期刊文献+
共找到39,872篇文章
< 1 2 250 >
每页显示 20 50 100
Therapeutic importance of hydrogen sulfide in age-associated neurodegenerative diseases 预览
1
作者 Rubaiya Tabassum Na Young Jeong Junyang Jung 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期653-662,共10页
Hydrogen sulfide(H2S)is a gasotransmitter that acts as an antioxidant and exhibits a wide variety of cytoprotective and physiological functions in age-associated diseases.One of the major causes of age-related disease... Hydrogen sulfide(H2S)is a gasotransmitter that acts as an antioxidant and exhibits a wide variety of cytoprotective and physiological functions in age-associated diseases.One of the major causes of age-related diseases is oxidative stress.In recent years,the importance of H2S has become clear,although its antioxidant function has not yet been fully explored.The enzymes cystathionineβ-synthase,cystathionineγ-lya-se,and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase are involved in the enzymatic production of H2S.Previously,H2S was considered a neuromodulator,given its role in long-term hippocampal potentiation,but it is now also recognized as an antioxidant in age-related neurodegeneration.Due to aerobic metabolism,the central nervous system is vulnerable to oxidative stress in brain aging,resulting in age-associated degenerative diseases.H2S exerts its antioxidant effect by limiting free radical reactions through the activation of antioxidant enzymes,including superoxide dismutase,catalase,and glutathione peroxidase,which protect against the effects of aging by regulating apoptosis-related genes,including p53,Bax,and Bcl-2.This review explores the implications and mechanisms of H2S as an antioxidant in age-associated neurodegenerative diseases,including Alzheimer’s disease,Parkinson’s disease,Huntington’s disease,and Down syndrome. 展开更多
关键词 3-mercaptopyruvate SULFURTRANSFERASE aging antioxidant cystathionineβ-synthase cystathionineγ-lyase GLUTATHIONE hydrogen sulfide NEURODEGENERATIVE disease oxidative stress reactive oxygen species
在线阅读 下载PDF
Genetic targeting of astrocytes to combat neurodegenerative disease 预览
2
作者 Rachel Kéry Allen P. F. Chen Gregory W. Kirschen 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第2期199-211,共13页
Astrocytes, glial cells that interact extensively with neurons and other support cells throughout the central nervous system, have recently come under the spotlight for their potential contribution to, or potential re... Astrocytes, glial cells that interact extensively with neurons and other support cells throughout the central nervous system, have recently come under the spotlight for their potential contribution to, or potential regenerative role in a host of neurodegenerative disorders. It is becoming increasingly clear that astrocytes, in concert with microglial cells, activate intrinsic immunological pathways in the setting of neurodegenerative injury, although the direct and indirect consequences of such activation are still largely unknown. We review the current literature on the astrocyte’s role in several neurodegenerative diseases, as well as highlighting recent advances in genetic manipulation of astrocytes that may prove critical to modulating their response to neurological injury, potentially combatting neurodegenerative damage. 展开更多
关键词 Alzheimer's DISEASE amyotrophic lateral SCLEROSIS GLIA immune system inflammation Parkinson's DISEASE reactive ASTROCYTE regeneration
在线阅读 下载PDF
Possible mechanisms of lycopene amelioration of learning and memory impairment in rats with vascular dementia 预览
3
作者 Ning-Wei Zhu Xiao-Lan Yin +4 位作者 Ren Lin Xiao-Lan Fan Shi-Jie Chen Yuan-Ming Zhu Xiao-Zhen Zhao 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第2期332-341,共10页
Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia. Studies have shown that lycopene can significantly inhibit oxidative stress;therefore, we hypothesized that lycopene can reduce the level of oxida... Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia. Studies have shown that lycopene can significantly inhibit oxidative stress;therefore, we hypothesized that lycopene can reduce the level of oxidative stress in vascular dementia. A vascular dementia model was established by permanent bilateral ligation of common carotid arteries. The dosage groups were treated with lycopene(50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) every other day for 2 months. Rats without bilateral carotid artery ligation were prepared as a sham group. To test the ability of learning and memory, the Morris water maze was used to detect the average escape latency and the change of search strategy. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe changes of hippocampal neurons. The levels of oxidative stress factors, superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde, were measured in the hippocampus by biochemical detection. The levels of reactive oxygen species in the hippocampus were observed by dihydroethidium staining. The distribution and expression of oxidative stress related protein, neuron-restrictive silencer factor, in hippocampal neurons were detected by immunofluorescence histochemistry and western blot assays. After 2 months of drug administration,(1) in the model group, the average escape latency was longer than that of the sham group, and the proportion of straight and tend tactics was lower than that of the sham group, and the hippocampal neurons were irregularly arranged and the cytoplasm was hyperchromatic.(2) The levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde in the hippocampus of the model group rats were increased, and the activity of superoxide dismutase was decreased.(3) Lycopene(50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) intervention improved the above changes, and the lycopene 100 mg/kg group showed the most significant improvement effect.(4) Neuron-restrictive silencer factor expression in the hippocampus was lower in the sham group and the lycopene 100 mg/kg group than in the model group.(5) The above data indicate that lycopene 100 mg/kg co 展开更多
关键词 bilateral carotid artery ligation LYCOPENE hippocampus learning and memory MALONDIALDEHYDE neuron neuron-restrictive SILENCER factor reactive oxygen species superoxide DISMUTASE
在线阅读 下载PDF
Protective effect of hydrogen sulfide on oxidative stress-induced neurodegenerative diseases 预览
4
作者 Rubaiya Tabassum Na Young Jeong Junyang Jung 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第2期232-241,共10页
Hydrogen sulfide is an antioxidant molecule that has a wide range of biological effects against oxidative stress. Balanced oxidative stress is also vital for maintaining cellular function in biological system, where r... Hydrogen sulfide is an antioxidant molecule that has a wide range of biological effects against oxidative stress. Balanced oxidative stress is also vital for maintaining cellular function in biological system, where reactive oxygen species are the main source of oxidative stress. When the normal redox balance is disturbed, deoxyribonucleic acid, lipid, and protein molecules are oxidized under pathological conditions, like diabetes mellitus that leads to diabetic peripheral neuropathy. In diabetes mellitus-induced diabetic peripheral neuropathy, due to hyperglycemia, pancreatic beta cell(β cell) shows resistance to insulin secretion. As a consequence, glucose metabolism is disturbed in neuronal cells which are distracted from providing proper cell signaling pathway. Not only diabetic peripheral neuropathy but also other central damages occur in brain neuropathy. Neurological studies regarding type 1 diabetes mellitus patients with Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have shown changes in the central nervous system because high blood glucose levels(HbA1 c) appeared with poor cognitive function. Oxidative stress plays a role in inhibiting insulin signaling that is necessary for brain function. Hydrogen sulfide exhibits antioxidant effects against oxidative stress, where cystathionine β synthase, cystathionine γ lyase, and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase are the endogenous sources of hydrogen sulfide. This review is to explore the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus-induced diabetic peripheral neuropathy and other neurological comorbid disorders under the oxidative stress condition and the anti-oxidative effects of hydrogen sulfide. 展开更多
关键词 Alzheimer's DISEASE amyotrophic lateral SCLEROSIS antioxidant diabetic peripheral NEUROPATHY DNA oxidation hydrogen SULFIDE mitochondrial dysfunction oxidative stress Parkinson's DISEASE reactive oxygen species
在线阅读 下载PDF
Lycium barbarum polysaccharides protects retinal ganglion cells against oxidative stress injury 预览
5
作者 Lian Liu Xiao-Yuan Sha +2 位作者 Yi-Ning Wu Meng-Ting Chen Jing-Xiang Zhong 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第8期1526-1531,共6页
The accumulation of excessive reactive oxygen species can exacerbate any injury of retinal tissue because free radicals can trigger lipid peroxidation,protein damage and DNA fragmentation.Increased oxidative stress is... The accumulation of excessive reactive oxygen species can exacerbate any injury of retinal tissue because free radicals can trigger lipid peroxidation,protein damage and DNA fragmentation.Increased oxidative stress is associated with the common pathological process of many eye diseases,such as glaucoma,diabetic retinopathy and ischemic optic neuropathy.Many studies have demonstrated that Lycium barbarum polysaccharides(LBP)protects against oxidative injury in numerous cells and tissues.For the model of hypoxia we used cultured retinal ganglion cells and induced hypoxia by incubating with 200μM cobalt chloride(CoCl2)for 24 hours.To investigate the protective effect of LBP and its mechanism of action against oxidative stress injury,the retinal tissue was pretreated with 0.5 mg/mL LBP for 24 hours.The results of flow cytometric analysis showed LBP could effectively reduce the CoCl2-induced retinal ganglion cell apoptosis,inhibited the generation of reactive oxygen species and the reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential.These findings suggested that LBP could protect retinal ganglion cells from CoCl2-induced apoptosis by reducing mitochondrial membrane potential and reactive oxygen species. 展开更多
关键词 CASPASE cell apoptosis cobalt chloride Lycium barbarum polysaccharides mitochondrial membrane potential oxidative stress injury reactive oxygen species retinal ganglion cells
在线阅读 下载PDF
Neuroprotective effect of deferoxamine on erastininduced ferroptosis in primary cortical neurons 预览
6
作者 Yan Zhang Bao-You Fan +9 位作者 Yi-Lin Pang Wen-Yuan Shen Xu Wang Chen-Xi Zhao Wen-Xiang Li Chang Liu Xiao-Hong Kong Guang-Zhi Ning Shi-Qing Feng Xue Yao 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第8期1539-1545,共7页
The iron chelator deferoxamine has been shown to inhibit ferroptosis in spinal cord injury.However,it is unclear whether deferoxamine directly protects neurons from ferroptotic cell death.By comparing the survival rat... The iron chelator deferoxamine has been shown to inhibit ferroptosis in spinal cord injury.However,it is unclear whether deferoxamine directly protects neurons from ferroptotic cell death.By comparing the survival rate and morphology of primary neurons and SH-SY5Y cells exposed to erastin,it was found that these cell types respond differentially to the duration and concentration of erastin treatment.Therefore,we studied the mechanisms of ferroptosis using primary cortical neurons from E16 mouse embryos.After treatment with 50μM erastin for 48 hours,reactive oxygen species levels increased,and the expression of the cystine/glutamate antiporter system light chain and glutathione peroxidase 4 decreased.Pretreatment with deferoxamine for 12 hours inhibited these changes,reduced cell death,and ameliorated cellular morphology.Pretreatment with the apoptosis inhibitor Z-DEVD-FMK or the necroptosis inhibitor necrostain-1 for 12 hours did not protect against erastin-induced ferroptosis.Only deferoxamine protected the primary cortical neurons from ferroptosis induced by erastin,confirming the specificity of the in vitro ferroptosis model.This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee at the Institute of Radiation Medicine of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,China(approval No.DWLL-20180913)on September 13,2018. 展开更多
关键词 cystine/glutamate antiporter system light chain DEFEROXAMINE erastin ferroptosis glutathione peroxidase 4 neurons NEUROPROTECTION reactive oxygen species
在线阅读 下载PDF
Regional brain susceptibility to neurodegeneration:what is the role of glial cells? 预览
7
作者 Andrea Beatriz Cragnolini Giorgia Lampitella +4 位作者 Assunta Virtuoso Immacolata Viscovo Fivos Panetsos Michele Papa Giovanni Cirillo 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第5期838-842,共5页
The main pathological feature of the neurodegenerative diseases is represented by neuronal death that represents the final step of a cascade of adverse/hostile events.Early in the neurodegenerative process,glial cells... The main pathological feature of the neurodegenerative diseases is represented by neuronal death that represents the final step of a cascade of adverse/hostile events.Early in the neurodegenerative process,glial cells (including astrocytes,microglial cells,and oligodendrocytes) activate and trigger an insidious neuroinflammatory reaction,metabolic decay,blood brain barrier dysfunction and energy impairment,boosting neuronal death.How these mechanisms might induce selective neuronal death in specific brain areas are far from being elucidated.The last two decades of neurobiological studies have provided evidence of the main role of glial cells in most of the processes of the central nervous system,from development to synaptogenesis,neuronal homeostasis and integration into,highly specific neuro-glial networks.In this mini-review,we moved from in vitro and in vivo models of neurodegeneration to analyze the putative role of glial cells in the early mechanisms of neurodegeneration.We report changes of transcriptional,genetic,morphological,and metabolic activity in astrocytes and microglial cells in specific brain areas before neuronal degeneration,providing evidence in experimental models of neurodegenerative disorders,including Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases.Understanding these mechanisms might increase the insight of these processes and pave the way for new specific glia-targeted therapeutic strategies for neurodegenerative disorders. 展开更多
关键词 ASTROCYTES GLIAL cells microglia NEURODEGENERATIVE diseases NEUROINFLAMMATION Parkinson's disease reactive GLIOSIS selective neuronal degeneration
在线阅读 下载PDF
Achyranthes bidentata polypeptides prevent apoptosis by inhibiting the glutamate current in cultured hippocampal neurons 预览
8
作者 Rong-Lu Pan Wen-Qing Hu +3 位作者 Jie Pan Li Huang Cheng-Cheng Luan Hong-Mei Shen 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第6期1086-1093,共8页
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity plays a critical role in the neurological impairment caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion.Achyranthes bidentata polypeptides have been shown to protect against neurological funct... Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity plays a critical role in the neurological impairment caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion.Achyranthes bidentata polypeptides have been shown to protect against neurological functional damage caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion,but the underlying neuroprotective mechanisms and the relationship to glutamate-induced excitotoxicity remain unclear.Therefore,in the current study,we investigated the protective effects of Achyranthes bidentata polypeptides against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in cultured hippocampal neurons.Hippocampal neurons were treated with Mg^2+-free extracellular solution containing glutamate(300μM)for 3 hours as a model of glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity(glutamate group).In the normal group,hippocampal neurons were incubated in Mg^2+-free extracellular solution.In the Achyranthes bidentata polypeptide group,hippocampal neurons were incubated in Mg^2+-free extracellular solution containing glutamate(300μM)and Achyranthes bidentata polypeptide at different concentrations.At 24 hours after exposure to the agents,3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and Hoechst 33258 staining were used to assess neuronal viability and nuclear m'orphology,respectively.Caspase-3 expression and activity were evaluated using western blot assay and colorimetric enzymatic assay,respectively.At various time points after glutamate treatment,reactive oxygen species in cells were detected by H2 DCF-DA,and mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by rhodamine 123 staining.To examine the effect of Achyranthes bidentata polypeptides on glutamate receptors,electrophysiological recording was used to measure the glutamate-induced inward current in cultured hippocampal neurons.Achyranthes bidentata polypeptide decreased the percentage of apoptotic cells and reduced the changes in caspase-3 expression and activity induced by glutamate.In addition,Achyranthes bidentata polypeptide attenuated the amplitude of the glutamate-induced current.Furthermore 展开更多
关键词 Achyranthes bidentata POLYPEPTIDES APOPTOSIS caspase-3 EXCITOTOXICITY GLUTAMATE receptors MITOCHONDRIAL dysfunction MITOCHONDRIAL membrane potential neuroprotection reactive oxygen species STAUROSPORINE
在线阅读 下载PDF
Ferrostatin-1 protects HT-22 cells from oxidative toxicity 预览
9
作者 Jun Chu Chen-Xu Liu +1 位作者 Rui Song Qing-Lin Li 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第3期528-536,共9页
Ferroptosis is a type of programmed cell death dependent on iron.It is different from other forms of cell death such as apoptosis,classic necrosis and autophagy.Ferroptosis is involved in many neurodegenerative diseas... Ferroptosis is a type of programmed cell death dependent on iron.It is different from other forms of cell death such as apoptosis,classic necrosis and autophagy.Ferroptosis is involved in many neurodegenerative diseases.The role of ferroptosis in glutamate-induced neuronal toxicity is not fully understood.To test its toxicity,glutamate(1.25–20 mM)was applied to HT-22 cells for 12 to 48 hours.The optimal experimental conditions occurred at 12 hours after incubation with 5 mM glutamate.Cells were cultured with 3–12μM ferrostatin-1,an inhibitor of ferroptosis,for 12 hours before exposure to glutamate.The cell viability was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay.Autophagy was determined by monodansylcadaverine staining and apoptosis by caspase 3 activity.Damage to cell structures was observed under light and by transmission electron microscopy.The release of lactate dehydrogenase was detected by the commercial kit.Reactive oxygen species were measured by flow cytometry.Glutathione peroxidase activity,superoxide dismutase activity and malondialdehyde level were detected by the appropriate commercial kit.Prostaglandin peroxidase synthase 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 gene expression was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.Glutathione peroxidase 4 and nuclear factor erythroid-derived-like 2 protein expression was detected by western blot analysis.Results showed that ferrostatin-1 can significantly counter the effects of glutamate on HT-22 cells,improving the survival rate,reducing the release of lactate dehydrogenase and reducing the damage to mitochondrial ultrastructure.However,it did not affect the caspase-3 expression and monodansylcadaverine-positive staining in glutamate-injured HT-22 cells.Ferrostatin-1 reduced the levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde and enhanced superoxide dismutase activity.It decreased gene expression of prostaglandin peroxidase synthase 2 and increased gene expression of glutathione peroxidase 4 and prote 展开更多
关键词 ferroptosis ferrostatin-1 glutamate GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE 4 HT-22 cell OXIDATIVE TOXICITY PROSTAGLANDIN PEROXIDASE SYNTHASE 2 reactive oxygen species
在线阅读 下载PDF
Neuroprotection of Cyperus esculentus L.orientin against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion induced brain injury 预览
10
作者 Si-Qun Jing Sai-Sai Wang +5 位作者 Rui-Min Zhong Jun-Yan Zhang Jin-Zi Wu Yi-Xian Tu Yan Pu Liang-Jun Yan 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第3期548-556,共9页
Orientin is a flavonoid monomer.In recent years,its importance as a source of pharmacological active substance is growing rapidly due to its properties such as anti-myocardial ischemia,anti-apoptosis,anti-radiation,an... Orientin is a flavonoid monomer.In recent years,its importance as a source of pharmacological active substance is growing rapidly due to its properties such as anti-myocardial ischemia,anti-apoptosis,anti-radiation,anti-tumor,and anti-aging.However,the neuroprotective effects of Orientin on stroke injury have not been comprehensively evaluated.The aim of the present study was thus to investigate the neuroprotective capacity and the potential mechanisms of Cyperus esculentus L.orientin(CLO)from Cyperus esculentus L.leaves against ischemia/reperfusion(I/R)injury using standard orientin as control.For in vitro studies,we treated HT22 cells with CoCl2 as an in vitro ischemic injury model.HT22 cells in the control group were treated with CoCl2.For in vivo studies,we used rat models of middle cerebral artery occlusion,and animals that received sham surgery were used as controls.We found that CLO protected CoCl2-induced HT22 cells against ischemia/reperfusion injury by lowering lipid peroxidation and reactive oxygen species formation as well as decreasing protein oxidation.However,CLO did not reduce the release of lactate dehydrogenase nor increase the activity of superoxide dismutase.Results showed that CLO could decrease neurological deficit score,attenuate brain water content,and reduce cerebral infarct volume,leading to neuroprotection during cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.Our studies indicate that CLO flavonoids can be taken as a natural antioxidant and bacteriostastic substance in food and pharmaceutical industry.The molecular mechanisms of CLO could be at least partially attributed to the antioxidant properties and subsequently inhibiting activation of casepase-3.All experimental procedures and protocols were approved on May 16,2016 by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Xinjiang Medical University of China(approval No.IACUC20160516-57). 展开更多
关键词 ANTIOXIDANTS caspase-3 cerebral ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION injury cobalt chloride CYPERUS esculentus L.orientin(CLO) lipid PEROXIDATION nerve regeneration NEUROLOGICAL deficits oxidative stress reactive oxygen species
在线阅读 下载PDF
Camrelizumab(SHR-1210) leading to reactive capillary hemangioma in the gingiva: A case report 预览
11
作者 Qing Yu Wen-Xia Wang 《世界临床病例杂志》 2020年第3期624-629,共6页
BACKGROUND Oncologic immunotherapy is attracting attention as an effective strategy for cancer treatment. Currently, there are two kinds of inhibitors: Anti-PD-1 antibodies and anti-PD-L1 antibodies. These inhibitors ... BACKGROUND Oncologic immunotherapy is attracting attention as an effective strategy for cancer treatment. Currently, there are two kinds of inhibitors: Anti-PD-1 antibodies and anti-PD-L1 antibodies. These inhibitors have shown significant implications in improving the outcomes of certain cancer types in recent years.However, along with its effectiveness, adverse events cannot be ignored. As an anti-PD-1 antibody, camrelizumab(SHR-1210) has some side effects in tumor immunotherapy. The most common adverse event is reactive capillary hemangioma. While it is widely reported to occur in the skin, gingival reactive capillary hemangioma is rarely reported.CASE SUMMARY A 54-year-old man complained of gingival overgrowth on the anterior aspect of the maxilla and mandible for more than 6 mo. He had been placed on SHR-1210 for lung cancer for 7 mo. A gingival mass extending from canine to canine was noted on the lingual surfaces of the mandible. Gingival enlargement was noted in the front teeth. A clinical diagnosis of gingival reactive capillary hemangioma and chronic periodontitis was made. The treatment involved a complex local treatment(repeated local applications of an antibiotic paste, scaling and root planning, and surgery). The excised tissue was sent for histopathological examination, which confirmed the diagnosis of capillary hemangioma. After the operation, most of the gingival enlargement was reduced. At the 2-mo follow-up,it was noted that the gingival overgrowth was immediately reduced after the replacement of the anti-PD-1 agent with an anti-PD-L1 agent.CONCLUSION As the prescription for SHR-1210 has increased considerably in recent years, the occurrence of its possible side effects, including gingival reactive capillary hemangioma, has increased. It is recommended that regular oral examinations be performed before and during the treatment of tumors with SHR-1210. 展开更多
关键词 Camrelizumab Adverse effects Reactive capillary hemangioma GINGIVA Case report
在线阅读 免费下载
Effect of wave shaper on reactive materials jet formation and its penetration performance 预览
12
作者 Huan-guo Guo Yuan-feng Zheng +3 位作者 Le Tang Qing-bo Yu Chao Ge Hai-fu Wang 《Defence Technology(防务技术)》 CSCD 2019年第4期495-505,共11页
Wave shaper effect on formation behavior and penetration performance of reactive liner shaped charge(RLSC)are investigated by experiments and simulations.The reactive materials liner with a density of2.3 g/cm~3 is fab... Wave shaper effect on formation behavior and penetration performance of reactive liner shaped charge(RLSC)are investigated by experiments and simulations.The reactive materials liner with a density of2.3 g/cm~3 is fabricated by cold pressing at a pressure of 300 MPa and sintering at a temperature of 380℃.Experiments of the RLSC with and without wave shaper against steel plates are carried out at standoffs of0.5,1.0,and 1.5 CD(charge diameter),respectively.The experimental results show that the penetration depths and structural damage effects of steel plates decrease with increasing the standoff,while the penetration depths and the damage effects of RLSC without wave shaper are much greater than that with wave shaper at the same standoff.To understand the unusual experimental results,numerical simulations based on AUTODYN-2 D code are conducted to discuss the wave shaper effect,including the propagation behavior of detonation wave,the velocity and temperature distribution of reactive jet,and penetration depth of reactive jet.The simulations indicate that,compared with RLSC without wave shaper,there is a higher temperature produced inside reactive jet with wave shaper.This unusual temperature rise effects are likely to be an important mechanism to cause the initiation delay time of reactive jet to decline,which results in significantly decreasing its penetration performance. 展开更多
关键词 Shaped charge REACTIVE materials LINER Wave SHAPER REACTIVE JET PENETRATION PERFORMANCE
在线阅读 免费下载
Mitophagy links oxidative stress conditions and neurodegenerative diseases 预览
13
作者 Ulfuara Shefa Na Young Jeong +4 位作者 In Ok Song Hyung-Joo Chung Dokyoung Kim Junyang Jung Youngbuhm Huh 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第5期749-756,共8页
Mitophagy is activated by a number of stimuli,including hypoxia,energy stress,and increased oxidative phosphorylation activity.Mitophagy is associated with oxidative stress conditions and central neurodegenerative dis... Mitophagy is activated by a number of stimuli,including hypoxia,energy stress,and increased oxidative phosphorylation activity.Mitophagy is associated with oxidative stress conditions and central neurodegenerative diseases.Proper regulation of mitophagy is crucial for maintaining homeostasis;conversely,inadequate removal of mitochondria through mitophagy leads to the generation of oxidative species,including reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species,resulting in various neurodegenerative diseases,such as Alzheimer’s disease,Parkinson’s disease,Huntington’s disease,and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.These diseases are most prevalent in older adults whose bodies fail to maintain proper mitophagic functions to combat oxidative species.As mitophagy is essential for normal body function,by targeting mitophagic pathways we can improve these disease conditions.The search for effective remedies to treat these disease conditions is an ongoing process,which is why more studies are needed.Additionally,more relevant studies could help establish therapeutic conditions,which are currently in high demand.In this review,we discuss how mitophagy plays a significant role in homeostasis and how its dysregulation causes neurodegeneration.We also discuss how combating oxidative species and targeting mitophagy can help treat these neurodegenerative diseases. 展开更多
关键词 nerve regeneration MITOPHAGY central nervous system Alzheimer’s DISEASE Parkinson’s DISEASE Huntington’s DISEASE amyotrophic lateral SCLEROSIS oxidative SPECIES REACTIVE oxygen SPECIES REACTIVE nitrogen SPECIES
在线阅读 下载PDF
Elimination of antibiotic resistance genes and control of horizontal transfer risk by UV-based treatment of drinking water: A mini review
14
作者 Virender K.Sharma Xin Yu +3 位作者 Thomas J.McDonald Chetan Jinadatha Dionysios D.Dionysiou Mingbao Feng 《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第3期3-11,共9页
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been recognized as one of the biggest public health issues of the 21 st century. Both ARB and ARGs have been determined in water after tr... Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been recognized as one of the biggest public health issues of the 21 st century. Both ARB and ARGs have been determined in water after treatment with conventional disinfectants. Ultraviolet (UV) technology has been seen growth in application to disinfect the water. However, UV method alone is not adequate to degrade ARGs in water. Researchers are investigating the combination of UV with other oxidants (chlorine, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), peroxymonosulfate (PMS), and photocatalysts) to harness the high reactivity of produced reactive species (C1-, C1O -, Cl2-,-OH, and SO4-_) in such processes with constituents of cell (e.g., deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and its components) in order to increase the degradation efficiency of ARGs. This paper briefly reviews the current status of different UV-based treatments (UV/chlorination, UV/H2O2, UV/PMS, and UV-photocatalysis) to degrade ARGs and to control horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in water. The review also provides discussion on the mechanism of degradation of ARGs and application of q-PCR and gel electrophoresis to obtain insights of the fate of ARGs during UV-based treatment processes. 展开更多
关键词 Antibiotic resistance bacteria Advanced oxidation processes DISINFECTION REACTIVE CHLORINE SPECIES Sulfate RADICALS REACTIVE oxygen SPECIES
Reactive oxygen species mediates a metabolic memory of high glucose stress signaling in bovine retinal pericytes
15
作者 Li-Wei Zhang Han Zhao Bai-Hua Chen 《国际眼科杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第7期1067-1074,共8页
AIM: To investigate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant mechanism underlying the metabolic memory of bovine retinal pericytes (BRPs) induced by high glucose.METHODS: Effects of high glucose level... AIM: To investigate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant mechanism underlying the metabolic memory of bovine retinal pericytes (BRPs) induced by high glucose.METHODS: Effects of high glucose levels and culture time on BRPs viability were evaluated by CCK-8. BRPs were grown in high-glucose media (30 mmol/L) for 4d followed by culture in normal glucose condition (5.6 mmol/L) for 4d in an experimental group. In contrast, in negative and positive control groups, BRPs were grown in either normal-glucose media or high-glucose media for 8d, respectively. The ROS levels, apoptosis, the expression and activity of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in BRPs, as well as the protective effect of adeno-associated viral (AAV)-mediated over expression of MnSOD were determined separately by DCHFA, ELISA and Western blot.RESULTS: Comparing the result of cells apoptosis, activity and protein expression of MnSOD and caspase-3, the cell culture system that exposed in sequence in 30 mmol/L and normal glucose for 4d was demonstrated as a suitable model of metabolic memory. Furthermore, delivery of antioxidant gene MnSOD can decrease BRPs apoptosis, reduce activated caspase-3, and reverse hyperglycemic memory by reducing the ROS of mitochondria.CONCLUSION: Increased ROS levels and decreased MnSOD levels may play important roles in pericyte loss of diabetic retinopathy. BRPs cultured in high glucose for 4d followed by normal glucose for 4d could be an appropriate model of metabolic memory. rAAV-MnSOD gene therapy provides a promising strategy to inhibit this blinding disease. 展开更多
关键词 diabetic RETINOPATHY metabolic memory manganese superoxide DISMUTASE molecular THERAPEUTICS reactive oxygen species
Characterization of a Novel Gain-of-Function Spotted-Leaf Mutant with Enhanced Disease Resistance in Rice 预览
16
作者 CHEN Ting CHEN Zheng +6 位作者 Atul Prakash SATHE ZHANG Zhihong LI Liangjian SHANG Huihui TANG Shaoqing ZHANG Xiaobo WU Jianli 《水稻科学:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第6期372-383,共12页
We here reported the identification and characterization of a novel gain-of-function spotted-leaf 26 (Spl26) mutant from an ethylmethylsulfone (EMS)-induced rice cultivar IR64. Spl26 displayed reddish- brown lesions t... We here reported the identification and characterization of a novel gain-of-function spotted-leaf 26 (Spl26) mutant from an ethylmethylsulfone (EMS)-induced rice cultivar IR64. Spl26 displayed reddish- brown lesions that firstly appeared on the leaf tips at the early tillering stage and spread gradually downward to cover the whole leaf blades that wilted subsequently. The lesion development was light- dependent under natural conditions. Spl26 exhibited impaired photosynthetic capacity with decreased chlorophyll content and lowered photosynthetic parameters which ultimately led to the poor performance of agronomic traits. Severe cell death occurred in Spl26 in accompany with increased malonaldehyde level and membrane ion leakage rate, elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, altered ROS scavenging activities, increased DNA fragmentation and decreased soluble protein levels. Defense responses were activated in Spl26 with enhanced resistance to rice bacterial blight, up-regulation of defense response genes and altered endogenous hormone levels. The spotted-leaf phenotype is controlled by a single dominant nuclear gene localized to a 305 kb region between RM5490 and InDel42 on the short arm of chromosome 7. The data suggested that Spl26 is a novel gain-of-function spotted-leaf mutant with enhanced bacterial disease resistance and immunity-associated premature leaf senescence and would provide the basis for cloning of the target gene. 展开更多
关键词 defense response RICE reactive oxygen species SENESCENCE spotted-leaf disease resistance
在线阅读 免费下载
反应型聚氨酯热熔胶研究进展
17
作者 李娟 蔡益波 王恒 《中国胶粘剂》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第10期50-54,共5页
介绍了近几年来反应型聚氨酯热熔胶的研究新成果,概述了石油基和生物基反应型聚氨酯热熔胶以及反应型热熔胶的脱除。综述了上述聚氨酯热熔胶所采用的原料、配方和合成工艺条件,并分析其凝胶时间、开放时间、耐热性、拉伸强度和硬度等性... 介绍了近几年来反应型聚氨酯热熔胶的研究新成果,概述了石油基和生物基反应型聚氨酯热熔胶以及反应型热熔胶的脱除。综述了上述聚氨酯热熔胶所采用的原料、配方和合成工艺条件,并分析其凝胶时间、开放时间、耐热性、拉伸强度和硬度等性能,提出了反应型聚氨酯热熔胶的研究建议。 展开更多
关键词 聚氨酯 反应型 热熔胶
Hypocrellin A-based photodynamic action induces apoptosis in A549 cells through ROS-mediated mitochondrial signaling pathway
18
作者 Shanshan Qi Lingyuan Guo +3 位作者 Shuzhen Yan Robert J.Lee Shuqin Yu Shuanglin Chen 《药学学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期279-293,共15页
Over recent decades, many studies have reported that hypocrellin A(HA) can eliminate cancer cells with proper irradiation in several cancer cell lines. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying its anticance... Over recent decades, many studies have reported that hypocrellin A(HA) can eliminate cancer cells with proper irradiation in several cancer cell lines. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying its anticancer effect has not been fully defined. HA-mediated cytotoxicity and apoptosis in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were evaluated after photodynamic therapy(PDT). A temporal quantitative proteomics approach by isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation(iTRAQ) 2 D liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric(LC–MS/MS) was introduced to help clarify molecular cytotoxic mechanisms and identify candidate targets of HA-induced apoptotic cell death. Specific caspaseinhibitors were used to further elucidate the molecular pathway underlying apoptosis in PDT-treated A549 cells. Finally, down-stream apoptosis-related protein was evaluated. Apoptosis induced by HA was associated with cell shrinkage, externalization of cell membrane phosphatidylserine, DNA fragmentation,and mitochondrial disruption, which were preceded by increased intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) generations. Further studies showed that PDT treatment with 0.08 mmol/L HA resulted in mitochondrial disruption, pronounced release of cytochrome c, and activation of caspase-3,-9, and-7.Together, HA may be a possible therapeutic agent directed toward mitochondria and a promising photodynamic anticancer candidate for further evaluation. 展开更多
关键词 HYPOCRELLIN A Photodynamic therapy REACTIVE oxygen species PROTEOMIC LC–MS/MS ITRAQ
Effects of cultivation strategies on the cultivation of Chlorella sp. HQ in photoreactors
19
作者 Xiaoya Liu Yu Hong +2 位作者 Peirui Liu Jingjing Zhan Ran Yan 《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第5期151-161,共11页
The effects of cultivation strategies (including autotrophic cultivation (AC), heterotrophic cultivation (HC), fed-batch cultivation (FC), heterotrophic+ autotrophic two-stage cultivation (HATC), and heterotrophic+ mi... The effects of cultivation strategies (including autotrophic cultivation (AC), heterotrophic cultivation (HC), fed-batch cultivation (FC), heterotrophic+ autotrophic two-stage cultivation (HATC), and heterotrophic+ mixotrophic two-stage cultivation (HMTC)) on the growth and lipid accumulation of Chlorella sp. HQ and its total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) removal in secondary effluent were investigated in column photoreactors. The results showed that the TN and TP removal rates ranged between 93.72%–95.82% and 92.73%–100%, respectively, under the five different strategies. The microalgal growth potential evaluated by the maximal growth rate (Rmax) was in the order of HMTC>HC>FC>AC>HATC. The values of biomass, total lipid yield, triacylglycerols (TAGs) yield, and total lipid content of the microalga cultivated in the last 5 d increased significantly, but the TAGs productivities of the five strategies were lower than those in the first 7 d. Compared with all the other cultivation strategies, the TAGs productivity and yield after 12 d of cultivation under the heterotrophic condition reached the highest values accompanying the highest level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), in which the TAGs yield reached 40.81 mg/L at the end of the cultivation period. The peaks in TAGs yield and ROS level suggested that HC was beneficial for lipids accumulation via regulating the cellular redox status and exerting ROS stress on microalgal cells. In summary, HMTC was the best cultivation strategy for improving the microalgal biomass and HC was the best strategy for microalgal TAGs accumulation to produce biodiesel. 展开更多
关键词 CHLORELLA sp.HQ CULTIVATION strategy LIPIDS Nitrogen REMOVAL Phosphorus REMOVAL Reactive oxygen species
Cubosome nanoparticles for enhanced delivery of mitochondria anticancer drug elesclomol and therapeutic monitoring via sub-cellular NAD(P) H multi-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging
20
作者 Ana R.Faria Oscar F.Silvestre +3 位作者 Christian Maibohm Ricardo M.R.Adao Bruno F.B.Silva Jana B.Nieder 《纳米研究:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第5期991-998,共8页
Elesclomol (ELC) is an anticancer drug inducing mitochondria cytotoxicity through reactive oxygen species.Here,for the first time,we encapsulate the poorly water soluble ELC in monoolein-based cubosomes stabilized wit... Elesclomol (ELC) is an anticancer drug inducing mitochondria cytotoxicity through reactive oxygen species.Here,for the first time,we encapsulate the poorly water soluble ELC in monoolein-based cubosomes stabilized with Pluronic F127.Cellular uptake and nanocarrier accumulation close to the mitochondria with sub-micrometer distance is identified via three-dimensional (3D) confocal microscopy and edge-to-edge compartment analysis.To monitor the therapeutic effect of the ELC nanocarrier,we apply for the first time,label-free time-lapse multi-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (MP-FLIM) to track NAD(P)H cofactors with sub-cellular resolution on live cells exposed to an anticancer nanocarrier.Improved in vitro cytotoxicity is verified when loading the pre-complexed ELC with copper (ELC-Cu).Importantly,for equivalent copper concentration,cubosomes loaded with ELC-Cu show higher cytotoxicity compared to the free drug.The novel nanocarrier shows promising features for systemic ELC-Cu administration,and furthermore we establish the MP-FLIM technique for the assessment of anticancer drug delivery systems. 展开更多
关键词 CUBOSOMES mitoch on dria reactive oxyge n species elesclomol NAD(P)H fluoresce NEE lifetime anticancer therapy
上一页 1 2 250 下一页 到第
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈