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“超越二元”:另一种城镇化的可能与乡村振兴--基于山西省镇中村的个案观察 认领
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作者 张虹 《山西农业大学学报:社会科学版》 2020年第1期64-69,共6页
在乡村振兴和城镇化的张力下,如何寻求一种摆脱二元对立、超越西方中心与城市中心主义的乡村振兴之路,乡村生活城镇化为此提供了一个理论思考与实践探索的起点。乡村生活城镇化不是简单将城市的模式复制到农村,而是根植于农村发展的自... 在乡村振兴和城镇化的张力下,如何寻求一种摆脱二元对立、超越西方中心与城市中心主义的乡村振兴之路,乡村生活城镇化为此提供了一个理论思考与实践探索的起点。乡村生活城镇化不是简单将城市的模式复制到农村,而是根植于农村发展的自觉性。近年来笔者所在的家乡Y村出现了一些生活方式上的变化:“煤改气”工程的实施,村社“大喇叭”的公共传播与微信群里的非正式讨论,乡村“慢跑团”等,一场立足于乡村生活的城镇化正在山西Y村发生。其背后体现的是对农民身份认同的主体意识;对农村生活方式进步的自主努力以及对城市生活与文化价值的融入接纳。这些生活方式城镇化的特征和表现为超越城乡二元逻辑的城镇化,提供了思考视角。 展开更多
关键词 乡村振兴 城镇化 乡村生活城镇化 城市化
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新中国成立以来山西城镇化发展的回顾与展望 认领
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作者 张文霞 《科技创新与生产力》 2020年第2期37-40,共4页
新中国成立以来,山西积极推进城镇化建设,城镇化水平不断提升、空间格局不断优化、职能体系不断完善、以人为本不断突出,但仍存在城镇化质量不高、发展不平衡和不充分等问题,继续推动高质量新型城镇化建设要以人为本、优化城镇布局形态... 新中国成立以来,山西积极推进城镇化建设,城镇化水平不断提升、空间格局不断优化、职能体系不断完善、以人为本不断突出,但仍存在城镇化质量不高、发展不平衡和不充分等问题,继续推动高质量新型城镇化建设要以人为本、优化城镇布局形态、提高城市可持续发展水平、实现新型城镇化与乡村振兴协同发展。 展开更多
关键词 城镇化 新型城镇化 山西
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洞庭湖区旅游城镇化的时空分异及演化 认领
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作者 熊建新 王文辉 +3 位作者 贺赛花 尹妍 唐朝凤 潘思妍 《经济地理》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2020年第5期210-219,共10页
从旅游产业、城镇化和生态环境3个维度构建旅游城镇化指标体系,运用状态空间法,分析2000-2018年洞庭湖区17个县域旅游城镇化的时空分异及其演化机理。结果表明:①2000年以来洞庭湖区旅游产业指数呈现上升趋势,但是整体水平偏低;城镇化... 从旅游产业、城镇化和生态环境3个维度构建旅游城镇化指标体系,运用状态空间法,分析2000-2018年洞庭湖区17个县域旅游城镇化的时空分异及其演化机理。结果表明:①2000年以来洞庭湖区旅游产业指数呈现上升趋势,但是整体水平偏低;城镇化指数呈现明显快速上升态势,整体水平较高;生态环境指数大致呈"W"型变化趋势,且整体水平偏低;旅游城镇化指数不高,均值为0.3737,大致经历了3个变化阶段,基本上与城镇化指数变化一致。②城镇化指数>旅游产业指数>生态环境指数,说明旅游城镇化的发展同城镇化和旅游产业子系统具有高度协同性,与生态环境子系统具有反向性,反映出城镇化和旅游产业的快速发展给生态环境产生了强大压力,一定程度上制约了旅游城镇化指数的整体提升。③近20年来洞庭湖区旅游城镇化发展的空间差异明显,旅游产业指数和城镇化指数的空间分布格局表现为湖区中部县域较低,外围县域相对较高,基本上形成以岳阳市区、常德市区和益阳市区3个县域为中心的环带状分布。生态环境指数的地域分布格局表现为湖区中部县域明显高于外围县域,基本上形成以沅江市和南县2个县域为中心的环带状分布。旅游城镇化指数的空间分布格局与城镇化指数、旅游产业指数的格局基本相似,与生态环境指数的格局基本相反。④旅游资源禀赋、交通区位条件、城市发展历史和基础、区域经济发展水平、区域发展战略及政府政策等是驱使旅游城镇化时空格局演化的主要影响因素。 展开更多
关键词 旅游产业 城镇化 生态环境 旅游城镇化 时空演化 洞庭湖区
城镇化与生态环境耦合的动态模拟——研究进展与展望 认领
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作者 崔学刚 方创琳 +2 位作者 刘海猛 刘晓菲 李咏红 《地理学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2020年第2期333-352,共20页
Urbanization and eco-environment coupling is a research hotspot.Dynamic simulation of urbanization and eco-environment coupling needs to be improved because the processes of coupling are complex and statistical method... Urbanization and eco-environment coupling is a research hotspot.Dynamic simulation of urbanization and eco-environment coupling needs to be improved because the processes of coupling are complex and statistical methods are limited.Systems science and cross-scale coupling allow us to define the coupled urbanization and eco-environment system as an open complex giant system with multiple feedback loops.We review the current state of dynamic simulation of urbanization and eco-environment coupling and find that:(1)The use of dynamic simulation is an increasing trend,the relevant theory is being developed,and modeling processes are being improved;(2)Dynamic simulation technology has become diversified,refined,intelligent and integrated;(3)Simulation is mainly performed for three aspects of the coupling,multiple regions and multiple elements,local coupling and telecoupling,and regional synergy.However,we also found some shortcomings:(1)Basic theories are inadequately developed and insufficiently integrated;(2)The methods of unifying systems and sharing data are behind the times;(3)Coupling relations and the dynamic characteristics of the main driving elements are not fully understood or completely identified.Additionally,simulation of telecoupling does not quantify parameters and is not systemically unified,and therefore cannot be used to represent spatial synergy.In the future,we must promote communication between research networks,technology integration and data sharing to identify the processes governing change in coupled relations and in the main driving elements in urban agglomerations.Finally,we must build decision support systems to plan and ensure regional sustainable urbanization. 展开更多
关键词 URBANIZATION and ECO-ENVIRONMENT COUPLING DYNAMIC simulation THEORY methods applications
核心城区逆城镇化背景下郊区小城镇城镇化发展路径研究——以北京市顺义区杨镇为例 认领
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作者 肖瑞青 刘希庆 +3 位作者 林琛 范文晶 雷蕾 万妍 《北京城市学院学报》 2020年第1期7-16,共10页
当前我国很多大城市核心城区在推进逆城镇化,与此同时,郊区小城镇则在大力推进城镇化。因此,对核心城区逆城镇化的原因和模式、郊区小城镇城镇化特点与传统发展路径进行了研究,并以此为基础,总结了大城市核心城区的逆城镇化对郊区小城... 当前我国很多大城市核心城区在推进逆城镇化,与此同时,郊区小城镇则在大力推进城镇化。因此,对核心城区逆城镇化的原因和模式、郊区小城镇城镇化特点与传统发展路径进行了研究,并以此为基础,总结了大城市核心城区的逆城镇化对郊区小城镇城镇化的影响,提出了在核心城区逆城镇化背景下郊区小城镇城镇化的路径和措施:主要路径包括内源式与外源式发展并重;改变以“工业化引领城镇化发展”传统路径,探索多种引领城镇化的新的产业发展路径。具体措施包括做好供需匹配,做到资源精准对接;打造特色小镇,增大吸引力;培育承接能力,筑巢引凤;充分利用政策,借力发展。最后分析了在核心城区逆城镇化背景下北京顺义区杨镇的城镇化发展路径。 展开更多
关键词 城镇化 逆城镇化 核心城区 郊区小城镇 发展路径
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Employing Green Roofs to Support Endangered Plant Species: The Eastern Suburbs Banksia Scrub in Australia 认领
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作者 John Blair Paul Osmond 《生态学期刊(英文)》 2020年第3期111-140,共30页
The purpose and context for the study relates to urban growth. Australian cities are experiencing particularly rapid urbanization, taking the form of land clearing to accommodate outward expansion as well as developin... The purpose and context for the study relates to urban growth. Australian cities are experiencing particularly rapid urbanization, taking the form of land clearing to accommodate outward expansion as well as developing to higher densities in existing urban areas. Both forms of development degrade native biodiversity, resulting in loss of vegetation with the possibility that the remnant indigenous plants will become locally extinct. One endangered ecological community in Sydney, the Eastern Suburbs Banksia Scrub (ESBS), still survives along some sections of Sydney’s heavily urbanized coastline. At the time of European settlement, the ESBS covered approximately 5300 ha, but it is now a highly fragmented 146 ha across 24 sites with some sites under imminent threat of development. Conservation legislation enacted by the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia has declared the ESBS as critically endangered. Despite recovery plans, in 2016 the NSW Threatened Species Scientific Committee indicated that the community faces an extremely high risk of extinction in Australia in the immediate future. A practical option in the face of declining open space in our cities is to examine the potential of urban rooftops for conserving and propagating threatened or endangered flora. While there is a limited amount of international research on using green roofs for endangered plant protection, there is no information from Australia about how green roofs perform in this geographic region. The approach taken in this research has been firstly, to review the current academic and “grey” literature from a global perspective to identify options for conserving endangered flora on green roofs. We derive an evidence-based research protocol to be used to test the green roof environment in Sydney for propagating the endangered ESBS. We establish the general applicability of green roofs for protecting vanishing flora through the literature review and conclude that our research design will be a suitable framework for the task for monitorin 展开更多
关键词 Rapid Urbanization NATIVE Vegetation ENDANGERED Species Green ROOFS Research Design
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共享社会经济路径下“一带一路” 区域人口、城市化和经济发展情景 认领
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作者 景丞 陶辉 +4 位作者 姜彤 王艳君 翟建青 曹丽格 苏布达 《地理学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2020年第1期68-84,共17页
The countries throughout the Belt and Road region account for more than 60%of the world’s population and half of the global economy.Future changes in this area will have significant influences on the global economic ... The countries throughout the Belt and Road region account for more than 60%of the world’s population and half of the global economy.Future changes in this area will have significant influences on the global economic growth,industrial structure and resource allocation.In this study,the proportion of the urban population to the total population and the gross domestic product were used to represent the levels of urbanization and economic development,respectively.The population,urbanization and economic levels of the Belt and Road countries for 2020-2050 were projected under the framework of the IPCC's shared socioeconomic pathways(SSPs),and the following conclusions are drawn.(1)The population,urbanization and economic levels in the Belt and Road region will likely increase under all five pathways.The population will increase by 2%-8%/10a during 2020-2050 and reach 5.0-6.0 billion in 2050.Meanwhile,the urbanization rate will increase by 1.4%-7.5%/10a and reach 49%-75%.The GDP will increase by 17%-34%/10a and reach 134-243 trillion USD.(2)Large differences will appear under different scenarios.The SSP1 and SSP5 pathways demonstrate relatively high urbanization and economic levels,but the population size is comparatively smaller;SSP3 shows the opposite trend.Meanwhile,the economy develops slowly under SSP4,but it has a relatively high urbanization level,while SSP2 exhibits an intermediate trend.(3)In 2050,the population will increase relative to 2016 in most countries,and population size in the fastest growing country in Central Asia and the Middle East countries will be more than double.Urbanization will develop rapidly in South Asia,West Asia and Central Asia,and will increase by more than 150%in the fastest growing countries.The economy will grow fastest in South Asia,Southeast Asia and West Asia,and increase by more than 10 times in some counties with rapid economic development. 展开更多
关键词 population URBANIZATION and economic scenarios SHARED SOCIOECONOMIC PATHWAYS 2020-2050 the Belt and Road region
英美城镇化中后期发展进程对重庆转型发展的启示 认领
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作者 徐锦颢 付帅 《智能城市应用》 2020年第1期58-61,共4页
城镇化水平是一个国家和地区经济、社会、文化、科技水平的主要标志,也是衡量国家和地区社会组织程度和管理水平的重要标志。通过分析英国和美国从城镇化水平超60%后的发展特征、发展模式及动力、中后期城市空间扩展特征、中后期城市空... 城镇化水平是一个国家和地区经济、社会、文化、科技水平的主要标志,也是衡量国家和地区社会组织程度和管理水平的重要标志。通过分析英国和美国从城镇化水平超60%后的发展特征、发展模式及动力、中后期城市空间扩展特征、中后期城市空间扩展特征、城乡居民需求等方面将两个国家城镇化发展水平达到60%以后的特征进行总结,预先判断重庆城镇化发展的重点方向及策略,以此指导转型期重庆健康城镇化的具体实践,以期推动中国西部城镇化模式的创新。 展开更多
关键词 城镇化 城镇化水平 60% 转型发展 重庆
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高铁对中国城镇化发展的影响 认领
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作者 陈卫 王若丞 《人口研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第3期85-101,共17页
中国是当前世界上高速铁路发展速度最快的国家。高铁作为一项大型的交通基础设施,不仅深刻改变了人们的出行方式,更发挥了重塑城市空间和推动城镇化发展的作用。基于MODIS遥感数据考察在2010~2016年中国高速铁路快速发展时期,中国297个... 中国是当前世界上高速铁路发展速度最快的国家。高铁作为一项大型的交通基础设施,不仅深刻改变了人们的出行方式,更发挥了重塑城市空间和推动城镇化发展的作用。基于MODIS遥感数据考察在2010~2016年中国高速铁路快速发展时期,中国297个地级市的城镇化空间分布格局及其变化趋势,并采用空间面板回归的方法探讨高铁站点的开通对城镇化发展的影响。结果表明在高速铁路快速发展时期,中国的城镇化发展格局空间集聚特征日益明显,长三角地区是城镇化发展最快的区域;高铁对城镇化的推动作用会根据城市本身的发展水平及高铁站点的位置而产生分化;高铁站点的开通可以显著提高其站点所在城市的城镇化发展速度,而对城镇化的推动作用在中小规模城市中更为明显。 展开更多
关键词 高铁 城镇化 城镇化指数 中分辨率成像光谱仪 空间面板回归
Urban Rural Disparity in Westernization Related Cancers and the Increasing Incidence in Parallel with Socioeconomic Development and Urbanization from 2000-2015 among a Rural Chinese Population: An Observational Study 认领
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作者 Denggui Wen Hongtao He +4 位作者 Yuetong Chen Kohei Akazawa Yunjiang Liu Cuizhi Geng Bao’en Shan 《健康(英文)》 2020年第5期456-473,共18页
Abstract China used to have great urban rural disparity in socioeconomic development. Since the late 1980s, rapid socioeconomic development and urbanization have been taking place in rural settings. It is epidemiologi... Abstract China used to have great urban rural disparity in socioeconomic development. Since the late 1980s, rapid socioeconomic development and urbanization have been taking place in rural settings. It is epidemiologically established that cancer scale and profile will transit as economy prospers and urbanization develops. However, there are few published studies reporting what changes are undergoing in cancer pattern in Chinese rural settings. Population-based tumor registration data collected by us in urban Shijiazhuang city (available for 2,374,827 people in 2012) and in rural Shexian County (available for 408,995 people since 2000) were used for urban rural comparison of age standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of westernization-related cancers in 2012, and the trend of biennial ASIR of these cancers for 2000-2015 in Shexian County was examined following a decade of rapid socioeconomic development and urbanization. From 1988-2015, the Gross Domestic Product per Capita (GDP) in rural Shexian County increased from 860 to 3000 US$, and urbanization rate from 22.4% to 54.8%. The biennial ASIRs of lung, colorectal, gallbladder cancer and leukemia in both sexes, and that of breast, ovary, thyroid, and kidney cancer in women increased significantly from 2000 - 2015. The increase from 2000-2001 to 2014-2015 in man and women for lung cancer was from 15.9 to 34.7 per 105 (P = 0.05) and 9.6 to 16.7 (P = 0.00), for colorectal cancer from 6.6 to 15.9 (P = 0.00) and 4.0 to 11.7 (P = 0.00), for gallbladder cancer from 0.1 to 2.4 (P = 0.00) and 0.3 to 2.7 (P = 0.00), for leukemia from 2.8 to 7.7 (P = 0.00) and 2.3 to 6.2 (P = 0.00);and in women for cancer of breast from 2.8 to 17.3 (P = 0.00), kidney from 0.2 to 2.4 (P = 0.00), ovary from 0.2 to 4.3 (P = 0.00), and thyroid from 0.2 to 4.2 (P = 0.00). Notwithstanding these increases, their ASIRs in 2012 in Shexian County were still significantly lower than that in Shijiazhuang city. Westernization-related cancer is increasing rapidly in rural China. Comprehensive measures are n 展开更多
关键词 Urban-Rural DISPARITY In WESTERNIZATION RELATED CANCER Population Based Tumor Registration SOCIOECONOMIC Development URBANIZATION WESTERNIZATION RELATED CANCER
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基于创新的城市化:深圳、底特律、硅谷的案例分析 认领
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作者 吕拉昌 《河北师范大学学报:自然科学版》 CAS 2020年第2期166-169,共4页
城市化的概念需要能解释现代城市的发展与职能的演化.传统城市化概念强调乡村人口向城市的转移,忽视人口质量及城市之间的人口迁移,在知识经济时代,难以解释城市的现代职能.在检讨传统城市化概念的基础上,提出了基于创新的城市化的概念... 城市化的概念需要能解释现代城市的发展与职能的演化.传统城市化概念强调乡村人口向城市的转移,忽视人口质量及城市之间的人口迁移,在知识经济时代,难以解释城市的现代职能.在检讨传统城市化概念的基础上,提出了基于创新的城市化的概念,并以此概念对深圳、底特律及硅谷的创新发展给出新的诠释,并对中国的城市化发展提出建议. 展开更多
关键词 城市化 基于创新的城市化 深圳 底特律 硅谷
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耦合魔方——一个分析人地系统耦合机理的多维框架 认领
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作者 刘海猛 方创琳 方恺 《地理学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2020年第3期355-377,共23页
Understanding the interactions between humans and nature in the Anthropocene is central to the quest for both human wellbeing and global sustainability.However,the time-space compression,long range interactions,and re... Understanding the interactions between humans and nature in the Anthropocene is central to the quest for both human wellbeing and global sustainability.However,the time-space compression,long range interactions,and reconstruction of socio-economic structures at the global scale all pose great challenges to the traditional analytical frameworks of human-nature systems.In this paper,we extend the connotation of coupled human and natural systems(CHANS)and their four dimensions—space,time,appearance,and organization,and propose a novel framework:“Coupled Human and Natural Cube”(CHNC)to explain the coupling mechanism between humans and the natural environment.Our proposition is inspired by theories based on the human-earth areal system,telecoupling framework,planetary urbanization,and perspectives from complexity science.We systematically introduce the concept,connotation,evolution rules,and analytical dimensions of the CHNC.Notably there exist various“coupling lines”in the CHNC,connecting different systems and elements at multiple scales and forming a large,nested,interconnected,organic system.The rotation of the CHNC represents spatiotemporal nonlinear fluctuations in CHANS in different regions.As a system continually exchanges energy with the environment,a critical phase transition occurs when fluctuations reach a certain threshold,leading to emergent behavior of the system.The CHNC has four dimensions—pericoupling and telecoupling,syncoupling and lagcoupling,apparent coupling and hidden coupling,and intra-organization coupling and inter-organizational coupling.We mainly focus on the theoretical connotation,research methods,and typical cases of telecoupling,lagcoupling,hidden coupling,and inter-organizational coupling,and put forward a human-nature coupling matrix to integrate multiple dimensions.In summary,the CHNC provides a more comprehensive and systematic research paradigm for understanding the evolution and coupling mechanism of the human-nature system,which expands the analytical dimension of CHA 展开更多
关键词 Coupled Human and Natural Cube human-environment systems social-ecological systems pericoupling and telecoupling climate change URBANIZATION human activity complexity science sustainability science
基于DEA的安徽省城镇化建设经济效益评价 认领
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作者 强群莉 《安徽建筑大学学报》 2020年第2期85-92,共8页
利用数据包络分析方法,通过横向和纵向两个方面对安徽省16个地市从2004~2017年在城镇化建设中的综合经济效益和技术经济效益进行了评价。分析结果显示,安徽省全省及各地市在2007年左右城镇化建设加快,经济效益呈回升趋势并逐年增加,201... 利用数据包络分析方法,通过横向和纵向两个方面对安徽省16个地市从2004~2017年在城镇化建设中的综合经济效益和技术经济效益进行了评价。分析结果显示,安徽省全省及各地市在2007年左右城镇化建设加快,经济效益呈回升趋势并逐年增加,2010年之后城镇化建设经济效益达到有效水平之上;2012年后,随着黄山市、池州市、六安市等山区地市城镇化建设步伐的加大,全省的城镇化建设综合效益和技术效益稳步提高。 展开更多
关键词 数据包络分析(DEA) 经济效益 城镇化 安徽省
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“有产业无社区”视阈下我国城市化发展研究 认领
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作者 闫柳君 《未来与发展》 2020年第7期22-25,34,共5页
社区治理是社会治理的最后1公里,结合发达国家"有产业无社区"发展模式,以期探讨我国城市化发展机制,以及社区治理之未来发展趋势。农村地区的发展、农业人口的转变是衡量城市化的重要指标之一,以美国农业现代化发展模式为参考... 社区治理是社会治理的最后1公里,结合发达国家"有产业无社区"发展模式,以期探讨我国城市化发展机制,以及社区治理之未来发展趋势。农村地区的发展、农业人口的转变是衡量城市化的重要指标之一,以美国农业现代化发展模式为参考,即可厘清农业现代化与城市化的关系。由此出发,结合我国现实国情,可从多方面入手共同推进我国城市化发展。 展开更多
关键词 “有产业无社区” 农业现代化 城市化
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城镇化、经济周期与地区收入分配差距——基于面板门限模型的分析 认领
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作者 卢倩倩 许光建 许坤 《经济问题》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第2期25-32,共8页
地区均衡发展是新时代经济高质量发展的必然要求。使用中国省际年度面板数据,分析城镇化进程对地区收入分配的影响,并使用门限面板回归模型分析其在不同经济运行阶段对地区收入分配影响的非线性关系。面板回归结果显示:一是城镇化水平... 地区均衡发展是新时代经济高质量发展的必然要求。使用中国省际年度面板数据,分析城镇化进程对地区收入分配的影响,并使用门限面板回归模型分析其在不同经济运行阶段对地区收入分配影响的非线性关系。面板回归结果显示:一是城镇化水平显著影响地区间收入差距,检验结果具有较好的稳健性;二是东北地区的城镇化进程显著缩小了地区间收入差距,东部沿海地区、中部地区和西部地区的城镇化进程显著扩大了地区间收入差距。面板门限回归结果显示,城镇化进程对地区收入差距的影响存在"逆周期"特征,以产出相对波动率衡量的状态断点分别为-5.005%和0.945%。基于以上结果,建议政府完善推进城镇化进程的相关经济政策,注重效率与公平目标间的协调。 展开更多
关键词 经济周期 城镇化 地区收入分配差距
NEW GROWTH DRIVER--New urbanization to expand investment and consumption 认领
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作者 Feng Kui 《北京周报:英文版》 2020年第34期16-17,共2页
At a meeting on July 30,the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China(CPC)proposed that investment and consumption demand should be driven through new urbanization projects.Normally.
关键词 INVESTMENT URBANIZATION CONSUMPTION
A Discussion for the Protection of the Environnement in the Law of Planification in China 认领
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作者 Li Zhang 《宏观管理与公共政策(英文)》 2020年第3期20-22,共3页
This article aims to answer the question that if the law of planification of China,really takes account of the objectives of environmental protection.The answer is based on,first of all,the reform of system of land ow... This article aims to answer the question that if the law of planification of China,really takes account of the objectives of environmental protection.The answer is based on,first of all,the reform of system of land ownership(direct link of the development of urbanization).This article cracks the problem by two approaches:the state and collective property right.The first part of the analysis is macro-perspective,i.e.,the course of land reform and the land users.In general,the state remains the sole owner of all the land and delegates the local governments to manage the use of land in China.However,the high interest undermines their roles,and degradation of environment in the process of urbanization continues.Based on this observation,we analyzed their administration,i.e.,who are the actors and how the powers are shared.The lack of transparency and independence is in its structure,i.e.,they have ambitions to have a good protection but the conflict appears frequently.In the further part,micro-vision was employed.We focused on the regulations of planification,procedures and formalities that is deeply involved.In fact,we find that the volume of law was expanded and a need of consolidation is urgent for the coherence,accessibility and understanding of law.Then it follows the analysis of two typical procedures:the procedure of environmental assessment as well as participation.These procedures are the practical implementation of the consideration of the environment.The fact is that rapid urbanization resulted in a reconfiguration of the urban space,and the appearance of a variety of interests.The degradation of environment,coupled with the importance of urbanization has become a challenge to governance.People realized more and more issues related to housing,welfare and citizenship.This forces the government to change their policies and acts.From different points of views-historical,political,administrative,legal and social-this research determines how a better environmental protection can play in law of planification.The 展开更多
关键词 China Land reform URBANIZATION Urban governance DECENTRALIZATION Local government Environmental evaluation PARTICIPATION
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城市时空演变遥感监测与分析 认领
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作者 夏榕岭 吴学群 夏海洋 《城市勘测》 2020年第4期87-93,共7页
以新一线城市昆明市为例,基于长时间序列短时间间隔的Landsat TM/OLI数据,利用面向对象的支持向量机O-SVM分类方法提取1989年~2019年的城市建成区(及潜在城市区域),并结合景观扩张指数LEI、景观格局指数(PD、LPI、LSI、MPS)等分析了城... 以新一线城市昆明市为例,基于长时间序列短时间间隔的Landsat TM/OLI数据,利用面向对象的支持向量机O-SVM分类方法提取1989年~2019年的城市建成区(及潜在城市区域),并结合景观扩张指数LEI、景观格局指数(PD、LPI、LSI、MPS)等分析了城市的发展模式。研究结果表明:基于O-SVM分类方法能够高效提取城市建成区;每幅影像分类整体精度OA均高于90.18%,Kappa系数均高于0.87,用户精度UA和制图精度PA均高于90%;在过去的30年里,城市面积不断增大,年平均扩张率为5.82%,年平均增长率为4.88%,整体表现出聚集—扩散—再聚集—再扩散的扩张模式;总体看来昆明市的城市化进程还处于上升期。本研究为相关部门及早洞察城市扩张的情况提供依据,对城市规划、城镇化建设和生态环境可持续发展具有重要意义。 展开更多
关键词 城市化 O-SVM 建成区 城市空间扩张 景观格局
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基于RS和GIS的滁州市土地利用与景观格局变化 认领
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作者 陶蕊 顾成军 +1 位作者 曹梦涵 王官勇 《黑龙江工程学院学报》 CAS 2020年第2期32-37,共6页
人类社会经济的发展对土地利用和景观格局会产生重要的影响。以2000年、2005年、2010年和2015年4期TM遥感影像数据为基础,借助RS和GIS技术对滁州市土地利用与景观格局的变化进行分析。研究结果表明:滁州市土地类型主要为耕地、林地、居... 人类社会经济的发展对土地利用和景观格局会产生重要的影响。以2000年、2005年、2010年和2015年4期TM遥感影像数据为基础,借助RS和GIS技术对滁州市土地利用与景观格局的变化进行分析。研究结果表明:滁州市土地类型主要为耕地、林地、居民用地和水域,草地和未利用地面积相对较小。2000—2015滁州市土地利用变化表现为耕地面积减少,林地、居民用地和水域面积增加,草地和未利用地面积相对稳定。变化过程主要是耕地转化为居民用地和林地。景观格局分析表明滁州市景观的斑块密度、形状指数、香农多样性指数和均匀度指数不断增加,景观的破碎化程度提高,异质性增强。滁州市土地利用和景观格局变化有不断加剧的趋势,城市化和退耕还林是滁州市土地利用和景观格局变化的主要因素。 展开更多
关键词 土地利用 景观格局 城市化 滁州市
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乡村振兴探源与当代城乡发展新理路--基于城市哲学视野的考察 认领
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作者 庄友刚 《贵州省党校学报》 2020年第1期115-120,共6页
实施乡村振兴战略,实现城乡的全面发展,就需要改变过去社会资源配置片面向城市倾斜的发展状况。实现乡村振兴,不是简单地把乡村空间转变为城市空间。乡村振兴的核心要义在于生产力的发展,本质上是要实现乡村现代化。
关键词 乡村振兴 城市化 城乡全面发展 发展新思路
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