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Research on the influence of English teaching behavior based on association rules algorithm 预览
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作者 肖菲 《现代教育论坛》 2019年第2期7-9,共3页
With the development of economic globalization, Chinese enterprises play an important role in the wave of global economy and their participation is deeper and deeper. It also brings a lot of troubles in communication.... With the development of economic globalization, Chinese enterprises play an important role in the wave of global economy and their participation is deeper and deeper. It also brings a lot of troubles in communication. The demand for English talents is increasing, which requires our educational institutions to adjust the content of the teaching in a timely manner according to the market situation, especially in the case of a shortage of skilled personnel. Through the study of the influence of the English teaching behavior based on the association rules algorithm, this paper discussed how to carry out the teaching of English application more efficiently. 展开更多
关键词 ASSOCIATION RULES English TEACHING BEHAVIOR influence
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论基于经济治理的经济法软法之治 预览
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作者 杨三正 苟学珍 《重庆大学学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期179-187,共9页
无论从一般法理还是经济法这一部门法层面看,经济法软法的治理功能正在得到彰显。为此,有必要对经济法软法的基本类型、经济治理及其理想模式、经济法软法治理得以实现的路径以及基本规则进行理论阐释,使经济法软法在经济治理中发挥其... 无论从一般法理还是经济法这一部门法层面看,经济法软法的治理功能正在得到彰显。为此,有必要对经济法软法的基本类型、经济治理及其理想模式、经济法软法治理得以实现的路径以及基本规则进行理论阐释,使经济法软法在经济治理中发挥其应有功能。为达此目标,本文首先对其渊源加以分类,将其类型化为公共政策类、行业规章类、专业标准类、市场交易主体类和国际经济法软法规范等类型。在此基础上,通过定性分析从经济学和法学理论中探寻经济治理的旨趣,进而基于经济治理的本质探讨经济法视域中经济治理的理想模式,从该部门法角度厘清并选择“经济治理模式”,该模式即为“经济法规范文本层面的治理+经济法软法规范的治理”之软硬结合模式,其实质就是经济法软法与硬法并用。最后诉诸价值分析从应然角度研判,提出经济法软法治理得以实现的关键在于转变认知观念、厘清治理路径、协调硬法与软法实施,并遵循冲突时软法让位于硬法、和谐时软法优先于硬法两项基本规则。 展开更多
关键词 经济法软法 类型 经济治理模式 路径 规则
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公共冲突治理的绩效差异——基于规则“生产-执行”框架的经验分析
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作者 袁方成 侯亚丽 《上海行政学院学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期37-46,共10页
在当前社会的公共冲突治理中,呈现出短期缓解与长效化解两种较有差异的绩效。为解释这种差异性,本文提出了治理规则的'生产-执行'分析框架,并对三个社区的案例过程及其效果展开比较分析。研究发现,在公共规则的生产和执行过程中... 在当前社会的公共冲突治理中,呈现出短期缓解与长效化解两种较有差异的绩效。为解释这种差异性,本文提出了治理规则的'生产-执行'分析框架,并对三个社区的案例过程及其效果展开比较分析。研究发现,在公共规则的生产和执行过程中,第三方主体和利益相关者的关系,影响规则认同度和违规行为的监督效度,引发了不同的规则实践形态。第三方对规则生产和执行的包揽或介入,利益相关者的规则认同较低,且监督乏力,会出现短期有效执行,长期则冲突去而复返;当利益相关者自主开展规则的生产和执行,则会形成高度的规则认同和有力的监督,实现冲突的长效治理。 展开更多
关键词 社区 公共冲突 治理 规则
电子商务交易中电子支付服务损害赔偿责任及其规则 预览
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作者 杨立新 《中州学刊》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期45-56,共12页
《电子商务法》用三个条文规定了四种电子支付服务提供者的损害赔偿责任,即不符合支付安全管理要求损害赔偿责任、支付错误损害赔偿责任、未经授权支付损害赔偿责任和发现未经授权或者收到未经授权通知却未及时采取措施的损害赔偿责任,... 《电子商务法》用三个条文规定了四种电子支付服务提供者的损害赔偿责任,即不符合支付安全管理要求损害赔偿责任、支付错误损害赔偿责任、未经授权支付损害赔偿责任和发现未经授权或者收到未经授权通知却未及时采取措施的损害赔偿责任,用以规范电子支付服务提供者履行电子支付服务合同义务的行为,并对造成用户损失的行为进行追责。这些损害赔偿责任都是在电子商务交易中,于电子支付辅助性法律关系即电子支付服务合同关系中发生的违约责任,同时符合《侵权责任法》关于侵权责任构成的要求,构成违约责任和侵权责任的竞合,受到损害的主体有权选择违约责任或者侵权责任保护自己的合法权益。具体衡量,适用侵权责任规则保护电子支付服务合同关系中用户一方的合法权益更为有利,且《电子商务法》第54条、第55条、第57条主要是从侵权责任角度进行规范的。因此,将这些损害赔偿责任作为侵权责任进行解读是正确的。在司法实践中,应当正确理解这三个条文规定的四种电子支付服务损害赔偿责任,正确适用规范,以实现《电子商务法》的立法目的。 展开更多
关键词 电子商务交易 电子支付服务 损害赔偿责任 责任竞合 规则
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民法典侵权责任编草案规定的网络侵权责任规则检视
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作者 杨立新 《法学论坛》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期89-100,共12页
民法典侵权责任编草案规定网络侵权责任.在《侵权责任法》第36条规定的基础上有了重大进展,重申了网络侵权责任一般规则,完善了避风港原则的通知规则的具体规范,补充规定了避风港原则的反通知规则并规定了具体规范,明确了适用红旗原则... 民法典侵权责任编草案规定网络侵权责任.在《侵权责任法》第36条规定的基础上有了重大进展,重申了网络侵权责任一般规则,完善了避风港原则的通知规则的具体规范,补充规定了避风港原则的反通知规则并规定了具体规范,明确了适用红旗原则的主观要件,将使我国的网络侵权责任规则形成完善的规范体系。侵权责任编草案规定的网络侵权责任,将与电子商务知识产权侵权责任、网络交易产品或者服务侵权责任一道,构成我国侵权责任法的与网络有关的侵权责任的类型体系。侵权责任编草案的这些规定是成功的,但还存在若干不足,应当在侵权责任编草案的编纂中使之进一步完善,创建我国完善的网络侵权责任规范体系。 展开更多
关键词 侵权责任编 网络侵权责任 规则
Research on Characteristic Manifestations of Xiaochaihu Decoction Based on Association Rules Mining
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作者 Li-Ying Zhua Chun-Hua Jia Eunhee Park 《世界中医药杂志:英文版》 2019年第1期9-17,共9页
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the characteristic manifestations and contraindications of Xiaochaihu decoction (XD [It also stands for all the seven herbs in XD]) syndrome and to clarify the principle ... Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the characteristic manifestations and contraindications of Xiaochaihu decoction (XD [It also stands for all the seven herbs in XD]) syndrome and to clarify the principle of using XD. Methods: By searching on the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 254 cases whose symptoms were relieved by XD and 48 cases who misused XD in ancient time were selected. Moreover, they are divided into two groups. Microsoft Excel 2016 was used as a storage tool. These two groups of cases were all treated with XD because of their similar manifestations, but therapeutic efficacies are reverse. The n lanifestatio ns mislead doctors should be selected out to clarify the indications of using XD. Thus, the professional data mining software RapidMi ner was used as a platform to do the frequent statistic and to create association rules between manifestations and herbs of both groups, respectively. After comparing the results of two groups, we can make a conclusion. Results: The characteristics of XD syndrome are alternative chills and fever, hypochondriac pain, and inflammatory swelling and pain (ear or breast). When any of these manifestations occur, XD can be used. Wiry pulse paired with altemative chills and fever, headache, thirst, or hypochondriac pain is also regarded as the indications of using XD. XD should not treat for fever paired with other manifestations, such as headache, delirium, or aversion to cold. In addition, the manifestations with high concurrence frequency do not mean the high correlation. Moreover, only according to the frequency, statistics cannot make correct conclusions. Conclusions:(1) XD is more fit for the excess syndrome such as excess fire in the liver or gallbladder meridians.(2) The medical records in which the XD is misused are also worth analyzing.(3) Association rules cannot be substituted with frequency statistics. 展开更多
关键词 Association RULES MINING CHARACTERISTIC MANIFESTATION Xiaochaihu DECOCTION
FPC:A New Approach to Firewall Policies Compression
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作者 Yuzhu Cheng Weiping Wang +1 位作者 Jianxin Wang Haodong Wang 《清华大学学报自然科学版(英文版)》 EI CAS CSCD 2019年第1期65-76,共12页
Firewalls are crucial elements that enhance network security by examining the field values of every packet and deciding whether to accept or discard a packet according to the firewall policies. With the development of... Firewalls are crucial elements that enhance network security by examining the field values of every packet and deciding whether to accept or discard a packet according to the firewall policies. With the development of networks, the number of rules in firewalls has rapidly increased, consequently degrading network performance.In addition, because most real-life firewalls have been plagued with policy conflicts, malicious traffics can be allowed or legitimate traffics can be blocked. Moreover, because of the complexity of the firewall policies, it is very important to reduce the number of rules in a firewall while keeping the rule semantics unchanged and the target firewall rules conflict-free. In this study, we make three major contributions. First, we present a new approach in which a geometric model, multidimensional rectilinear polygon, is constructed for the firewall rules compression problem.Second, we propose a new scheme, Firewall Policies Compression(FPC), to compress the multidimensional firewall rules based on this geometric model. Third, we conducted extensive experiments to evaluate the performance of the proposed method. The experimental results demonstrate that the FPC method outperforms the existing approaches, in terms of compression ratio and efficiency while maintaining conflict-free firewall rules. 展开更多
关键词 FIREWALL FIREWALL POLICY NETWORK SECURITY FIREWALL RULES compression
智能问答系统设计与实现 预览
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作者 杜阳阳 常家鑫 +2 位作者 张志豪 张宸楠 李驰 《现代计算机》 2019年第18期95-100,共6页
为了提高信息获取效率,设计应用于编程知识获取领域的智能问答系统,并分别提出基于规则、基于NLP以及基于机器学习的智能问答知识库构建方法。同时比较TF-IDF和LSI两种相似度计算算法的优劣。系统以自然语言处理的方式对用户提问进行分... 为了提高信息获取效率,设计应用于编程知识获取领域的智能问答系统,并分别提出基于规则、基于NLP以及基于机器学习的智能问答知识库构建方法。同时比较TF-IDF和LSI两种相似度计算算法的优劣。系统以自然语言处理的方式对用户提问进行分析,结合所建知识库,得到相似度计算结果最高的三个候选答案,并将结果返回给用户。该系统响应速度快,获取答案准确率高,可以满足用户的日常需求。 展开更多
关键词 规则 NLP 机器学习 智能问答
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新旧宗地统一编码数据库转换自动化方法研究 预览
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作者 罗杰 王君萍 岳永胜 《测绘与空间地理信息》 2019年第7期142-144,共3页
宗地新旧代码存在位数和规则差异,并且由于各个县局城镇地籍调查数据库不尽相同,转换规则也存在一些差异。本文根据宗地统一编码的编制规则和数据质检规则,探索出实现新旧宗地统一编码数据库自动化转换方法。
关键词 宗地统一编码 规则 地籍调查数据库 转换
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《诗经·国风》标题中的规律和变数探究 预览
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作者 刘砚秋 《淮海工学院学报:人文社会科学版》 2019年第5期38-41,共4页
在总体的观察下,《诗经》的篇目标题是存在着一些规律的。以《国风》为例,其大部分的标题都遵循着一定的规律,这些规律与先民的一些特点有紧密联系;出现的几个不符合规律的变数又把焦点聚集在《周南》,使其呈现出一种特殊性。
关键词 《诗经·国风》 标题 规律 变数
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A Study on the Illustration Translation of Chinese Painting Composition Rules 预览
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作者 HUI Juan JIA Xiaoqing 《美中外语:英文版》 2019年第3期116-120,共5页
The Chinese painting composition rules are depending on practical and aesthetic nature. At present, the translation research on Chinese painting texts is few. In order to make cross-cultural understanding faster and b... The Chinese painting composition rules are depending on practical and aesthetic nature. At present, the translation research on Chinese painting texts is few. In order to make cross-cultural understanding faster and better, the cultural connotation behind it is the basic problem that needs to be solved. This paper attempts to use the illustration-based means-original picture editing, simple drawing, and GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) as visual representations to help translate the semantic information of the Chinese painting composition rules, in order to meet the needs of modern reading, and consolidate the effect of Chinese culture “going out”. 展开更多
关键词 CHINESE PAINTING COMPOSITION RULES TRANSLATION ILLUSTRATION
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顾及栅格空间拓扑关系的地表覆盖时空目标不一致性探测方法 预览
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作者 康顺 陈军 彭舒 《测绘学报》 EI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第6期767-779,共13页
地表覆盖与更新是地理国情监测、环境变化评估、生态系统保护等不可或缺的基础地理信息。遥感制图技术已成为地表覆盖信息提取的重要手段,但因地物光谱、纹理及时相等特征复杂性,地表覆盖更新数据往往存在错分、漏分,从而导致地表覆盖... 地表覆盖与更新是地理国情监测、环境变化评估、生态系统保护等不可或缺的基础地理信息。遥感制图技术已成为地表覆盖信息提取的重要手段,但因地物光谱、纹理及时相等特征复杂性,地表覆盖更新数据往往存在错分、漏分,从而导致地表覆盖时空目标不一致。现有地表覆盖更新数据不一致性探测主要以人工检查为主、部分自动化为辅的方式,生产实践中需要大量的作业人员与时间,缺乏行之有效的不一致性自动化探测工具。本文研究分析了栅格地表覆盖更新数据不一致性检查面临的挑战,提出了基于复合逻辑量词的栅格空间拓扑关系计算方法、基于置信区间的更新期地表覆盖错分目标初判规则构建,以及利用空间约束多重匹配的更新期错分目标后验判断,形成了“关系-规则-判断”的地表覆盖时空目标不一致性探测体系。试验以山东临朐、垦利GlobeLand30数据为研究对象,经与统计一致性检核方法对比分析、参照真实地表影像数据,实现了地表覆盖时空目标不一致性探测与有效性检验,验证了探测方法可行性。 展开更多
关键词 地表覆盖 不一致性 拓扑关系 规则 多重匹配 栅格
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Where the Market Rules
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《北京周报:英文版》 2019年第13期22-23,共2页
Since the Belt and Road Initiative was proposed in 2013,152 countries and international organizations have signed cooperation agreements with China under its framework. Members of the 13th Chinese People's Politic... Since the Belt and Road Initiative was proposed in 2013,152 countries and international organizations have signed cooperation agreements with China under its framework. Members of the 13th Chinese People's Political Consultative Conferenee National Committee commented on its progress during their annual session in Beijing in March. Edited excerpts of their views follow. 展开更多
关键词 WHERE MARKET RULES BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE
体育人文观视域下花样滑冰单人滑规则演变趋势研究 预览
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作者 张嘉璐 张伟 《体育科技文献通报》 2019年第3期146-148,共3页
采用文献分析和逻辑分析等方法,从体育人文观的规则观念出发,探讨了在以人为本的背景下,花样滑冰单人滑规则发展的目标、动力和趋势,并对发展阶段进行了划分。结论:花样滑冰规则演变分为三个阶段,其发展以追求合理性为目标,以公平公正... 采用文献分析和逻辑分析等方法,从体育人文观的规则观念出发,探讨了在以人为本的背景下,花样滑冰单人滑规则发展的目标、动力和趋势,并对发展阶段进行了划分。结论:花样滑冰规则演变分为三个阶段,其发展以追求合理性为目标,以公平公正、难美并重以及人本化为发展方向。运动员要兼顾难度与美感,不断提高技术水平。 展开更多
关键词 花样滑冰 规则 演变
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平昌冬奥会中国女子短道速滑队失利原因及北京冬奥会备战策略 预览
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作者 韩贝宁 马婧宇 梁青 《河北体育学院学报》 2019年第4期57-63,共7页
运用文献资料法、录像观察法和数理统计法,对平昌冬奥会中国女子短道速滑队的失利原因进行分析。认为短距离项目选手起跑后抢位相对落后,中长距离项目选手外道超越能力不足,过早专业化训练缩短运动员运动寿命,缺乏核心领军人物,对比赛... 运用文献资料法、录像观察法和数理统计法,对平昌冬奥会中国女子短道速滑队的失利原因进行分析。认为短距离项目选手起跑后抢位相对落后,中长距离项目选手外道超越能力不足,过早专业化训练缩短运动员运动寿命,缺乏核心领军人物,对比赛规则研究不深入,欧洲国家异军突起等,是失利的主要原因。为了更好地备战北京冬奥会,应加强训练的针对性,把握混合接力金牌;科学训练,加强保障,延长竞技运动寿命;加强队伍核心建设,打造领军人物;建立合理的培养体系,推进冰雪运动普及发展;关注比赛规则变化,最大限度发挥实力;深入推进国际交流,学习借鉴国外经验。 展开更多
关键词 平昌冬奥会 女子短道速滑队 失利原因 北京冬奥会 规则 领军人物
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基于BLSTM_attention_CRF模型的新能源汽车领域术语抽取 预览
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作者 马建红 张亚梅 +2 位作者 姚爽 张炳斐 郭昌宏 《计算机应用研究》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第5期1385-1389,1395共6页
为提高新能源汽车领域术语抽取准确率,面向新能源汽车专利文本提出一种领域术语抽取模型。传统的领域术语抽取方法过度依赖人工定义特征和领域知识,无法自动挖掘隐含特征,其识别性能过度依赖所选特征的质量。从深度学习的角度出发,提出... 为提高新能源汽车领域术语抽取准确率,面向新能源汽车专利文本提出一种领域术语抽取模型。传统的领域术语抽取方法过度依赖人工定义特征和领域知识,无法自动挖掘隐含特征,其识别性能过度依赖所选特征的质量。从深度学习的角度出发,提出了一种基于attention的双向长短时记忆网络(bidirectional long short-term memory,BLSTM)与条件随机场(conditional random fields,CRF)相结合的领域术语抽取模型(BLSTM_attention_CRF模型),并使用基于词典与规则相结合的方法对结果进行校正,准确率可达到86%以上,方法切实可行。 展开更多
关键词 领域术语抽取 attention机制 双向长短时记忆网络 条件随机场 词典 规则
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中国国际物流仲裁的需求与供给:现状、问题和路径 预览
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作者 丁新正 《重庆理工大学学报:社会科学》 CAS 2019年第5期120-127,共8页
中国国际物流的体量对国际物流仲裁的需求已经今非昔比。在美国和西方贸易保护主义抬头的大背景下,加强中国国际物流仲裁建设具有现实的紧迫性和重大的战略意义。然而,与成熟的市场经济国家相比,中国国际物流仲裁存在一些亟待完善的问题... 中国国际物流的体量对国际物流仲裁的需求已经今非昔比。在美国和西方贸易保护主义抬头的大背景下,加强中国国际物流仲裁建设具有现实的紧迫性和重大的战略意义。然而,与成熟的市场经济国家相比,中国国际物流仲裁存在一些亟待完善的问题,可以大体归纳为三个“供给不足”、一个“认识不到位”和一个“不健全”。为此建议:加强中国国际物流仲裁人力资源的供给;加强中国国际物流仲裁法律法规的供给;深化中外国际物流仲裁的合作以及国际物流仲裁与司法的合作;加强对国际物流仲裁在内的商事仲裁的宣传供给;以开放心态借鉴各国仲裁制度中先进的和有益的成分,进一步完善中国的国际物流仲裁制度,并积极参与国际物流仲裁规则的制定。 展开更多
关键词 国际物流仲裁 规则 需求 供给
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A Modi ed Iterated Greedy Algorithm for Flexible Job Shop Scheduling Problem
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作者 Ghiath Al Aqel Xinyu Li Liang Gao 《中国机械工程学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第2期157-167,共11页
The flexible job shop scheduling problem(FJSP) is considered as an important problem in the modern manufacturing system. It is known to be an NP-hard problem. Most of the algorithms used in solving FJSP problem are ca... The flexible job shop scheduling problem(FJSP) is considered as an important problem in the modern manufacturing system. It is known to be an NP-hard problem. Most of the algorithms used in solving FJSP problem are categorized as metaheuristic methods. Some of these methods normally consume more CPU time and some other methods are more complicated which make them di cult to code and not easy to reproduce. This paper proposes a modified iterated greedy(IG) algorithm to deal with FJSP problem in order to provide a simpler metaheuristic, which is easier to code and to reproduce than some other much more complex methods. This is done by separating the classical IG into two phases. Each phase is used to solve a sub-problem of the FJSP: sequencing and routing sub-problems. A set of dispatching rules are employed in the proposed algorithm for the sequencing and machine selection in the construction phase of the solution. To evaluate the performance of proposed algorithm, some experiments including some famous FJSP benchmarks have been conducted. By compared with other algorithms, the experimental results show that the presented algorithm is competitive and able to find global optimum for most instances. The simplicity of the proposed IG provides an e ective method that is also easy to apply and consumes less CPU time in solving the FJSP problem. 展开更多
关键词 ITERATED GREEDY Flexible JOB SHOP SCHEDULING problem DISPATCHING rules
盛吉申电子产业园二期全专业BIM正向设计实践 预览
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作者 张朝虎 《工程建设与设计》 2019年第10期276-278,共3页
BIM技术的应用带来了设计过程与模式的改变,设计工作进化为信息化建筑设计,模拟了建造过程。论文详细介绍了Revit平台三维协同设计的全过程,开展多专业间的数据共享和协同,优化设计流程,提高设计质量和效率。
关键词 规则 协同流程 BIM
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An improved artificial bee colony algorithm with MaxTF heuristic rule for two-sided assembly line balancing problem
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作者 Xiaokun DUAN Bo WU +2 位作者 Youmin HU Jie LIU Jing XIONG 《机械工程前沿:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期241-253,共13页
Two-sided assembly line is usually used for the assembly of large products such as cars,buses,and trucks.With the development of technical progress,the assembly line needs to be reconfigured and the cycle time of the ... Two-sided assembly line is usually used for the assembly of large products such as cars,buses,and trucks.With the development of technical progress,the assembly line needs to be reconfigured and the cycle time of the line should be optimized to satisfy the new assembly process.Two-sided assembly line balancing with the objective of minimizing the cycle time is called TALBP-2.This paper proposes an improved artificial bee colony(IABC)algorithm with the MaxTF heuristic rule.In the heuristic initialization process,the MaxTF rule defines a new task's priority weight.On the basis of priority weight,the assignment of tasks is reasonable and the quality of an initial solution is high.In the IABC algorithm,two neighborhood strategies are embedded to balance the exploitation and exploration abilities of the algorithm.The employed bees and onlooker bees produce neighboring solutions in different promising regions to accelerate the convergence rate.Furthermore,a well-designed random strategy of scout bees is developed to escape local optima.The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed MaxTF rule performs better than other heuristic rules,as it can find the best solution for all the 10 test cases.A comparison of the IABC algorithm and other algorithms proves the effectiveness of the proposed IABC algorithm.The results also denote that the IABC algorithm is efficient and stable in minimizing the cycle time for the TALBP-2,and it can find 20 new best solutions among 25 large-sized problem cases. 展开更多
关键词 two-sided assembly line balancing PROBLEM artificial BEE COLONY algorithm HEURISTIC RULES time BOUNDARY
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