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Color, Culture and Communication 预览
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作者 刘响慧 《海外英语》 2019年第8期230-232,共3页
The warm yellow symbolizes China, and cool blue the West. Based on the different geographical and psychological significances, there exists cultural disparity in behavioral patterns between these two color cultures, y... The warm yellow symbolizes China, and cool blue the West. Based on the different geographical and psychological significances, there exists cultural disparity in behavioral patterns between these two color cultures, yet their fusion can lead the world culture to a new stage—green culture, just as the mixing of yellow and blue in equal proportions produces peaceful and harmonious green. To the fatigued people, green culture is refreshment. Yellow Culture, Blue Culture and Green Culture will coexist in the world—these are the future cultures for the world. 展开更多
关键词 YELLOW CULTURE BLUE CULTURE Green CULTURE FUSION COMMUNICATION
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社会文化变迁视角下当代大学校园空间设计研究 预览
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作者 邱德华 鹿雯雯 《西南师范大学学报:自然科学版》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第3期68-75,共8页
以社会文化变迁为研究视角,探析了当代社会文化变迁呈现的多元化、大众化和快速化的特征以及社会文化与校园文化的'共生'关系;通过对我国大学校园在社会文化变迁背景下的空间发展和演变过程的梳理,探讨了当代社会文化对当代大... 以社会文化变迁为研究视角,探析了当代社会文化变迁呈现的多元化、大众化和快速化的特征以及社会文化与校园文化的'共生'关系;通过对我国大学校园在社会文化变迁背景下的空间发展和演变过程的梳理,探讨了当代社会文化对当代大学校园生活空间、教学空间和交通空间的新要求,并据此提出了当代大学校园空间的相关设计策略. 展开更多
关键词 文化 社会文化变迁 校园文化 大学校园 空间设计
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中国文学史研究中文化学方法论 预览
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作者 程国赋 《岭南师范学院学报》 2019年第1期51-65,共15页
在中国文学史研究中文化学的研究方法可以打破学科界限,拓展研究视野,丰富文献的解释维度,具有重要价值。文化学的研究方法导源于陈寅恪的“以诗证史”,到20世纪80年代,程千帆和傅璇琮对科举与文学关系的研究标志着文化学研究方法的确... 在中国文学史研究中文化学的研究方法可以打破学科界限,拓展研究视野,丰富文献的解释维度,具有重要价值。文化学的研究方法导源于陈寅恪的“以诗证史”,到20世纪80年代,程千帆和傅璇琮对科举与文学关系的研究标志着文化学研究方法的确立。其后,在古代文学与制度、地域、家族、出版等文化领域的关系研究中,学界取得了丰硕的成果。运用文化学方法要回归文学本位,坚持文史哲结合,实现内部与外部融通,文献与理论并重才能避免走入误区。 展开更多
关键词 中国文学史 文化学 制度文化 出版文化
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Human Brain Slice Culture: A Useful Tool to Study Brain Disorders and Potential Therapeutic Compounds
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作者 Xin-Rui Qi Ronald W.H.Verwer +4 位作者 Ai-Min Bao Rawien A.Balesar Sabina Luchetti Jiang-Ning Zhou Dick F.Swaab 《神经科学通报:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第2期244-252,共9页
Investigating the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying brain disorders is a priority if novel therapeutic strategies are to be developed. In vivo studies of animal models and in vitro studies of cell lines/primary... Investigating the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying brain disorders is a priority if novel therapeutic strategies are to be developed. In vivo studies of animal models and in vitro studies of cell lines/primary cell cultures may provide useful tools to study certain aspects of brain disorders. However, discrepancies among these studies or unsuccessful translation from animal/cell studies to human/clinical studies often occur, because these models generally represent only some symptoms of a neuropsychiatric disorder rather than the complete disorder. Human brain slice cultures from postmortem tissue or resected tissue from operations have shown that, in vitro, neurons and glia can stay alive for long periods of time, while their morphological and physiological characteristics, and their ability to respond to experimental manipulations are maintained. Human brain slices can thus provide a close representation of neuronal networks in vivo, be a valuable tool for investigation of the basis of neuropsychiatric disorders, and provide a platform for the evaluation of novel pharmacological treatments of human brain diseases.A brain bank needs to provide the necessary infrastructure to bring together donors, hospitals, and researchers who want to investigate human brain slices in cultures of clinically and neuropathologically well-documented material. 展开更多
关键词 Alzheimer’s disease BRAIN bank Brain-derived neurotrophic factor Depression Electrical activity HUMAN BRAIN slice CULTURE NEUROPSYCHIATRIC disorders ORGANOTYPIC CULTURE Postmortem HUMAN BRAIN TISSUE Resected HUMAN BRAIN TISSUE
Brief Analysis on the High-context Culture and Low-context Culture in Intercultural Communication 预览
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作者 孙展 《校园英语》 2019年第6期191-193,共3页
The rapid development of globalization and the further openness of China have made intercultural communication activities more frequent and significant.At the same time,the communicative obstacles brought by the diffe... The rapid development of globalization and the further openness of China have made intercultural communication activities more frequent and significant.At the same time,the communicative obstacles brought by the differences caused by high-context culture and low-context culture has also become more and more distinct.In order to have a better understanding of different cultural background and promote communication among countries,more analyses on high-context culture and low-context culture should be made.This article aims t o provide more instructions and possibilities for intercultural communication through clarifying the definitions and characteristics of high-context culture and low-context culture as well as the analysis on deep reasons for the differences. 展开更多
关键词 INTERCULTURAL Communication High-context CULTURE LOW-CONTEXT CULTURE
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佤族文化元素的提取及应用 预览
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作者 徐俊华 王月青 朱炫霖 《西南林业大学学报:社会科学版》 CAS 2019年第3期40-45,共6页
以云南佤族文化元素为对象,调查佤族文化元素的提取及应用。通过筛选确定民族文化典型素材,提取其特征形态、色彩、纹样及材料,形成标准元素并进行元素重组,将新设计符号用于旅游文化创意产品设计。使用了民族文化元素的文化创意产品,... 以云南佤族文化元素为对象,调查佤族文化元素的提取及应用。通过筛选确定民族文化典型素材,提取其特征形态、色彩、纹样及材料,形成标准元素并进行元素重组,将新设计符号用于旅游文化创意产品设计。使用了民族文化元素的文化创意产品,佤族特色鲜明,视觉冲击感较强,文化识别度较高。该方法可以为区域民族旅游文化元素的提取及应用提供了理论借鉴和实践参考。 展开更多
关键词 佤族 文化 元素提取 文创产品
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索氏梭菌在艰难梭菌感染实验室检测中的影响分析
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作者 董文娟 王保亚 +1 位作者 彭文雯 苏建荣 《北京医学》 CAS 2019年第3期202-205,共4页
目的探讨索氏梭菌在艰难梭菌感染实验室检测中的影响。方法收集2017年9~11月首都医科大学附属北京友谊医院住院成年腹泻患者粪便标本350份,采用酶免疫分析法(enzyme immunoassay, EIA)进行艰难梭菌毒素检测;采用艰难梭菌选择培养基和哥... 目的探讨索氏梭菌在艰难梭菌感染实验室检测中的影响。方法收集2017年9~11月首都医科大学附属北京友谊医院住院成年腹泻患者粪便标本350份,采用酶免疫分析法(enzyme immunoassay, EIA)进行艰难梭菌毒素检测;采用艰难梭菌选择培养基和哥伦比亚血琼脂平板进行厌氧培养,对典型菌株进行质谱鉴定;对索氏梭菌和艰难梭菌菌株进行产毒素培养实验(EIA法);采用聚合酶链反应(polymerase chain reaction, PCR)方法对所有菌株进行艰难梭菌毒素A、B基因检测。结果粪便标本毒素检测阳性率9.14%;索氏梭菌培养检出率2.57%,艰难梭菌培养检出率16.57%;索氏梭菌和艰难梭菌培养特性及菌落特点相似;PCR检测艰难梭菌含有毒素基因77.59%,在未检出毒素基因的艰难梭菌菌株中有1例对应的粪便毒素阳性,假阳性率为0.28%;在产毒素培养实验中,9株索氏梭菌培养全部阳性,艰难梭菌阳性率77.59%。结论艰难梭菌感染实验室检测中,索氏梭菌对培养、毒素检测、产毒素培养实验均会产生干扰,在艰难梭菌实验室检测中应考虑索氏梭菌的影响,避免引起误诊。 展开更多
关键词 艰难梭菌 索氏梭菌 培养 产毒素培养
中美公共图书馆公共文化服务比较研究 预览
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作者 马彦飞 陈雅 《新世纪图书馆》 CSSCI 2019年第1期66-70,共5页
论文在研究国内外相关文献的基础上,梳理了国内外关于公共文化服务的研究,抽取公共文化服务的概念要素,基于此,着手研究了中美两国公共图书馆公共文化服务的具体内容,并进行比较,以期为我国公共文化的发展提供建议和参考。
关键词 中美 文化 公共文化 公共服务
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地学文化与传播的叠加效益分析
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作者 孙婧 《文化产业研究》 2019年第1期252-264,共13页
本文通过探讨地学文化与传播间相互影响、相互促进的互为关系,分析'地学''文化''传播'这互为关系的三驱融合发展,形成三轮驱动的叠加模式,运用相关分析法、比较借鉴法和趋势外推法,构建地学文化的传播及其传播... 本文通过探讨地学文化与传播间相互影响、相互促进的互为关系,分析'地学''文化''传播'这互为关系的三驱融合发展,形成三轮驱动的叠加模式,运用相关分析法、比较借鉴法和趋势外推法,构建地学文化的传播及其传播互动模型。以此论证:文化通过传播可以提升文化的内涵和外延,而地学文化作为文化的一个分支,它是地球科学形成的独特的文化。地球科学给文化注入灵魂,传播给文化插上翅膀,'地学+文化+传播',形成了多层次、宽视野、跨行业文化产业的叠加效益。 展开更多
关键词 文化 地学文化 地学文化资源 传播
新零售用户体验设计中的设计文化探析 预览 被引量:1
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作者 陆继翔 王平 +1 位作者 余隋怀 闫伟 《包装工程》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第4期1-5,共5页
目的针对新零售这一新时代新领域,以提高用户体验为目的初步论述设计文化。方法以认识论和本体论方法为基础,提出文化是设计文化之源,设计是设计文化之流的理论,论述了设计、文化、设计文化、设计文化作用,提出了设计文化的基本范畴、... 目的针对新零售这一新时代新领域,以提高用户体验为目的初步论述设计文化。方法以认识论和本体论方法为基础,提出文化是设计文化之源,设计是设计文化之流的理论,论述了设计、文化、设计文化、设计文化作用,提出了设计文化的基本范畴、理论体系框架、主要作用和发展趋势。结论设计文化需要顺应新零售等社会发展转型需求,发扬文化自觉,加速设计创新,树立大设计观念;建立设计文化理论体系,为设计文化的研究与在新零售等新时期设计的应用奠定了一定的基础。 展开更多
关键词 用户体验 设计 文化 云设计 设计文化 设计教育
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浅析汉英方位词翻译的对比--以"东西南北"为例 预览
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作者 肖瑶瑶 肖庚生 《沈阳工程学院学报:社会科学版》 2019年第2期219-224,共6页
语言是一种社会现象和文化载体,同时又是文化的一个重要组成部分。在语言的各要素中词汇是基本要素。因文化差异在词汇层面上有所体现,对词汇的解释也必然能够体现各民族文化间的差异,而汉英方位词“东西南北”翻译的相通之处却极易被... 语言是一种社会现象和文化载体,同时又是文化的一个重要组成部分。在语言的各要素中词汇是基本要素。因文化差异在词汇层面上有所体现,对词汇的解释也必然能够体现各民族文化间的差异,而汉英方位词“东西南北”翻译的相通之处却极易被人们发现。方位词反应一定的空间域,是人类语言中最基本的认知域之一。英汉在空间域的表达习惯上有一定程度的差异。基于萨丕尔-沃尔夫假说,从不同的历史背景、地域文化出发,探究其差异的综合原因,并通过对“东西南北”四个方位词以及其所蕴含的文化以及隐喻内涵的差异来探寻英汉民族不同的文化特点,在跨文化交际以及在翻译中具有的重要意义。 展开更多
关键词 文化 隐喻 东西南北 中西文化差异
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Structural and functional damage to the hippocampal neurovascular unit in diabetes-related depression 预览
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作者 Jian Liu Yu-Hong Wang +4 位作者 Wei Li Lin Liu Hui Yang Pan Meng Yuan-Shan Han 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第2期289-297,共9页
Previous studies have shown that models of depression exhibit structural and functional changes to the neurovascular unit. Thus, we hypothesized that diabetes-related depression might be associated with damage to the ... Previous studies have shown that models of depression exhibit structural and functional changes to the neurovascular unit. Thus, we hypothesized that diabetes-related depression might be associated with damage to the hippocampal neurovascular unit. To test this hypothesis, neurons, astrocytes and endothelial cells were isolated from the brain tissues of rat embryos and newborn rats. Hippocampal neurovascular unit co-cultures were produced using the Transwell chamber co-culture system. A model of diabetes-related depression was generated by adding 150 mM glucose and 200 μM corticosterone to the culture system and compared with the neuron + astrocyte and astrocyte + endothelial cell co-culture systems. Western blot assay was used to measure levels of structural proteins in the hippocampal neurovascular unit co-culture system. Levels of basic fibroblast growth factor, angiogenic factor 1, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, transforming growth factor β1, leukemia inhibitory factor and 5-hydroxytryptamine in the hippocampal neurovascular unit co-culture system were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Flow cytometry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling staining was used to assess neuronal apoptosis in the hippocampal neurovascular unit. The neurovascular unit triple cell co-culture system had better barrier function and higher levels of structural and secretory proteins than the double cell co-culture systems. In comparison, in the model of diabetes-related depression, the neurovascular unit was damaged with decreased barrier function, poor structural integrity and impaired secretory function. Moreover, neuronal apoptosis was markedly increased, and 5-hydroxytryptamine levels were reduced. These results suggest that diabetes-related depression is associated with structural and functional damage to the neurovascular unit. Our findings provide a foundation for further studies on the pathogenesis of diabetes-related depression. 展开更多
关键词 nerve REGENERATION hippocampus neurovascular unit neurons astrocytes brain microvascular cells cell culture co-culture diabetes-related DEPRESSION hyperglycemia corticosterone neural REGENERATION
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关于培育科学文化与建设世界科技强国关系论纲
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作者 王春法 《中国国家博物馆馆刊》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第4期6-16,共11页
科学文化是围绕科学活动所形成的一套价值体系、思维方式、制度约束、行为准则和社会规范,是科学共同体的生活方式,并具有强烈的示范效应,对公众和社会发展影响深远。科学文化的社会功能体现在对价值理念的坚持和追求,对思维方式的引导... 科学文化是围绕科学活动所形成的一套价值体系、思维方式、制度约束、行为准则和社会规范,是科学共同体的生活方式,并具有强烈的示范效应,对公众和社会发展影响深远。科学文化的社会功能体现在对价值理念的坚持和追求,对思维方式的引导,对科研行为、科技评价、科研成果应用的规范,以及对科学共同体价值理念和行为规范的社会化。世界科学中心崛起皆以科学文化变革为前提和基础,支撑世界科技发展的制度创新往往源于科学文化理念的引领,由科学文化演变而来的科学传统构成世界科技强国的重要基础,基于惯例的科学文化是促成科技人才成长提高的关键因素,科学文化也影响着决策者。科学文化引导着人们求真创新、向美向善、思考问题、解决问题、做人做事等。因此,建设科技强国,必须培育科学文化,夯实科学文化基础,倡导科学文化的生活方式。 展开更多
关键词 科学 文化 科学文化 科技强国
Teaching English Literature Through Popular Culture in China: Record and Reflection 预览
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作者 ZHANG Huifang 《心理学研究:英文版》 2019年第3期99-109,共11页
Classic English literature is high culture of a sort, too high for tertiary English majors in the 21st China, who have grown up with total exposure to popular culture in an electronic way, to reach so that they show i... Classic English literature is high culture of a sort, too high for tertiary English majors in the 21st China, who have grown up with total exposure to popular culture in an electronic way, to reach so that they show indifference to literature class. To solve this problem, this paper intends to consider the implications and feasibilities of integrating popular culture into literature education in English departments of Chinese universities. After carefully reviewing the current English literature teaching connected with popular culture both in China and other parts of the world, this paper concludes that the choice of the popular culture texts shall be neither too random to include any form of popular culture nor too limited to only cover the film/TV adaptations of literary classics. Subsequently, the paper records the procedure and progress of the author’s classic-literature and popular-culture class and reflects upon the students’ substantial responses to the class. From the record and the reflection, three major findings are drawn: The students know little about how classic literature inspire popular culture and when they know, they become excited and want to know more;when further exploring those original texts which inspired their favourite pop, the students find themselves greatly challenged and stimulated as well;the students have strong desire to reach the “highness” of classic literature and would like to read challenging texts with their own spirits. A conclusion can be drawn from these findings: Both academic and popular literacy of English majors in Chinese universities should be enhanced, and it is workable to incorporate popular culture into literature classroom with careful preparations for classroom activities and guarantees of the smooth implements of these activities. 展开更多
关键词 LITERATURE TEACHING CLASSIC LITERATURE POPULAR CULTURE high CULTURE
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Salt Culture and Sports Leisure Tourism Landscape Design 预览
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作者 LIU Yang 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第2期66-67,70共3页
The modern value of salt culture was analyzed firstly, and then the relationship between salt culture and sports leisure tourism landscape design was discussed. Afterwards, the cultural elements of sports leisure tour... The modern value of salt culture was analyzed firstly, and then the relationship between salt culture and sports leisure tourism landscape design was discussed. Afterwards, the cultural elements of sports leisure tourism landscape in salt culture were analyzed, and the examples of applying salt culture to sports leisure tourism landscape design were enumerated to explain how to spread salt culture through sports leisure tourism landscape. 展开更多
关键词 Salt CULTURE Sports LEISURE TOURISM LANDSCAPE CULTURE Abstract elements FIGURATIVE SCENES
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高校创业文化的内涵、价值及培育路径
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作者 严毛新 徐蕾 +1 位作者 何扬飞 姚垚 《中国高教研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期61-65,共5页
高校创业教育需要重视文化引领,需要强化价值观、使命感教育。加强高校创业文化建设,能够使创业参与者更具自觉性,使现实或潜在的创业者的创业行为选择更具方向感,使高校创业教育更具普适性与个性化。高校创业文化是高校在创业活动中各... 高校创业教育需要重视文化引领,需要强化价值观、使命感教育。加强高校创业文化建设,能够使创业参与者更具自觉性,使现实或潜在的创业者的创业行为选择更具方向感,使高校创业教育更具普适性与个性化。高校创业文化是高校在创业活动中各主体之间的物质和精神活动的倾向性,即各类主体在创业问题上的一种群体性自觉。各类主体间的互动模式对高校创业文化会产生直接影响,高校的类型定位与办学理念对高校创业文化也有重要影响。此外,区域文化背景对高校创业文化也会产生深刻影响。培育高校创业文化应从高校创业观念文化、制度文化、物质文化、行为文化等方面着手。 展开更多
关键词 文化 创业文化 创业教育 高校
卡比托广场设计手法的借鉴与思考 预览
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作者 陈正鹏 余逸潇 胡振宇 《江苏建筑》 2019年第1期30-32,共3页
广场文化在中国古而有之,源远流长。然而,随着近现代国门的打开,舶来文化剧烈冲击着这片古老的土地。文章从城市广场设计入手,对卡比托广场的先例进行阐述,对比分析西方广场元素引入给中国广场面貌带来的影响,并对中国广场设计的去向深... 广场文化在中国古而有之,源远流长。然而,随着近现代国门的打开,舶来文化剧烈冲击着这片古老的土地。文章从城市广场设计入手,对卡比托广场的先例进行阐述,对比分析西方广场元素引入给中国广场面貌带来的影响,并对中国广场设计的去向深入思考并提出展望。 展开更多
关键词 文化 广场文脉 城市广场设计 广场图案 公共艺术
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Three Versions on tian’s Translations in Doctrine of the Mean 预览
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作者 车晴 《海外英语》 2019年第5期166-167,共2页
Since ancient times,"heaven" has been indispensable in the traditional books of the communist party of China. The English translation of traditional books has become the mainstream of The Times. Currently, t... Since ancient times,"heaven" has been indispensable in the traditional books of the communist party of China. The English translation of traditional books has become the mainstream of The Times. Currently, the translation levels of the translated versions are uneven, and there are great differences in the translation of some keywords. This paper mainly discusses the different translations of "heaven" in section 1 of the English translation of the Doctrine of the Mean by James Legge, Gu Hongming, Roger T.Ames and David Hall. 展开更多
关键词 DOCTRINE of the Mean HISTORY BACKGROUND CULTURE PHILOSOPHY
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Organoids of liver diseases: From bench to bedside 预览
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作者 Li-Jun Wu Zi-Yan Chen +3 位作者 Yi Wang Jun-Gang Zhao Xiao-Zai Xie Gang Chen 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第16期1913-1927,共15页
Understanding the occurrence, development, and treatment of liver diseases is the main goal of hepatopathology research. Liver diseases are not only diverse but also highly heterogeneous among individuals. At present,... Understanding the occurrence, development, and treatment of liver diseases is the main goal of hepatopathology research. Liver diseases are not only diverse but also highly heterogeneous among individuals. At present, research on liver diseases is conducted mainly through cell culture, animal models, pathological specimens, etc. However, these methods cannot fully reveal the pathogenic mechanism and therapeutic characteristics of individualized liver diseases. Recent advances in three-dimensional cell culture technology (organoid culture techniques) include pluripotent stem cells and adult stem cells that are cultured in vitro to form self-organizing properties, making it possible to achieve individualized liver disease research. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the development of liver organoids, the existing and potential applications of liver regenerative medicine, the pathogenesis of liver disease heterogeneity, and drug screening. 展开更多
关键词 ORGANOIDS LIVER DISEASES Individualized research LIVER cancer Threedimensional cell CULTURE LIVER ORGANOIDS
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徽杭古道体育旅游发展研究 预览
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作者 崇玉萍 胡家迅 《安徽师范大学学报:自然科学版》 CAS 2019年第2期183-189,共7页
为了能更好地保护和开发古道旅游资源,充分挖掘古道价值,文章以旅游体验理论为指导,以ASEB栅格分析法为研究工具,在旅游资源评价的基础上,分别从古道旅游的内核和外缘探讨徽杭古道体育旅游发展策略。从而提出,徽杭古道体育旅游资源丰富... 为了能更好地保护和开发古道旅游资源,充分挖掘古道价值,文章以旅游体验理论为指导,以ASEB栅格分析法为研究工具,在旅游资源评价的基础上,分别从古道旅游的内核和外缘探讨徽杭古道体育旅游发展策略。从而提出,徽杭古道体育旅游资源丰富,在体验旅游快速发展时期,古道体育旅游开发要结合徽州文化特色,高度融合体育、文化、旅游要素,“做足徽文章、打好体育牌”;以“文化+体育+旅游”为发展战略,利用徽州历史名人树立古道旅游品牌形象,培育品牌赛事以提升古道知名度;充分发挥古道体育旅游资源特色,开发具有核心竞争力的、体现旅游体验“差异性”、“参与性”、“真实性”、“挑战性”的体验式体育旅游产品,以满足不同旅游者的体验需求。 展开更多
关键词 徽杭古道 体育旅游 文化 体验 ASEB栅格分析法
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