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Cultural Symbols in Chinese Architecture 预览
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作者 Donia Zhang 《建筑与设计评论》 2019年第1期31-47,共17页
Culture has been recognized as the fourth pillar of sustainable development,and culture is often viewed as a system of symbols that arises from human interpretations of the world.The cultural codes of symbols and symb... Culture has been recognized as the fourth pillar of sustainable development,and culture is often viewed as a system of symbols that arises from human interpretations of the world.The cultural codes of symbols and symbolism are imperative to be reexamined for any reinterpretation of a traditional culture.This article explores the origin and meaning of the Yin Yang symbol in Chinese culture,and its subsequent numerological and color applications in classical Chinese architecture,such as Sanqing(Three Pure Ones),Wuxing(Five Natural Elements),Bagua(Eight Trigrams)in courtyard house design,and Jiugongtu(Nine Constellations Magic Square Matrix)and Jingtianzhi(Nine Squares land ownership system)in imperial Chinese city planning.The examples cited are Beijing siheyuan(courtyard houses),the Forbidden City,the Temple of Heaven,and Ningbo’s Tianyi Ge library.The paper aims to inspire younger generations to continue Chinese architectural heritage,and respect traditional principles when planning and designing architectural projects.It finally proposes the Yin Yang Yuan symbol to expand traditional Yin Yang symbol,to solve the dilemma of binary thinking and to avoid extremities. 展开更多
关键词 CHINESE ARCHITECTURE CHINESE PHILOSOPHY CHINESE COSMOLOGY CHINESE CULTURE CHINESE numerology CHINESE COLORS
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A Large Chinese Text Dataset in the Wild
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作者 Tai-Ling Yuan Zhe Zhu +3 位作者 Kun Xu Cheng-Jun Li Tai-Jiang Mu Shi-Min Hu 《计算机科学技术学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第3期509-521,共13页
In this paper,we introduce a very large Chinese text dataset,in the wild.While optical character recognition(OCR)in document images is well studied and many commercial tools are available,the detection and recognition... In this paper,we introduce a very large Chinese text dataset,in the wild.While optical character recognition(OCR)in document images is well studied and many commercial tools are available,the detection and recognition of text in natural images is still a challenging problem,especially for some more complicated character sets such as Chinese text.Lack of training data has always been a problem,especially for deep learning methods which require massive training data.In this paper,we provide details of a newly created dataset of Chinese text with about 1 million Chinese characters from 3850 unique ones annotated by experts in over 30 000 street view images.This is a challenging dataset with good diversity containing planar text,raised text,text under poor illumination,distant text,partially occluded text,etc.For each character,the annotation includes its underlying character,bounding box,and six attributes.The attributes indicate the charactcr's background complexity,appearance,style,etc.Besides the dataset,we give baseline results using state-of-the-art methods for tliree tasks:character recognition(top-1 accuracy of 80.5%),character detection(AP of 70.9%),and text line detection(AED of 22.1).The dataset,source code,and trained models are publicly available. 展开更多
关键词 CHINESE TEXT DATASET CHINESE TEXT detection CHINESE TEXT RECOGNITION
Intercultural Competence Development of Chinese Students After a Short-Term Study Abroad Experience 预览
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作者 Shuangmei Gao Teresa J. Kennedy 《中美英语教学:英文版》 2019年第5期177-196,共20页
This study investigated Chinese students’ intercultural competence and linguistic growth during a six-week study abroad program. The students and their professor participated in pre- and post-tests covering written a... This study investigated Chinese students’ intercultural competence and linguistic growth during a six-week study abroad program. The students and their professor participated in pre- and post-tests covering written and oral language competency as well as intercultural competence. The Global Scale of English assessed student language development to determine linguistic growth and the Assessment of Intercultural Competence of Chinese College Students (AIC-CCS) was used to determine student growth of intercultural competence skills, specifically related to cultural knowledge, skills, attitudes, and awareness as a result of their experiences in a non-Western context. Results indicated that students experienced a change in the salience of intercultural knowledge themes over their period abroad, as well as improved their individual language abilities. This study provides suggestions for future programming focused on the development of Chinese student intercultural competencies during short-term study abroad experiences in Western university environments. 展开更多
关键词 ENGLISH LANGUAGE development linguistic growth Global Scale of ENGLISH second LANGUAGE (L2) INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE competence (ICC) CHINESE college students CHINESE context
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汉语识字策略对英语词汇学习的启示 预览
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作者 彭艳虹 《怀化学院学报》 2019年第6期113-115,共3页
汉语对英语学习的影响并非只有负迁移,它们在许多层面上会发生正迁移。就汉语汉字学习与英语单词学习而言,汉语同音字与英语同音词、汉语形近字与英语形近词以及汉语形声字与英语派生词之间都可以发生正迁移。合理利用汉字学习与英语词... 汉语对英语学习的影响并非只有负迁移,它们在许多层面上会发生正迁移。就汉语汉字学习与英语单词学习而言,汉语同音字与英语同音词、汉语形近字与英语形近词以及汉语形声字与英语派生词之间都可以发生正迁移。合理利用汉字学习与英语词汇学习之间的正迁移,可以事半功倍地学习英语词汇。 展开更多
关键词 二语习得 正迁移 汉语 英语 汉字 词汇学习
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徐浩:《中世纪西欧工商业研究》
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作者 Wang Chaohua 《世界史研究:英文版》 2019年第1期120-123,共4页
In the Chinese context,the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is always the ultimate focus of academic research.For this reason,scholars engaged in the study of world history commonly spare no effort to find the... In the Chinese context,the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is always the ultimate focus of academic research.For this reason,scholars engaged in the study of world history commonly spare no effort to find the root of the"Great Divergence"between the East and the West,and try to find clues in a certain field or a certain historical period.In the study of the medieval history of Western Europe,economic and social transformation has long received attention from researchers,particularly the study of industrialization and commercialization.Discussions and debates from different perspectives,such as fairs,markets,guilds,currency,prices and urbanization. 展开更多
关键词 CHINESE CONTEXT CHINESE NATION PRICES and URBANIZATION
Modified Tong Xie Yao Fang relieves solitary rectal ulcer syndrome:A case report 预览
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作者 Li-Li Zhang Wan-Shan Hao +2 位作者 Meng Xu Chang Li Yuan-Yuan Shi 《世界临床病例杂志》 2019年第15期2058-2064,共7页
BACKGROUND Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome(SRUS)is a rare rectal disorder characterized by bloody mucus in the stool,difficulty in defecation,pain,and anal swelling.To date,the etiology of this syndrome remains not wel... BACKGROUND Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome(SRUS)is a rare rectal disorder characterized by bloody mucus in the stool,difficulty in defecation,pain,and anal swelling.To date,the etiology of this syndrome remains not well understood and the diagnosis is frequently confused with other disorders,making treatment a clinical challenge.CASE SUMMARY A 50-year-old woman presented to our hospital with a 40-d history of bloody mucus in the stool and anal swelling.SRUS was suspected.Rectoscopy revealed a large,severe ulcerous lesion.Histologically,the lesion was characterized as chronic ulcer without clear tumor cells,and the final diagnosis of SRUS was made.The patient was treated with Chinese medicine therapy,with administration of Tong Xie Yao Fang.After 3 wk of treatment,the symptoms improved significantly.At 2-mo follow-up,rectoscopy in a local hospital showed healed ulcer scars without obvious protrusion 3 cm from the anal verge.CONCLUSION Chinese medicine therapy represents a potential treatment of SRUS with predominant rectal bleeding,mucinous discharge,and anal swelling pain. 展开更多
关键词 SOLITARY RECTAL ulcer syndrome CHINESE FORMULAS Tong Xie YAO Fang Er Shen WAN Ding Zhi Xiao WAN CHINESE medicine therapy Case report
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Animated Dreams
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作者 Sherry Qin 《北京周报:英文版》 2019年第33期44-45,共2页
"Every time I see a good comic or animation, I get excited for days, not merely for my appreciation for the work, but for my hopes for the entire Chinese animation and comics industries," Lin Ji, a cartoonis... "Every time I see a good comic or animation, I get excited for days, not merely for my appreciation for the work, but for my hopes for the entire Chinese animation and comics industries," Lin Ji, a cartoonist widely known as Guosite, with over 16 million followers on Chinese social media platform Weibo, wrote after watching the latest Chinese animated hit film, Ne Zha. 展开更多
关键词 CHINESE ANIMATION CHINESE SOCIAL media platform COMICS INDUSTRIES
Study on Agricultural Intellectual Property Protection and High-Quality Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Ginseng 预览
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作者 Yuanpeng SUN Zhe WU +2 位作者 Xueqin SIMA Yanling SUN Zheng CHENG 《亚洲农业研究:英文版》 2019年第6期5-11,共7页
Agricultural intellectual property has the functions of carrying forward agricultural cultural heritage,encouraging agricultural scientific and technological innovation,cultivating the brand of agricultural products a... Agricultural intellectual property has the functions of carrying forward agricultural cultural heritage,encouraging agricultural scientific and technological innovation,cultivating the brand of agricultural products and so on. The protection and application of agricultural intellectual property rights can enhance the vitality,innovation and competitiveness of agricultural economy,and promote the strategy of high-quality agricultural development and rural revitalization. Ginseng is a traditional medicinal variety with superior characteristics in Northeast China,and it is one of the most famous " three treasures" in Northeast China. This paper introduces ginseng( Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.) and its medicinal value,analyzes the traditional knowledge,biological genetic resources,new plant varieties,patents,geographical indications,trademarks and other agricultural intellectual property resources of ginseng,studies the traditional Chinese medicine GAP certification and certification of " Three Agricultural Products" and the construction of the dominant area of agricultural product( Fusong ginseng) with Chinese characteristics,and explores the rural revitalization strategy and traditional Chinese medicine development strategy,ginseng agricultural intellectual property protection and high quality development strategy. 展开更多
关键词 GINSENG TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE AGRICULTURAL intellectual property rights Development STRATEGY of TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE Rural revitalization STRATEGY
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Neural recovery machine for Chinese dropped pronoun
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作者 Weinan ZHANG Ting LIU +1 位作者 Qingyu YIN Yu ZHANG 《中国计算机科学前沿:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第5期1023-1033,共11页
Dropped pronouns (DPs) are ubiquitous in pro-drop languages like Chinese, Japanese etc. Previous work mainly focused on painstakingly exploring the empirical features for DPs recovery. In this paper, we propose a neur... Dropped pronouns (DPs) are ubiquitous in pro-drop languages like Chinese, Japanese etc. Previous work mainly focused on painstakingly exploring the empirical features for DPs recovery. In this paper, we propose a neural recovery machine (NRM) to model and recover DPs in Chinese to avoid the non-trivial feature engineering process. The experimental results show that the proposed NRM significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches on two heterogeneous datasets. Further experimental results of Chinese zero pronoun (ZP) resolution show that the performance of ZP resolution can also be improved by recovering the ZPs to DPs. 展开更多
关键词 NEURAL network CHINESE dropped PRONOUN re-covery CHINESE ZERO PRONOUN RESOLUTION
Prescribing Chinese patent medicines without traditional Chinese medicine training is now banned in China 预览
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作者 《TMR传统医学研究》 2019年第5期222-223,共2页
On July 1, 2019, the website of the National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China issued the “Notice on printing and distributing the first batch of national key monitoring and rational drugs (chemica... On July 1, 2019, the website of the National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China issued the “Notice on printing and distributing the first batch of national key monitoring and rational drugs (chemicals and biological products)”(National Health Office Medical Letter [2019] No. 558)[1], where the third article stipulates:“Other types of physicians, after not less than one year of systematically studying Chinese medicine professional knowledge and passing the examination, in accordance with the basic principles of syndrome differentiation, can issue prescriptions for Chinese patent medicine”. 展开更多
关键词 traditional CHINESE medicine TRAINING PRESCRIBING CHINESE PATENT MEDICINES banned China
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Understanding Wild Grass by Talking to Oneself:Lu Xurf s Yecao through the Lens of Ziyan Ziyu and the Prism of the Past
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作者 Jon Eugene von Kowallis 《中国文学研究前沿:英文版》 2019年第2期171-199,共29页
This article makes a reinterpretation of Lu Xun's acclaimed prose poetry collection Yecao (Wild grass), written between 1924-27, by reading it in conjunct!on with a rediscovered prototype consisting of seven piece... This article makes a reinterpretation of Lu Xun's acclaimed prose poetry collection Yecao (Wild grass), written between 1924-27, by reading it in conjunct!on with a rediscovered prototype consisting of seven pieces published in Guomin gongbao (The citizen's gazette) between August and September 1919 under the title Ziyan ziyu (Talking to oneself). Lu Xunl baihua prose style had advanced considerably in the interim, but the author discerns a degree of thematic overlap between the two collections, on the basis of which he proposes answers to key questions that have been asked about Yecao since its first publication, concluding that it is still as fresh and avant-garde a collection to readers today as it was nearly one hundred years ago. 展开更多
关键词 LU Xun (1881-1936) Yecao Wild GRASS CHINESE PROSE poetry sanwen shi modern CHINESE literature May Fourth New Culture Movement
Telling the Chinese Story
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作者 Sherry Qin 《北京周报:英文版》 2019年第31期44-45,共2页
"Anew milestone for Chinese drama,this is on par with Netflix,Amazon original works,"wrote a fan on U.S.-based video streaming website Viki after watching the Chinese historical drama The Longest Day in Chan... "Anew milestone for Chinese drama,this is on par with Netflix,Amazon original works,"wrote a fan on U.S.-based video streaming website Viki after watching the Chinese historical drama The Longest Day in Chang'an.The TV series,which was launched on Chinese online platform Youku on June 27,became a hit this summer.From July 1,it has been put on partnering streaming platforms and TV networks in Japan,Malaysia,Viet Nam and Brunei.YouTube. 展开更多
关键词 the CHINESE STORY CHINESE DRAMA Netflix
Instructions for Authors
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《中华医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第1期120-126,共7页
ABOUT THE JOURNAL Chinese Medical Journal (CMJ),established in 1887,is an intemational,peer-reviewed,open-access general medical journal.CMJ is an official journal of the Chinese Medical Association (CMA)and is the ol... ABOUT THE JOURNAL Chinese Medical Journal (CMJ),established in 1887,is an intemational,peer-reviewed,open-access general medical journal.CMJ is an official journal of the Chinese Medical Association (CMA)and is the oldest medical periodical in China. 展开更多
关键词 ABOUT THE JOURNAL CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL (CMJ) CHINESE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (CMA) OFFICIAL JOURNAL
‘Happy Chinese New Year’2019 Presenting Outstanding Chinese Culture 预览
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作者 Xie Ningxin 《中外文化交流:英文版》 2019年第3期38-41,共4页
On January 16,"Happy Chinese New Year" 2019 Launching Ceremony and Press Conference was held in Beijing."Happy Chinese New Year" 2019 has carried out more than 1500 activities in 133 countries and ... On January 16,"Happy Chinese New Year" 2019 Launching Ceremony and Press Conference was held in Beijing."Happy Chinese New Year" 2019 has carried out more than 1500 activities in 133 countries and regions in over 40 forms such as temple fairs, exhibitions, performances, lectures, forums and interaction in intangible cultural heritage programs. Taking the opportunity of "Happy Chinese New Year" 2019, Chinese Embassies and Consulates in foreign countries, overseas China culture centers and overseas Chinese tourism offices have explored the integration of culture and tourism and focused on promoting the integration of ideas, with market and local culture. This contributes to showing Chinese New Year culture and telling China's story, making Chinese New Year an international festival shared by the world. 展开更多
关键词 HAPPY CHINESE NEW YEAR CHINESE Culture
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The Comparison of Chinese and Western Cultures from the Perspective of Chinese Culture “Going Global”:With Confucius and Socrates’ Thoughts as Examples 预览
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作者 Xie Caihong 《学术界》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第4期226-235,共10页
Chinese culture “going global” is an inevitable requirement for China’s economic and social development.As an important part of Chinese traditional culture,the dissemination of Confucian thought is just the spread ... Chinese culture “going global” is an inevitable requirement for China’s economic and social development.As an important part of Chinese traditional culture,the dissemination of Confucian thought is just the spread of Chinese culture.Therefore,the spread of Chinese Confucian thought abroad is also the key to Chinese culture “going global”.However,there are some cultural hinders between China and the West due to the differences in cultures.On the basis of summarizing Confucius and Socrates’ thoughts,this paper analyzes their essence of thoughts by contrast,which represent the eastern and Western cultures respectively.From the perspective of cross-cultural communication,the paper adopts the methods of multiculturalism,criticism and down-to-earth attitudes to deal with Chinese and Western cultures in order to make Chinese go global and share China’s wisdom with the world. 展开更多
关键词 CHINESE culture GOING GLOBAL Confucianism the COMPARISON of CHINESE and Western cultures multiculturalism criticism and inheritance
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Responsiveness and minimal clinically important difference of the Chinese version of the Low Vision Quality of Life Questionnaire after cataract surgery
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作者 Wen-Wen Xue Pei Zhang Hai-Dong Zou 《国际眼科杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第3期504-509,共6页
AIM: To investigate the Chinese version of the Low Vision Quality of Life Questionnaire(CLVQOL) as an instrument for obtaining clinically important changes after cataract surgery.METHODS: Patients underwent cataract s... AIM: To investigate the Chinese version of the Low Vision Quality of Life Questionnaire(CLVQOL) as an instrument for obtaining clinically important changes after cataract surgery.METHODS: Patients underwent cataract surgery in Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, who fit the inclusion criteria were recruited. Two CLVQOLs were administered, including a preoperative CLVQOL and a CLVQOL at the end of the 3 mo follow-up period, and were completed using face-to-face interviews or phone interviews conducted by trained investigators. The minimal clinically important difference(MCID) was calculated using an anchor-based method and a distribution method. In addition, the responsiveness of the questionnaire was measured.RESULTS: A total of 155 residents were enrolled. The average visual acuity(VA) preoperatively was 0.08(SD=0.05), and it increased to 0.47(SD=0.28) at the end of followup. Statistically significant positive changes in the CLVQOL scores indicated significant improvement of vision related quality of life after cataract surgery. With the larger value between the two results as the final value, the MCID values of the CLVQOL(scores of the four scales as well as the total score) were 8.94, 2.61, 4.34, 3.10 and 17.63, respectively. The CLVQOL has both good internal and external responsiveness.CONCLUSION: CLVQOL scores are appropriate instruments for obtaining clinically important changes after cataract surgery. This study is an effective exploration for establishingcataract surgery efficacy standards, which helps clinical and scientific research workers in ophthalmology to gain a more in-depth understanding when using CLVQOL. 展开更多
关键词 RESPONSIVENESS MINIMAL clinically important DIFFERENCE CHINESE Version of the Low VISION Quality of Life QUESTIONNAIRE CHINESE
Medicine in Future and Advantages of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine
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作者 ZHANG Jiang-hua WU Mi-shan +2 位作者 WANG Yue-fen JIA Ying-min LI En 《中国结合医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第2期87-90,共4页
The history of medical development shows that oriental medicine, or traditional medicine, was born through medical practice during the times when science and technology were immature and underdeveloped, whereas with t... The history of medical development shows that oriental medicine, or traditional medicine, was born through medical practice during the times when science and technology were immature and underdeveloped, whereas with the development of science and technology, Western medicine, or modern medicine, was born through experimental analysis and research. With the development of medicine, the pros and cons of both medical systems become increasingly evident. How to integrate them and learn from each other will be the direction of future development of medicine. The formation and development of integrated medicine will, inevitably, usher in a new era for medicine. 展开更多
关键词 CHINESE MEDICINE WESTERN MEDICINE INTEGRATED CHINESE and WESTERN MEDICINE ADVANTAGE THINKING of model
Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Cognitive Impairment in Chinese Patients with Parkinson's Disease in Han and Hui Ethnicity 预览
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作者 Mei-ling YAO Hong ZHANG +4 位作者 Yan XU Sheng-ming ZHANG Yong-zhe GAO Min SHU Jun-Jian ZHANG 《当代医学科学(英文)》 SCIE CAS 2019年第1期122-126,共5页
Nenropsychiatric symptoms are common in patients with Parkinson's disease(PD)and they are likely to outweigh the motor symptoms and become a major factor affecting the quality of life of PD patients.However,the st... Nenropsychiatric symptoms are common in patients with Parkinson's disease(PD)and they are likely to outweigh the motor symptoms and become a major factor affecting the quality of life of PD patients.However,the studies focusing on the non-motor symptoms in Chinese PD patients from different ethnicity are scarce.The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate neuropsychiatric symptoms and cognitive impairment in Chinese PD patients from Han and Hui populations from central China.Seventy-two Han Chinese PD patients(Han PD group)and 71 age-and sex-matched Hui Chinese PD patients(Hui PD group)were enrolled from Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University between Sept.2011 and Aug.2014 in the study.The neuropsychiatric symptoms and cognitive impairment were assessed using Neuropsychiatric Inventory(NPI)and Mini Mental State Examination(MMSE).We found that the proportion of depression,anxiety,apathy,irritability,euphoria and night time behavior disturbances were higher in the Han PD group than in the Hui PD group(P<0.05 or P<0.01).But the proportion of delusion,hallucination,agitation,disinhibition,aberrant motor behavior and change in appetite were not significantly different between the Han PD group and the Hui PD group(P>0.05).The total mean scores of the MMSE from patients in the Han PD group were similar to those in the Hui PD group(P>0.05).However,the subscale scores of recall domain and language domain in the Han PD group were significantly different from those in the Hui PD group(P<0.05).No significant difference was noted in the orientation,memory and calculation domains between the two PD groups(P>0.05).This study first showed the recall domain and language domain were different between the Han PD patients and the Hui PD patients.Depression,anxiety,apathy,irritability,euphoria and night time behavior disturbances were less presented in the Hui PD patients.All these differences may be related to the different ethnicity,which would be helpful for clinical physicians to recognize the different non-motor symptom 展开更多
关键词 Parkinson's disease NEUROPSYCHIATRIC symptoms cognitive impairment HAN CHINESE HUI CHINESE
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The Variety Screening of Green-stem Non-heading Chinese Cabbage and Dark-green-leaf Non-heading Chinese Cabbage Tolerant to Heat 预览
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作者 Ziqi YANG Ziji LIU 《农业生物技术:英文版》 CAS 2019年第2期42-46,50共6页
[Objectives] Introducing and screening leaf vegetable varieties tolerant to heat and humidity has great significance to ensure balanced supply of vegetables in summer and autumn in Hainan Province.[Methods] On the bas... [Objectives] Introducing and screening leaf vegetable varieties tolerant to heat and humidity has great significance to ensure balanced supply of vegetables in summer and autumn in Hainan Province.[Methods] On the basis of the introduction of green-stem non-heading Chinese cabbage and dark-green-leaf non-heading Chinese cabbage varieties, the varieties tolerant to heat and humidity were identified by the investigation of agronomic traits and evaluation of heat injury index.[Results] The data analysis results showed that four green-stem non-heading Chinese cabbage varieties including Huaguan Qingcaigeng F 1, Zhongguan Qinggeng, Hanshen No. 1 Qinggengcai F1 and Huaxiawang Piaocai have the characteristics of strong tolerance to heat and high yield, and four dark-green-leaf non-heading Chinese cabbage varieties including Baimeigui, Heijingang, Xiaxue Naibaicai and Siji Baicai have the characteristics of strong tolerance to heat and high yield.[Conclusions] These eight leaf vegetable varieties are suitable for popularization in summer and autumn in Hainan Province. 展开更多
关键词 Green-stem non-heading Chinese CABBAGE Dark-green-leaf non-heading Chinese CABBAGE Agronomic trait Heat injury indices
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The Quest for the Modernization and Internationalization of Traditional Chinese Medicine 预览
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作者 Boli Zhang Shengli Yang De-an Guo 《工程(英文)》 2019年第1期1-2,共2页
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is deeply rooted in ancient Chinese culture and has been practiced by Chinese people for thousands of years in order to maintain their health and fight against disease. This ancient ... Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is deeply rooted in ancient Chinese culture and has been practiced by Chinese people for thousands of years in order to maintain their health and fight against disease. This ancient Chinese wisdom has accumulated from the long struggle to cope with various diseases through hundreds or even thousands of trial-and-error practices. However, due to its empirical character, TCM has long been criticized as being deficient in scientific evidence, and is still not widely accepted by the mainstream conventional medical system. The complexity of the chemical components of TCM and the clarification of its mechanisms remain an enormous challenge in the conversion of TCM into an evidence-based medicine. Thanks to incredible progress in biomedical research, TCM has evolved at an astonishing pace in various aspects, as indicated by the 2015 Nobel Prize awarded to Professor Youyou Tu for her discovery of artemisinin. 展开更多
关键词 Traditional CHINESE medicine ANCIENT CHINESE has accumulated
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