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Age factor affects reading acuity and reading speed in attaining text information
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作者 Ai-Hong Chen Nursyairah Mohd Khalid Noor Halilah Buari 《国际眼科杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第7期1170-1176,共7页
AIM: To investigate the effect of age on reading acuity and reading speed in attaining text information in healthy eyes.METHODS: Reading acuity, critical print size, reading speed and maximum reading speed were measur... AIM: To investigate the effect of age on reading acuity and reading speed in attaining text information in healthy eyes.METHODS: Reading acuity, critical print size, reading speed and maximum reading speed were measured in groups of 40 children (8 to 12 years old), 40 teenagers (13 to 19 years old), 40 young adults (20 to 39 years old), and 40 adults (40 years old and above) using the Buari-Chen Malay Reading Chart [contextual sentences (CS) set and random words (RW) set] in a cross-sectional study design.RESULTS: Reading acuity was significantly improved by 0.04 logMAR for both CS set and RW set from children to teenagers, then gradually worsened from young adults to adults (CS set: 0.06 logMAR;RW set: 0.08 logMAR). Critical print size for children showed a significant improvement in teenagers (CS set: 0.14 logMAR;RW set: 0.07 logMAR), then deteriorated from young adults to adults by 0.09 logMAR only for CS set. Reading speed significantly increased from children to teenagers,[CS set: 46.20 words per minute (wpm);RW set: 42.06 wpm], then stabilized from teenagers to young adults, and significantly reduced from young adults to adults (CS set: 28.58 wpm;RW set: 24.44 wpm). Increment and decrement in maximum reading speed measurement were revealed from children to teenagers (CS set: 39.38 wpm;RW set: 43.38 wpm) and from young adults to adults (CS set: 22.26 wpm;RW set: 26.31 wpm) respectively.CONCLUSION: The reference of age-related findings in term of acuity and speed of reading should be incorporated in clinical practice to enhance reading assessment among healthy eyes population. 展开更多
关键词 READING ACUITY critical PRINT size readingspeed MAXIMUM READING SPEED age effect
辨别主题句与提高英语阅读能力 预览
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作者 牟金江 《佳木斯大学社会科学学报》 1998年第6期44-46,共3页
英语阅读能力表现为阅读速度和理解能力两个方面.在阅读过程中,读速和理解构成一对难以调和的矛盾.利用主题句获取段落大意是一种行之有效的阅读方法.本文就英语阅读材料中主题句的位置,在阅读过程中如何辨别主题句,以及如何获... 英语阅读能力表现为阅读速度和理解能力两个方面.在阅读过程中,读速和理解构成一对难以调和的矛盾.利用主题句获取段落大意是一种行之有效的阅读方法.本文就英语阅读材料中主题句的位置,在阅读过程中如何辨别主题句,以及如何获取段落大意加以分析论证,提出了一种简单明了、行之有效的阅读方法. 展开更多
关键词 主题句(topicsentence) 细节句(detailsentence) 中心思想(centralidea) 主旨大意(mainidea) 阅读速度(readingspeed) 理解能力(comprehension)
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