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Iconography of the Procession of Virgins, Chapel of Exodus (Egypt): Origins and Parallels 预览
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作者 Valeria Kuvatova 《文化与宗教研究:英文版》 2019年第6期306-318,共13页
This study attempts to trace back iconographic origins of an Early Christian scene depicting a procession of women moving towards a temple. The scene makes part of the pictorial program of the so-called Chapel of Exod... This study attempts to trace back iconographic origins of an Early Christian scene depicting a procession of women moving towards a temple. The scene makes part of the pictorial program of the so-called Chapel of Exodus-a Coptic mausoleum from Kharga Oasis in Egypt. Never being among the most popular subjects of the Early Christian art, the images of the female processions are found in the monuments throughout the Late Roman Empire, from Roman catacombs to a small house-church at the Eastern border of the Pax Romana (Dura Europos, Syria). The extant scenes are dated back to different periods and belong to the different cultural milieu. The iconographic ambiguity of the procession scene from the Exodus Chapel triggered an intense scholar discussion and gave way to multiple interpretations. Still, the meaning of the episode and the reasons for its inclusion into the pictorial ensemble concept is not quite clear. The study aims to fill these particular gaps in the previous works. The semiotic and contextual analysis allows examining the scene in its relationship with juxtaposed compositions, to compare its iconographic features with descriptions of contemporary religious practices, and clarify the function of the image in the iconographic program of the Chapel of Exodus. 展开更多
关键词 CHAPEL of EXODUS EARLY CHRISTIAN PAINTING Coptic PAINTING EARLY CHRISTIAN art procession of women
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MOZAMBIQUE Combating Early Marriage
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《中国与非洲:英文版》 2019年第8期8-9,共2页
The Assembly of the Republic of Mozambique approved a law on the prevention of early marriages on July 15. The head of the Commission of Human Rights, Constitutional Affairs and Legality Edson Macuacua told the parlia... The Assembly of the Republic of Mozambique approved a law on the prevention of early marriages on July 15. The head of the Commission of Human Rights, Constitutional Affairs and Legality Edson Macuacua told the parliamentary members that with the law, there will be fewer girls dropping out of school and fewer girls forced to marry at an early age. 展开更多
关键词 MOZAMBIQUE Combating EARLY MARRIAGE EARLY age
Damage control orthopaedics:State of the art 预览
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作者 Enrique Guerado Maria Luisa Bertrand +2 位作者 Juan Ramon Cano Ana María Cerván Adolfo Galán 《世界骨科杂志(英文版)》 2019年第1期1-13,共13页
Damage control orthopaedics(DCO)originally consisted of the provisional immobilisation of long bone-mainly femur-fractures in order to achieve the advantages of early treatment and to minimise the risk of complication... Damage control orthopaedics(DCO)originally consisted of the provisional immobilisation of long bone-mainly femur-fractures in order to achieve the advantages of early treatment and to minimise the risk of complications,such as major pain,fat embolism,clotting,pathological inflammatory response,severe haemorrhage triggering the lethal triad,and the traumatic effects of major surgery on a patient who is already traumatised(the“second hit”effect).In recent years,new locations have been added to the DCO concept,such as injuries to the pelvis,spine and upper limbs.Nonetheless,this concept has not yet been validated in well-designed prospective studies,and much controversy remains.Indeed,some researchers believe the indiscriminate application of DCO might be harmful and produce substantial and unnecessary expense.In this respect,too,normalised parameters associated with the acid-base system have been proposed,under a concept termed early appropriate care,in the view that this would enable patients to receive major surgical procedures in an approach offering the advantages of early total care together with the apparent safety of DCO.This paper discusses the diagnosis and treatment of severely traumatised patients managed in accordance with DCO and highlights the possible drawbacks of this treatment principle. 展开更多
关键词 Damage control ORTHOPAEDICS EARLY total CARE EARLY appropriate CARE POLYTRAUMA RESUSCITATION External fixation Packing EMBOLISATION Compartment syndrome
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Colorectal cancer screening from 45 years of age: Thesis, antithesis and synthesis 预览
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作者 Alessandro Mannucci Raffaella Alessia Zuppardo +3 位作者 Riccardo Rosati Milena Di Leo José Perea Giulia Martina Cavestro 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第21期2565-2580,共16页
Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality in patients younger than 50 years are increasing, but screening before the age of 50 is not offered in Europe. Advancedstage diagnosis and mortality from colorectal cancer bef... Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality in patients younger than 50 years are increasing, but screening before the age of 50 is not offered in Europe. Advancedstage diagnosis and mortality from colorectal cancer before 50 years of age are increasing. This is not a detection-bias effect;it is a real issue affecting the entire population. Three independent computational models indicate that screening from 45 years of age would yield a better balance of benefits and risks than the current start at 50 years of age. Experimental data support these predictions in a sex- and race-independent manner. Earlier screening is seemingly affordable, with minimal impediments to providing younger adults with colonoscopy. Indeed, the American Cancer Society has already started to recommend screening from 45 years of age in the United States. Implementing early screening is a societal and public health problem. The three independent computational models that suggested earlier screening were criticized for assuming perfect compliance. Guidelines and recommendations should be derived from well-collected and reproducible data, and not from mathematical predictions. In the era of personalized medicine, screening decisions might not be based solely on age, and sophisticated prediction software may better guide screening. Moreover, early screening might divert resources away from older individuals with greater biological risks. Finally, it is still unknown whether early colorectal cancer is part of a continuum of disease or a biologically distinct disease and, as such, it might not benefit from screening at all. The increase in early-onset colorectal cancer incidence and mortality demonstrates an obligation to take actions. Earlier screening would save lives, and starting at the age of 45 years may be a robust screening option. 展开更多
关键词 COLONOSCOPY Guidelines Pros and CONS Early ONSET EARLY-ONSET colorectal cancer
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早期足月分娩的危险因素及新生儿并发症分析 预览
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作者 牛曼曼 程雁 《中国医学前沿杂志(电子版)》 2019年第4期101-104,共4页
目的分析早期足月分娩的危险因素及新生儿并发症发生情况。方法回顾性分析本院2016年1月至2016年12月出生的735例足月活产新生儿的临床资料,按照胎龄将其分为早期组(早期足月儿,37~38周,280例)、完全组(完全足月儿,39~40周,395例)及晚期... 目的分析早期足月分娩的危险因素及新生儿并发症发生情况。方法回顾性分析本院2016年1月至2016年12月出生的735例足月活产新生儿的临床资料,按照胎龄将其分为早期组(早期足月儿,37~38周,280例)、完全组(完全足月儿,39~40周,395例)及晚期组(晚期足月儿,41~41^+6周,60例)。采用单因素及多因素Logistic回归分析探讨影响早期足月分娩的危险因素,并分析新生儿并发症发生情况。结果分娩次数>1次、合并妊娠高血压综合征、合并妊娠期肝内胆汁淤积症(intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy,ICP)、胎膜早破及多胎妊娠均为早期足月分娩的独立危险因素(P均<0.05)。早期组新生儿脑损伤、器官发育异常、低血糖的发生率均显著高于非早期组(P均<0.05)。结论分娩次数>1次、合并妊娠高血压综合征、合并ICP、胎膜早破及多胎妊娠的产妇易出现早期足月分娩,与非早期足月儿相比,早期足月儿脑损伤、低血糖及器官发育异常的发生率较高,应尽可能在围生期消除早期足月分娩的危险因素,并针对并发症,积极做好防治工作。 展开更多
关键词 早期 足月儿 孕期 危险因素 并发症
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Intestinal Microbiota in Early Life and Its Implications on Childhood Health
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作者 Lu Zhuang Haihua Chen +3 位作者 Sheng Zhang Jiahui Zhuang Qiuping Li Zhichun Feng 《基因组蛋白质组与生物信息学报:英文版》 CAS CSCD 2019年第1期13-25,共13页
Trillions of microbes reside in the human body and participate in multiple physiological and pathophysiological processes that affect host health throughout the life cycle.The microbiome is hallmarked by distinctive c... Trillions of microbes reside in the human body and participate in multiple physiological and pathophysiological processes that affect host health throughout the life cycle.The microbiome is hallmarked by distinctive compositional and functional features across different life periods.Accumulating evidence has shown that microbes residing in the human body may play fundamental roles in infant development and the maturation of the immune system.Gut microbes are thought to be essential for the facilitation of infantile and childhood development and immunity by assisting in breaking down food substances to liberate nutrients,protecting against pathogens,stimulating or modulating the immune system,and exerting control over the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.This review aims to summarize the current understanding of the colonization and development of the gut microbiota in early life,highlighting the recent findings regarding the role of intestinal microbes in pediatric diseases.Furthermore,we also discuss the microbiota-mediated therapeutics that can reconfigure bacterial communities to treat dysbiosis. 展开更多
关键词 INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA Immunity Gut-brain axis Early life Diseases MICROBIOTA MANIPULATION
血清尿素氮与肌酐对早期糖尿病肾病的诊断价值探讨 预览
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作者 王红 于志刚 《中外医疗》 2019年第6期181-182,198共3页
目的研究血清尿素氮(BUN)与肌酐(Scr)对早期糖尿病肾病的诊断中的价值。方法方便选取2015年1月—2018年12月该院就诊的糖尿病肾病患者500例,按尿微量蛋白排泄率分为两组作为观察组:临床糖尿病肾病组(A组UAER>300 mg/24 h)250例,早期... 目的研究血清尿素氮(BUN)与肌酐(Scr)对早期糖尿病肾病的诊断中的价值。方法方便选取2015年1月—2018年12月该院就诊的糖尿病肾病患者500例,按尿微量蛋白排泄率分为两组作为观察组:临床糖尿病肾病组(A组UAER>300 mg/24 h)250例,早期糖尿病肾病组(B组UAER 30~300 mg/24 h)250例,以250名健康体检者(C组)作为对照组。结果观察A组、B组的血清尿素氮分别为(7.45±1.83)mmol/L、(5.51±1.17)mmol/L,肌酐分别为(113±17.26)μmol/L、(85±15.91)μmol/L,尿蛋白数值分别为(338±26.91)mg/24 h、(175±24.37)mg/24 h,均高于对照C组(4.48±1.45)mmol/L、(73±13.96)μmol/L、(21±31.82)mg/24 h。其中A、B组对比C组,血清尿素氮(t=14.3),肌酐(t=21.9);A、B组对比,血清尿素氮(t=10.4),肌酐(t=12.1),尿微量蛋白排泄率(t=19.6,P<0.05);B、C组对比,血清尿素氮(t=2.1),肌酐(t=1.9),(P>0.05);尿微量蛋白排泄率(t=10.7,P<0.05);A组、B组血清尿素氮、肌酐阳性检出率明显高于C组,血清尿素氮(χ~2=13.93),肌酐(χ~2=17.26),(P<0.05)。结论 BUN和Scr可有效防止DN的发生及发展,对于临床观察DN具有重要意义。 展开更多
关键词 血清尿素氮 肌酐 早期 糖尿病肾病
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Petrogenesis of the Payangazu Complex in Southern Mandalay, Central Myanmar and Its Tectonic Implications
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作者 KaixuanLi Huaying Liang +3 位作者 Zhiwei Bao Wenting Huang Jian Zhang Long Ren 《地球科学学刊:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第1期20-36,共17页
The Payangazu complex in the central Myanmar is composed mainly of quartz diorite,granodiorite,and some synplutonic mafic dikes.The quartz diorite and granodiorite have zircon U-Pb ages of 130.5±4.0(MSWD=3.5)and ... The Payangazu complex in the central Myanmar is composed mainly of quartz diorite,granodiorite,and some synplutonic mafic dikes.The quartz diorite and granodiorite have zircon U-Pb ages of 130.5±4.0(MSWD=3.5)and 118.4±2.5 Ma(MSWD=2.4),respectively.Rock samples of the quartz diorite and granodiorite are metaluminous,enriched in large-ion lithophile elements like LREE,Rb,Th,and U,and depleted in high field-strength elements such as HREE,Nb,Ta,P,and Ti,indicative of arc-type magmatic affinities.Whole rock samples of the quartz diorite haveεHf(t)value of+0.6,initial^87Sr/^86Sr ratios of 0.708 6 to 0.710 0,andεNd(t)values of-4.8 to-4.9;whereas rocks of the granodiorite are relatively isotopically enriched,withεHf(t)values of-5.1 to-7.2,initial ^87Sr/^86Sr ratios of 0.711 7 to 0.711 8,andεNd(t)values of-8.7 to-8.8.The isotopic data together with the high Mg#(both the quartz diorite and granodiorite have Mg#values of>40)suggest a strong involvement of mantle materials in the genesis of the parent magmas.The possible petrogenetic process may be that the ascending of melts from partial melting of metasomatized mantle wedge triggered by dehydration of subducted slab resulted in partial melting of the lower crust and mixed with the latter.These Early Cretaceous intrusions from the complex are older than those found in the eastern Wuntho-Popa arc in western Myanmar,eastern Himalaya,and western Yunnan which are interpreted to be related to the Neo-Tethyan subduction,and haveεNd(t),εHf(t)values lower than the latter.On the contrary,the ages and geochemical characteristics of the Payangazu complex are consistent with some of the intrusions in the northern magmatic belt in Tibet,eastern Himalaya,and western Yunnan which are believed to be associated with the subduction of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean crust.Thus,we propose that the Early Cretaceous intrusions in the central Myanmar are most likely related to the southward subduction of an ocean slab that was possibly an extension of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean. 展开更多
关键词 CENTRAL Myanmar ZIRCON U-PB age isotope Early CRETACEOUS SUBDUCTION
Eeffect of super early comprehensive rehabilitationon neurodevelopmental prognosis of high-risk infants
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作者 Qian-Jun Yue Xiao-Zhen Wang +6 位作者 Ming-Sheng Tang Jia-Ni Li Zhi-Wei Chen Yu-Qiong Zhang Xiao-Ling Huang Chun-Tao Zhang Su-Ping Li 《海南医科大学学报(英文版)》 2019年第3期73-77,共5页
Objective: To observe the effect of super-early comprehensive rehabilitation intervention on neurodevelopmental prognosis of premature high-risk infants;Methods: Premature high-risk infantsmet the inclusion criteria w... Objective: To observe the effect of super-early comprehensive rehabilitation intervention on neurodevelopmental prognosis of premature high-risk infants;Methods: Premature high-risk infantsmet the inclusion criteria were divided into control group (n=30) and treatment group (n=30) according to parental willingness. The control group was given routine treatment, while the treatment group was treated with comprehensive rehabilitationon the basis of the control group. The course of treatment for both groups was 10 d. The changes of body weight, milk consumption, NBNA score, GMFM score and Gesell score were observed. Results:After treatment, the body weight and milk consumption of the treatment group increased significantly compared with those before treatment (P<0.01), which was significantly better than that of the control group (P<0.01);the NBNA score of the treatment group was higher than that of the control group at 40 weeks of gestational age (P<0.05), and the abnormal rate of NBNA was lower than that of the control group (P<0.01). The GMFM scores of A-energy and B-energy areas and the five dimensions of social adaptation, big exercise, fine exercise, language and personal social interaction in the treatment group increased significantly in 1 month, 2 months and 3 months after birth,which were significantly better than those in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion: Super-early comprehensive rehabilitation can improve the physical quality of high-risk infants and promote the development of the nervous system, with remarkable effect. 展开更多
关键词 Super- early comprehensive rehabilitation PREMATURE HIGH-RISK INFANTS NEURODEVELOPMENT PROGNOSIS
Preliminary psychometric evidence of the Greek adaptation to the EC-CC HOME scale for use in institutional environments 预览
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作者 Anna Touloumakos Alexia Barrable Kalomoira Tsantila 《发展与教育心理学进展(英文)》 2019年第1期18-22,共5页
Although lacking in official figures,latest reports from NGOs highlight that Greece has over 85 institutional settings that house more than 2,500 children,excluding unaccompanied minors entering the system continuousl... Although lacking in official figures,latest reports from NGOs highlight that Greece has over 85 institutional settings that house more than 2,500 children,excluding unaccompanied minors entering the system continuously for the past few years. Given the impact that institutional care has been found to have on psychological and cognitive outcomes,the authors make the case for the adaptation of Early Childhood Child Care HOME (EC-CC-HOME) a world-renowned instrument that assesses children’s child-care environment. In this instance,we have adapted the child-care version of HOME to assess the physical and organisations aspects of the residential environment,following the permission and through collaboration with the developer. This brief report presents some of the preliminary evidence of the first step undertaken towards the full adaptation of EC-CC-HOME in Greek and for use in institutional environments;participants were 29 children residing in such environments. Preliminary results on the psychometric characteristics of the measure,especially in relation to the learning aspect of the environment presented here,hold promise. This is an especially important first indication of how the measure works in view of the imminent adaptation of the scale to be used with institutional environments where children can benefit greatly from such a measure. Issues in relation to good practices in providing evidence for the psychometric characteristics of measures are briefly discussed as part of this investigation. 展开更多
关键词 Early Childhood Child CARE HOME HLE institutional CARE reliability CONVERGENT validity
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食管癌机械吻合术后早期上消化道出血的临床研究 预览
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作者 胡波 张开晓 《世界最新医学信息文摘》 2019年第44期111-111,114共2页
目的探讨食管癌机械吻合术后早期上消化道出血的可能原因,临床处理方法以及对手术的影响。方法通过回顾性分析我科近10年的此类手术后早期上消化道出血的病例,进行分类总结。结果所有的病例15例,其中11例保守方法治愈,4例行二次手术治疗... 目的探讨食管癌机械吻合术后早期上消化道出血的可能原因,临床处理方法以及对手术的影响。方法通过回顾性分析我科近10年的此类手术后早期上消化道出血的病例,进行分类总结。结果所有的病例15例,其中11例保守方法治愈,4例行二次手术治疗,均治愈,二次手术病人出现吻合口瘘1例。结论大部分此类病人经保守治疗均能治愈,对出血量大,危及生命者,应该积极手术处理。 展开更多
关键词 食管癌术后 早期 上消化道出血 临床处理
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A Marine Environment Early Warning Algorithm Based on Marine Data Sampled by Multiple Underwater Gliders 预览
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作者 XU Zhen-zhen LI Lu +2 位作者 YU Jian-cheng XU Xiu-juan JIA Ming-fei 《中国海洋工程:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第2期172-184,共13页
This study analyzes and summarizes seven main characteristics of the marine data sampled by multiple underwater gliders. These characteristics such as the big data volume and data sparseness make it extremely difficul... This study analyzes and summarizes seven main characteristics of the marine data sampled by multiple underwater gliders. These characteristics such as the big data volume and data sparseness make it extremely difficult to do some meaningful applications like early warning of marine environment. In order to make full use of the sea trial data, this paper gives the definition of two types of marine data cube which can integrate the big marine data sampled by multiple underwater gliders along saw-tooth paths, and proposes a data fitting algorithm based on time extraction and space compression (DFTS) to construct the temperature and conductivity data cubes. This research also presents an early warning algorithm based on data cube (EWDC) to realize the early warning of a new sampled data file. Experiments results show that the proposed methods are reasonable and effective. Our work is the first study to do some realistic applications on the data sampled by multiple underwater vehicles, and it provides a research framework for processing and analyzing the big marine data oriented to the applications of underwater gliders. 展开更多
关键词 BIG MARINE data early WARNING MARINE environment UNDERWATER gliders
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糖尿病肾病早期给予常规西药联合养阴益气活血汤的疗效分析 预览
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作者 周浩 《中外医学研究》 2019年第23期134-136,共3页
目的:探讨糖尿病肾病早期给予常规西药联合养阴益气活血汤的疗效。方法:选取笔者所在医院2017年1月-2018年2月糖尿病肾病早期患者74例。随机分组,对照组采取常规西药治疗,观察组则采取常规西药+养阴益气活血汤治疗。比较两组疾病疗效;... 目的:探讨糖尿病肾病早期给予常规西药联合养阴益气活血汤的疗效。方法:选取笔者所在医院2017年1月-2018年2月糖尿病肾病早期患者74例。随机分组,对照组采取常规西药治疗,观察组则采取常规西药+养阴益气活血汤治疗。比较两组疾病疗效;比较糖尿病肾病改善时间、空腹血糖达标时间、24 h尿蛋白排泄恢复正常时间;比较治疗前后患者空腹血糖、24 h尿蛋白排泄率、血尿素氮、血肌酐、血液流变指标;比较不良反应。结果:观察组疾病疗效、糖尿病肾病改善时间、空腹血糖达标时间、24 h尿蛋白排泄恢复正常时间、空腹血糖、24 h尿蛋白排泄率、血尿素氮、血肌酐、血液流变指标相比较对照组更好,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组和对照组不良反应相同,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:常规西药+养阴益气活血汤治疗糖尿病肾病早期效果好。 展开更多
关键词 糖尿病肾病 养阴益气活血汤 疗效 早期 血液流变指标 血糖
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尿微量蛋白联合血清胱抑素C检验对早期肾功能损害的诊断价值分析 预览
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作者 张春艳 《中外医疗》 2019年第4期10-12,共3页
目的探讨尿微量蛋白联合血清胱抑素C检验对早期肾功能损害的诊断价值。方法方便选择了泰安市中心医院分院自2015年1月—2017年1月期间收治的疑似早期肾功能损害的患者共100例为该研究观察组,根据伴有疾病不同分为两组,糖尿病组(n=54),... 目的探讨尿微量蛋白联合血清胱抑素C检验对早期肾功能损害的诊断价值。方法方便选择了泰安市中心医院分院自2015年1月—2017年1月期间收治的疑似早期肾功能损害的患者共100例为该研究观察组,根据伴有疾病不同分为两组,糖尿病组(n=54),高血压组(n=46),另选取同时期来该院体检健康者50名为该研究对照组,观察3组人群的血清胱抑素C及尿微量白蛋白数值,并且检测阳性率以及对早期肾功能损害的诊断效能。结果糖尿病组血清胱抑素C、尿微量白蛋白水平分别为(2.66±0.52)mg/L、(38.22±10.97)mg/L,明显高于高血压组(1.40±0.66)mg/L、(33.03±9.75)mg/L和对照组(0.67±0.22)mg/L、(9.62±1.98)mg/L,差异有统计学意义(t=10.672 0、25.056 7、2.480 6、18.157 0,P<0.05);高血压组检测数据水平明显高于对照组,差异有统计学差异(t=7.390 3、16.616 7,P<0.05)。糖尿病组、高血压组尿微量蛋白+血清胱抑素C检测阳性率分别为94.44%、97.83%,均明显高于尿微量蛋白79.63%、78.26%,及血清胱抑素C检测77.78%、76.09%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=9.718 8、11.602 8、18.192 7、20.839 7,P<0.05)。尿微量蛋白对早期肾功能损害的诊断特异度50.00%,明显高于血清胱抑素C25.00%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=13.333 3,P<0.05)。结论联合尿微量蛋白与血清胱抑素C检测可有效提高早期肾功能损害诊断效能,有效促进患者预后。 展开更多
关键词 尿微量蛋白 血清胱抑素C检验 早期 肾功能损害 诊断价值
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A Conceptual Framework for Teacher-Child Relationships in Early Childhood 预览
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作者 Shallu Sansanwal 《文化与宗教研究:英文版》 2019年第6期279-305,共27页
Teacher-child relationship is an important factor for the overall development of the child. It is also a reflector of child centred teaching practices, classroom quality and child outcomes. These relationships are inf... Teacher-child relationship is an important factor for the overall development of the child. It is also a reflector of child centred teaching practices, classroom quality and child outcomes. These relationships are influenced by many factors that are personal to teacher and child and are also related to the classroom environment. Positive teacher-child relationships develop warm and secure teacher-child bondings which are beneficial for the socioemotional and academic success of the child. Dependent and conflictual teacher-child relationships are stressful for teachers and have a negative outcome for the child. This paper explores the literature to recognise the factors affecting teacher-child relationships and have proposed a conceptual framework to understand these relationships in ethnically and socioeconomically diverse classrooms. Literature has tried to define these relationships according to the attachment theory or through bio-ecological model of development thus ignoring the role of culture as a major factor in formation of these relationships. This paper used Bourdiue’s theory of Capital, Field and Habitus and Contextual System Model of Pianta as theoretical framework and proposes Cultural Framework for teacher-child relationships. 展开更多
关键词 Teacher-child RELATIONSHIPS culture TEACHER FACTORS CHILD FACTORS early CHILDHOOD CULTURAL framework
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Probabilistic rainfall thresholds in Chibo, India: estimation and validation using monitoring system
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作者 Abhirup DIKSHIT Neelima SATYAM 《山地科学学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第4期870-883,共14页
The Himalayan region has been severely affected by landslides especially during the monsoons. In particular, Kalimpong region in Darjeeling Himalayas has recorded several landslides and has caused significant loss of ... The Himalayan region has been severely affected by landslides especially during the monsoons. In particular, Kalimpong region in Darjeeling Himalayas has recorded several landslides and has caused significant loss of life, property and agricultural land. The study region, Chibo has experienced several landslides in the past which were mainly debris and earth slide. Globally, several types of rainfall thresholds have been used to determine rainfall-induced landslide incidents. In this paper, probabilistic thresholds have been defined as it would provide a better understanding compared to deterministic thresholds which provide binary results, i.e., either landslide or no landslide for a particular rainfall event. Not much research has been carried out towards validation of rainfall thresholds using an effective and robust monitoring system. The thresholds are then validated using a reliable system utilizing Microelectromechanical Systems(MEMS) tilt sensor and volumetric water content sensor installed in the region. The system measures the tilt of the instrument which is installed at shallow depths and is ideal for an early warning system for shallow landslides. The change in observed tilt angles due to rainfall would give an understanding of the applicability of the probabilistic model. The probabilities determined using Bayes’ theorem have been calculated using the rainfall parameters and landslide data in 2010-2016. The rainfall values were collected from an automatic rain gauge setup near the Chibo region. The probabilities were validated using the MEMS based monitoring system setup in Chibo for the monsoon season of 2017. This is the first attempt to determine probabilities and validate it with a robust and effective monitoring system in Darjeeling Himalayas. This study would help in developing an early warning system for regions where the installation of monitoring systems may not be feasible. 展开更多
关键词 EARLY WARNING PROBABILISTIC thresholds Kalimpong Monitoring
The Linguistic and Cultural Characteristics of the Tudor Dynasty in Eng.land 预览
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作者 孙雨琦 《海外英语》 2019年第11期261-263,共3页
Tudor dynasty was a transitional period from feudalism to capitalism and was considered as a golden age in the history of British absolute monarchy.During this period,the language English has changed,and the linguisti... Tudor dynasty was a transitional period from feudalism to capitalism and was considered as a golden age in the history of British absolute monarchy.During this period,the language English has changed,and the linguistic and cultural characteristics for the great changes with the help of early English communication corpus are worthy of further discussion. 展开更多
关键词 TUDOR DYNASTY language LINGUISTIC characteristic CULTURAL characteristics early English communication corpus(CEEC)
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Is the Songshugou Complex, Qinling Belt, China, an Eclogite Facies Neoproterozoic Ophiolite?
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作者 Thomas Bader Lifei Zhang Xiaowei Li 《地球科学学刊:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第3期460-475,共16页
Ophiolites play a key role in understanding subduction-accretion-collision processes. Herein, we discuss origin and metamorphic evolution of an enigmatic, Neoproterozoic ophiolite candidate—the mafic-ultramafic Songs... Ophiolites play a key role in understanding subduction-accretion-collision processes. Herein, we discuss origin and metamorphic evolution of an enigmatic, Neoproterozoic ophiolite candidate—the mafic-ultramafic Songshugou Complex, Qinling belt, China—summarizing published thermobarometr);U/Pb geochronology, and geochemistry and presenting new phase equilibrium modeling. Garnet, rarely preserved in amphibolites of the Songshugou Complex, has prograde zoning and low-pvrope cores |Alm54-71(Grs+And)25-30PrP1-6Sps5-12. It formed at quartz eclogite facies conditions of 1.93-2.54 GPa, 462-542℃. During exhumation, garnet first was mantled by plagioclase-rich coronas at about 0.7-1.2 GPa, 660-710℃. During an isothermal uplift to 0.5-0.8 GPa, these coronas evolved widely into n-shaped aggregates and eventually into whitish ribbons oriented with a steeply southwest dipping mineral stretching lineation. The exhumation into middle-upper crustal levels proceeded till the Late Devonian. The oceanic protoliths of the eclogites were emplaced into continental crust in the Neoproterozoic and dragged into a subduction zone in North Qinling in the Cambrian. The ultramafic rocks of the Songshugou Complex were not subducted with the mafic rocks in a coherent block given the absence of garnet but ubiquitous occurrence of spinel implies a P maximum of ?1.7 GPa. Rather, mafic and ultramafic rocks belonged to downgoing and overriding plate, respectively. They were juxtaposed at 0.8-1.7 GPa at Early Ordovician time. 展开更多
关键词 QINLING BELT Songshugou COMPLEX garnet isopleth THERMOBAROMETRY ECLOGITE Early Paleozoic
替加环素早期应用对不同类型重症肺部感染的临床疗效 预览
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作者 黄艾霞 童瑾 《现代医药卫生》 2019年第17期2596-2599,共4页
目的探讨替加环素早期应用对不同类型重症肺部感染的临床疗效。方法选取2016年10月至2018年10月该院重症肺部感染患者100例,其中常规治疗48h效果不佳换用替加环素者48例(早期组),据药敏选药者52例(常规组)。比较2组间感染、预后指标及... 目的探讨替加环素早期应用对不同类型重症肺部感染的临床疗效。方法选取2016年10月至2018年10月该院重症肺部感染患者100例,其中常规治疗48h效果不佳换用替加环素者48例(早期组),据药敏选药者52例(常规组)。比较2组间感染、预后指标及不良反应情况。早期组按疾病进一步分为慢性阻塞性肺疾病急性加重合并肺部感染组(COPD组)、间质性肺疾病合并肺部感染组(ILD组)、肺部感染所致急性呼吸窘迫综合征组(ARDS组)等不同亚组,比较亚组间感染及预后指标。结果与常规组比较,早期组各项炎症指标下降幅度更大,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);预后指标中,2组间出RICU率比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),其余指标早期组均优于常规组(P<0.05);2组不良反应发生率比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。亚组间,COPD组炎症及预后指标优于ILD组和ARDS组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论早期替加环素治疗重症肺部感染可避免治疗时机延误,改善预后,对COPD合并肺部感染疗效更显著。 展开更多
关键词 替加环素 早期 重症肺部感染
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腹腔镜与开腹胃癌根治术治疗早期胃癌的预后与生存率分析 预览
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作者 徐策 《中国现代普通外科进展》 CAS 2019年第6期450-453,共4页
目的:研究探讨腹腔镜与开腹胃癌根治术治疗早期胃癌的预后与生存率分析。方法:选择2014年1月—2015年1月在我院进行胃癌根治术治疗的早期胃癌患者150例为研究对象,按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组,每组各75例。对照组给予开腹胃癌根治... 目的:研究探讨腹腔镜与开腹胃癌根治术治疗早期胃癌的预后与生存率分析。方法:选择2014年1月—2015年1月在我院进行胃癌根治术治疗的早期胃癌患者150例为研究对象,按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组,每组各75例。对照组给予开腹胃癌根治术,观察组采用腹腔镜下胃癌根治术。对两组患者的手术进行情况、术后康复指标、并发症发生率、生活质量评分、为期3年的生存率进行统计比较。结果:观察组患者的手术时间、术中出血量、术后通气时间、术后疼痛评分、住院时间均低于对照组,组间比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组术后并发症发生率为9.33%(7/75),低于对照组为21.33%(16/75),组间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。术后观察组患者出院时的生活质量评分包括心理功能、躯体功能、日常活动、社交功能评分均高于对照组,组间差异明显(P<0.05)。随访3年,两组患者术后1、2、3年的生存率比较差异有统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:与开腹胃癌根治术相比,腹腔镜手术能够提高早期胃癌患者的预后效果和生活质量,且手术安全性高,不影响患者3年内的生存率。 展开更多
关键词 胃癌 早期 胃癌根治术 腹腔镜手术 预后 生存率
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