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文章速递Current Knowledge of Mango and Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Control in Myanmar: A Review 认领
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作者 Kyaw Lin Maung Yin Yin Mon +7 位作者 Myat Phyu Khine Khin Nyein Chan Aye Phyoe Aye Thandar Soe Thae Yu Yu Han Wah Wah Myo Sein Su Su San Aye Aye Khai 《昆虫学(英文)》 2021年第1期49-58,共10页
Mango is one of the largest commercial fruit<span style="font-family:Verdana;">s</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> in Myanmar and the fruit fly, </span><i>... Mango is one of the largest commercial fruit<span style="font-family:Verdana;">s</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> in Myanmar and the fruit fly, </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">B</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">. </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">dorsalis</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> and </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">B</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">. </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">correcta</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> are the major pests. Mango is a kind of native fruit which can grow well as natural vegetation throughout the entire country under the various climatic conditions. We aimed to point out overuse of insecticide application in agricultural sector of Myanmar and further criteria of effective fruit fly control techniques were also proposed for worldwide ecosystem. Traditional fruit fly control is primarily focused on the uncoordinated use of insecticide applications which is orchard-by-orchard strategy. However, in view of flying distance, this localized strategy is not successful and harms the ecosystem. Occasionally, fruit bagging technique was applied by some farmers. In Myanmar’s agricultural sector, numerous varieties of cheap insecticides which mostly imported from China were plentiful. While conventional insecticide application controls were implemented annually, the population of fruit flies increased year after year, particularly in tropical region. The requirement of technical-scientific research reduced the worldwide fruit fly records. Furthermore, traditional insecticide application approach inhibits the yield and quality of mangoes that have adversely affected international trade. Importantly, in long term period of the entire previous decade, the conventional insecticide application controls make more fruit fly infestation.</span> 展开更多
关键词 Mangoes Fruit Fly Control Technique Insecticides Application Myanmar
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不同浓度1-MCP处理对“朝霞”水蜜桃果实的保鲜效应 认领
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作者 曾玲珍 肖烟云 +2 位作者 林河通 林育钊 郑江枫 《保鲜与加工》 CAS 北大核心 2021年第1期25-32,共8页
研究不同浓度(0、0.3、0.6、0.9、1.2、1.5、1.8μL/L)的纸片型1-甲基环丙烯(1-MCP)处理对“朝霞”水蜜桃果实在(25±1)℃贮藏条件下的保鲜效应。结果表明:与未处理的对照组果实相比,不同浓度1-MCP处理的“朝霞”水蜜桃果实均具有... 研究不同浓度(0、0.3、0.6、0.9、1.2、1.5、1.8μL/L)的纸片型1-甲基环丙烯(1-MCP)处理对“朝霞”水蜜桃果实在(25±1)℃贮藏条件下的保鲜效应。结果表明:与未处理的对照组果实相比,不同浓度1-MCP处理的“朝霞”水蜜桃果实均具有较低的果实呼吸强度和细胞膜相对渗透率,较高的果皮色调角h°、果实硬度、果肉可溶性固形物、可滴定酸含量和果实好果率,较低的果实腐烂率、病害指数和失重率,进而保持水蜜桃果实较好的采后贮藏品质。其中,1.2μL/L 1-MCP处理效果最佳。因此认为,浓度为1.2μL/L的纸片型1-MCP处理可作为在(25±1)℃条件下贮藏采后“朝霞”水蜜桃果实的适宜条件。 展开更多
关键词 水蜜桃 果实 纸片型1-甲基环丙烯(1-MCP) 采后生理 贮藏保鲜 品质
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火龙果结果枝对果实品质的影响 认领
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作者 叶维雁 欧景莉 +5 位作者 宁蕾 郑文武 覃少麟 覃剑峰 李季东 潘如军 《云南农业大学学报:自然科学版》 北大核心 2021年第1期91-96,共6页
【目的】研究结果枝对火龙果果实品质的影响,为火龙果优质栽培提供科学依据。【方法】以桂红龙1号火龙果为试材,研究结果枝对果实单果质量、横径、纵径、果形指数、果皮厚度、心糖含量和边糖含量的影响。【结果】结果枝性状中只有茎围... 【目的】研究结果枝对火龙果果实品质的影响,为火龙果优质栽培提供科学依据。【方法】以桂红龙1号火龙果为试材,研究结果枝对果实单果质量、横径、纵径、果形指数、果皮厚度、心糖含量和边糖含量的影响。【结果】结果枝性状中只有茎围与棱厚呈极显著正相关(P<0.01)。果实品质有多项指标间存在显著(P<0.05)或极显著(P<0.01)的相关性。结果枝茎围与果实横径、心糖含量均表现为显著正相关(P<0.05),结果枝棱厚与单果质量、果实纵径、果皮厚度均显著正相关(P<0.05),结果枝长度与心糖含量显著正相关(P<0.05),结果枝生长角度与果皮厚度显著正相关(P<0.05),结果枝段数与果实品质各指标间的相关性均不显著(P>0.05)。棱厚18.00 mm的结果枝单果质量、果实横径和纵径都显著大于棱厚<14.00 mm的结果枝(P<0.05)。朝南枝条果实的单果质量和横径均显著大于朝北枝条(P<0.05);朝东枝条果实的果皮厚度显著小于朝西和朝北枝条(P<0.05);果实的纵径、果形指数、心糖含量和边糖含量在各朝向枝条间均无显著差异(P>0.05)。【结论】培养茎围大、棱厚度大、生长角度小的长结果枝有利于收获果型大、甜度高、果皮薄的火龙果。 展开更多
关键词 火龙果 结果枝 果实 品质
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不同自花授粉方式对‘寒富’果实性状的影响 认领
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作者 黄金凤 吕天星 +5 位作者 王冬梅 闫忠业 王颖达 杨锋 何明莉 刘志 《北方果树》 2021年第1期12-14,共3页
为研究不同自花授粉方式对‘寒富’苹果果实性状的影响,采用6种处理方法开展授粉试验。结果表明:综合9项果实性状指标来看,‘寒富’几种自花授粉方式与对照相比,在单果重和种子数量上差异明显,均显著下降,在可溶性固形物和糖含量方面略... 为研究不同自花授粉方式对‘寒富’苹果果实性状的影响,采用6种处理方法开展授粉试验。结果表明:综合9项果实性状指标来看,‘寒富’几种自花授粉方式与对照相比,在单果重和种子数量上差异明显,均显著下降,在可溶性固形物和糖含量方面略有上升。而不同自花授粉方式间的品质无明显差异。自花授粉导致‘寒富’斜果率增加,但方差分析表明,果形偏斜对内在品质无明显影响。本研究为在生产上利用‘寒富’的自花结实性提供一定参考。 展开更多
关键词 自花授粉 ‘寒富’ 果实 影响
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贵州5个高丛蓝莓栽培品种香气成分的检测与分析 认领
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作者 彭歌 李冰 +3 位作者 聂飞 文光琴 徐芳玲 武玉祥 《西南林业大学学报:自然科学》 CAS 北大核心 2021年第1期94-99,共6页
采用顶空固相微萃取和气相色谱-气质联用仪对贵州5个高丛蓝莓栽培品种果实进行香气检测与分析。结果表明:香气物质的种类和含量在品种间具有明显的差异,其中在‘奥尼尔’‘密斯蒂’‘都克’‘夏普蓝’和‘蓝雨’中分别检测出33、35、37... 采用顶空固相微萃取和气相色谱-气质联用仪对贵州5个高丛蓝莓栽培品种果实进行香气检测与分析。结果表明:香气物质的种类和含量在品种间具有明显的差异,其中在‘奥尼尔’‘密斯蒂’‘都克’‘夏普蓝’和‘蓝雨’中分别检测出33、35、37、30、32种香气成分。‘奥尼尔’的主要香气物质为酯类物质,‘密斯蒂’的主要香气物质为醇类物质和醛类物质,‘都克’‘蓝雨’的主要香气物质为苯环类物质和醇类物质,‘夏普蓝’的主要香气物质为苯环类物质和酯类物质。其中‘奥尼尔’的香气成分总含量最高,为167 321.90 ng/g;‘蓝雨’香气成分总含量最低,仅有25 973.22 ng/g。 展开更多
关键词 蓝莓 品种 果实 香气成分 顶空固相微萃取 气相色谱-气质联用
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文章速递基于RFID和图像处理的目标物识别处理系统的研究 认领
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作者 赵小丽 《农机化研究》 北大核心 2021年第4期42-46,共5页
介绍了RFID技术和图像处理技术,研究了基于图像处理和卷积神经网络的水果识别与分类模型,设计了一套水果目标物识别处理系统,可以实现对苹果、梨子、水蜜桃和香蕉等4种水果的识别与分类。实验结果表明:卷积神经网络模型采用自主学习型... 介绍了RFID技术和图像处理技术,研究了基于图像处理和卷积神经网络的水果识别与分类模型,设计了一套水果目标物识别处理系统,可以实现对苹果、梨子、水蜜桃和香蕉等4种水果的识别与分类。实验结果表明:卷积神经网络模型采用自主学习型的网络,识别错误率只有0.93%,相比其他传统模型分类错误率降低较多,证明了卷积神经网络模型性能优良,具有较好的可行性。 展开更多
关键词 水果 识别 分类 RFID技术 图像处理 卷积神经网络
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文章速递Infrared Spectroscopy and Morphological Assessments on the Nutritional Value of Prickly Pear Fruit 认领
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作者 Moamen SRefat Amnah MAlsuhaibani Mo hamed Nagaty 《光谱学与光谱分析》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2021年第2期648-653,共6页
The prickly pear fruit helps in combating viral based infections.It is used to treat diabetes and declared to possess hypoglycemic effects.There is also record of the usage of the fruit in the olden days as a remedy f... The prickly pear fruit helps in combating viral based infections.It is used to treat diabetes and declared to possess hypoglycemic effects.There is also record of the usage of the fruit in the olden days as a remedy for diabetes,lipid disorders,inflammation,ulcers,and pharmacologic side effects.The chemical composition and nutritional values of skin,flesh and seed of prickly pear fruit were investigated and discussed on a dry weight situation.The infrared spectra as well as scanning electron microscopy(SEM)techniques were used to identify the functional groups of carbohydrates,amino acids,and protein.The infrared spectral data of all three(skin,flesh,and seeds)species were recorded and assigned to the presence of distinguish peaks that referred to the three different sugars(glucose,fructose and saccharose)and cyclic aliphatic hydrocarbons moieties.On the other hand,the SEM is a powerful tool to investigate the morphological features of the components.SEM assays were examined on the surfaces of skin,flesh and seed branches showing a small particle that tends to form clusters with different shapes compared to each other.The Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy(EDX)is an analytical technique used for the elemental analysis or chemical characterization of a sample.The EDX spectral technique of the skin,flesh and seeds were confirmed the presence of different essential and useful elements such as carbon,oxygen,magnesium,calcium,potassium,sulfur,aluminum,silicon,chloride,and phosphorus. 展开更多
关键词 Infrared spectroscopy SEM EDX Prickly pear fruit Skin Flesh Seed
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文章速递大宗水果中有机磷和氨基甲酸酯农药残留分析 认领
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作者 李振亚 刘向阳 +3 位作者 席玉强 刘金艳 刘静雅 尹新明 《湖北农业科学》 北大核心 2021年第2期148-151,157,共5页
为了解河南产大宗水果中农药残留情况,为水果安全食用提供指导,基于酶抑制法检测了10种水果中有机磷和氨基甲酸酯类农药的残留。结果表明,不同种类水果以及同一种水果不同批次之间有机磷和氨基甲酸酯类农药残留有较大差异,抑制率为0~75.... 为了解河南产大宗水果中农药残留情况,为水果安全食用提供指导,基于酶抑制法检测了10种水果中有机磷和氨基甲酸酯类农药的残留。结果表明,不同种类水果以及同一种水果不同批次之间有机磷和氨基甲酸酯类农药残留有较大差异,抑制率为0~75.55%,在50个批次检测样品中,有48个批次的水果中农药残留符合农业行业限定标准,合格率为96%;残留农药主要集中在果皮中,而清洗显著降低了农药在水果中的残留。 展开更多
关键词 水果 农药残留 酶抑制法 快速检测 食品安全
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文章速递Review on Effects of Sunlight on the Internal Quality of Peach Fruit 认领
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作者 Zhisheng MA Yuehui WANG +2 位作者 Ruixia BAI Jianming LI Yunyun JIA 《农业生物技术:英文版》 CAS 2021年第1期29-35,共7页
On the basis of referring plenty of literatures, we summed up the research advance in effects of sun light on the internal quality of peach fruit. This paper discussed the effect of light on the internal quality of pe... On the basis of referring plenty of literatures, we summed up the research advance in effects of sun light on the internal quality of peach fruit. This paper discussed the effect of light on the internal quality of peach fruit under the conditions of open cultivation, protected cultivation, bagging and surface covering with reflective film, the mechanism of occurrence and the technical measures to improve the utilization rate of light and light energy, and prospected the future research work. 展开更多
关键词 Peach tree Sunlight Fruit Soluble solid content Organic acid Vitamin C Protein
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文章速递灵武长枣果实维管束韧皮部及周围细胞的超微结构特征 认领
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作者 黄月 章英才 +3 位作者 苏伟东 海源 张媛 景红霞 《广西植物》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2021年第1期133-143,共11页
为了探讨灵武长枣果实光合同化物韧皮部卸载和运输的途径,该研究采用透射电镜技术,对不同发育时期灵武长枣果实维管束韧皮部及其周围薄壁细胞的超微结构特征进行了分析。结果表明:筛管/伴胞复合体及其周围韧皮薄壁细胞间在果实膨大前期... 为了探讨灵武长枣果实光合同化物韧皮部卸载和运输的途径,该研究采用透射电镜技术,对不同发育时期灵武长枣果实维管束韧皮部及其周围薄壁细胞的超微结构特征进行了分析。结果表明:筛管/伴胞复合体及其周围韧皮薄壁细胞间在果实膨大前期富含胞间连丝,而韧皮薄壁细胞与周围库细胞以及相邻库细胞间几乎不存在胞间连丝,形成共质体隔离;筛管/伴胞复合体及其与周围薄壁细胞间在果实快速膨大期也存在胞间连丝,但与果实膨大前期相比明显减少;果实着色期,SE/CC复合体及其与周围薄壁细胞间胞间连丝较少,并且出现阻塞现象;果实完熟期,筛管和伴胞之间几乎没有胞间连丝,有的筛管之间有少量胞间连丝,但却出现了阻塞现象,果肉库薄壁细胞与韧皮薄壁细胞间因胞间连丝阻塞现象而形成共质体隔离。综上结果认为,在果实发育的膨大前期阶段,光合同化物以共质体途径经筛分子卸出,卸出后可能以质外体途径进入液泡贮藏与利用;果实快速膨大期,光合同化物的卸出与运输采用共质体和质外体共存的途径;果实着色期和完熟期,光合同化物从筛分子卸出到贮藏薄壁细胞的运输均以质外体途径为主。 展开更多
关键词 灵武长枣 果实 SE/CC复合体 薄壁细胞 超微结构
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文章速递Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Cucumber Fruits Under Nitrogen Deficiency At the Fruiting Stage 认领
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作者 Jia Hao Qiang Li +4 位作者 Hongjun Yu Heng Wang Lin Chai Tiantian Miao Weijie Jiang 《Horticultural Plant Journal(园艺学报:英文版)》 SCIE 2021年第1期59-72,共14页
Nitrogen deficiency is a major factor that affects the yield and quality of horticultural crops.Differentially expressed proteins were identified in cucumber fruit under nitrogen deficiency treatment,and are expected ... Nitrogen deficiency is a major factor that affects the yield and quality of horticultural crops.Differentially expressed proteins were identified in cucumber fruit under nitrogen deficiency treatment,and are expected to be highly useful for dissecting carbon,nitrogen and ascorbate metabolism in cucumber and for improving nitrogen fertilizer utilization.Cucumber plants grown hydroponically in Hoagland solution were transferred to nitrogen-free conditions for 3 or 5 d after the blossom of female flowers.Fruit proteome profiles were assessed using twodimensional electrophoresis.The relative expression of the genes encoding 50 selected differentially expressed proteins and 4 key enzymes in carbon metabolism was analyzed by qRT-PCR.Resulted showed that most of the identified differentially expressed proteins were mainly associated with carbon metabolism,amino acid biosynthesis,ascorbate metabolism,and proteasomes.Glucose phosphorylation was enhanced,while the pentose phosphate pathway was inhibited.Carbon metabolism and the synthesis of most amino acids was affected significantly,and ascorbate might be accumulated under nitrogen deficiency in cucumber fruit. 展开更多
关键词 cucumber fruit nitrogen deficiency proteomics
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Fruits’ Nutrient Composition and Their Influence on Consumption by Chimpanzees in Kalinzu Forest, South Western Uganda 认领
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作者 Grace Kagoro-Rugunda 《生态学期刊(英文)》 2020年第5期289-302,共14页
This study determined the influence of nutritional fruit content on their consumption by chimpanzees in Kalinzu forest. Fruits consumption frequencies were obtained from analysis of chimpanzee faecal samples picked ov... This study determined the influence of nutritional fruit content on their consumption by chimpanzees in Kalinzu forest. Fruits consumption frequencies were obtained from analysis of chimpanzee faecal samples picked over a period of two years. Fruit content was analyzed using freeze dried fresh samples using standard techniques. Musanga leo-errerae (76.14%), Ficus spp (66.05%) and (18.68%) were the most commonly eaten fruits of all faecal samples (N = 2683). Generally, fruit consumption increased for fruits with total phenols and tannins below 1% per gram except for Musanga leo-errerae, Uvariopsis congoensis and Aframomum angustifolium. Multiple regression revealed that of the 15 nutrient parameters investigated, only calcium, tannins, crude fat, protein and energy content of the fruits that constitute the major food components for basic animal body needs and functioning of energy, body building and a healthy skeleton significantly predicted 76.86% of consumption (R2 = 76.86%;P = 0.019). However, the fact that some of the most eaten fruits like Aframomum angustifolium and Musanga leo-errerae were recorded to have the highest amounts in tannins shows that there must be additional factors into play. Other than fruit availability, consideration of effect of fruit size and handling within the existing models of chimpanzees’ diet could hence enhance further the understanding of fruit consumption. 展开更多
关键词 CHIMPANZEES FRUIT CONSUMPTION FRUIT NUTRIENTS Kalinzu
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Branched Secondary Alcohol Ethoxylate, Ammonium Thiosulfate, Calcium Polysulfides-Thiosulfate, and Fish Oil Effects on Blossom Thinning, Fruit Set and Quality of Peaches and Nectarines 认领
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作者 Esmaeil Fallahi Amir A. Khoddamzadeh +1 位作者 Bahar Fallahi Shahla Mahdavi 《美国植物学期刊(英文)》 2020年第12期1918-1933,共16页
<span>Total crop load has an inverse relationship with fruit size, while larger fruit size is often demanded by the peach and nectarine markets. Hand-thinning is extremely expensive, and thus, crop load adjustme... <span>Total crop load has an inverse relationship with fruit size, while larger fruit size is often demanded by the peach and nectarine markets. Hand-thinning is extremely expensive, and thus, crop load adjustment, using blossom thinners is a crucial practice to ensure production of commercially acceptable fruit size and yield efficiency in stone fruit. In this study, the influence of branched secondary alcohol ethoxylate (Tergitol TMN-6) and/or ammonium thiosulfate (ATS), Crocker Fish Oil</span><span style="font-family:;" "=""> </span><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span>(FO), and a mixture of calcium polysulfides and thiosulfate (lime sulfur) on fruit set and quality attributes in peaches (</span><i><span>Prunus</span></i><span> <i>persica</i></span><span>) </span><span>and nectarines (</span><i><span>P</span></i><span><span>. </span><i><span>persica</span></i></span><span> var. </span><i><span>nectarina</span></i><span>) were studied. All blossom thinners reduced fruit set in “Summer Lady” peach in both 2016 and 2017. Fruit sets in “Summer Lady” peach trees </span><span>with a double application of </span><span><span>Tergitol TMN-6 at the rate of 7.5 or 10 mL</span><span></span> <span>&#183;</span><span></span><span></span><span></span><span>L</span><span style="color:#4F4F4F;">&#175;</span><span></span></span><sup><span>1</span></sup><span><span>, each rate applied at 40% and 80% bloom, were lower than those receiving the same rates of this chemical only at 80% bloom, but they were similar to those receiving a single Tergitol TMN-6 spray at 15 mL</span><span>&#183;</span><span>L</span><span style="color:#4F4F4F;">&#175;</span><span></span></span><sup><span>1</span></sup><span><span> at 80% or 100% bloom. “Summer Lady” peach trees receiving FO at 20 mL</span><span>&#183;</span><span>L</span><span style="color:#4F4F4F;">&#175;</span><span></span></span><sup><span>1</span></sup><span><span> plus lime sulfur at 25 mL</span><span style="color:#4F4F4F;">&#183;</span><span>L</span><span style="color:#4 展开更多
关键词 Bio-Regulator Crop Regulation Fruit Thinning Stone Fruit Regular Cropping Prunus persica
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Quality Control of Juices Produced in Democratic Republic of Congo and Marketed in Lubumbashi 认领
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作者 Isabelle Kasongo Omba Criss Koba Mjumbe +1 位作者 Guyslain Mashini Ngongo Oscar Luboya Numbi 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2020年第4期255-261,共7页
The consumption of juice has increased sharply in recent years in Lubumbashi. The objective of this study was to determine the standards applicable to the types of juice for domestic consumption in Lubumbashi. A descr... The consumption of juice has increased sharply in recent years in Lubumbashi. The objective of this study was to determine the standards applicable to the types of juice for domestic consumption in Lubumbashi. A descriptive cross-sectional study on quality control (QC) of ten brands of juice selected from around thirty listed on the Lubumbashi markets focused on the determination of different physico-chemical and microbiological parameters. Physical analysis of the juices was carried out in the laboratory of the Congolese Office of Control (OCC) in February 2019. It appears that five samples, or 25%, have a density lower than the ISO 9001 standard. All the samples have a Brix Degree in accordance with French standards applicable by the Congolese control office. The chemical analysis shows that 4 samples, or 20%, have a pH 4, therefore higher than the prescribed standards. As for the titratable acidity and the formaldehyde index, all the samples have values within normal limits. On the other hand, the glucose level of all the samples is abnormally high (≥40 g/L). The sucrose level of 50% of the samples is normal (≥80 g/L). Microbiological analysis revealed that certain juices were without preservatives and harbored aerobic mesophilic germs (10%), lactic bacteria (20%) yeasts and molds (10%). It is urgent that the public authorities bring all the producers to respect the standards in order to protect the health of the populations. 展开更多
关键词 FRUIT JUICE Quality Control Lubumbashi/Democratic REPUBLIC of CONGO
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Chemical Characterization and Anti-Radical Activity of Fruits and Vegetables Commonly Consumed in Brazzaville 认领
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作者 Gouollaly Tsiba Josiane Enzonga Yoca +2 位作者 Mboungou-Bouesse Blondy Andzi-Barhe Thimoleon et Pascal Ongoka 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2020年第8期773-788,共16页
The objective of this study was to analyze ten (10) species of edible vegetables and nine (9) fruit commonly found in Congo (Brazzaville) in order to determine their total polyphenol content (TPC) and total flavonoid ... The objective of this study was to analyze ten (10) species of edible vegetables and nine (9) fruit commonly found in Congo (Brazzaville) in order to determine their total polyphenol content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC), and their antiradical activity by the method of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). The results obtained showed that the highest TPC and TFC were found, on the one hand, in the extracts of four species of vegetables,</span><i> </i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><i></span></i><i><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">i.e. </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Ipomoea batatas L</span></span></i><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">.</i> </span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(536.02 ± 0.01 mg of GAE/100</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">g DW;486.46</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">± 0.10 mg of QtE/100</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">g DW), </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Cucurbita pepo</span></i><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"></i></span></i><i><span style="font-family:""> </span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(533.60 ± 0.05 mg of GAE/100</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">g DW;303.72 ± 0 mg of QtE/100</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">g DW), </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Hibiscus sabdariffa</span></i><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"></i></span></i><i><span style="font-family:""> </span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(421.02 ± 0.015 mg of GAE/100</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">g DW;243.49 ± 0.10 mg of QtE/100</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">g DW), </span><span style="font-family:Verdana 展开更多
关键词 FRUIT VEGETABLES POLYPHENOLS Flavonoid Antiradical Activity
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Comparative Analyses of Height Growth Velocities of School Boys in South Korea and Japan in the Past 50 Years 认领
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作者 Hiroshi Mori 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2020年第7期659-668,共10页
The paper compares the height growth velocities of male schoolchildren in South Korea and Japan over the period 1961-2018. Growth in height was measured with the same birth cohorts, not by comparing mean height of asc... The paper compares the height growth velocities of male schoolchildren in South Korea and Japan over the period 1961-2018. Growth in height was measured with the same birth cohorts, not by comparing mean height of ascending ages in the same year. Starting from a lower economic base and mean height in the 1960s, high school males aged 17 in South Korea became 3 cm taller in mean height than their Japanese peers in the mid-2000s versus 2 - 3 cm shorter in the 1960s through 1970s. Children in Japan ceased to grow taller by the end of the 1980s, not because they quit taking more animal-sourced foods, meat and milk, but because they had drastically steered away from fruit and vegetables in their diets since the end of the 1970s. Having largely converged economically with Japan, South Korean children ceased to grow any taller in the mid-2000s. More importantly, it was discovered in this study that successive cohorts in South Korea started to fall gradually but steadily in height growth velocity from 1<sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;">st</span></sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;"> graders in middle school, aged 12 years to 3</span><sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;">rd</span></sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;"> graders in high school, </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">and </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">aged 17 years, to be once again 3 cm below their Japanese peers in the early-2010s. Analysis of Korea Household Expenditure Surveys classified by age groups of household head, decomposed by the author, revealed that children under 20 years of age in South Korea began to steer away from fruit and, particularly, vegetables in their at-home consumption in the mid-1990s, to average only 15% of the level of older adults in their 50s in the mid-2010s. These results lend supports to the importance of fruit and vegetables as determinants in height and its growth velocities in two genetically similar nations over time and stages of ec 展开更多
关键词 Height School Boys Growth Velocities Birth Cohort South Korea JAPAN Vegetables and Fruit
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Impact of Traditional Treatments on the Nutritional Value of Seeds of Jack Fruit (<i>Artocarpus heterophyllus</i>) 认领
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作者 O. E. Ezim L. U. S. Ezeanyika C. U. O. Ujowundu 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2020年第11期983-989,共7页
<span style="font-family:Verdana;">Impact of traditional treatments on the nutritional value of </span><span><i></i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdan... <span style="font-family:Verdana;">Impact of traditional treatments on the nutritional value of </span><span><i></i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Artocarpus heterophyllus</span><span></span></i><span> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">seeds w</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">as</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> evaluated. Four traditional processing methods were used (boiling, roasting, soaking and fermentation</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">)</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">. Boiled </span><span><i></i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">A. heterophyllus</span><span></span></i><span> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(BAH) samples were boiled in water for 60 minutes, roasted </span><span><i></i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">A. heterophyllus</span><span></span></i><span> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(RAH) samples were roasted in fine sand, soaked </span><span><i></i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">A. heterophyllus</span><span></span></i><span> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(SAH) were soaked in clean water for 48 hours before boiling while the fermented</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> A. heterophyllus </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(FAH) samples were boiled and wrapped in black bag for 48 hours. The mean proximate content (%) of the unprocessed </span><span><i></i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">A. heterophyllus</span><span></span></i><span> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(UAH) seeds w</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">as</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">;protein (15.88 ± 0.08), fibre (10.04 ± 0.09) ash (5.05 ± 0.07), moisture (29.25 ± 0.35), fat (10.26 ± 0.35) and carbohydrate (29.52 ± 0.4). Processing affected the proximate and mineral composition of </span><span><i></i></span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">A. heterophyllus</span><span></span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> seeds. All the processing methods 展开更多
关键词 Jack Fruit MINERALS Processing Proximate Composition
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Mineral Fertilization Influences the Acceptability of Fresh Pulp and Juice Made from Sugarloaf Pineapple 认领
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作者 Saba? Kate Elvire Line Sossa +4 位作者 Codjo Emile Agbangba Rodrigue Idohou Edmond Sacla A?de Gbènoukpo Pierre Tovihoudji Brice Sinsin 《农业科学(英文)》 2020年第3期342-353,共12页
Fertilization practices can influence the quality of pineapple fruit and consequently its acceptability by consumers who are increasingly oriented towards high quality agri-food products. This study aimed at evaluatin... Fertilization practices can influence the quality of pineapple fruit and consequently its acceptability by consumers who are increasingly oriented towards high quality agri-food products. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of N, P and K on some physico-chemical and organoleptic characteristics of pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Merr) for fresh consumption and juice processing. A complete NPK factorial design was installed in the south Benin. The treatments NPK in g plant-1 were randomized into four blocks: T1;T2;T3;T4;T5;T6;T7;T8;T9. Brix juice was determined using a refractometer and pH with a pH meter. An evaluation of sensory characteristics such as sweetness, acid taste and aroma of fresh pineapple pulp and processed juice was made by a panel of tasters selected and trained. A principal components analysis, followed by a numerical classification was performed on fruits’ sensory and physicochemical characteristics. Results showed that juice pH was significantly influenced by the phosphorus and potassium. Potassium influenced significantly juice yield. Some physico-chemical characteristics and sensory attributes were correlated between them and groups of treatments are formed for both the juice and the fresh fruit. 展开更多
关键词 Ananas comosus Fertilizer Fruit INTENSIFICATION JUICE SENSORY
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QTL Mapping for Cucumber Fruit Size and Shape with Populations from Long and Round Fruited Inbred Lines 认领
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作者 Zhihui Gao Haiyang Zhang +3 位作者 Chenxing Cao Jing Han Hao Li Zhonghai Ren 《Horticultural Plant Journal(园艺学报:英文版)》 SCIE 2020年第3期132-144,共13页
To gain insight into the molecular and genetic basis of fruit size and shape in cucumber,we conducted Quantitative Trait Locus(QTL)mapping with F2 and BC1F1 populations derived froma cross between the Northern-China t... To gain insight into the molecular and genetic basis of fruit size and shape in cucumber,we conducted Quantitative Trait Locus(QTL)mapping with F2 and BC1F1 populations derived froma cross between the Northern-China type inbred line CNS21 and the Southern-China type inbred line RNS7.Populations were evaluated during two developmental stages,ovary at anthesis and commercial fruit(immature fruit).A total of 13 major-effect QTLs(R2>10%)were detected for six traits,and one of them,fruit shape index 2.1,explained more than 50%of phenotypic variation.All QTLs distributed on chromosome(chr)1 and 2.We constructed a physical map containing almost all of the QTLs with their physical location from previous studies.For fruit size and shape,the highest number of QTLs were mapped on chr1 and chr6,and the fewest number were mapped on chr2 and chr7.At least one consensus region was presented on each chromosome.In addition,three candidate genes were predicted between the long-fruited and round-fruited inbred lines by comparing the sequences of the consensus region of chr3,where many QTLs for marketable fruit length had been detected.Our results provide a base for additional QTLs and molecular markers for fruit size and shape in cucumber breeding. 展开更多
关键词 CUCUMBER QTL mapping Fruit size Fruit shape Molecular marker INDEL SNP Candidate gene
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Effects of Xenia on Fruit and Seed in <i>Vernicia fordii</i> 认领
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作者 Shifei Qin Huijuan Zhang +2 位作者 Shuai Liu Qingwei Zhang Keming Luo 《美国植物学期刊(英文)》 2020年第11期1739-1750,共12页
Tung tree, </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Vernicia fordii</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">, is a plant species producing industrial oi... Tung tree, </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Vernicia fordii</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">, is a plant species producing industrial oil (tung oil). Although the cultivation of the tung tree produces great economic value, some important genetic and physiological traits in </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">V. fordii</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> have not been fully recognized. As one of them, the effect of pollen on the maternal plant (xenia) is unknown in </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">V. fordii</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">, which is an important part of the efficient cultivation system of many crops. This study performed hybridization with three important tung cultivars (Dami, Xiaomi and Putao) to evaluate the influence of pollen source on fruit and seed development. The results revealed that xenia is present in </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">V. fordii</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">, which influences fruit setting, fruit size, seed weight and oil content. Among the cultivars investigated, the hybridization combination with Putao as a female parent and Dami as male parent showed significant improvement of seed yield and oil content than self-pollination, which could be considered to apply in practice. 展开更多
关键词 Tung Tree XENIA Fruit Development Oil Content
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