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美国古典实用主义思想与美国精神 预览
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作者 闫玉华 付裕 《中北大学学报:社会科学版》 2020年第1期106-111,共6页
美国古典实用主义是诞生于美国本土的哲学思想,其价值观、思想和原则深深根植在美国发展的轨迹中,成为了美国建国二百多年来国家和人民非常具有代表性的哲学态度。本文旨在通过分析美国古典实用主义思想,探究其对于美国人民价值观及政... 美国古典实用主义是诞生于美国本土的哲学思想,其价值观、思想和原则深深根植在美国发展的轨迹中,成为了美国建国二百多年来国家和人民非常具有代表性的哲学态度。本文旨在通过分析美国古典实用主义思想,探究其对于美国人民价值观及政治态度和国家政策的影响,从而论证美国古典实用主义是美国在特定时代特定国情下产生的较为符合美国精神的哲学思想,其长久地影响着美国人的生活方式和观念。 展开更多
关键词 美国 古典实用主义 美国精神
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An Analysis of the Differences Between BE and AE in Growthand Linguistic Features 预览
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作者 HOU Wenjing 《美中外语:英文版》 2020年第1期14-24,共11页
The language of English is manly classified into British English and American English.Britain is the birthplace of the language,and English has been bred and evolved significantly in this land.After a hundred years of... The language of English is manly classified into British English and American English.Britain is the birthplace of the language,and English has been bred and evolved significantly in this land.After a hundred years of evolution,American English has a full itinerary by its own national characteristics,and becomes an independent English model.In a large extent,it is different from British English.This paper analyzes the differences between British English and American English from the points of the growth and linguistic features of the language,so as to help people get more information about these two native languages,and thus,arouse their curiosity and creativity.I hope there will be more and more people enjoying the learning and using of English. 展开更多
关键词 British English American English DIFFERENCES
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The Status quaestionis of Whiteheadian Research in Brazil 预览
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作者 Lilia Dias Marianno 《哲学研究:英文版》 2020年第2期166-175,共10页
This paper is a survey of papers,which constitutes a chronological mapping of Brazilian research in theses and dissertations about Whitehead or in dialogue with Process Thought,with an emphasis on works written in the... This paper is a survey of papers,which constitutes a chronological mapping of Brazilian research in theses and dissertations about Whitehead or in dialogue with Process Thought,with an emphasis on works written in the Portuguese language since the 1980s.It is divided into three groups:(1)theses and dissertations restricted to Whitehead and Process Thought and(2)those studies done in dialogue with Alfred North Whitehead and Process Thought.(3)The third section introduces a non-exhaustive list regarding ongoing studies,which were begun prior to the 12th International Whitehead Conference that took place in Brazil in August of 2019.The digital databases consulted were:1)Lattes Platform-CNPQ^1;2)Sucupira Platform-CAPES/MEC2;3)Contemporary Ontology(research group on ANPOF3;4)Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations from IBICT4;5)Theses and Dissertations catalogue CAPES/MEC;6)Digital databases from specific universities.The researches listed are restricted to scholarly research done by Brazilian researchers inside the country or in foreign universities.The descriptive paragraphs were compiled from the abstracts written by their own authors.We did not use ellipses or quotation marks in these cases. 展开更多
关键词 Alfred North Whitehead Brazilian research process studies Latin American studies process philosophy
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The American Civil War and Local Landscape Changes: A Case Study of the Vicksburg Campaign 预览
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作者 KAO Ge 《景观研究:英文版》 2020年第2期111-114,118,共5页
In tandem with the offensive and defensive exertions of the Vicksburg Campaign,this study focused on the relationship between the American Civil War and local landscape changes at Vicksburg,before,after,and during the... In tandem with the offensive and defensive exertions of the Vicksburg Campaign,this study focused on the relationship between the American Civil War and local landscape changes at Vicksburg,before,after,and during the war.Additionally,this study took advantage of first hand materials including official archives,soldiers’ diaries,letters,and memoirs,in order to explore specific changes of Vicksburg’s local landscape in long-term historical contexts.Prior to the American Civil War,Vicksburg was a prosperous commercial port located in the lower Mississippi River.During the Vicksburg Campaign,both sides attempted to utilise or modify their local environment to gain an upper hand.Meanwhile,the environment played a fundamental role during the war.After the period of hostilities,the establishment of the military park was a direct intervention in the natural recovery process,which arose from two people’s conception of peace based on national unity. 展开更多
关键词 American Civil War LANDSCAPE Vicksburg Campaign
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美国情报政治化特性分析 预览
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作者 许畅 季婷 《情报杂志》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第3期8-13,139,共7页
[目的/意义]研究情报政治化特性,有助于了解情报政治化现象,明确情报政治化影响,厘清情报与决策关系,以在情报实践中尽量避免情报政治化。[方法/过程]通过对情报政治化的研究历程进行梳理和美国历史上典型情报政治化案例展开研究,在总... [目的/意义]研究情报政治化特性,有助于了解情报政治化现象,明确情报政治化影响,厘清情报与决策关系,以在情报实践中尽量避免情报政治化。[方法/过程]通过对情报政治化的研究历程进行梳理和美国历史上典型情报政治化案例展开研究,在总结归纳基础上提练出美国情报政治化的主要特性。[结果/结论]美国情报界不乏政治化现象,是情报与决策不同需求的矛盾体现,主要体现在情报分析妥协性、情报机构反制性、决策过程逆转性和政治利益的工具性4个方面。 展开更多
关键词 美国 情报 情报分析 情报政治化 情报分析妥协性 情报机构反制性
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美国对外政策中的情报因素分析 预览
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作者 李明月 《情报杂志》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第1期31-37,99共8页
[目的/意义]情报是外交决策中的关键要素,已有研究大多倾向于展现情报搜集和情报分析对美国对外政策的重要意义。然而,美国对外政策的实践却表明最终的决策可能并非由情报决定。[方法/过程]运用政治学、情报学和心理学的相关理论,从美... [目的/意义]情报是外交决策中的关键要素,已有研究大多倾向于展现情报搜集和情报分析对美国对外政策的重要意义。然而,美国对外政策的实践却表明最终的决策可能并非由情报决定。[方法/过程]运用政治学、情报学和心理学的相关理论,从美国情报体制、情报机构和决策者的自主性,以及情报工作政治化的三个维度,讨论和分析了情报对美国外交政策的影响。[结果/结论]研究表明,由于情报缺位、情报忽视和情报评估错误等现象,情报在美国对外政策中的作用是不确定和有限的。 展开更多
关键词 美国 对外政策 情报体制 情报机构 情报工作 政治化
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A Brief Reading of American Urban Culture in Post-Industrialization Era 预览
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作者 杨雁 范金玲 陈玲玲 《海外英语》 2020年第1期184-185,202,共3页
In the wake of great expansion of cities as centers of production,the post-industrialization era saw American urban tran-sitions and transformations with cultural diversification highlighting consumption,service,marke... In the wake of great expansion of cities as centers of production,the post-industrialization era saw American urban tran-sitions and transformations with cultural diversification highlighting consumption,service,marketing and cultural integration.Cul-tural variations in cities,under the influence of non-material production,constantly worked for urban re-invention and urban re-newal,facilitating and expediting a high-level urban development. 展开更多
关键词 American Cities Culture Post-industrialization Era
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The Study on Cultural Conflict and Compatibility between China and America from the Study of“the Joy Luck Club” 预览
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作者 汪晖 《校园英语》 2020年第1期206-207,共2页
When people accepting different cultures,people in diff erent backgrounds often have conflicts when they communicate with each other,because people are used to judging people’s behavior in different cultural backgrou... When people accepting different cultures,people in diff erent backgrounds often have conflicts when they communicate with each other,because people are used to judging people’s behavior in different cultural backgrounds by their own standards.However,different norms of behavior lead to misunderstanding,injury and even worse consequences.This phenomenon is quite common in the East represented by China and the West represented by the United States. 展开更多
关键词 CULTURAL CONFLICT CULTURAL compatibility Chinese and American culture JOY LUCK CLUB
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The Influences of Puritanism on the Shaping of American Values 预览
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作者 LI Guanghua 《国际英语教育研究:英文版》 2019年第1期20-22,共3页
Puritanism is the soul of American culture. Starting from a study of Puritanism, the paper tentatively explores the functions of Puritanism in conceiving American culture as a whole, and American values especially, an... Puritanism is the soul of American culture. Starting from a study of Puritanism, the paper tentatively explores the functions of Puritanism in conceiving American culture as a whole, and American values especially, and then concludes that the values characterized by individual freedom and self-reliance, material wealth and hard work, sense of democracy, respect for education and pioneering spirit are mostly credited to Puritanism. 展开更多
关键词 PURITANISM AMERICAN VALUES AMERICAN CULTURE
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Quality Control and Evaluation of the Observed Daily Data in the North American Soil Moisture Database
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作者 Weilin LIAO Dagang WANG +2 位作者 Guiling WANG Youlong XIA Xiaoping LIU 《气象学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第3期501-518,共18页
The North American Soil Moisture Database (NASMD) was initiated in 2011 to assemble and homogenize in situ soil moisture measurements from 32 observational networks in the United States and Canada encompassing more th... The North American Soil Moisture Database (NASMD) was initiated in 2011 to assemble and homogenize in situ soil moisture measurements from 32 observational networks in the United States and Canada encompassing more than 1800 stations. Although statistical quality control (QC) procedures have been applied in the NASMD, the soil moisture content tends to be systematically underestimated by in situ sensors in frozen soils, and using a single maximum threshold (i.e., 0.6 m3 m-3) may not be sufficient for robust QC because of the diverse soil textures in North America. In this study, based on the in situ soil porosity and North American Land Data Assimilation System phase 2 (NLDAS-2) Noah soil temperature, the simple automated QC method is revised to supplement the existing QC approach. This revised QC method is first validated based on the assessment at 78 of the Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN) stations where the manually checked data are available, and is then applied to all stations in the NASMD to produce a more strict quality-controlled dataset. The results show that the revised automated QC procedure can flag the spurious and erroneous soil moisture measurements for the SCAN stations, especially for those located in high altitudes and latitudes. Relative to station measurements in the original NASMD, the quality-controlled data show a slightly better agreement with the manually checked soil moisture content. It should be noted that this quality-controlled dataset may be over-flagged for some valid soil moisture measurements due to potential errors of the soil temperature and soil porosity data, and validation in this study is limited by the availability of benchmark soil moisture data. The updated QC and additional validation will be desirable to boost confidence in the product when high-quality data become available in the future. 展开更多
关键词 NORTH AMERICAN SOIL MOISTURE DATABASE (NASMD) quality control SOIL MOISTURE NORTH AMERICAN Land DATA Assimilation System phase 2 (NLDAS-2) SOIL temperature SOIL porosity
必要性与奢侈性:新移民知识分子在美生存经验的文学再现——以哈金的《自由生活》为例 预览 被引量:1
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作者 唐书哲 《华侨华人历史研究》 CSSCI 2019年第1期58-66,共9页
论文以美国华人文学作家哈金的《自由生活》为例,探讨新移民知识分子作为少数族裔在美国的生存经验和自我价值实现的过程。作为新移民知识分子在美生存经验的写照,哈金的《自由生活》通过武男的奋斗经历为挣扎于“必要性”和“奢侈性”... 论文以美国华人文学作家哈金的《自由生活》为例,探讨新移民知识分子作为少数族裔在美国的生存经验和自我价值实现的过程。作为新移民知识分子在美生存经验的写照,哈金的《自由生活》通过武男的奋斗经历为挣扎于“必要性”和“奢侈性”之间的华人新移民知识分子提供了可资借鉴的道路——按照从“必要性”到“奢侈性”的奋斗路径,通过空间转移、自我放逐等手段实现“必要性”和“奢侈性”的统一,解决物质上的生存压力和精神上的存在危机。新移民知识分子在“必要性”和“奢侈性”之间的生存经验也有普遍性,对那些挣扎在谋求生存与自我实现之间的普通人也有启发意义。 展开更多
关键词 美国 华文文学 华文作家 哈金 《自由生活》 新移民 留学生
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Technology Changes Childhood
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《中国妇女:英文月刊》 2019年第7期7-9,共3页
American psychologist Alison Gopnik had an article, Is "Screen Time" Dangerous for Children?, published on Newyorker.com in 2016. Many parents worry that "screen time" will impair their children... American psychologist Alison Gopnik had an article, Is "Screen Time" Dangerous for Children?, published on Newyorker.com in 2016. Many parents worry that "screen time" will impair their children's development. Gopnik said such fears were overblown. She said she believed content and context-what children watch and with whom they watch it-mattered the most. 展开更多
关键词 TECHNOLOGY CHANGES CHILDHOOD AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST Alison Gopnik
A Mirror of Black People’s Life—An Analysis of The Bluest Eye 预览
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作者 苗汇林 《海外英语》 2019年第10期235-235,237共2页
As an African American writer, Toni Morrison is good at portraying diversified characters in her books to show the real life of black people and their cultural identities. Morrison regards The Bluest Eye as a broken m... As an African American writer, Toni Morrison is good at portraying diversified characters in her books to show the real life of black people and their cultural identities. Morrison regards The Bluest Eye as a broken mirror in which black people's true life is presented. 展开更多
关键词 The Bluest Eye AFRICAN AMERICAN culture IDENTITY CHARACTER ANALYSIS
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美国后现代主义诗歌中的“破格” 预览
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作者 陈润 《安徽工业大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第2期63-65,共3页
20世纪50年代以来,美国后现代主义诗歌在新的历史环境下发生流变,在对以往诗歌的“破格”过程中形成特有的艺术风格和特征。诗歌的表现形式趋向于口语化、零散化,不强求思想的深度。但是不能忽略的是,后现代主义诗歌和以往诗歌中存在着... 20世纪50年代以来,美国后现代主义诗歌在新的历史环境下发生流变,在对以往诗歌的“破格”过程中形成特有的艺术风格和特征。诗歌的表现形式趋向于口语化、零散化,不强求思想的深度。但是不能忽略的是,后现代主义诗歌和以往诗歌中存在着某种联系,即戴维·珀金斯(David Perkins)所认为的螺旋式循环往复发展的关系。 展开更多
关键词 美国 后现代主义 诗歌的破格
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美国高校图书馆转型现状研究
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作者 蒲姗姗 《图书馆杂志》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期86-94,113共10页
文章以2017年美国USNEWS大学排名的前10位高校图书馆为调研对象,从图书馆的宗旨、组织架构、馆员需求三个维度对美国高校图书馆的转型进行了调研和分析,以探究当前美国高校图书馆的转型实践,为国内高校图书馆转型的发展提供参考和借鉴。
关键词 美国 高校图书馆 转型
美国导盲犬的驯养及启示 预览 被引量:1
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作者 梁璐 雷江华 《现代特殊教育》 2019年第2期65-69,共5页
导盲犬是视障人士出行的辅助手段之一,需遵循特定的驯养流程来培养。美国作为导盲犬驯养的起源地之一,其驯养流程细致、规范。美国导盲犬协会从幼犬培育、预备犬训练和导盲犬匹配三个阶段对导盲犬进行驯养。美国导盲犬的驯养对我国有如... 导盲犬是视障人士出行的辅助手段之一,需遵循特定的驯养流程来培养。美国作为导盲犬驯养的起源地之一,其驯养流程细致、规范。美国导盲犬协会从幼犬培育、预备犬训练和导盲犬匹配三个阶段对导盲犬进行驯养。美国导盲犬的驯养对我国有如下启示:创立自主育种项目,重视幼犬的早期训练;构建规范的指标体系,根据预备犬的特点因材施训;合理匹配申请人,提高导盲犬工作后的成功率。 展开更多
关键词 美国 导盲犬 驯养 视障
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Chinatown’s Community Organizations Reflected in Louis Chu’s Eat a Bowl of Tea 预览
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作者 王琼 《海外英语》 2019年第4期206-207,共2页
Louis Chu’s novel Eat a Bowl of Tea(1961)is widely recognized as a pioneer masterpiece in Chinese American literature.It pictures the bachelor society of Chinatown in New York City after the Second World War.Several ... Louis Chu’s novel Eat a Bowl of Tea(1961)is widely recognized as a pioneer masterpiece in Chinese American literature.It pictures the bachelor society of Chinatown in New York City after the Second World War.Several characteristics of Chinatown’s community organizations are reflected in this novel:kinship-based;responsible for protecting and caring for the members;led by commercial elites;rule of man,rather than rule of law.It offers us a precious chance to take a glimpse of the Chinese-American society in post-World War II era. 展开更多
关键词 Chinese AMERICAN LITERATURE EAT a BOWL of TEA Chinatown COMMUNITY Organizations Louis Chu
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美国妈祖文化的发展传播与中美妈祖文化交流的强化 预览
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作者 曹萌 《妈祖文化研究》 2019年第1期1-9,共9页
美国妈祖文化缘起于中国移民的妈祖信仰与祭祀,其形成体现在美国多座妈祖宫庙的建设;美国妈祖文化的发展则表现为以该国诸多妈祖宫庙为载体和传播平台,举办一系列妈祖文化传播活动,这些活动逐渐体现为广泛性、多样性和周期性。美国妈祖... 美国妈祖文化缘起于中国移民的妈祖信仰与祭祀,其形成体现在美国多座妈祖宫庙的建设;美国妈祖文化的发展则表现为以该国诸多妈祖宫庙为载体和传播平台,举办一系列妈祖文化传播活动,这些活动逐渐体现为广泛性、多样性和周期性。美国妈祖文化在其发展传播过程中,一直保持着与中国妈祖文化的互动交流。这种互动交流既是推动美国妈祖文化发展的力量源泉,也是美国妈祖文化在继承传统的基础上借鉴经验和开拓创新的途径。中美妈祖文化在多方面进行互动交流的同时,与妈祖文化有关的产业合作也随之展开。中美妈祖文化互动交流还存在着强化的必要:一是中美妈祖文化互动交流范围还很少扩展到辽宁、天津、上海等具有丰富深厚妈祖文化资源的省市;二是我国一些省市妈祖文化发展也体现出国际交流的趋势与需求;三是中美妈祖文化交流还更多地在妈祖文化民间组织和学术机构进行;四是中美妈祖文化互动交流的内容还有创新的空间。因此,强化中美妈祖文化的交流仍具有重要的海洋经济文化发展意义和文化交流发展创新战略意义。 展开更多
关键词 美国 妈祖文化 发展传播 互动交流
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美国大学课堂诗歌工作坊运作--以圣约翰大学为例 预览
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作者 陈津津 《广东外语外贸大学学报》 2019年第3期110-115,136共7页
以圣约翰大学为例,美国大学课堂诗歌工作坊的运作包括选课条件、课程目标、考核标准、评论规则以及其他课程要求与规则的设置;讲授、自由发言讨论和圆桌式依次轮流评论工作坊两种课堂教学模式以及形式多样的课堂写作训练活动的开展等环... 以圣约翰大学为例,美国大学课堂诗歌工作坊的运作包括选课条件、课程目标、考核标准、评论规则以及其他课程要求与规则的设置;讲授、自由发言讨论和圆桌式依次轮流评论工作坊两种课堂教学模式以及形式多样的课堂写作训练活动的开展等环节。贯穿美国大学本科诗歌工作坊运作最核心的原则就是对年轻学生进行全方位的诗歌创作灵感的激发、鼓励和保护,从而促成大量年轻诗人和诗歌读者的产生。而这正是当前美国诗歌复兴的重要表现和原因。中国大学可借鉴美国大学诗歌工作坊的运作经验,建设中文诗歌工作坊和英语诗歌工作坊。 展开更多
关键词 创意写作 工作坊 诗歌 美国
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The Functions of Rabbits in Of Mice and Men 预览
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作者 裴思远 《新一代:理论版》 2019年第12期22-24,共3页
In 1930s, John Steinbeck, a distinguished Nobel Price owner, published the novel of mice and men, which depicts American labors’life vividly at that time. During the Great depression, labors at low social class were ... In 1930s, John Steinbeck, a distinguished Nobel Price owner, published the novel of mice and men, which depicts American labors’life vividly at that time. During the Great depression, labors at low social class were suppressed and they were confused about their future, struggling hard but eventually failed. In this book, the images of animals appear many times, linking the physical world with America dream and imaginary hopes. This article singles out one animal rabbit and tries to analyze the function of it. From a kind of innocent animal in the future to a satire to Lennie’s dream, the development of the images of rabbits are linked with Lennie’s fate and changes, symbolizing the unrealistic hope, foreshadowing the tragic ending and revealing the society. 展开更多
关键词 The AMERICAN DREAM Of Mice and MEN RABBITS
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