基金Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to Sh. Ashwagosha Ganju, Director, Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment （SASE） for providing facilities to carry out this work and constant motivation during the investigation. The authors also like to express their sincere thanks to all scientists and scientific assistants who were involved in collection field data and Central Water Commission （CWC） for providing the Jhelum River discharge data. Special thanks to Sh. Narinder Kumar Thakur, Technical Officer, SASE for fruitful discussions about the study.