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A New Credit Spread to Predict Economic Activities in China
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作者 WANG Lei NIE Changhong WANG Shouyang 《系统科学与复杂性学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第4期1140-1166,共27页
In recent years,the relationship between bond spreads and macro economy has been studied extensively by economists in western countries.However,few attentions were paid on this topic in China.This essay regards Chines... In recent years,the relationship between bond spreads and macro economy has been studied extensively by economists in western countries.However,few attentions were paid on this topic in China.This essay regards Chinese bond market as a complex system and constructs bond indices for China with the bottom-up approach.The authors use the data of 3,205 non-financial corporate bonds from February 2010 to October 2017 and construct a new spread noted as the PE SOE spread.The authors find that the PESOE spread has a negative impact on economic activities and has the best predictive ability at short-run forecasting horizons,owing to the institutional superiority of the stateowned enterprises in China.The Treasury bond yields are found to have the best predictive ability at long-run horizons.Both spread shock and Treasury yield shock could lead to deflation and declines in economic activities,and the Treasury yield shock has a more severe and persistent impact on the economy due to the financial accelerator mechanism.PESOE spread is proved to be a better indicator for Chinese corporate bond market and can be widely used not only in future Chinese economic studies,but also for Chinese government’s macroeconomic monitoring and warning. 展开更多
关键词 Chinese BOND market corporate BOND SPREADS CREDIT SPREADS financial ACCELERATOR private ENTERPRISES STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES
东北地区科技成果转化路径的优化研究 预览
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作者 孙涛 《中国软科学》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第1期175-183,共9页
科技成果转化在东北振兴中扮演着重要角色。本文基于演化博弈的视角,构建科研机构和企业之间的演化博弈决策模型,探讨东北地区科技成果就地转化效率低下的原因,并提出优化东北地区科技成果转化路径的策略。本文的研究有利于理解科技成... 科技成果转化在东北振兴中扮演着重要角色。本文基于演化博弈的视角,构建科研机构和企业之间的演化博弈决策模型,探讨东北地区科技成果就地转化效率低下的原因,并提出优化东北地区科技成果转化路径的策略。本文的研究有利于理解科技成果转化过程中科研机构和企业的行为主体特征,可以为制定科技成果转化政策提供理论依据。 展开更多
关键词 科技成果转化 演化博弈 科研机构 企业
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经济新常态下企业如何提高人力资源管理水平 预览 被引量:1
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作者 李佳阳 陈琰 《中小企业管理与科技》 2019年第1期1-2,共2页
随着我国经济的不断发展和国民经济水平的不断提高,我国的经济发展进入了经济新常态,经济发展模式、经济质量和经济主体等都发生着新的变化。人力资源作为经济发展中的关键,也在新常态形势下发生着变化。经济新常态对人力资源的管理提... 随着我国经济的不断发展和国民经济水平的不断提高,我国的经济发展进入了经济新常态,经济发展模式、经济质量和经济主体等都发生着新的变化。人力资源作为经济发展中的关键,也在新常态形势下发生着变化。经济新常态对人力资源的管理提出了新的挑战,但同时也为人力资源的发展提供了新的机遇。论文研究了经济新常态下的人力资源管理现状,并对如何提高人力资源管理水平进行了探究。 展开更多
关键词 经济新常态 企业 人力资源管理
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Dialogues Between Chiefs of Tire Enterprises,Revealing Dreams and Feelings of Entrepreneurs
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作者 Hao Zhangcheng 《中国橡胶》 2019年第2期10006-10009,共4页
"This meeting is held in a special background." It was held in Ningbo,Zhejiang from November 13 to 15,2018 the Fifth Session of the Ninth Executive Directors Enlarged Meeting of China Rubber Industry Associa... "This meeting is held in a special background." It was held in Ningbo,Zhejiang from November 13 to 15,2018 the Fifth Session of the Ninth Executive Directors Enlarged Meeting of China Rubber Industry Association & the 19th National Rubber Industry Information Conference.At the meeting,Deng Yali,president of China Rubber Industry Association (hereinafter referred to as CRIA),believed that the current world economic situation was complicated and changeable,the trade frictions provoked by the United States have risen sharply and external challenges have increased markedly;Chinese economy was undergoing profound structural changes,transferring from stage of high-speed growth to process of high-quality development. 展开更多
关键词 TIRE ENTERPRISES REVEALING DREAMS
Profit Delivery Proportion,Operation Performance and Bond Rating of Agricultural State-owned Enterprises 预览
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作者 Weisheng JIN Yu LIU 《亚洲农业研究:英文版》 2019年第2期5-12,共8页
The distribution relationship between the profits of state-owned enterprises and the state has been constantly changing with the times. From the state implementing the policy that state-owned enterprises not pay profi... The distribution relationship between the profits of state-owned enterprises and the state has been constantly changing with the times. From the state implementing the policy that state-owned enterprises not pay profits to the state in 1994 to the constant growth of stateowned enterprises in the 21st century,their profits have become more and more abundant. Until 2007,the state issued a document stipulates that the state-owned enterprises should pay part of their profits to the state,but at the initial stage of trial implementation of the policy,the implementation was not effective,and finally in 2010 the state officially announced the collection of profits from state-owned enterprises and increased the proportion of collection. From the perspective of agricultural state-owned enterprises,using the difference-in-difference( DID)model,this paper studied the state policy of increasing the profit delivery proportion of state-owned enterprises in 2020. Through CSMAR database,we selected agricultural state-owned listed companies in the 2008-2013 as samples,tested the impact of the implementation of the new policy in 2010 on the operation performance of agricultural state-owned enterprises,evaluated the implementation effect of the policy through comparing the operation performance before and after the policy,and explored whether the policy has an impact on the bond rating. Through empirical research,it found that increasing the profit delivery proportion of state-owned enterprises is helpful for improving the operation performance of state-owned enterprises and improving the quality of bond ratings,and this policy has more prominent effects on stimulating the performance of monopolistic state-owned enterprises. Therefore,collection of some profits from state-owned enterprises can promote better development of state-owned enterprises and also benefit both the state and the people. 展开更多
关键词 STATE-OWNED enterprises Operation performance PROFIT delivery BOND RATING
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企业新型学徒制人才培养模式的探讨 预览
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作者 陆丽娜 《船舶职业教育》 2019年第4期22-24,共3页
企业新型学徒制是在时代发展过程中应运演变出的一种新的人才培育模式。其实质就是按企业岗位需要培养技术技能型人才,实现企业和学校在人才培养上的完美对接。通过分析企业实行新型学徒制人才战略的背景,了解企业新型学徒制人才培养的... 企业新型学徒制是在时代发展过程中应运演变出的一种新的人才培育模式。其实质就是按企业岗位需要培养技术技能型人才,实现企业和学校在人才培养上的完美对接。通过分析企业实行新型学徒制人才战略的背景,了解企业新型学徒制人才培养的特点和程序,明确双方在校企联合培养过程中的责任,为企业新型学徒制人才培养提供新的思路或方式,以期更快更好地培育出实用型高素质人才。 展开更多
关键词 企业 学校 新型 学徒制人才培养
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Guangxi Achieved A Remarkable Outcome in Improving Investment Environment--2019 Guangxi Business Environment Survey Report issued in Beijing 预览
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作者 Guo Yan 《中国对外贸易:英文版》 2019年第4期30-31,共2页
On July 10,CCPIT Guangxi and the CCPIT Research Institute co-issued the 2019 Guangxi Business Environment Survey Report.The report shows that Guangxi’s 100-day initiative to optimize the environment has achieved a re... On July 10,CCPIT Guangxi and the CCPIT Research Institute co-issued the 2019 Guangxi Business Environment Survey Report.The report shows that Guangxi’s 100-day initiative to optimize the environment has achieved a remarkable outcome.The degree of satisfaction for enterprises participating in the survey has increased by 16% from 2018.More than 90%of enterprises said that Guangxi’s business environment has improved in the past 3 years. 展开更多
关键词 ENTERPRISES issued GUANGXI
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企业人力资源薪酬管理中如何构建薪酬激励机制 预览
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作者 刘锦华 《中小企业管理与科技》 2019年第9期144-145,共2页
人才是企业发展的核心力量,如何在日益激烈的市场竞争下,更大限度地发挥企业中人的作用,提升企业竞争力是需要加以重视的。而科学、完善、系统的薪酬管理机制就是为此服务的,该机制能激发员工的主动性和创造性,促使员工在工作中更好地... 人才是企业发展的核心力量,如何在日益激烈的市场竞争下,更大限度地发挥企业中人的作用,提升企业竞争力是需要加以重视的。而科学、完善、系统的薪酬管理机制就是为此服务的,该机制能激发员工的主动性和创造性,促使员工在工作中更好地发挥自身潜力。论文将从企业人力资源薪酬管理中薪酬激励机制的构建来展开阐述。 展开更多
关键词 企业 人力资源薪酬管理 薪酬激励机制
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加强企业成本核算控制的问题与对策的相关研究 预览
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作者 冯燕 《浙江工商职业技术学院学报》 2019年第1期29-30,共2页
企业进行成本核算推广,是为了使企业的相关管理部门能够通过成本核算管理来熟练运用其结果,了解到企业的日常工作成本,并据此制定或调节企业的实际制度和相关政策,以促进企业的精细化管理。在探究企业的成本核算内容的基础上,以现状为... 企业进行成本核算推广,是为了使企业的相关管理部门能够通过成本核算管理来熟练运用其结果,了解到企业的日常工作成本,并据此制定或调节企业的实际制度和相关政策,以促进企业的精细化管理。在探究企业的成本核算内容的基础上,以现状为切入点,对时下企业的成本核算管理提出相关意见和建议,旨在为我国的企业成本核算和财务管理工作提供相应的参考和帮助。 展开更多
关键词 企业 成本核算 管理现状 改进路径
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Leaving No One Behind 预览
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作者 MA LI 《今日中国:英文版》 2019年第9期46-48,共3页
IN Fengdu County of southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality, a slew of private entrepreneurs have joined in the targeted poverty alleviation initiative of “enterprises helping villages.” They have not only contrib... IN Fengdu County of southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality, a slew of private entrepreneurs have joined in the targeted poverty alleviation initiative of “enterprises helping villages.” They have not only contributed to promoting the local economy and revitalizing the countryside, but also achieved the high-quality development of their own business. 展开更多
关键词 ENTERPRISES HELPING VILLAGES CHONGQING
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企业税务风险原因分析与制度优化研究 预览
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作者 桑云娟 《智能城市应用》 2019年第3期107-109,共3页
为了进一步提高企业发展水平,在企业管理过程,要重视企业税务风险管理工作的开展,要积极对其税务风险原因进行实践总结,从而才能科学制定完善的制度,进一步为企业发展奠定良好基础。作为相关研究人员,在对企业税务风险进行分析过程,要... 为了进一步提高企业发展水平,在企业管理过程,要重视企业税务风险管理工作的开展,要积极对其税务风险原因进行实践总结,从而才能科学制定完善的制度,进一步为企业发展奠定良好基础。作为相关研究人员,在对企业税务风险进行分析过程,要重在结合实际,通过科学地进行分析,才能提高企业各项工作开展效率。希望通过文章中的进一步研究,能够提高工作认识,从而为企业健康可持续发展奠定良好基础。 展开更多
关键词 企业 税务风险 防范策略
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企业人力资源供求平衡的措施分析 预览
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作者 徐铃英 《中小企业管理与科技》 2019年第9期16-16,18共2页
通过研究观察我国企业内部人力资源管理现状发现,目前企业人力资源管理工作需要解决的核心问题,就是人力资源管理问题,通过加强人力资源供求管理达到供求平衡的状态,能够为企业带来人力资源优势。论文从企业人力资源供求管理工作及供求... 通过研究观察我国企业内部人力资源管理现状发现,目前企业人力资源管理工作需要解决的核心问题,就是人力资源管理问题,通过加强人力资源供求管理达到供求平衡的状态,能够为企业带来人力资源优势。论文从企业人力资源供求管理工作及供求管理体系现存的问题等方面出发,重点分析了企业人力资源供求平衡的有效措施。 展开更多
关键词 企业 人力资源 供求平衡
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基于政、校、企联动的大学生创新创业教育生态体系建设 预览
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作者 王青迪 《宁波职业技术学院学报》 2019年第2期66-71,共6页
当前发达国家的大学生创新创业教育已经形成相当完善的生态体系。与之相比,我国的大学生创新创业教育在很多方面还存在问题。在大众创新、万众创业的大形势下,我国大学生的创新创业教育生态体系势在必行。高校、政府、企业联动培养创新... 当前发达国家的大学生创新创业教育已经形成相当完善的生态体系。与之相比,我国的大学生创新创业教育在很多方面还存在问题。在大众创新、万众创业的大形势下,我国大学生的创新创业教育生态体系势在必行。高校、政府、企业联动培养创新创业型人才,有利于发挥各育人主体的资源优势,激活资源存量,放大资源效能,实现联动方利益最大化。分析了国内外大学生创新创业教育现状及存在的问题,提出基于政、校、企联动的大学生创新创业教育生态体系建设的思路。 展开更多
关键词 大学生 创新创业教育 政、校、企联动 生态体系
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What are home textile enterprises doing in 2019? 预览
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《中国纺织:英文版》 2019年第7期53-55,共3页
Faced with new opportunities and challenges, and uncertainties that continue to exist, as one of the terminal areas of the textile industry, what are domestic textile enterprises doing in 2019? At Intertextile Shangha... Faced with new opportunities and challenges, and uncertainties that continue to exist, as one of the terminal areas of the textile industry, what are domestic textile enterprises doing in 2019? At Intertextile Shanghai Home Textiles (Spring Edition), the industry’s first grand event in this year, home textile enterprises tell you with practical actions that whether it is crossover or integrated, whether it is upgraded or simplified, they always start from the market, keep up with the trend and help the development of the industry. 展开更多
关键词 home TEXTILE ENTERPRISES new OPPORTUNITIES CHALLENGES
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Spatial Pattern and Heterogeneity of Port & Shipping Service Enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta,2002–2016 预览
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作者 CAO Youhui JIANG Ziran +2 位作者 YE Shilin WU Wei LIANG Shuangbo 《中国地理科学:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第3期474-487,共14页
Using the ‘theoretical hypothesis—empirical study—case verification’ method, this paper studies the spatial distribution and differentiation of port & shipping service enterprises(PSSE), as well as the variati... Using the ‘theoretical hypothesis—empirical study—case verification’ method, this paper studies the spatial distribution and differentiation of port & shipping service enterprises(PSSE), as well as the variation process and underlying mechanism in the Yangtze River Delta(YRD). First, through inductive and deductive reasoning, we propose the following hypothesis: the regional distribution of different types of PSSE would show different spatial agglomeration-decentralization tendency;and there would be distinct regional differentiation in the industrial structure of the enterprises. Second, based on data obtained from enterprises, empirical research is conducted using Gini coefficient and spatial interpolation simulation methods. Results show that: 1) The overall enterprise distribution is decentralized within a city. 2) Different types of enterprises show different spatial agglomeration-decentralization tendencies. At 3000 m×3000 m grid scale, there is an agglomeration tendency along seas and rivers in the spatial distribution of enterprises. Shanghai has been identified consistently as a hot spot. 3) There is significant regional differentiation in 12 port cities with respect to the industrial structures of enterprises. Finally, the transportization and the increase of shipping service demand, the globalization and the expansion of multinational corporate activities, the hierarchization and the cooperation among port cities as well as the decentralization and the behavioral difference between the central and local states can be seen as main driving mechanism of the spatial phenomenon. 展开更多
关键词 PORT & SHIPPING service ENTERPRISES spatial distribution regional differentiation HUB PORT city YANGTZE River Delta
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新时代国资委监管企业财务工作要点 预览
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作者 李宇 《办公自动化》 2019年第8期42-44,共3页
中国特色社会主义新时代正值经济新常态和供给侧结构性改革时期,国资委监管企业财务工作要点:一是聚焦提质增效,全面推进高质量发展。要科学制定提质增效工作方案,强化全面预算推动目标落地,构建高质量发展评价体系,主动用好用足各类政... 中国特色社会主义新时代正值经济新常态和供给侧结构性改革时期,国资委监管企业财务工作要点:一是聚焦提质增效,全面推进高质量发展。要科学制定提质增效工作方案,强化全面预算推动目标落地,构建高质量发展评价体系,主动用好用足各类政策。二是聚焦重点领域,坚决防控重大财务风险。要强化资金风险管控,严控金融风险,加强境外资产财务管理,提升不良资产管理的规范性和处置效率,规范国资经营预算资金使用及管理。三是聚焦瓶颈问题,不断提升财务管理能力。要夯实财务基础管理工作,规范各项财务报告工作,增强财务综合管控能力,加强财务人才队伍建设。 展开更多
关键词 新时代 国资委 企业 财务
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商业银行服务企业“走出去”经营的意义、问题及策略浅析
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作者 张新存 《一带一路报道》 2019年第5期108-111,共4页
商业银行为“走出去”企业提供全方位的金融服务,对银企双方是双赢的选择,但限于经验和现有机制,商业银行的国际化服务能力还面临诸多挑战。为此,商业银行应真正践行以客户为中心的理念,为客户提供个性化的全方位服务;持续开展产品创新... 商业银行为“走出去”企业提供全方位的金融服务,对银企双方是双赢的选择,但限于经验和现有机制,商业银行的国际化服务能力还面临诸多挑战。为此,商业银行应真正践行以客户为中心的理念,为客户提供个性化的全方位服务;持续开展产品创新,适应企业国际化经营的需要;实施人才储备工程,培养国际化人才;充分发挥科技优势,提升银行服务效率。 展开更多
关键词 商业银行 企业 走出去 服务
浅析通过加强诚信文化建设打造诚信企业 预览
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作者 刘芳 《石油化工管理干部学院学报》 2019年第4期64-66,共3页
诚信始终是中华传统文化的重要内容,党的十八大报告中第一次将诚信写入社会主义核心价值观体系。倡导和培育诚信的核心价值观,是我们党为根治社会转型期出现的诚信缺失所做出的重大举措,对于作为市场主体的企业来说,重诚信讲诚信守诚信... 诚信始终是中华传统文化的重要内容,党的十八大报告中第一次将诚信写入社会主义核心价值观体系。倡导和培育诚信的核心价值观,是我们党为根治社会转型期出现的诚信缺失所做出的重大举措,对于作为市场主体的企业来说,重诚信讲诚信守诚信尤显重要,而且必须为之。 展开更多
关键词 社会主义核心价值观 诚信 文化 企业
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“一带一路”倡议下加快企业“走出去”的基本思路 预览
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作者 郑雪平 鲁炜中 《河北大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 北大核心 2019年第2期87-93,共7页
“一带一路”倡议是中国对外开放的时代产物,为引领国内企业“走出去”、拓展海外市场创造了更多的机遇和更广阔的空间。但要借助“一带一路”倡议东风推动企业顺利“走出去”,需要解决诸多挑战和难题。在回顾总结中国“走出去”战略基... “一带一路”倡议是中国对外开放的时代产物,为引领国内企业“走出去”、拓展海外市场创造了更多的机遇和更广阔的空间。但要借助“一带一路”倡议东风推动企业顺利“走出去”,需要解决诸多挑战和难题。在回顾总结中国“走出去”战略基本内涵、实践经验与教训的基础上,剖析新时期“一带一路”倡议为中国企业“走出去”带来的新环境、新机遇和必然出现的新挑战,提出企业在“一带一路”框架下有效应对挑战和成功“走出去”以实现协同发展和更好成长的对策建议。 展开更多
关键词 “一带一路”倡议 企业 “走出去” 基本思路
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China's War on Trash Creates Market for European Green Enterprises 预览
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《今日中国:英文版》 2019年第8期10-11,共2页
TRASH separation has become the talk of the town in China these days as the government unveils a list of 46 “pilot cities” which have been selected to build up a garbage sorting and processing system by 2020. Mandat... TRASH separation has become the talk of the town in China these days as the government unveils a list of 46 “pilot cities” which have been selected to build up a garbage sorting and processing system by 2020. Mandatory schemes on household garbage sorting have already emerged in metropolises like Shanghai in order to improve its recycling rates. 展开更多
关键词 China's WAR Trash Creates MARKET EUROPEAN Green ENTERPRISES
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