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太极拳锻炼对警察轻度抑郁、焦虑的影响研究 预览
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作者 杨雷 《哈尔滨体育学院学报》 2020年第1期83-86,共4页
研究目的:探究太极拳锻炼对警察轻度抑郁焦虑状态的影响效果和价值。研究方法:在哈尔滨市区内招募在职警察105名,随机分为太极组、快走组和对照组,分别于实验前、实验24周后,采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)和焦虑自评量表(SAS)测评三组实验对象... 研究目的:探究太极拳锻炼对警察轻度抑郁焦虑状态的影响效果和价值。研究方法:在哈尔滨市区内招募在职警察105名,随机分为太极组、快走组和对照组,分别于实验前、实验24周后,采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)和焦虑自评量表(SAS)测评三组实验对象的心理状态。研究结果:实验24周后,太极组、快走组SDS、SAS得分显著性降低(P<0.05),其中太极组与实验前相比,具有非常显著性差异(P<0.01);太极组SDS、SAS得分显著低于快走组(P<0.05),非常显著低于对照组(P<0.01),快走组SDS、SAS得分显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。研究结论:太极拳能够有效降低警察的轻度抑郁、焦虑的状态,其效果优于快走运动。 展开更多
关键词 太极拳 警察 抑郁 焦虑
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认知行为干预在青年支气管哮喘患者中的应用效果分析
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作者 崔静 李乾静 刘银芳 《临床心身疾病杂志》 CAS 2019年第5期87-90,共4页
目的探讨认知行为干预在青年支气管哮喘患者中的应用效果.方法将96例青年支气管哮喘患者依据住院时间分为常规组48例,干预组48例,两组均接受支气管哮喘常规治疗及护理,干预组在常规组基础上予以认知行为干预,观察2周.干预前后采用汉密... 目的探讨认知行为干预在青年支气管哮喘患者中的应用效果.方法将96例青年支气管哮喘患者依据住院时间分为常规组48例,干预组48例,两组均接受支气管哮喘常规治疗及护理,干预组在常规组基础上予以认知行为干预,观察2周.干预前后采用汉密顿焦虑量表评定焦虑状况,汉密顿抑郁量表评定抑郁状况,疾病不确定感量表评定患者的疾病不确定感,简易应对方式量表评定应对方式,统计两组患者护理满意度.结果干预后两组汉密顿焦虑量表、汉密顿抑郁量表、疾病不确定感量表、简易应对方式量表消极应对维度评分均较干预前显著下降(P<0.05或0.01),干预组评分均显著低于常规组(P<0.01);两组简易应对方式量表积极应对维度评分较干预前显著升高(P<0.01),干预组评分显著低于常规组(P<0.01);干预组护理满意度(91.7%)显著高于常规组(75.0%)(P<0.05).结论认知行为干预能显著改善青年支气管哮喘患者的焦虑、抑郁情绪及心理状态,提高积极应对能力及护理满意度,有利于促进患者的康复. 展开更多
关键词 支气管哮喘 认知行为干预 焦虑 抑郁 应对方式 心理状态 汉密顿焦虑量表 汉密顿抑郁量表 疾病不确定感量表 简易应对方式量表
雷贝拉唑联合枳术宽中胶囊治疗慢性非萎缩性胃炎伴焦虑抑郁的临床研究 预览
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作者 韩英 于永强 李多 《河北北方学院学报:自然科学版》 2019年第6期8-11,共4页
目的探讨雷贝拉唑联合枳术宽中胶囊对合并焦虑抑郁的慢性非萎缩性胃炎(chronic non-atrophic gastritis,CNAG)的治疗效果。方法选取80例合并焦虑抑郁的慢性非萎缩性胃炎患者,随机分为对照组和观察组各40例。对照组患者给予雷贝拉唑和莫... 目的探讨雷贝拉唑联合枳术宽中胶囊对合并焦虑抑郁的慢性非萎缩性胃炎(chronic non-atrophic gastritis,CNAG)的治疗效果。方法选取80例合并焦虑抑郁的慢性非萎缩性胃炎患者,随机分为对照组和观察组各40例。对照组患者给予雷贝拉唑和莫沙必利治疗,观察组患者给予雷贝拉唑和枳术宽中胶囊治疗,2组均治疗1个月,比较2组临床疗效、治疗前后汉密尔顿焦虑量表(Hamilton anxiety scale,HAMA)和汉密尔顿抑郁量表(Hamilton depression scale,HAMD)评分及不良反应发生率。结果治疗结束后观察组总有效率为95.00%,显著高于对照组的75.00%(P<0.05);治疗结束后,观察组与对照组HAMA、HAMD评分均低于治疗前(P<0.05),观察组HAMA、HAMD评分低于对照组(P<0.05);治疗结束后观察组不良反应发生率与对照组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论雷贝拉唑联合枳术宽中胶囊可有效改善CNAG合并焦虑抑郁患者的胃肠功及焦虑、抑郁情绪,疗效确切,安全性较高,值得推广应用。 展开更多
关键词 枳术宽中胶囊 慢性非萎缩性胃炎 焦虑 抑郁 汉密尔顿焦虑量表 汉密尔顿抑郁量表
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Psychiatric Complications of Obesity and Its Treatment: A Brief Review 预览
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作者 Ghanem Al Hassani Amir A. Mufaddel 《精神病学期刊(英文)》 2019年第4期267-280,共14页
Obesity—defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or more—is associated with a wide range of medical and psychiatric complications. Physical co-morbidities include: insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus,... Obesity—defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or more—is associated with a wide range of medical and psychiatric complications. Physical co-morbidities include: insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, asthma, hypertension, coronary heart disease, osteoarthritis of the knee and polycystic ovary syndrome. Mental health problems are particularly more common among individuals presenting for treatment of obesity than those in the community. They have higher rates of depression, anxiety, increased substance abuse and an increased prevalence in eating disorders. It has been estimated that up to 60% of extremely obese individuals have been suffering from an Axis I psychiatric disorder;most commonly mood and anxiety disorders. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can occur with obesity and can also lead to sleep disorders and psychiatric complications. Up to 40% of patients with sleep apnea were found to have affective disorder or alcohol abuse. Weight loss medications and surgery may add to the problem of psychological complications of obesity. For example, in 2008, rimonabant development was discontinued by manufacturer as it has been associated with an increased risk of adverse psychiatric events including suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior. On the other hand, the prevalence of obesity is also high among patents with psychiatric illness, which can be caused by the effects of psychotropic medications which can lead to increased appetite, weight gain, sedation and psychomotor retardation. Obesity is reported in more than 60% of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Food intake is regulated by several neurotransmitters, peptides and amino acids. Antipsychotics which block dopamine D2 receptors increase appetite and result in significant weight gain, while drugs that increase brain dopamine concentration are anorexigenic. 展开更多
关键词 OBESITY PSYCHIATRIC COMPLICATIONS Anxiety Depression MOOD Disorder Sleep Apnea BARIATRIC Surgery ANTIPSYCHOTICS
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不同证型功能性消化不良与焦虑抑郁状态的相关性 预览
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作者 付丽鹤 时昭红 黄亮亮 《安徽医药》 CAS 2019年第8期1529-1532,共4页
目的探讨不同证型功能性消化不良(FD)与焦虑、抑郁状态的相关性。方法采用随机数字表法,选取2015年1~12月就诊于武汉市中西医结合医院消化内科,经罗马Ⅲ标准确诊的FD病人60例(FD组),招募同期健康志愿者22例(HS组)。将FD组中医辨证分型,... 目的探讨不同证型功能性消化不良(FD)与焦虑、抑郁状态的相关性。方法采用随机数字表法,选取2015年1~12月就诊于武汉市中西医结合医院消化内科,经罗马Ⅲ标准确诊的FD病人60例(FD组),招募同期健康志愿者22例(HS组)。将FD组中医辨证分型,脾虚气滞型28例,脾虚湿阻型17例,脾阳虚型15例,并对受试者进行症状量表评分及医院焦虑抑郁量表(HAD量表)积分评定。结果(1) FD组焦虑、抑郁状态评分[(9.31±2.23)分、(10.17±2.30)分)]均高于HS组[(8.22±2.07)分、(8.63±1.81)分],差异有统计学意义(P=0.049,0.015)。(2)辨证为脾虚气滞型FD病人焦虑状态评分(10.59±2.01)分高于脾虚湿阻型(9.40±1.72)分(P=0.048)及脾阳虚型(9.27±1.23)分(P=0.033);抑郁状态评分(10.75±2.65)分高于脾虚湿阻型(9.24±1.75)分(P=0.014)。(3)辨证为脾虚气滞型及脾阳虚型FD病人症状积分与焦虑、抑郁状态呈显著性正相关(rs=0.61、0.53、0.63、0.57,P<0.05)。结论功能性消化不良病人大多伴有焦虑、抑郁状态,脾失健运是其致病关键,临证中辨证基础上应注重健脾理气、养心安神之法的应用。 展开更多
关键词 消化不良 脾气虚 脾阳虚 脾阴虚 寒湿困脾 肺脾两虚 焦虑 抑郁 安神 益气健脾 医院焦虑抑郁量表
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中医综合护理对颈椎病焦虑情绪及生活质量的影响
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作者 王茜 《实用中医内科杂志》 2019年第9期68-70,共3页
[目的]观察中医综合护理对颈椎病焦虑情绪及生活质量的影响疗效。[方法]将120例门诊患者按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组60例。对照组常规护理。观察组:膳食调理、按摩穴位、恢复指导、起居指导、中医锻炼。连续干预2个月为1疗程。观... [目的]观察中医综合护理对颈椎病焦虑情绪及生活质量的影响疗效。[方法]将120例门诊患者按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组60例。对照组常规护理。观察组:膳食调理、按摩穴位、恢复指导、起居指导、中医锻炼。连续干预2个月为1疗程。观测临床表现、抑郁自评量表、焦虑自评量表评分、视觉模拟疼痛量表、颈痛量表评分、不良反应。干预1疗程(2个月),判定疗效。[结果]SDS、SAS评分两组均有改善(P<0.01),治疗组改善优于对照组(P<0.01)。VAS、NPQ评分两组均有改善(P<0.01),治疗组改善优于对照组(P<0.01)。[结论]中医综合护理能明显改善颈椎病患者焦虑及抑郁等负面情绪,减轻疼痛,提高生活质量。 展开更多
关键词 颈椎病 焦虑情绪 生活质量 中医综合 抑郁自评量表 焦虑自评量表 视觉模拟疼痛量表 颈痛量表评分
编辑的技术焦虑 预览
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作者 郭庆华 《编辑之友》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第7期77-84,共8页
编辑的技术焦虑是编辑与技术纠缠历史新的时代表征。这种焦虑心理并非没有意义。编辑的技术焦虑产生于编辑与技术自然和谐关系的破裂,有着深刻广阔的技术发展背景;编辑的技术焦虑表现为位置焦虑、信任焦虑、本体焦虑三种不同类型,形成... 编辑的技术焦虑是编辑与技术纠缠历史新的时代表征。这种焦虑心理并非没有意义。编辑的技术焦虑产生于编辑与技术自然和谐关系的破裂,有着深刻广阔的技术发展背景;编辑的技术焦虑表现为位置焦虑、信任焦虑、本体焦虑三种不同类型,形成于编辑权威、编辑阶层、编辑内涵三个根本被动摇;编辑的技术焦虑具有积极意义,其效果是最大可能、最大程度地提升和实现编辑的职业价值;预测未来,编辑的技术焦虑将会发生新的质变。 展开更多
关键词 编辑 焦虑 技术焦虑 编辑与技术
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Anxiety from a Work Conflict May Be Exacerbated by Lack of Knowledge of Work Life Rules—A Case Series 预览
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作者 John E. Berg 《精神病学期刊(英文)》 2019年第3期215-219,共5页
Job performance is dependent on a multitude of factors in the work place, the personal characteristics of the employees and the personal performance or leading strategies of the employer. Food retail shops in Norway a... Job performance is dependent on a multitude of factors in the work place, the personal characteristics of the employees and the personal performance or leading strategies of the employer. Food retail shops in Norway are staffed with young persons, often students seeking part time jobs. Trade union membership is rare, and occupational health service is distant if existing at all. The aim was to present the development of three young workers in relation to the handling of length and timing of workdays and sickness absence. All three were referred to a private psychiatric practice because of increasing anxiety and depressive traits. Two had symptoms interfering with their academic study performance leading to sickness absence. A hitherto unknown bipolar disorder became evident and needed medication and further psychotherapy. The unfavourable work environment was deemed the most probable provoking factor for the reduction in functional performance in these otherwise healthy young students. 展开更多
关键词 WORK Environment ANXIETY Functional Ability EXPLOITATION
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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Anxiety and Depression in Expectant Mothers at Parakou in 2018 预览
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作者 Anselme Djidonou Francis Tognon Tchegnonsi +4 位作者 Christel Crédo Mahugnon Ahouandjinou Boris Houinou Ebo Covali Melic Bokossa Jivaterd Degla Emilie Fiossi-Kpadonou 《精神病学期刊(英文)》 2019年第3期235-247,共13页
Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders can disturb the development of pregnancies. The goal was to study the prevalence and factors associated with anxiety and depression in expectant mothers followed in public ... Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders can disturb the development of pregnancies. The goal was to study the prevalence and factors associated with anxiety and depression in expectant mothers followed in public maternity wards of Parakou in 2018. Population and methods: It was a cross- sectional study which consisted in an exhaustive census and a consecutive recruitment of 835 expectant mothers from June 14th to September 14th, 2018. Data collection was realized through interview between the investigator and the respondent basing on a questionnaire in which were integrated Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-3 (EPDS-3), EPDS and modular Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey (IHLCS-2015) to assess respectively anxiety, depression and expectant mothers’ socio-economic level. Results: The prevalences of anxiety and depression were respectively 44.91% and 35.33%. Many factors were associated with anxiety and depression. Low socio-economic level increased 6.7 times the risk of developing anxiety (OR = 6.70;IC95% [2.83 - 13.00];p = 0.000) and 8.64 times the risk for the onset of depression (OR = 8.64;IC95% [3.09 - 17.18];p = 0.000). Celibacy increased 2.67 times the risk of developing anxiety (OR = 2.67;IC95% [1.19 - 5.98];p = 0.000) and 2.18 times the one of depression (OR = 2.18;IC95% [1.07 - 4.40];p = 0.000). Low economic level and celibacy were the main psychosocial determinants of anxiety and depression in expectant mothers. Conclusion: The implementation of multidisciplinary action program centred on improving purchasing power would reduce the risk of anxiety and depression in expectant mothers. 展开更多
关键词 ANXIETY DEPRESSION SOCIAL Determinants Expectant Mothers
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人工全膝关节置换术患者手术等待期焦虑水平的调查分析 预览
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作者 陈茹 张珏琼 +2 位作者 沈中鸣 王钧 郝德霞 《中西医结合护理(中英文)》 2019年第2期105-107,共3页
目的评估人工全膝关节置换术(TKA)患者手术等待期的焦虑状况。方法选取择期行TKA患者121例,采用状态焦虑问卷(S-AI)对手术前晚、手术日晨和入手术室3个时间点的焦虑水平进行调查。比较患者不同时间点生命体征及S-AI评分,以及首台与接台... 目的评估人工全膝关节置换术(TKA)患者手术等待期的焦虑状况。方法选取择期行TKA患者121例,采用状态焦虑问卷(S-AI)对手术前晚、手术日晨和入手术室3个时间点的焦虑水平进行调查。比较患者不同时间点生命体征及S-AI评分,以及首台与接台患者不同时间点的S-AI评分。结果入手术室时,患者的脉率、收缩压、舒张压及S-AI评分均高于手术前晚和手术日晨,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);接台患者手术前晚、手术日晨及入手术室时S-AI评分均高于首台患者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论 TKA患者手术等待期焦虑水平随着手术时间的临近而逐渐升高,且接台患者发生焦虑的风险高于首台患者。 展开更多
关键词 全膝关节置换术 焦虑 状态-特质焦虑 血压 脉搏
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高血压与焦虑
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作者 胡哲 陈歆 《世界临床药物》 CAS 2019年第7期470-473,共4页
高血压与焦虑(障碍)均是常见的社会公众问题。研究发现,焦虑障碍者发生高血压的风险增高,而焦虑与高血压的相关性还有待进一步研究。高血压合并焦虑的患者更易发生夜间高血压,出现非杓型或反杓型血压,且血压变异性大。β受体阻断剂及非... 高血压与焦虑(障碍)均是常见的社会公众问题。研究发现,焦虑障碍者发生高血压的风险增高,而焦虑与高血压的相关性还有待进一步研究。高血压合并焦虑的患者更易发生夜间高血压,出现非杓型或反杓型血压,且血压变异性大。β受体阻断剂及非药物疗法(主要为冥想)可能可以同时改善血压和焦虑。 展开更多
关键词 焦虑 焦虑障碍 高血压 冥想
Effects of Neurexan on Stress-Induced Changes of Spectral EEG Power: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Exploratory Trial in Human Volunteers 预览
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作者 Wilfried Dimpfel 《神经科学国际期刊(英文)》 2019年第3期100-112,共13页
Neurexan is a multicomponent natural medicinal product?used?for?stress-related?symptoms such as nervous restlessness and insomnia. The present study?investigated?the?efficacy?of Neurexan on stress-induced changes of b... Neurexan is a multicomponent natural medicinal product?used?for?stress-related?symptoms such as nervous restlessness and insomnia. The present study?investigated?the?efficacy?of Neurexan on stress-induced changes of brainwave frequencies?using quantitative analysis of spectral EEG power. Thirty healthy male and female volunteers were tested in a randomized, placebo controlled cross-over trial under conditions of relaxation and experimental stress-in-?duction. Recording of the EEG was performed over four hours after drug administration. Data was?analyzed using the proprietary fast dynamic EEG technology Neurocode-Tracking. Quantitative EEG revealed a task dependent increase of beta2 power as a surrogate parameter of stress induced anxiety. The elevated frontotemporal beta2 power was ameliorated by intake of Neurexan during the second and third hour after administration. This indicates that Neurexan is effectively helping subjects to better cope with task-related stress situations. 展开更多
关键词 STRESS Anxiety QEEG Brain Map Brainwave Frequency HOMEOPATHY Neurexan Nx4
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护理干预对急性心肌梗死介入治疗术后焦虑情绪的影响 预览
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作者 饶建云 张瑞 《中国继续医学教育》 2019年第3期168-170,共3页
目的探讨护理干预对急性心肌梗死介入治疗术后焦虑情绪的影响。方法选取2017年1月—2018年3月我院收治的急性心肌梗死介入治疗患者180例作为研究对象。采用随机数字表法,将其分为两组,每组各90例。对照组患者接受常规护理,观察组患者接... 目的探讨护理干预对急性心肌梗死介入治疗术后焦虑情绪的影响。方法选取2017年1月—2018年3月我院收治的急性心肌梗死介入治疗患者180例作为研究对象。采用随机数字表法,将其分为两组,每组各90例。对照组患者接受常规护理,观察组患者接受常规护理+护理干预,对比两组患者的心理状态。结果护理后,观察组患者HAMA评分为(6.37±1.09)分,SAS评分为(25.79±5.30)分,均低于对照组的[(13.52±1.34)分、(30.51±4.36)分],差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论急性心肌梗死介入治疗术后患者接受护理干预的效果更佳,能够有效改善其焦虑情绪。 展开更多
关键词 急性心肌梗死 介入治疗 焦虑情绪 护理干预 焦虑评分 心理状态 影响
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围手术期的心理评估与心脏术后脑损害及其他因素的相关性 预览
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作者 李恩泽 李倩琴 +3 位作者 王睿苓 郑少忆 罗治文 肖泽周 《分子影像学杂志》 2019年第3期383-387,共5页
目的探讨心脏围手术期焦虑抑郁状态与各个因素及术后发生脑损伤的相关性。方法采用Spearman相关分析心脏术前、术后患者的焦虑抑郁状态与反应脑功能损害的指标神经元特异性烯醇化以及术前、术后各个因素的相关性。结果心脏手术患者围手... 目的探讨心脏围手术期焦虑抑郁状态与各个因素及术后发生脑损伤的相关性。方法采用Spearman相关分析心脏术前、术后患者的焦虑抑郁状态与反应脑功能损害的指标神经元特异性烯醇化以及术前、术后各个因素的相关性。结果心脏手术患者围手术期存在轻度的焦虑抑郁状态,患者的焦虑抑郁评分与反应心脏功能的NYHA分级、术前的氧合指数、肝肾功能没有相关性,提示患者的焦虑抑郁状态主要由于对病情及手术的顾虑导致。结论本研究同时也发现患者围手术期的焦虑抑郁状态与术后发生肝肾功能、脑损害无关。 展开更多
关键词 心脏手术 焦虑 抑郁 汉密尔顿焦虑量表 汉密尔顿抑郁量表 症状自评量表
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阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征患者嗜睡与焦虑抑郁情绪的相关性研究
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作者 朱春明 张鹤 郑锐 《中国基层医药》 CAS 2019年第4期453-456,共4页
目的探讨阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)患者日间嗜睡与焦虑抑郁的相关性。方法对2015年9月至2017年9月因睡眠打鼾就诊于中国医科大学附属盛京医院呼吸内科的117名受试者收集一般资料、进行Epworth嗜睡量表(ESS)、抑郁自评量表(... 目的探讨阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)患者日间嗜睡与焦虑抑郁的相关性。方法对2015年9月至2017年9月因睡眠打鼾就诊于中国医科大学附属盛京医院呼吸内科的117名受试者收集一般资料、进行Epworth嗜睡量表(ESS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)问卷调查及多导睡眠检测检查。比较单纯鼾症与OSAHS组各项结果差异,分析ESS评分与SDS和SAS评分的相关性。结果OSAHS组受试者ESS、SDS、SAS评分分别为(16.24±3.82)分、(46.27±9.01)分、(48.21±9.44)分,单纯鼾症组ESS、SDS、SAS评分分别为(6.0±2.58)分、(35.50±18.40)分、(36.55±17.97)分,OSAHS组ESS、SDS、SAS评分均高于单纯鼾症组,差异均有统计学意义(t=-14.425、-2.521、-2.780,均P<0.05);OSAHS组患者SDS、SAS评分与ESS评分均存在相关性(r=0.419、0.313,均P<0.05)。结论OSAHS患者嗜睡及焦虑、抑郁情绪较单纯鼾症者更重;OSAHS患者ESS评分可以反映病情严重程度,患者的嗜睡程度与抑郁、焦虑情绪具有相关性。 展开更多
关键词 嗜睡 焦虑 抑郁 阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征 EPWORTH嗜睡量表 抑郁自评量表 焦虑自评量表 单纯鼾症
Correlates of Anxiety Disorder among Patients with Seizure Disorders in a Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Nigeria 预览
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作者 Nasiru Olamide Madandola Shehu Sale +3 位作者 Adebayo Sunday Adebisi Ayodele Obembe Abdulfatai Tomori Bakare Ishak Abioda Danjuma 《精神病学期刊(英文)》 2019年第2期68-80,共13页
Background: Anxiety may complicate epilepsy as is often the case out of the various psychiatric comorbidities patients can suffer from when they are suffering from epilepsy. The aim of this study was to estimate the p... Background: Anxiety may complicate epilepsy as is often the case out of the various psychiatric comorbidities patients can suffer from when they are suffering from epilepsy. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of anxiety among patients that had epilepsy and also to examine the associated socio-demographic and clinical factors that are associated with and eventually predictive of this psychiatric comorbidity. Materials and Method: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study that involved the use of General Health Questionnaire, version 28 (GHQ-28) and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), which were used independently to investigate each of the 400 consecutive participants in this study over a period of 24 weeks. The diagnosis of epilepsy was based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) diagnostic criteria and all participants with anxiety were diagnosed using CIDI. A proforma Questionnaire was used to assess the socio-demographic and some clinical variables among patients. Logistic regression was done to determine the predictors of anxiety in the study participants. Results: When screened with GHQ-28, 71 people (17.8%) met criteria for caseness. When all the participants were examined using CIDI, 12 (3%) were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. The variables found to be the predictors of anxiety were family history of psychiatric disorders (p = 0.045), fear of having seizure (p = 0.036) and GHQ caseness (p = 0.002). Conclusion: The study showed the existence of anxiety disorders among patients with seizure disorder. This is an important association with seizure disorders which is often overlooked. It will be beneficial to these patients if this co-morbidity is actively looked out for. Patients suffering from seizure disorder that have a family history of mental illness should be considered for an assessment of anxiety disorder. Psychological intervention for anticipatory fear of seizure should be employed by mental health professionals. 展开更多
关键词 EPILEPSY ANXIETY CORRELATES NIGERIA
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Biomarkers of Mental Illness—What Can We Learn from Circadian Heart Rate? 预览
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作者 Hans G. Stampfer Simon B. Dimmitt 《精神病学期刊(英文)》 2019年第2期107-123,共17页
Background: Much research in psychiatry has been a search for diagnostic biomarkers of mental illness but practically useful markers have remained elusive. The problem may be unrealistic expectations and the aim in th... Background: Much research in psychiatry has been a search for diagnostic biomarkers of mental illness but practically useful markers have remained elusive. The problem may be unrealistic expectations and the aim in this paper is to show that the relationship between circadian heart rate and psychiatric status can contribute to useful understanding in this regard. Aim: To discuss the biomarker implications of changes in circadian heart rate (CHR) in psychiatric disorders. Methods: Comparisons of CHR were made between and within individuals receiving treatment for different psychiatric disorders diagnosed according to criteria defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Results: Broadly different DSM-5 disorders are associated with distinctly different changes in CHR. Some disorders are more consistently associated with distinctive changes but CHR does not predict symptoms or specific clinical diagnoses reliably. Changes in CHR, particularly during sleep, are state-dependent. Clinical improvement is associated with normalisation of CHR. Conclusion: Changes in CHR are a part of the physiological changes in mental illness. Distinctly different changes in CHR suggest distinctly different physiological changes that may constitute diagnostic discrimination at a physiological level. An analysis of CHR can add objective adjunct information to clinical assessment and the evaluation of treatment but does not predict symptoms or clinical diagnoses reliably. Much the same is likely to apply to all candidate biomarkers of mental illness. 展开更多
关键词 CIRCADIAN Heart Rate Anxiety Depression MANIA SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER SCHIZOPHRENIA PERSONALITY DISORDER
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焦虑情绪的阅读疗法实证研究--以高校女职工育儿焦虑为例
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作者 林佳瑜 《图书情报工作》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第12期59-65,共7页
[目的/意义]高校女职工是职场女性的部分缩影,职场女性身兼母亲的角色,意味着大部分女职工在承担工作的同时还承载着孕育生命和教育小孩的使命,承受更多育儿责任和压力,需要面临和处理各类情绪的困扰,其中焦虑情绪和育儿焦虑在她们身上... [目的/意义]高校女职工是职场女性的部分缩影,职场女性身兼母亲的角色,意味着大部分女职工在承担工作的同时还承载着孕育生命和教育小孩的使命,承受更多育儿责任和压力,需要面临和处理各类情绪的困扰,其中焦虑情绪和育儿焦虑在她们身上尤为突出。[方法/过程]以育儿焦虑为切入点,初步选取有育儿焦虑的高校女职工,对备选对象使用艾森克情绪稳定性测验作为干预前情绪状况的评定方法,进而确定阅读疗法的相关实验对象,通过设计有针对性的阅读方案,分三个阶段逐步深入展开阅读治疗,辅以各种媒介和方式对实验对象进行全程指导和干预,最后再次通过调查问卷和艾森克情绪稳定性测验评估实验对象的阅读疗效。[结果/结论]检测结果显示,此次阅读疗法是有较好疗效的;焦虑情绪的阅读疗法,需找准切入点,对症下书,治标治本结合,书籍配伍,有主有次,逐步深入阅读治疗。 展开更多
关键词 焦虑情绪 高校女职工 育儿焦虑 阅读疗法 艾森克情绪稳定测试
The Common Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in Northern Saudi Arabia 预览
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作者 Saleh Hadi Alharbi 《临床医学国际期刊(英文)》 2019年第2期91-100,共10页
Background: Several psychological factors have been linked to the etiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of the present study was to assess the burden of psychological factors (anxiety, depression, and wo... Background: Several psychological factors have been linked to the etiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of the present study was to assess the burden of psychological factors (anxiety, depression, and working status) in the etiology of IBS in Northern Saudi Arabia. Methodology: Data regarding IBS were attained from 930 Saudi volunteers existing in the city of Hail, Northern Saudi Arabia. A purposeful questionnaire was developed and used to obtain the required data. Each questionnaire was completed by a medical student in the course of the interview. Results: IBS symptoms were recognized in 46% of the study population of whom 38% were males and 62% were females. The risk of anxiety as a risk for IBS was statistically significant. The relative risk and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = RR (95% CI) = 1.4801 (1.2608 to 1.7376), P Conclusion: IBS and IBS related symptoms are prevalent in Northern Saudi Arabia. IBS symptoms are significantly associated with anxiety, depression and to a lesser extent may be linked to occupation and daily working hours. 展开更多
关键词 IRRITABLE BOWEL Syndrome ANXIETY Depression EMOTIONAL Stress Working Hours SAUDI ARABIA
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心律失常患者抗焦虑治疗的效果观察
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作者 刘风琴 《中国基层医药》 CAS 2019年第16期1937-1939,共3页
目的分析心律失常患者常规治疗同时给予抗焦虑治疗的临床效果。方法选取邯郸市第四医院2015年2月至2017年2月收治的心律失常患者111例为研究对象,按照入住单双号病房分为观察组62例和对照组49例。对照组采用常规抗心律失常药物治疗,观... 目的分析心律失常患者常规治疗同时给予抗焦虑治疗的临床效果。方法选取邯郸市第四医院2015年2月至2017年2月收治的心律失常患者111例为研究对象,按照入住单双号病房分为观察组62例和对照组49例。对照组采用常规抗心律失常药物治疗,观察组在对照组基础上给予小剂量抗焦虑药物治疗,两组疗程均为10d,比较两组临床效果、症状开始改善时间及不良反应。结果观察组有效率为96.8%(60/62),对照组有效率为77.6%(38/49),两组差异有统计学意义(χ^2=9.78,P<0.05);观察组症状显著改善时间(4.7±1.1)d,对照组(6.9±1.3)d,两组差异有统计学意义(t=7.33,P<0.05);两组不良反应发生率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论心律失常与焦虑有一定的关系,联合抗焦虑治疗,可提高心律失常患者的疗效,缩短疗程,改善预后。 展开更多
关键词 心律失常 心性 抗心律失常药 焦虑 抗焦虑药 药物疗法 联合 剂量效应关系 药物 心电描记术 便携式 治疗结果 对比研究
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