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基于GIS的重庆城口县村落空间分布特征及人居环境适宜性评价研究 预览
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作者 唐倩 李孝坤 +1 位作者 钟博星 王科宇 《水土保持研究》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期305-311,共7页
以重庆城口县为例,探索了秦巴山连片特困区村落空间分布特征及人居环境适宜性,为落后山区村落布局规划与扶贫脱困提供科学依据。运用核密度分析和空间热点探测分析等方法,研究了城口县村落空间分布特征;基于地形起伏度、地被指数、温湿... 以重庆城口县为例,探索了秦巴山连片特困区村落空间分布特征及人居环境适宜性,为落后山区村落布局规划与扶贫脱困提供科学依据。运用核密度分析和空间热点探测分析等方法,研究了城口县村落空间分布特征;基于地形起伏度、地被指数、温湿指数和水文指数构建人居环境指数模型,评价了城口县村落人居环境适宜状况。结果表明:(1)村落高密集区主要分布在西部、南部和中部地区,村落稀疏区主要分布在东部和北部地区,村落密度由西向东、由南向北降低,村落分布整体呈带状延伸、片状聚集和'孤岛'零星分布的聚散特征;(2)村落数量分布与地形关系密切,随地形因子分级梯度增大而降低;(3)村落人居环境划分为不适宜、临界适宜、一般适宜、较高适宜和高度适宜5个适宜性级别;(4)现有村落中分布于不适宜区的村落占16.45%,临界适宜区和一般适宜区的村落占65.96%,较高适宜区和高度适宜区的村落占17.59%,可见,村落人居环境适宜性指数与村落数量之间呈倒'U'型相关。研究区应结合人居环境适宜性状况对现有村落分布进行调整优化,并针对性地加强人居环境建设,使减贫脱贫与美丽乡村建设协同共进。 展开更多
关键词 村落 空间分布 村落人居环境 适宜性 城口县
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An Empirical Study on Targeted Poverty Alleviation of Chixi Village and Xiadang Village in Ningde City of Fujian Province 预览
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作者 ZHANG Guangying LI Meixiu LIN Cuisheng 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第4期108-112,119共6页
Chixi Village and Xiadang Village in Ningde City of Fujian Province were once famous poverty-stricken villages. Both of the villages are poor villages that General Secretary Xi Jinping has been paying attention to. Th... Chixi Village and Xiadang Village in Ningde City of Fujian Province were once famous poverty-stricken villages. Both of the villages are poor villages that General Secretary Xi Jinping has been paying attention to. The two villages have helped the poor get rid of poverty by infrastructure construction, ecological migration, and industrial development according to local conditions. However, the two villages have succeeded in the implementation of targeted poverty alleviation according to their own resource characteristics. The study shows that the poverty alleviation processes, poverty alleviation achievements and established future development trend of these two poor villages basically correspond to the trend of poverty alleviation policy in China in the past 30 years, reflect the process of “targeted poverty alleviation” work carried out in China’s rural areas to a certain extent, and has reference significance and theoretical significance for targeted poverty alleviation cases. 展开更多
关键词 TARGETED POVERTY alleviation Empirical study Chixi VILLAGE Xiadang VILLAGE
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Present Situation and Renovation Strategies of Farmhouses in Yingxi Village,Fuliang County,Jingdezhen 预览
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作者 Shizhu LU Jiahui Zhao 《亚洲农业研究:英文版》 2019年第5期53-57,共5页
At presents,the hollowing of rural areas and the emptying of rural houses are very common. Scholars have discussed various construction strategies on the issue of rural housing renovation. The speed of urbanization co... At presents,the hollowing of rural areas and the emptying of rural houses are very common. Scholars have discussed various construction strategies on the issue of rural housing renovation. The speed of urbanization construction has led to a huge dilemma for villages featuring traditional dwellings. Taking Yingxi Village,Zhitan Town,Fuliang County,Jingdezhen City,Jiangxi Province as an example,combining the current situation of China’s rural housing and the actual situation of reconstruction and reuse,this article explores and studies the enormous potential and unlimited cultural influence of rural housing renovation. 展开更多
关键词 Yingxi VILLAGE CURRENT SITUATION of farmhouses RENOVATION STRATEGIES
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1930煤矿河道下开采地表沉陷预计分析 预览
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作者 杨天艺 秦洪岩 《煤炭与化工》 CAS 2019年第6期48-50,53共4页
为分析新疆焦煤集团1930煤矿河道下工作面采后的地表变形,采用概率积分法进行研究。根据概率积分法的计算模型和参数选取原则,确定了工作面采后预计参数。将预计结果进行数据化处理,经过分析可知,矿井开采后,达到充分采动后,地表上方将... 为分析新疆焦煤集团1930煤矿河道下工作面采后的地表变形,采用概率积分法进行研究。根据概率积分法的计算模型和参数选取原则,确定了工作面采后预计参数。将预计结果进行数据化处理,经过分析可知,矿井开采后,达到充分采动后,地表上方将会产生一定程度的下沉盆地,最大下沉量达到5.5 m,在雨季地表下沉盆地会积聚雨水,会给矿井防治水工作造成一定的影响,应引起高度重视;在开采区域的地表上方会产生一定范围的拉伸和压缩区域,压缩区域会使表土层更加致密,阻止地表水向下渗透。而拉伸区域会造成地表裂缝,并延深到一定的深度,增加了地表水及第四系含水层的水向下渗透,与导水裂隙带形成水力通道;河道处的最大下沉值为5 400 mm,最大水平变形值绝对值为19 mm/m,最大倾斜值为51 mm/m,最大曲率值绝对值为0.6×10^-3/m。 展开更多
关键词 河道下开采 “三下”开采 地表变形预计 概率积分法
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青海民族村落健康文化建设的思考 预览
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作者 冯书娥 王婷 《青海师范大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 2019年第1期61-64,共4页
人民健康是民族昌盛和国家富强的重要标志。实现健康青海战略,必须要加强民族村落健康文化建设,其核心是制度保障是前提,科技创新是源动力,可持续发展是目标,道德自律是助推器。
关键词 少数民族 村落 健康文化
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农村马克思主义大众化的民生取向 预览
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作者 肖芳 尤文梦 《北京化工大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第2期1-5,共5页
农民是马克思主义大众化的重要群体,民生取向深刻揭示了农村马克思主义大众化“何以需要”、“何以可能”以及“如何实现”。农村马克思主义大众化有利于增强社会主义意识形态的凝聚力和引领力、助力乡村振兴战略并且满足农民对美好生... 农民是马克思主义大众化的重要群体,民生取向深刻揭示了农村马克思主义大众化“何以需要”、“何以可能”以及“如何实现”。农村马克思主义大众化有利于增强社会主义意识形态的凝聚力和引领力、助力乡村振兴战略并且满足农民对美好生活的需要。改革开放以来尤其是党的十八大以来,我们党将意识形态工作作为一项极端重要的工作,并且在经济发展、共享理念与政策保障等方面谱写了改善民生与农村马克思主义大众化的时代篇章。农民民生问题是当今社会的热点问题,为了更好地推动农村马克思主义大众化,必须实现城乡协调发展、理论宣传与农民生活的对接并且完善农民利益表达机制。 展开更多
关键词 马克思主义大众化 农村 民生取向
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妙峰香道村落旅游开发的现状、问题与对策 预览
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作者 罗红玉 杜姗姗 +1 位作者 赵润泽 余煌 《北京农业职业学院学报》 2019年第1期58-64,共7页
古香道是京西古道的重要组成部分,其周边的村落作为重要的空间节点,是进行宗教和民俗活动的重要承载空间。涧沟村、三家店村和樱桃沟村作为妙峰古香道的村落旅游开发代表,目前存在各自的问题,而妙峰香道旅游开发在整体上应以聚落区位优... 古香道是京西古道的重要组成部分,其周边的村落作为重要的空间节点,是进行宗教和民俗活动的重要承载空间。涧沟村、三家店村和樱桃沟村作为妙峰古香道的村落旅游开发代表,目前存在各自的问题,而妙峰香道旅游开发在整体上应以聚落区位优势的利用、增强游客与村民的互动性、提高从业人员素质为对策解决目前存在的主要问题。 展开更多
关键词 京西古道 妙峰香道 古村落 旅游开发
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The Transformation of Means of Livelihood of Peasant Households Against the Background of Rural Tourism Development: A Case Study of Jiaju Tibetan Village in Danba County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province 预览
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作者 HE Ailin 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第3期115-117,122共4页
Tourism impact research from a sustainable livelihood perspective is of great significance for improving peasant households’ livelihood, reducing the livelihood vulnerability of peasant households and promoting the s... Tourism impact research from a sustainable livelihood perspective is of great significance for improving peasant households’ livelihood, reducing the livelihood vulnerability of peasant households and promoting the sustainable development of rural tourist destinations. Jiaju Tibetan Village is a typical rural tourist destination relying on natural and humanistic tourism resources. Based on field investigation, this paper systematically analyzes the impact of tourism development on local peasant households’ livelihood. The research shows that:① after tourism development, the means of livelihood of peasant households there are more diversified, the structure of livelihoods changes, the number of peasant households engaged in tourism-related livelihood activities has increased significantly, and the number of peasant households engaged in traditional livelihood activities has been greatly reduced;② driven by the external development of rural tourism, peasant households choose reasonable means of livelihood based on their own attributes, and there are four types of peasant households with different combinations of livelihood activities and household characteristics, namely, labor-oriented peasant households, tourism-labor peasant households, tourism-specialized peasant households, and mixed peasant households. Under the influence of rural tourism development, peasant households’ livelihood has increased, and peasant’s livelihood vulnerability has decreased, especially the sustainability of the livelihood of rural tourism operators has increased. 展开更多
关键词 Rural TOURISM Jiaju TIBETAN VILLAGE Means of LIVELIHOOD
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小尺度上蜜蜂传粉服务与耕地利用集约水平之间权衡关系研究
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作者 孙传谆 甄霖 +3 位作者 刘小玲 刘通 吴顺辉 李景刚 《长江流域资源与环境》 CAS CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第1期112-121,共10页
传粉作为重要的生态系统服务之一,对维持野生植物群落和粮食生产至关重要。近年来随着全球农业投入迅速增加,耕地利用集约化程度大幅提高,昆虫传粉能力受到严重影响。由于全世界约2/3的主要粮食作物依赖传粉服务,因此传粉服务的下降将... 传粉作为重要的生态系统服务之一,对维持野生植物群落和粮食生产至关重要。近年来随着全球农业投入迅速增加,耕地利用集约化程度大幅提高,昆虫传粉能力受到严重影响。由于全世界约2/3的主要粮食作物依赖传粉服务,因此传粉服务的下降将威胁着全球粮食安全。然而,传粉服务与耕地利用集约水平的相互关系有待在全球各地区进行进一步验证,尤其在中国这种农业大国。以鄱阳湖滨湖区典型村落为研究对象,基于高精度土地利用数据、传粉蜜蜂生物物理数据、区域社会经济以及实地调研数据,采用InVEST模型、GIS分析工具、数理统计和回归分析方法。定量揭示小尺度上耕地集约利用与蜜蜂传粉服务之间的权衡关系。结果显示:(1)研究村落2000年和2013年蜜蜂传粉服务丰度平均值分别为0. 127和0. 108,期间下降幅度为15. 50%。总体上,研究村落蜜蜂传粉服务有较明显的削弱。(2)受退耕还林、退田还湖以及耕地撂荒等因素的综合影响,研究村落耕地利用区域减少了37. 66 hm~2,约占村落土地总面积的13. 55%。但由于农药、化肥、机械以及劳动力等投入的增加,该村各耕地利用类型的集约度分值均有大幅度提高,增幅均高达2倍以上。(3)耕地利用集约度变化与蜜蜂传粉服务变化回归系数为-0. 164,两者呈负相关关系,也即两者之间存在此消彼长的权衡关系。研究村落耕地利用集约度的提高削弱了蜜蜂传粉服务功能。 展开更多
关键词 蜜蜂传粉服务 耕地利用集约水平 村落 权衡
Spatial Analysis of Rural Landscape Place Names in Anhui Province Based on GIS 预览
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作者 Chunyu LIU Shanlian YANG +2 位作者 Mengli ZHENG Youhua MA Qiang WANG 《农业生物技术:英文版》 CAS 2019年第3期119-125,共7页
Based on the village-level place names in Anhui Province,the formation mechanism and distribution characteristics of place names were discussed from the aspects of culture and nature using thematic maps obtained with ... Based on the village-level place names in Anhui Province,the formation mechanism and distribution characteristics of place names were discussed from the aspects of culture and nature using thematic maps obtained with the combination of kernel density estimation and mathematical statistics in GIS.The results showed that the place names of villages in Anhui Province are closely related to the local cultural landscape and natural landscape,and are the products of thousands of years of continuous exploration and cultural exchanges by local people.It not only reflects the relationship between place names and Anhui natural landform and cultural landscapes,but also combines them from different perspectives,reflecting the complexity and similarities of the formation of place names. 展开更多
关键词 PLACE NAME VILLAGE GIS Landscape culture Spatial analysis ANHUI Province
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易地搬迁土族村落文化产业可持续发展研究——以青海省互助土族自治县班彦村落为例 预览
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作者 费胜章 《青海民族研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期50-54,共5页
自国家实施易地扶贫搬迁工程以来,民族传统文化产业成为村落可持续发展的重要途径之一,通过对易地搬迁土族村落——互助县班彦村文化产业发展现状及存在问题的原因分析,提出了青海易地搬迁民族村落文化产业可持续发展的对策。
关键词 易地搬迁 村落 土族文化 文化产业
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我国寒冷地区村镇温室建筑适用供暖热负荷分析 预览
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作者 那威 张宇璇 吴景山 《区域供热》 2019年第3期38-44,共7页
我国北方地区冬季种植温室供暖是影响蔬果、花卉作物种植实现经济性和高效性的关键。寒冷地区乡村温室建筑的供暖系统设计、运行普遍缺乏量化指导,供暖负荷的设计仍缺乏合理性和行业适宜性、地域适用性。本文以寒冷地区青州地区为例,系... 我国北方地区冬季种植温室供暖是影响蔬果、花卉作物种植实现经济性和高效性的关键。寒冷地区乡村温室建筑的供暖系统设计、运行普遍缺乏量化指导,供暖负荷的设计仍缺乏合理性和行业适宜性、地域适用性。本文以寒冷地区青州地区为例,系统分析典型作物培育温室环境设计需求,通过对温室建筑的围护结构热工性能的分析,提出寒冷地区温室建筑供暖热负荷、热需求参数建议,为确定寒冷地区温室建筑供暖合理设计和运行参数提供参考。 展开更多
关键词 温室建筑 供暖热负荷 寒冷地区 村镇 蔬果
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先锋队引领与赋力村庄:精准扶贫何以落地生根?——以湘西苗寨十八洞村为例 预览 被引量:1
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作者 郑晓茹 《云南民族大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期86-94,共9页
精准扶贫是全面建成小康社会的重要抓手,更是检验我国坚定走中国特色社会主义道路是否成功的重要标志之一。湘西苗族十八洞村作为习近平“精准扶贫”重要思想的首倡地,其在深刻领会和全面贯彻落实精准扶贫思想中创造了精准扶贫、精准脱... 精准扶贫是全面建成小康社会的重要抓手,更是检验我国坚定走中国特色社会主义道路是否成功的重要标志之一。湘西苗族十八洞村作为习近平“精准扶贫”重要思想的首倡地,其在深刻领会和全面贯彻落实精准扶贫思想中创造了精准扶贫、精准脱贫的“村级样本”。湘西十八洞村整村脱贫的经验叙事回应了当前精准扶贫何以能在少数民族地区落地生根的时代命题,而其中的关键在于注重扶贫先锋队的引领以及紧紧围绕赋力村庄来开展精准扶贫的工作。透过十八洞村双贫困的样态,扶贫先锋队在精准扶贫过程中从抓住贫困问题导向、重塑村庄秩序和赋力村庄这三个方面来践行“看真贫、扶真贫、真扶贫”的主张。同时在认清贫困群众既是脱贫攻坚的对象,更是脱贫致富主体的基础上,扶贫先锋队在引领上以激发村庄内生动力为核心,统合扶智、扶志和赋能三项工作,将扶贫工作与乡村振兴相结合,进而真正实现赋力村庄。 展开更多
关键词 精准扶贫 扶贫先锋队 引领 赋力 村庄
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Industrial Poverty Alleviation Model in Deep Poverty-stricken Villages in the Dry-hot Valley of Jinsha River: A Case Study of Poverty Alleviation in the Green Prickleyash Planting Industry in Laopingzi Village,Luquan County 预览
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作者 Meiqi SHAO Zisheng YANG 《亚洲农业研究:英文版》 2019年第6期59-63,70共6页
Industrial poverty alleviation is the core of poverty alleviation in rural areas of China,and it is the fundamental way for the rural poor to achieve stable income and poverty alleviation. Laopingzi Village,Jiaopingdu... Industrial poverty alleviation is the core of poverty alleviation in rural areas of China,and it is the fundamental way for the rural poor to achieve stable income and poverty alleviation. Laopingzi Village,Jiaopingdu Town,Luquan County,Kunming County,Yunnan Province,located in the dry-hot valley area of Jinsha River,has become a typical deep poverty-stricken village due to its special natural conditions.In recent years,in the battle to win the fight against poverty,the people of Laopingzi Village have achieved a virtuous cycle of the ecological environment and an access to get rid of poverty and get rich through vigorously developing green prickleyash planting industry. By the end of 2018,the incidence of poverty in Laopingzi Village Committee dropped from 45. 62% in 2014 to 1. 11%,and the green prickleyash planting industry had achieved remarkable results in poverty alleviation. This article summarizes the specific practices of developing the green prickleyash planting industry in the village,analyzes the main results and successful experiences of the mode and discusses the inspiration of the implementation of green prickleyash cultivation on industrial poverty alleviation,so as to provide an effective practical example for the development and poverty alleviation of poverty-stricken areas. 展开更多
关键词 INDUSTRIAL poverty alleviation Green prickleyash Characteristic PLANTING Mode DEEP POVERTY-STRICKEN VILLAGE Dry-hot valley area of Jinsha River
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四川省H村农村安全治理现状及原因探究 预览
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作者 吴雨潇 《中小企业管理与科技》 2019年第6期100-101,共2页
我国西南地区农村经济发展普遍滞后,在安全治理上大多数具有共通性。论文以市级贫困村——H村为案例,针对该村的具体情况,分析目前农村安全治理方面存在的问题及原因,以供参考。
关键词 农村 安全治理 原因
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Defensive Village Houses in South China 预览
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作者 GUO ZHIDONG 《今日中国:英文版》 2019年第6期78-80,共3页
Kaiping Diaolou is a special and unique architectural style of Chinese countryside dwellings. It is famous for the rare and complex fusion of Chinese and Western architectural styles. The Diaolou is also an important ... Kaiping Diaolou is a special and unique architectural style of Chinese countryside dwellings. It is famous for the rare and complex fusion of Chinese and Western architectural styles. The Diaolou is also an important historic and cultural site as it shows China’s embrace of foreign culture in a transitional period. On June 28, 2007, Kaiping Diaolou was inscribed into the world cultural heritage list. 展开更多
关键词 DEFENSIVE VILLAGE Houses SOUTH China
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Value of Horizontal Inscribed Boards in Jiuxia Village from the Perspective of Farming-reading Culture 预览
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作者 Qi LUO Shaomin NI +1 位作者 Zihan WEN Xiyu CHEN 《亚洲农业研究:英文版》 2019年第6期96-100,共5页
Horizontal inscribed boards are the main form for working people to long for and pursue a better life,and are an important carrier of traditional culture. From the perspectives of sociology,architecture and ecological... Horizontal inscribed boards are the main form for working people to long for and pursue a better life,and are an important carrier of traditional culture. From the perspectives of sociology,architecture and ecological folklore,this article analyzes the intrinsic relationships between people’s values,neighborhoods,customs and horizontal inscribed boards,and interprets the decorative value,human value and modern value of horizontal inscribed boards through preliminarily studying the cultural connotation of horizontal inscribed boards in Jiuxia Village. 展开更多
关键词 Farming-reading culture Traditional villages Jiuxia VILLAGE VALUE of HORIZONTAL inscribed BOARDS
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拜访彩虹村
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作者 Campbell Chang Ruth Devlin MARIA CHEN 《空中英语教室:初级版.大家说英语》 2019年第1期21-22,52共3页
在台湾省的台中市,有一座由11栋房子构成的小村庄,叫作彩虹村,这座村庄是退伍军人黄永阜先生打造出来的。他在三十多年前在那里买了一栋房子,2010年,这座村庄原本要被拆除。为了保住他的家园,黄先生开始在自己家和其他房子的墙壁上作画... 在台湾省的台中市,有一座由11栋房子构成的小村庄,叫作彩虹村,这座村庄是退伍军人黄永阜先生打造出来的。他在三十多年前在那里买了一栋房子,2010年,这座村庄原本要被拆除。为了保住他的家园,黄先生开始在自己家和其他房子的墙壁上作画。这座村庄后来成了热门景点,而黄先生也因此获得了一个新称呼——彩虹爷爷。 展开更多
关键词 彩虹 退伍军人 村庄 台中市 台湾省 房子 拆除 墙壁
同仁县乡村社会空间结构与形成机制研究 预览
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作者 丁文明 米庆志 《城市建筑》 2019年第5期7-8,共2页
文章以同仁县乡村为研究对象,探讨社会空间结构与形成机制,对乡村地区存在的“单心多层”“双心离散”和“多元外张”三种社会空间结构进行研究,并以此为基础,从动力源、动力传输、受动者等多层次逐步深入探讨乡村社会空间结构的形成机... 文章以同仁县乡村为研究对象,探讨社会空间结构与形成机制,对乡村地区存在的“单心多层”“双心离散”和“多元外张”三种社会空间结构进行研究,并以此为基础,从动力源、动力传输、受动者等多层次逐步深入探讨乡村社会空间结构的形成机制,揭露其形成过程,对我国乡村社会空间发展具有重要借鉴意义。 展开更多
关键词 同仁县 乡村 社会空间结构 形成机制
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Elevation of Village Settlements by Municipalities in the River Basin of CrnaReka and Their Importance for Development of Tourism in the Republic of Macedonia 预览
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作者 Cane Koteski 《旅游与酒店管理:英文版》 2019年第1期15-22,共8页
The drainage area of CrnaReka is a spatial area that extends into two states in the southwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia. The boundaries of Macedonia and the northern part of the Republic of Greece are natur... The drainage area of CrnaReka is a spatial area that extends into two states in the southwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia. The boundaries of Macedonia and the northern part of the Republic of Greece are naturally clearly defined. The drainage area of CrnaReka in the Republic of Macedonia extends between 40°51'56"and 41°36'20" s.s.i 20°56'45"and 22°4'58". The total length of CrnaReka is 207 km^2, with a total area of the catchment area (in both countries) of 5,774.99 km^2, of which the Republic of Macedonia belongs the largest part of 4,869.72 km^2, while the Republic of Greece belongs 905,27 km^2. The research paper presents 335 village settlements located in 13 municipalities in the CrnaRekaBasin in the Republic of Macedonia. Macedonia and another 50 settlements settlement plus the city of Lerin are located in the neighboring Republic of Greece. Let us see how spatial and which rural settlements are located in the Crna River Basin in both countries. The villages will be represented by municipalities according to their main characteristics, municipal belonging, and altitude. 展开更多
关键词 river basin VILLAGE SETTLEMENTS ALTITUDE
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