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基于专业认证的给排水科学与工程专业实验教学改革 预览
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作者 宋宏娇 陈威 张丹丹 《现代职业教育》 2019年第7期108-109,共2页
根据专业认证的标准,分析给排水科学与工程专业实验教学存在的问题,对给排水科学与工程专业进行实验教学改革。通过改革,激发学生兴趣,提高实验创新能力,达到专业评估认证标准的要求。
关键词 专业认证 给排水科学与工程 实验教学 改革
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The Treatment of Gender Violence in the Spanish Administration of Justice: Implementation and Effectiveness of the Organic Act 1/2004, on Integral Protection Measures 预览
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作者 Manuel Calvo-García 《美中法律评论:英文版》 2019年第6期237-257,共21页
The objective of this article is to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the successive legal reforms on gender violence including the Spanish Ley Orgánica 1/2004,of 28 December,on Integral Protection Mea... The objective of this article is to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the successive legal reforms on gender violence including the Spanish Ley Orgánica 1/2004,of 28 December,on Integral Protection Measures Against Gender Violence.A perspective of 15 years from the passing of the LO 1/2004 will assess the progress of its implementation,in particular,its effectiveness in the fight against gender violence.More specifically,the paper will address the evolution of data related to the treatment of gender violence in the Administration of Justice from a comprehensive approach that will integrate both judicial decisions and the activity of the various organizations and people that work in the implementation of the law in this area. 展开更多
关键词 gender violence protection of victims effectiveness of legal reforms women rights
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日本社会保障的历史发展与当前问题
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作者 小野太一 黄莎 华颖 《社会保障评论》 CSSCI 2019年第3期14-23,共10页
日本社会保障制度的起源可追溯至19世纪明治维新后,其法律框架在二战后依然存在。当前,人口老龄化、出生率下降以及前两者所导致的人口减少是日本社会经济转型的主要原因,当然也导致社会保障政策的改革。经济结构的变化对社会保障政策... 日本社会保障制度的起源可追溯至19世纪明治维新后,其法律框架在二战后依然存在。当前,人口老龄化、出生率下降以及前两者所导致的人口减少是日本社会经济转型的主要原因,当然也导致社会保障政策的改革。经济结构的变化对社会保障政策产生了显著影响。日本主要政党在强化社会保障制度以及增加税收的必要性上达成了广泛共识,这源于日本社会存在以下共识:社会保障在现代社会中有着无可争议的价值,从而不应受制于政党政治。在经济增长放缓、'超老龄化'和人口减少的背景下,为实现制度可持续发展,对社会保障制度进行改革具有必要性。除了注意确保待遇和负担之间的均衡外,本文指出在当下后综合改革时期需要解决的四方面关键问题:首要任务是稳步实施改革所制定的或将要制定的政策;第二组问题与包括医疗和药物在内的医学科学进步有关;第三组问题涉及促进社会保障与其他相关领域的政策组合,例如住房或本地社区振兴等问题;第四是要解决综合改革中未纳入的问题。 展开更多
关键词 日本 社会保障 历史发展 改革
More Modification For India
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《北京周报:英文版》 2019年第23期20-21,共2页
Indian Prime Min ister Narendra Modi's sweeping election victory on May 23, where his right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 303 of the 543 seats in Lok Sabha, India's lower house of parliament, came as a... Indian Prime Min ister Narendra Modi's sweeping election victory on May 23, where his right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 303 of the 543 seats in Lok Sabha, India's lower house of parliament, came as a surprise to many. However, it may not have been entirely unexpected, con sidering Modi's charisma, his electoral plank of nationalism and a weak opposition. In his new stint, Modi is set to continue his drastic reforms. 展开更多
关键词 MORE MODIFICATION For INDIA DRASTIC REFORMS
Overreliance on Net Export and Investment Impedes China’s Structural Transformation: Estimation and Analysis Based on a Multi-Sector Growth Model 预览
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作者 渠慎宁 李鹏飞 吕铁 《中国经济学人:英文版》 2019年第3期44-65,共22页
Since reform and opening-up in 1978, changes in China’s industrial structure have generally followed the pattern of “Kuznets facts” but still exhibits some unique characteristics, which led us to raise the followin... Since reform and opening-up in 1978, changes in China’s industrial structure have generally followed the pattern of “Kuznets facts” but still exhibits some unique characteristics, which led us to raise the following three questions regarding China’s structural transformation:(1) Why did the share of China’s agricultural and manufacturing employment reduce/increase intermittently rather than continuously?(2) Why did the share of China’s agricultural employment increase during certain periods? When the share of manufacturing employment reduced, why did the workforce reversely flow into agriculture rather than move to the service sector?(3) Why did growth in the share of China’s service sector employment decelerate before reaching its peak? Why did the share of employment in the industrial sector suddenly increase after an abrupt decline? This paper creates a multisector economic growth model that contains non-homothetic preferences and differentiated productivity, and incorporates the “two drivers” therein for a demand-side estimation and analysis. The result shows that China’s economic growth model driven by net export and investment is a critical factor for explaining the three questions regarding its structural transformation. This paper believes that only by implementing supply-side structural reforms, reducing the dependence on net export and investment, and achieving sustainable endogenous economic growth will China be able to expedite its industrial restructuring. 展开更多
关键词 STRUCTURAL transformation net EXPORT and INVESTMENT multi-sector economic growth model supply-side STRUCTURAL REFORMS
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范仲淹与北宋中期的改革之风
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作者 刘复生 《中华文化论坛》 北大核心 2019年第1期4-12,155共10页
北宋中期,社会矛盾日渐凸显,社会危机逐渐暴露出来。"庆历新政"的领导者范仲淹(989-1052)以敏锐的洞察力揭示出隐伏在"太平"表象后面的深刻危机,以"穷则变,变则通"为思想武器,急切呼吁改革,对"旧思... 北宋中期,社会矛盾日渐凸显,社会危机逐渐暴露出来。"庆历新政"的领导者范仲淹(989-1052)以敏锐的洞察力揭示出隐伏在"太平"表象后面的深刻危机,以"穷则变,变则通"为思想武器,急切呼吁改革,对"旧思想"和"旧势力"进行了猛烈的批判,引领和推动起政治和文化教育诸方面的变革之风,中国历史上波澜壮阔的北宋中期改革与变法运动由此展开。 展开更多
关键词 范仲淹 政风 学风 变革
Deceleration of China's Economic Growth: Causes and Countermeasures
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作者 Guoqiang Tian 《中国经济学前沿:英文版》 2019年第1期3-25,共23页
China's economic growth has been declining continuously at a rapid rate since 2011. It dropped to 6.7% in 2016 by more than 3% from nearly 10% average growth rate during 1979-2010. As for its causes, there are dif... China's economic growth has been declining continuously at a rapid rate since 2011. It dropped to 6.7% in 2016 by more than 3% from nearly 10% average growth rate during 1979-2010. As for its causes, there are different interpretations among Chinese economists. One of the interpretations, which is held by some scholars including Justin Yifu Lin, is that external and cyclical factors are the main causes for the decline. The author disagrees with this viewpoint and holds that the root cause of economic deceleration is the delay in deep institutional reforms. An inclusive economy and state coercive capacity are two essential ingredients for sustaining economic prosperity. China must further enhance economic inclusiveness, and accelerate its transition into an efficienc y? driven and innovatio driven economy through deepened comprehensive marketization reforms. Meanwhile, it should further strengthen the rule of law to build a limited government that is capable, accountable, effective and caring. 展开更多
关键词 China's economic growth CAUSES and COUNTERMEASURES deep institutional REFORMS DECELERATION INCLUSIVE economy efficiency-driven in novation-driven external and cyclical factors
China's Growth Deceleration: Causes and Future Growth Prospect
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作者 Justin Yifu Lin 《中国经济学前沿:英文版》 2019年第1期26-52,共27页
China's growth decelerated substantially after 2010. This paper argues that the main cause for the deceleration is external and cyclical, China has a potential growth rate of 8%, the economy has good investment op... China's growth decelerated substantially after 2010. This paper argues that the main cause for the deceleration is external and cyclical, China has a potential growth rate of 8%, the economy has good investment opportunities and resources, and China is likely to achieve a medium-high growth rate of around 6.5% in the coming years. The paper also examines the various structural reforms that can help China to release its growth potential and complete the transition to a well-functioning market economy. 展开更多
关键词 China economic GROWTH DECELERATION CAUSES countermeasures external FACTORS cyclical FACTORS structural REFORMS GROWTH potential wellfunctioning market econmy hig?growth rate medium-high GROWTH
先进国家标准化军民融合发展启示
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作者 朱虹 咸奎桐 +1 位作者 杨天 王淑敏 《标准科学》 2019年第3期75-80,共6页
本文通过对美国、俄罗斯、欧洲主要国家标准化军民融合改革的背景、措施、成效及发展战略的分析研究,在对比分析我国标准化体制机制的基础上,提出各国改革带给我们的启示,以期为我国军民融合标准化工作提供借鉴。
关键词 军民融合 标准化 改革措施 发展战略 军民通用标准
On the New Constitution of Cuba 预览
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作者 Wu Hongying 《现代国际关系:英文版》 2019年第4期92-104,共13页
Recently, Cuba, the only socialist country in the Western Hemisphere,approved its second constitution, the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, since the victory of the 1959 revolution. On the surface, this constitut... Recently, Cuba, the only socialist country in the Western Hemisphere,approved its second constitution, the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, since the victory of the 1959 revolution. On the surface, this constitution is the fourth revision of the 1976 Constitution. However, due to the wide scope of the revision and the significant content involved, it is essentially a brand new constitution.The new constitution not only reflects major changes in Cuba’s political,economic, social and diplomatic fields over the past 40 years, but also marks the Cuban Communist government’s thinking and planning on the sustainable development of Cuban socialism in the 21 st century so as to ensure that it is irreversible and will not radically change. This revision of the Constitution is the most significant political reform since the victory of the Cuban Revolution in1959 and will lead to a major and far-reaching impact on Cuba’s future development in the fields of politics, economy, society and diplomacy. 展开更多
关键词 CUBA NEW CONSTITUTION MAJOR REFORMS
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农村集体产权制度改革中的法律问题研究 预览
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作者 房绍坤 林广会 《苏州大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期30-41,191共13页
我国农村集体产权制度改革的内在逻辑为:以坚持集体所有制为前提,以农民持续增收为根本目标,改革过程应充分体现市场在资源配置中的决定性作用。基于该逻辑,农村集体产权制度改革的法治实现应遵循三项原则:一是促进实现产权清晰的原则;... 我国农村集体产权制度改革的内在逻辑为:以坚持集体所有制为前提,以农民持续增收为根本目标,改革过程应充分体现市场在资源配置中的决定性作用。基于该逻辑,农村集体产权制度改革的法治实现应遵循三项原则:一是促进实现产权清晰的原则;二是完善农民对集体资产的股份(份额)权能的原则;三是与国情相适应的原则。集体产权制度改革面临的法治困境主要包括:主体虚化之困,权能羸弱之困,流转封闭之困。因此,要建立“名实相符”的集体所有权主体制度,扩权赋能以适应市场经济的要求,逐步建立顺畅的股权流转体制机制,以突破改革所面临的法治之困。 展开更多
关键词 农村集体产权制度 改革 集体所有制 集体经济组织 产权清晰
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论诸子思想系统 预览
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作者 刘永佶 《河北大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 北大核心 2019年第6期21-35,共15页
诸子研究是中国思想史的重要内容。学界传统往往将诸子分为保守和进步"两大阵营",将诸子分"家"别类来研究。从思想变革和社会变革的内在统一视角来看,诸子在春秋、战国至秦、汉初思想和社会大变革中都提出了自己的... 诸子研究是中国思想史的重要内容。学界传统往往将诸子分为保守和进步"两大阵营",将诸子分"家"别类来研究。从思想变革和社会变革的内在统一视角来看,诸子在春秋、战国至秦、汉初思想和社会大变革中都提出了自己的思想和对策,发挥了各自的作用。诸子无"家",变革是诸子思想的共性和主线,从道、法、术、技四层次探讨诸子思想系统,可以更加系统地研究诸子各自思想的特点及其关系。 展开更多
关键词 诸子思想 变革 主线 系统
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Cyclical Patterns of China's Reform and Their Implications for the New Era 预览
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作者 黄泰岩 《中国经济学人:英文版》 2019年第5期11-19,共9页
After taking stock of China's four-decade reforms, this paper identifies the cyclical patterns of China's reforms, which consist of an intermediate cycle and three short cycles. The purpose of reform is to adj... After taking stock of China's four-decade reforms, this paper identifies the cyclical patterns of China's reforms, which consist of an intermediate cycle and three short cycles. The purpose of reform is to adjust the changing relations of production to changing productivity. China has adopted a gradualist approach of reform, and reform cycles have coincided with economic cycles. The cyclical changes of reform are of great significance to comprehensively deepening reforms in the new era: Downward pressures of the economy present the best window period for reform;a new cycle of reform will unveil a new economic cycle as well;the people's support is essential to pushing forward the cyclical movements of reform;and top-down design is essential to deepen reforms on all fronts. 展开更多
关键词 cyclical PATTERNS of REFORM comprehensively deepening of REFORMS in the NEW ERA IMPLICATIONS for the NEW ERA
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大熊猫馆声环境改造
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作者 张九红 张轶稀 李晋 《建筑科学》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期96-101,共6页
随着科学技术的发展和人民生活水平的提高,公共建筑室内环境的健康、舒适和节能也越来越受到重视。本文以某城市动物园大熊猫馆的室内声学环境实测数据为基础,对场馆的使用功能和声学特征进行分析。在综合考虑熊猫及人体健康、舒适性的... 随着科学技术的发展和人民生活水平的提高,公共建筑室内环境的健康、舒适和节能也越来越受到重视。本文以某城市动物园大熊猫馆的室内声学环境实测数据为基础,对场馆的使用功能和声学特征进行分析。在综合考虑熊猫及人体健康、舒适性的基础上,提出针对该场馆的声学改造方案。为下一步制定动物场馆声学设计标准提供前期基础支撑。 展开更多
关键词 混响时间 声压级 声环境 改造 大熊猫
Factors Associated with a Low Veterinary Regulatory Compliance in Uganda, Their Impact and Quality Management Approaches to Improve Performance 预览
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作者 Wanderema S. N. Wesonga Bosco Madasi Esther Nambo 《兽医学(英文)》 2018年第12期207-231,共25页
Organized veterinary services in Uganda were established in year 1908 and successfully controlled animal diseases nationally through a centralized chain of veterinary command. Such services were of public good, mandat... Organized veterinary services in Uganda were established in year 1908 and successfully controlled animal diseases nationally through a centralized chain of veterinary command. Such services were of public good, mandatory by regulations and also referred to as the “veterinary regulatory services”. However, from 1993;policy reforms were introduced coincidentally at the same time with a national animal health passive surveillance system. Despite reforms, continued losses in livestock were observed necessitating a longitudinal survey based on the above surveillance system. Study findings were to serve as an indicator of performance for the reforms as regards animal disease control. Overall aim of the study was to: Confirm the assumed increase of disease after reforms;identify predisposing factors;gauge their impact and make recommendations to improve service delivery. Results confirmed that: Local government veterinary personnel reduced by 90.61% after the first year of decentralization;national animal health report submissions reduced from average of 81% to only 47.06% with a correlation or association of negative (-) 27.3% albeit at p-value > 0.05. Further, correlation at p-value Regression confirmed that with other factors held constant;on average: 69.5% of all Foot and Mouth Disease outbreaks in other areas of the country originated or depended on the same disease found in the cattle corridor while 42.7% human deaths from rabies was attributed to bites from suspected rabid animals. Conclusion was that: Increased animal disease prevalence was primarily attributed to the reform policies but confounded by other veterinary institution internal and external/shock factors. This requires further policy reforms and a review of the national animal health passive surveillance system by all stakeholders to be done through and implemented by an efficient quality management system which is: staff-management-client focused. 展开更多
关键词 Chain of VETERINARY COMMAND REFORMS SURVEILLANCE REGULATIONS Quality Management
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基于应用型人才培养的有机化学实验教学改革研究 预览
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作者 陈伟玲 陈兴田 +1 位作者 高友君 钟星 《广州化工》 CAS 2018年第15期177-178,共2页
有机化学实验是一门重要的基础课程。针对目前有机化学实验课程存在的缺点和不足,本文介绍了贺州学院对有机化学实验教学改革的实践,其中包括实验内容的调整,注重实验教学环节,教学方法的改革,考核评价体系的完善等。通过有机化学实验... 有机化学实验是一门重要的基础课程。针对目前有机化学实验课程存在的缺点和不足,本文介绍了贺州学院对有机化学实验教学改革的实践,其中包括实验内容的调整,注重实验教学环节,教学方法的改革,考核评价体系的完善等。通过有机化学实验教学实验改革,调动了学生学习的积极性和主动性,提高了学生的实验操作技能,强化了学生的创新意识,提高了有机化学实验教学质量。 展开更多
关键词 改革 有机化学实验 教学
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论教学模式改革的限度 预览 被引量:2
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作者 郑玉飞 《教育科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第3期26-31,共6页
在众多学校将教学模式改革作为教学改革主要内容之时,我们需要理性看待教学模式改革所能发挥的真实效用,进而反思教学模式改革应该遵循的限度问题。改革必然存在限度,改革的过程就是破除旧限度建立新限度的过程。教学模式改革可以改的... 在众多学校将教学模式改革作为教学改革主要内容之时,我们需要理性看待教学模式改革所能发挥的真实效用,进而反思教学模式改革应该遵循的限度问题。改革必然存在限度,改革的过程就是破除旧限度建立新限度的过程。教学模式改革可以改的是教学环节、步骤以及理念和目标等量的方面,不可改的是教学模式的基本要素,不能使教学模式发生质的改变。确定教学模式改革限度的依据是教学模式自身的特性及改革的理想目标。 展开更多
关键词 教学模式 改革 限度
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新建应用型民办高校大学物理教学改革探索 预览
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作者 范丽琴 《湖北函授大学学报》 2018年第10期111-113,共3页
为加强新建应用型本科高校大学物理课程的建设,推进大学物理课程的教学改革,提高课堂教学效果,结合新建应用型本科高校教学的特点,谈谈这几年大学物理教学的体会和对大学物理教学过程中几个问题的探索,提出了六条建议。
关键词 大学物理 教学 改革
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饲料生物工程课程教学手段改革与创新模式 预览
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作者 冷静 杨舒黎 +2 位作者 鲁琼芬 张春勇 杨明华 《教育教学论坛》 2018年第48期98-100,共3页
饲料生物工程是一门理论和实际生产联系比较强的基础课程。本文通过分析饲料生物工程传统教学模式下存在的问题,改变传统的教学方法和手段,在教学手段、教学方法、考核评价等内容进行改革与教学模式创新,提高饲料生物工程教学质量。
关键词 饲料生物工程 教学手段 改革 创新模式
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在新的历史条件下用好经济特区立法权 预览 被引量:1
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作者 李洪雷 《人民论坛·学术前沿》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第13期68-71,87共5页
经济特区立法权是我国地方立法权中一种特殊且重要的表现形式,其根本特征是立法变通权。在中国特色社会主义进入新时代的关键时期,在大力推进全面深化改革和全面依法治国的新的历史阶段,经济特区立法权的继续存在仍然具有重要的价值... 经济特区立法权是我国地方立法权中一种特殊且重要的表现形式,其根本特征是立法变通权。在中国特色社会主义进入新时代的关键时期,在大力推进全面深化改革和全面依法治国的新的历史阶段,经济特区立法权的继续存在仍然具有重要的价值。各经济特区应当在法定界限内,用好用足国家赋予的变通立法权,为全面深化改革提供法治保障。 展开更多
关键词 经济特区 立法权 变通 改革 法治
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