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我国科技政策对高技术产业成长能力影响研究——基于单一政策和政策组合特征的分阶段实证检验 预览
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作者 刘宇佳 李春艳 孟维站 《工业技术经济》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第6期105-113,共9页
科技政策已经成为各个国家提升产业竞争力的有力工具,对促进经济发展具有重要的意义。伴随着科技政策数量和种类的增多,科技政策在各自产生效应的同时,也会以组合的形式出现来发挥作用。因此,通过研究单一政策和政策组合特征对高技术产... 科技政策已经成为各个国家提升产业竞争力的有力工具,对促进经济发展具有重要的意义。伴随着科技政策数量和种类的增多,科技政策在各自产生效应的同时,也会以组合的形式出现来发挥作用。因此,通过研究单一政策和政策组合特征对高技术产业成长的影响效果,可以形成对科技政策的科学评价。本文在对科技政策分类和量化的基础上,利用系列面板数据模型分阶段实证检验了2000~2017年单一政策和政策组合特征对高技术产业成长能力的影响。结果表明:单一政策的政策工具效果优于政策目标,波动上升阶段的效果好于成长上升阶段和平稳上升阶段;科技政策组合特征中的综合性效果始终良好,平稳上升阶段一致性和均衡性仍然存在问题。 展开更多
关键词 科技政策 高技术产业 成长能力 政策组合特征 政策量化 面板GLS估计
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中外合作办学政策的历史演进与现实反思 预览
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作者 张庆晓 贺静霞 《黑龙江高教研究》 北大核心 2019年第3期18-23,共6页
政策对中外合作办学的发展至关重要。改革开放40年来,中外合作办学政策经历破冰期、发轫期、深化期和转型期等四个阶段,形成完整有序的政策体系。通过运用利益相关者理论分析发现,政府与中外合作办学举办者是办学的核心利益者,而中外合... 政策对中外合作办学的发展至关重要。改革开放40年来,中外合作办学政策经历破冰期、发轫期、深化期和转型期等四个阶段,形成完整有序的政策体系。通过运用利益相关者理论分析发现,政府与中外合作办学举办者是办学的核心利益者,而中外合作办学在政策方面存在政府政策制定滞后、政策表达模糊、政策目标与现实脱节的问题,中外合作办学举办者存在政策执行失真的关键问题。因此,在教育对外开放背景下,我国需要加强中外合作办学顶层政策设计,明确其发展定位;把握中外合作办学政策核心问题,精准引进国外优质教育资源;建立中外合作办学的协调机制,做好配套措施;继续完善质量保障体系,创造良好的合作办学环境;强化中外合作办学机构的中方治理主体地位,提升其治理能力。 展开更多
关键词 中外合作办学 政策 政策演进 政策反思
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Policy iteration based Q-learning for linear nonzero-sum quadratic differential games
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作者 Xinxing LI Zhihong PENG +1 位作者 Li LIANG Wenzhong ZHA 《中国科学:信息科学(英文版)》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第5期195-213,共19页
In this paper, a policy iteration-based Q-learning algorithm is proposed to solve infinite horizon linear nonzero-sum quadratic differential games with completely unknown dynamics. The Q-learning algorithm, which empl... In this paper, a policy iteration-based Q-learning algorithm is proposed to solve infinite horizon linear nonzero-sum quadratic differential games with completely unknown dynamics. The Q-learning algorithm, which employs off-policy reinforcement learning(RL), can learn the Nash equilibrium and the corresponding value functions online, using the data sets generated by behavior policies. First, we prove equivalence between the proposed off-policy Q-learning algorithm and an offline PI algorithm by selecting specific initially admissible polices that can be learned online. Then, the convergence of the off-policy Qlearning algorithm is proved under a mild rank condition that can be easily met by injecting appropriate probing noises into behavior policies. The generated data sets can be repeatedly used during the learning process, which is computationally effective. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed Q-learning algorithm. 展开更多
关键词 adaptive dynamic programming ADP Q-LEARNING reinforcement learning RL LINEAR nonzerosum QUADRATIC differential GAMES policy ITERATION PI off-policy
政策协同视角下公共体育服务政策优化路径研究
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作者 李屹松 《北京体育大学学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第7期74-84,共11页
公共体育服务政策是公共体育服务建设的重要制度保障,优化公共体育服务政策,有利于推进公共体育服务供给侧结构性改革,也是解决当前公共体育服务建设滞后于群众公共体育服务需求矛盾的重要手段。从政策协同角度出发,运用内容分析法、文... 公共体育服务政策是公共体育服务建设的重要制度保障,优化公共体育服务政策,有利于推进公共体育服务供给侧结构性改革,也是解决当前公共体育服务建设滞后于群众公共体育服务需求矛盾的重要手段。从政策协同角度出发,运用内容分析法、文献资料法等方法对我国公共体育服务政策协同性进行了探究,发现我国公共体育服务政策在决策主体协同性、政策执行主体协同性、政策监督主体协同性、政策主客体间协同性、政策与环境因素间协同性等方面均存在不足。针对我国公共体育服务政策现存不足,结合群众公共体育服务需求,在政策供给层面提出了政策优化路径建议。研究认为:在制定公共体育服务供给政策时,应将人民群众纳入决策体系,优化决策主体;针对公共体育服务政策执行主体多、执行主体间协同性弱、执行难度大这一难题,应明确各执行主体的职责和义务,同时明确各执行主体间的联络和沟通机制;在优化公共体育服务政策监督主体时,除行政监督外,还应将第三方机构纳入监督主体体系,并主动接受舆论监督和社会监督;在优化政策主客体间协同性时,既要注意到均等性,也要兼顾到适宜性,从而更好地满足不同群体的个性化公共体育服务需求;此外,还应考虑到公共体育服务政策与竞技体育政策等其他政策的协同性。 展开更多
关键词 公共体育服务 政策 协同 优化 政策评估
Public Agenda,Media Agenda and Policy Communication Process of Government Annual Reports:Based on the Survey in 19 Chinese Cities 预览
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作者 Yang Jun Zhen Xue +1 位作者 Wang Yunqi Yi Xin(Translator) 《当代社会科学(英文)》 2019年第5期16-28,共13页
Promoting direct policy communication between policy makers and the public is both an important function of government annual reports (GARs) and a key issue in democratic politics.According to this survey,conducted in... Promoting direct policy communication between policy makers and the public is both an important function of government annual reports (GARs) and a key issue in democratic politics.According to this survey,conducted in 19 major cities in China,to promote the policy communication function of the GARs the government should make full use of changes in public policy communication habits and the convergence of public policy preferences in different groups while dealing with routine problems such as “public opinion deficits” and “being popular among the institutional staff but unnoticed the non-institutional staff.” 展开更多
关键词 POLICY communication GOVERNMENT ANNUAL REPORTS POLICY PREFERENCES public AGENDA media AGENDA
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我国科技政策组合特征对高技术产业创新效率的分阶段影响
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作者 孟维站 徐喆 +1 位作者 刘宇佳 赫子嫱 《经济问题》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第6期49-54,共6页
科技政策由于能有效推动科学技术的发展,从而受到了各国的高度重视。从综合性、一致性和均衡性三个方面来度量科技政策的组合特征,通过建立科技政策组合特征对高技术产业创新效率分阶段影响的系列动态面板数据模型,找到科技政策的结构... 科技政策由于能有效推动科学技术的发展,从而受到了各国的高度重视。从综合性、一致性和均衡性三个方面来度量科技政策的组合特征,通过建立科技政策组合特征对高技术产业创新效率分阶段影响的系列动态面板数据模型,找到科技政策的结构和功能存在的问题,得到了如下结论:第一,绝大部分模型的综合性和一致性的效果都较好,说明我国科技政策所包括的类别、政策目标和政策工具所体现的方面都比较齐全,协同程度也较高。第二,均衡性存在很多问题:政策目标中促进科技成果转化的各类政策之间发展强度不均衡;鼓励基础研究政策内各个方面政策发展强度不均衡;需求政策和供给政策在促进科技成果研发方面的政策发展强度不均衡。 展开更多
关键词 科技政策 创新效率 政策组合特征 分阶段影响
Improving the Effectiveness of“Situation and Policy”Course in Polytechnic Colleges and Universities 预览
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作者 Yuan Xue-zhe 《美中教育评论:B》 2019年第2期69-74,共6页
Students in polytechnic colleges and universities,rational thinking and logical thinking ability is strong,with a certain technical expertise,good at hands-on operation,but in perceptual thinking,emotional intelligenc... Students in polytechnic colleges and universities,rational thinking and logical thinking ability is strong,with a certain technical expertise,good at hands-on operation,but in perceptual thinking,emotional intelligence training,humanistic quality education,and other aspects need to be strengthened and guidance.Political quality is often“special”to get the position,“red”is insufficient.Social feelings are few,the so-called“science and technology man”image is prominent,urgent need to enhance national feelings,political responsibility in the accelerated social development of social informatization industry,the importance of science and engineering has been continuously intensified,the actual effect of situation and policy courses in where change has been practically improved,and it is urgent to realize collaborative education.The emphatic points to improve the teaching effectiveness of situation policy course in polytechnic colleges and universities include constructing high-quality teachers’team,constructing scientific teaching content and teaching methods suitable for teaching,and promoting the unity of science and practice of situation policy course teaching. 展开更多
关键词 university of SCIENCE and technology SITUATION and POLICY COURSE EFFECTIVENESS construction management methods
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Spatial Concentration of Innovation Activities in China and the Role of Mega-economic Zones
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作者 Ru Ma Wan-Hsin Liu 《中国与世界经济:英文版》 2019年第2期24-43,共20页
This paper analyzes the development of spatial concentration of various innovation activities in China from 2000 to 2015 by using a generalized Theil index based on a balanced provincial dataset.It tracks concentratio... This paper analyzes the development of spatial concentration of various innovation activities in China from 2000 to 2015 by using a generalized Theil index based on a balanced provincial dataset.It tracks concentration development back to the developing heterogeneity within and between regions in general and the mega-economic zones in particular.Results show that innovation activities tend to be distributed unequally across provinces in China,with more pronounced unequal distribution of innovation outcomes than innovation inputs.Over the research period,the innovation activities considered became more and more equally distributed across provinces.The between-region inequality of innovation activities has,however,not yet significantly improved,despite the implementation of Chinese regional policies to encourage more equal regional development.Instead,more equal distribution of innovation activities within megaeconomic zones is observed. 展开更多
关键词 innovation REGIONAL POLICY SPATIAL concentration THEIL index
新常态下中国绿色矿山建设政策与格局 预览
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作者 寇婷 《现代矿业》 CAS 2019年第5期9-11,共3页
为了把握好新常态下中国绿色矿山建设的总体思路,通过梳理近年来国家、地方政府出台的一系列关于绿色矿山建设的政策法规,提出中国在新常态下,在推进建设绿色矿山建设工作中将会从推进市级绿色矿山建设、“以点带面、集中连片”推进西... 为了把握好新常态下中国绿色矿山建设的总体思路,通过梳理近年来国家、地方政府出台的一系列关于绿色矿山建设的政策法规,提出中国在新常态下,在推进建设绿色矿山建设工作中将会从推进市级绿色矿山建设、“以点带面、集中连片”推进西部地区绿色矿山建设,从而全面推进全国范围绿色矿山建设三步进行,以实现我国在新常态、新要求下的绿色矿山建设新格局。 展开更多
关键词 绿色矿山 政策法规 格局
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台湾休闲农业政策:发展历程、主要内容与经验分析 预览
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作者 黄安余 《台湾农业探索》 2019年第2期1-5,共5页
【目的/意义】研究我国台湾休闲农业发展的有关政策,为我国大陆农业发展提供经验与借鉴。【方法/过程】选取台湾休闲农业政策发展的3个阶段作为研究对象,即20世纪80年代的拓荒阶段、20世纪90年代的成型阶段和21世纪初期的完善阶段,总结... 【目的/意义】研究我国台湾休闲农业发展的有关政策,为我国大陆农业发展提供经验与借鉴。【方法/过程】选取台湾休闲农业政策发展的3个阶段作为研究对象,即20世纪80年代的拓荒阶段、20世纪90年代的成型阶段和21世纪初期的完善阶段,总结梳理休闲农业政策的主要内容、成功和不足。【结果/结论】台湾休闲农业发展的主要政策有:主管机构确立政策、土地供给政策、人力资源政策、经费资助政策、休闲单位评估与认证政策。台湾当局的主导作用、法律法规健全,以及民众的支持使政策得以成功实施,但是由于存在政策漏洞,一定程度上导致了执行困难。 展开更多
关键词 台湾 休闲农业 政策 发展历史 经验分析
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Motivation of Parent-Child Co-residence Behavior:Evidenee from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study
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作者 Yijie Wang Wenkai Sun Xianghong Wang 《中国与世界经济:英文版》 2019年第2期66-85,共20页
This paper examines the motivations of parent-child co-residence behavior in China using data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study.We test three possible motives:social norms,self-interest and altru... This paper examines the motivations of parent-child co-residence behavior in China using data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study.We test three possible motives:social norms,self-interest and altruism.We find that social norms play an important role in household co-residence behavior,showing that the belief that"sons take care of parents"is strong,and children in different birth orders take different responsibilities.Taking the one-child policy as a natural experiment,we compared co-residence behavior between only-child and multi-child families.This allowed us to test whether children in multi-child families with wealthier parents more often coreside in order to compete for a bequest.We find that parents'wealth is more appealing to children in multi-child families.The results support the life cycle theory that coresidence decisions are motivated by self-interest.We also find some evidence of altruism when parents and children make co-residence decisions.These findings provide some insights for designing future elder-support policies in China. 展开更多
关键词 China LIFECYCLE one-child policy parent-child co-residence social NORM
Research on Protection of the Interests of Generic Drug Companies in the Drug-Patent Linkage System Based on Cournot Model 预览
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作者 Ding Wenqing Luo Suping +1 位作者 Yuan Hongmei Zhang Dawei 《亚洲社会药学》 2019年第1期15-20,共6页
Objective To establish a system conducive to generic drug companies based on the facts that although China has promised to implement the data monopoly system and patent term extension system for pharmaceutical compani... Objective To establish a system conducive to generic drug companies based on the facts that although China has promised to implement the data monopoly system and patent term extension system for pharmaceutical companies that hold the patents, yet China is a country that manufactures a large number of generic drugs each year which are closely related to citizens’ healthcare. Methods The US drug patent linkage system was studied through literature review methods and then the protection of the interests of generic drug companies in the drug-patent linkage system was explored based on the Cournot model. Results and Conclusion The policy of improving the quality of generic drugs and increasing the spillover effect of technology is more beneficial to generic drug companies. Based on the results, some policy suggestions are put forward, such as the implementation of the simplified application system for generic drugs and the consistency evaluation of generic drugs. 展开更多
关键词 drug-patent LINKAGE system game theory COURNOT model policy SUGGESTION
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澳大利亚职业教育国际化政策探析
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作者 梁帅 吴雪萍 《中国高教研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期97-103,共7页
澳大利亚自90年代初起,陆续制定各项政策,将职业教育国际化作为应对国际挑战、满足国家政治与经济需求的有效工具。澳大利亚职业教育国际化政策的主要内容包括:加强职业院校与世界的联系、推动教职员工发展的国际化、促进学生的国际流... 澳大利亚自90年代初起,陆续制定各项政策,将职业教育国际化作为应对国际挑战、满足国家政治与经济需求的有效工具。澳大利亚职业教育国际化政策的主要内容包括:加强职业院校与世界的联系、推动教职员工发展的国际化、促进学生的国际流动、保障跨境职业教育办学质量以及推进本国资格框架与国外相关资格框架的对接。其特点体现在:政策理念以持续改进与最佳实践为取向,政策制定以联邦政府为主体,政策内容以本土招生与境外办学为核心。借鉴澳大利亚相关经验,我国可完善来华留学教育法律法规;重视职业教育教职员工发展的国际化;保障本土和境外职业教育质量;实现我国资格框架与相关区域资格框架的对接。 展开更多
关键词 澳大利亚 职业教育国际化 政策 关键维度
Recognition and analysis of potential risks in China's carbon emission trading markets 预览
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作者 DENG Mao-Zhi ZHANG Wen-Xiu 《气候变化研究进展:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第1期30-46,共17页
China formally launched the carbon trading pilots in seven provinces and cities in 2013.Based on the operating situations of international carbon emission trading markets and that in China,this study compares and anal... China formally launched the carbon trading pilots in seven provinces and cities in 2013.Based on the operating situations of international carbon emission trading markets and that in China,this study compares and analyzes the potential risks in the European Union Emission Trading Scheme,California’s cap-and-trade system,and the seven regional carbon trading pilots in China.It mainly recognizes market operation risks,risks of uncertain policy expectation,and risks of uncertain mechanism designs existing in China's carbon trading pilots.The carbon market risks are not good for the formation of rational price signals,making it difficult to guide enterprises on how to make low-carbon technology in-vestments.Such risks also affect the effectiveness and functions of carbon markets,which can lead to the non-achievement of national emission reduction goals.China has launched the national carbon emission trading scheme on December 19,2017.While building the national carbon trading scheme,it is important to fully refer to the experiences of international carbon markets and China's carbon trading pilots apart from strengthening the recognition,control,and supervision of carbon market risks.Doing so can promote the healthy development of China's na-tional carbon trading scheme. 展开更多
关键词 Carbon TRADING pilots Market operation RISKS UNCERTAIN POLICY EXPECTATION RISKS UNCERTAIN mechanism design RISKS
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Postoperative complications in gastrointestinal surgery: A “hidden” basic quality indicator 预览
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作者 Roberto De la Plaza Llamas JoséM Ramia 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第23期2833-2838,共6页
Postoperative complications represent a basic quality indicator for measuring outcomes at surgical units. At present, however, they are not systematically measured in all surgical procedures. A more accurate assessmen... Postoperative complications represent a basic quality indicator for measuring outcomes at surgical units. At present, however, they are not systematically measured in all surgical procedures. A more accurate assessment of their impact could help to evaluate the real morbidity associated with different surgical interventions, establish measures for improvement, increase efficiency and identify benchmarking services. The Clavien-Dindo Classification is the most widely used system worldwide for assessing postoperative complications.However, the postoperative period is summarized by the most serious complication without taking into account others of lesser magnitude. Recently,two new scoring systems have emerged, the Comprehensive Complication Index and the Complication Severity Score, which include all postoperative complications and quantify them from 0(no complications) to 100(patient’s death), These allow the comparison of results. It is important to train surgical staff to report and classify complications and to record 90-d morbidity rates in all patients. Comparisons with other services must take into account patient comorbidities and the complexity of the particular surgical procedure. To avoid subjectivity and bias, external audits are necessary. In addition, ensuring transparency in the reporting of the results is an urgent obligation. 展开更多
关键词 MORBIDITY POSTOPERATIVE complications Health policy Comprehensive COMPLICATION Index Clavien-Dindo Classification COMPLICATION SEVERITY SCORE
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英国中小学校园欺凌治理政策与实践路径
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作者 高露 李彬 《中国人民大学教育学刊》 2019年第2期20-34,共15页
英国校园欺凌是治理校园安全问题的重点,并且校园欺凌问题以多种形态呈现。在治理中小学校园欺凌中,英国从预防和处置两方面治理校园欺凌问题,陆续颁布多部与校园欺凌相关的法律。从预防校园欺凌角度,英国设立专门机构教育标准局负责监... 英国校园欺凌是治理校园安全问题的重点,并且校园欺凌问题以多种形态呈现。在治理中小学校园欺凌中,英国从预防和处置两方面治理校园欺凌问题,陆续颁布多部与校园欺凌相关的法律。从预防校园欺凌角度,英国设立专门机构教育标准局负责监督校园欺凌问题,发挥学校在校园欺凌中的主导作用。学校要制定校园反欺凌政策,全国各中小学均要开设健康教育课程,并列为学校必修课程。学校要培养学生群体认同感,以有效地避免校园欺凌事件发生。从处置校园欺凌维度,校园欺凌事件的处置分为事件本身的处置与安置受害学生。 展开更多
关键词 英国 校园欺凌 政策 治理
我国农业保险政策及其可能走向分析
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作者 庹国柱 《保险研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期3-14,共12页
农业保险有商业性和政策性之分,只有商业性农业保险没有政策性农业保险的国家,没有专门的农业保险政策,有政府参与的政策性农业保险才有特殊的适用于这类保险的政策我国由政府参与的农业保险也和其他类似国家一样,有我们自己的一套农业... 农业保险有商业性和政策性之分,只有商业性农业保险没有政策性农业保险的国家,没有专门的农业保险政策,有政府参与的政策性农业保险才有特殊的适用于这类保险的政策我国由政府参与的农业保险也和其他类似国家一样,有我们自己的一套农业保险政策,这些政策包括商业性农业保险与政策性农业保险区别对待的政策、对农业保险实行统一管理的政策、财政政策、税收政策、监管政策、市场组织政策、市场化运作政策、多部门“协同推进”政策,农业保险经营的大灾风险管理政策等这些政策将会随着农村振兴计划、农业现代化发展、农村金融制度改革以及扶贫攻坚等重要战略的推进,不断变化、调整、丰富和完善。 展开更多
关键词 农业保险 政策 可能走向
One Belt And One Road Policy from the Perspective of International Law 预览
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作者 Hao Xu 《经济管理学刊:中英文版》 2019年第1期96-98,共3页
"One Belt And One Road" is a major initiative put forward by China in the new historical period in accordance with the new development and changes in the international and domestic situation, and has been pr... "One Belt And One Road" is a major initiative put forward by China in the new historical period in accordance with the new development and changes in the international and domestic situation, and has been praised internationally. This paper makes an in-depth analysis of One Belt And One Road from the perspective of international law. Starting from the relationship between international law and One Belt And One Road, it explores the purpose, approach and existing realistic dilemma of One Belt And One Road from the perspective of international law, in order to put forward some useful insights for the rapid promotion of One Belt And One Road in China. 展开更多
关键词 ONE BELT And ONE ROAD INTERNATIONAL LAW POLICY
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生态文明建设政策保障体系研究综述 预览
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作者 刘伟杰 师海娟 《山东农业工程学院学报》 2019年第7期106-108,共3页
生态文明建设需要完善的政策体系,以实现经济发展和生态效益的平衡统一。近年来,围绕政治导向政策、经济政策、文化政策和社会管理政策等问题,学术界展开了广泛的探讨,研究成果已初显规模化、体系化,但也存在着一些不足之处。相关研究... 生态文明建设需要完善的政策体系,以实现经济发展和生态效益的平衡统一。近年来,围绕政治导向政策、经济政策、文化政策和社会管理政策等问题,学术界展开了广泛的探讨,研究成果已初显规模化、体系化,但也存在着一些不足之处。相关研究多以政策文件解读和完善政策体系的路径为主,整体上还处于零散化和片面化的初级阶段。研究视角和主体站位较为单一,缺乏综合整理和多元化主体的分析,理论分析和实践分析还亟待加强。 展开更多
关键词 生态文明建设 政策 综述
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中国农作物秸秆禁烧管理与效果
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作者 覃诚 毕于运 +3 位作者 高春雨 王亚静 周珂 王莹 《中国农业大学学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第7期181-189,共9页
为进一步解决我国秸秆禁烧难题,采取定性分析和定量分析相结合的方法,对秸秆禁烧管理与效果进行研究,结果表明国家层面的秸秆重点区域禁烧开始于20世纪90年代中后期,目前全国已经进入'全境禁烧'管理和'重点区域禁烧'管... 为进一步解决我国秸秆禁烧难题,采取定性分析和定量分析相结合的方法,对秸秆禁烧管理与效果进行研究,结果表明国家层面的秸秆重点区域禁烧开始于20世纪90年代中后期,目前全国已经进入'全境禁烧'管理和'重点区域禁烧'管理相并行的时期,全国年均秸秆焚烧遥感火点数量由2004—2005年年均14 509个降至2016—2017年年均9 297个,东部平原区和华南区的秸秆焚烧强度明显减弱,但东北三省地区已经成为我国秸秆焚烧的重灾区。并对我国秸秆焚烧治理提出4点政策建议,一是出台秸秆焚烧治理专项法律规定,二是完善秸秆禁烧区违规处罚,三是秸秆非禁烧区开展限制性焚烧管理,四是加强东北三省的秸秆综合利用。 展开更多
关键词 秸秆禁烧 秸秆焚烧 政策 控制 中国
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