开更多
关键词 鸦片 浙江 农业 晚清
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基于乡村经济发展的包装工程专业课程改革研究 认领
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作者 张岩岩 《吉林农业科技学院学报》 2021年第1期117-121,共5页
本文以我国当前乡村经济发展为背景,对农业类院校包装工程专业现状调研总结并进行有效分析,以吉林农业科技学院包装工程专业助力仙人桥镇粘火勺项目为例,积极探索任务驱动式的人才培养模式和课程改革研究,对课程提出新的改革建议,为其... 本文以我国当前乡村经济发展为背景,对农业类院校包装工程专业现状调研总结并进行有效分析,以吉林农业科技学院包装工程专业助力仙人桥镇粘火勺项目为例,积极探索任务驱动式的人才培养模式和课程改革研究,对课程提出新的改革建议,为其他涉农专业或非农业类高校包装专业提供课程改革参考。 展开更多
关键词 乡村经济 包装工程 课程改革 农业
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基于AHP的农业生态旅游产业开发体系研究——以吉林省为例 认领
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作者 王吉 王钦怡 韩杰 《北方经贸》 2021年第1期141-145,共5页
发展农业生态旅游有利于实现农业可持续发展,有利于带动当地的经济发展,给当地人们提供更多的就业机会。通过对吉林省农业生态旅游开发体系进行研究,基于层次分析法(AHP法)对吉林省农业生态旅游体系进行分析研究,并针对吉林省提出发展... 发展农业生态旅游有利于实现农业可持续发展,有利于带动当地的经济发展,给当地人们提供更多的就业机会。通过对吉林省农业生态旅游开发体系进行研究,基于层次分析法(AHP法)对吉林省农业生态旅游体系进行分析研究,并针对吉林省提出发展农业生态旅游产业建议,包括政府大力推进农业生态旅游发展;农业生态旅游开发要注重生态保护;吉林省生态旅游产品要符合环保和卫生的标准;大力提高吉林省居民环保意识等。 展开更多
关键词 AHP模型 农业生态旅游 产业开发
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探讨农业生态园生态环境影响评价 认领
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作者 王洵 王亚维 《现代农业研究》 2021年第1期25-26,共2页
随着人们对生活环境的重视,农业生态园成为了热点项目,它是将农业生产、农业生态、旅游及环保融合到一起。本文从农业生态园评价过程、内涵、意义及可能的影响入手,探讨了项目资料采集、生态环境影响评价指标及方法等,为相关部门及工作... 随着人们对生活环境的重视,农业生态园成为了热点项目,它是将农业生产、农业生态、旅游及环保融合到一起。本文从农业生态园评价过程、内涵、意义及可能的影响入手,探讨了项目资料采集、生态环境影响评价指标及方法等,为相关部门及工作人员提供详实的参考资料。 展开更多
关键词 农业 生态园 生态环境 影响评价
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辽宁农业电子商务发展分析 认领
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作者 孙慧君 《农业科技与装备》 2021年第1期81-82,共2页
信息时代背景下,农业电子商务在辽宁蓬勃发展。从农业产业基础、电商基础、平台建设情况等方面介绍辽宁农业电子商务发展概况,分析其发展趋势,提出顶层设计、营造电商环境、试点示范等对策,以期为辽宁农业电子商务发展提供参考。
关键词 农业 电子商务 辽宁 发展
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辽宁省农业产业剩余劳动力转移研究 认领
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作者 寇爽 《湖北农业科学》 2021年第4期134-138,共5页
对辽宁省农业产业结构调整背景下的剩余劳动力转移状况进行具体分析,阐释了产业结构和农业产业剩余劳动力的均衡性,并对辽宁省具体行业吸纳就业能力进行研究。结果表明,农业产业剩余劳动力正在向第二产业和第三产业转移,第三产业能够较... 对辽宁省农业产业结构调整背景下的剩余劳动力转移状况进行具体分析,阐释了产业结构和农业产业剩余劳动力的均衡性,并对辽宁省具体行业吸纳就业能力进行研究。结果表明,农业产业剩余劳动力正在向第二产业和第三产业转移,第三产业能够较大程度带动农业产业剩余劳动力就业。同时,提出相应对策,包括大力发展第三产业、加强农村地区城镇化建设以及加强农业产业技能的培训等,以帮助农业产业剩余劳动力转移就业,有利于针对性地对农业产业剩余劳动力提出帮扶措施,以帮助其更好地实现就业。 展开更多
关键词 农业产业 剩余劳动力 经济
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金融精准扶贫的回顾与思考 认领
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作者 钟春平 《征信》 北大核心 2021年第1期24-28,共5页
金融的盈利性与扶贫的公益性之间存在着矛盾和冲突,导致了参与积极性不高和资源效率等有所损失,因而需要提高金融服务的针对性。在分析金融扶贫中存在问题的基础上,提出了相应的建议:识别贫困的成因和环节,精准采取相应的扶持措施;更多... 金融的盈利性与扶贫的公益性之间存在着矛盾和冲突,导致了参与积极性不高和资源效率等有所损失,因而需要提高金融服务的针对性。在分析金融扶贫中存在问题的基础上,提出了相应的建议:识别贫困的成因和环节,精准采取相应的扶持措施;更多的扶贫实务交由政策性金融机构;集中扶贫的资金和资源;有针对性地推广相应的金融产品和服务。 展开更多
关键词 金融 精准扶贫 农业 金融产品和服务
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A preliminary study of early agriculture practices at the Haojiatai site in Luohe city,Henan Province 认领
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作者 Zhenhua DENG Hai ZHANG +2 位作者 Wei LI Fawei LIANG Yanpeng CAO 《中国科学:地球科学英文版》 SCIE EI CAS 2021年第2期307-317,共11页
As the most fundamental economic sector of human societies,farming has played a significant role in interactions between humans and the environment.The study of crop patterns in various regions could not only clarify ... As the most fundamental economic sector of human societies,farming has played a significant role in interactions between humans and the environment.The study of crop patterns in various regions could not only clarify the economic foundations of early societies,but also greatly improve our understanding of interactions among human beings,the environment,and other creatures.In this regard,this study focuses on early agriculture practices at the Haojiatai site,situated in the cultural and natural transitional region between North and South China.Macro plant remains from this site reveal that foxtail millet was the most important staple crop here during the Longshan and Xinzhai periods(4300–3800 cal.yr BP),along with common millet and a small amount of rice and soybean.This crop pattern is in contrast to the ancient environmental conditions of this region,and cultural factors such as agriculture traditions and food preferences may have been more important in the formation process of this crop pattern. 展开更多
关键词 Huang-Huai Plain Longshan period Agriculture pattern Cultural influence
重在制度框架与政策体系的改革创新——论乡村振兴(之二) 认领
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作者 宋亚平 《湖北民族大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 2021年第2期19-33,共15页
从历史逻辑看,我国“三农”工作困局之所以长期得不到有效突破,原因无疑是多方面的重叠与耦合。其中既反映了诸如城乡分治的社会结构二元化等体制机制上的缺陷与弊端,也暴露了农业农村工作领导方式方法上的陈旧与落后。如果不彻底改造... 从历史逻辑看,我国“三农”工作困局之所以长期得不到有效突破,原因无疑是多方面的重叠与耦合。其中既反映了诸如城乡分治的社会结构二元化等体制机制上的缺陷与弊端,也暴露了农业农村工作领导方式方法上的陈旧与落后。如果不彻底改造“三农”问题赖以生存与发展的土壤、气候及人文环境,乡村振兴工作就会遭遇到各种严重干扰与巨大阻碍。就算通过“举国”之力,咬紧牙关把乡村振兴搞起来了,成果也是难以巩固且迟早会走“回头路”的。因此,当前实施乡村振兴战略过程中,我们必须拋弃“头痛医头、脚痛医脚”的行为惯性,坚持系统论观点和整体思维方法,把着重点放在制度框架与政策体系的改革创新上。只有把制度框架与政策体系的改革创新搞好了,“产业兴旺、生态宜居、乡风文明、治理有效、生活富裕”才能真正地贯彻落实,农业农村才能形成繁荣昌盛与长治久安的局面。 展开更多
关键词 乡村振兴“三农”问题 治理能力与治理体系现代化 基层治理
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