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建议用“字词表”代替“生词表” 认领
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作者 鲁健骥 《国际汉语教学研究》 2020年第3期38-44,共7页
本文认为,处理好汉语语素和词以及语素义和词义之间的关系,既体现了汉语的特点,又有助于外国学生理解和掌握汉语词和词义,也体现了训练学生语言能力和学习能力的教学理念。从这一理念出发,本文建议编制"字词表"来代替一般教... 本文认为,处理好汉语语素和词以及语素义和词义之间的关系,既体现了汉语的特点,又有助于外国学生理解和掌握汉语词和词义,也体现了训练学生语言能力和学习能力的教学理念。从这一理念出发,本文建议编制"字词表"来代替一般教材中的"生词表"和各种词汇大纲或词汇表。 展开更多
关键词 对外汉语教学 语素 字词表
《朱子语类》词语札记 认领
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作者 吴亦琦 《江西科技师范大学学报》 2020年第2期25-29,共5页
《朱子语类》是朱熹与其门生弟子讲学随问随答的课堂实录,保留了大量的文人口语词、方俗词等,是研究宋代语言以及汉语史的富矿。现以“出脱、掉脱”“凑泊、凑合”“撺掇”“遏捺”“捞揽、兜揽”“劳攘、捞攘”等词语为例,探明其词义... 《朱子语类》是朱熹与其门生弟子讲学随问随答的课堂实录,保留了大量的文人口语词、方俗词等,是研究宋代语言以及汉语史的富矿。现以“出脱、掉脱”“凑泊、凑合”“撺掇”“遏捺”“捞揽、兜揽”“劳攘、捞攘”等词语为例,探明其词义和用法。 展开更多
关键词 《朱子语类》 词语 训诂
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Using Formants to Compare Short and Long Vowels in Modern Standard Arabic 认领
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作者 Veton Kepuska Mohamed Alshaari 《电脑和通信(英文)》 2020年第5期96-106,共11页
This study was concerned with the short vowels in modern standard Arabic words with Consonant Vowel-Consonant Vowel-Consonant Vowel (CVCVCV) structure, and the long vowels in words with Consonant Vowel Vowel-Consonant... This study was concerned with the short vowels in modern standard Arabic words with Consonant Vowel-Consonant Vowel-Consonant Vowel (CVCVCV) structure, and the long vowels in words with Consonant Vowel Vowel-Consonant (CVVC). Even though there has been a dispute on the precise number of Arabic vowels that exist between language studies, this study used the opinion that the Arabic language has three vowels;the elongation of each vowel gave the other three because this is the opinion of classical Arabic linguists which is the source of the Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). Studies said that the first and second formant values (F1, F2) can represent the vowels. In this study, the formants were measured using LPC (Linear Predictive Coding), verifying the measurement to see if the measured follows the pattern of formants measurements of the other studies, and the formants were used to investigate the relationship between short and long vowels. Furthermore, the study figured out if the dialect of speakers can affect the values of formants, even if the spoken language is MSA, some statistical measurements were calculated to evaluate the relationship. 展开更多
关键词 ARABIC VOWELS FORMANT MSA CVCVCV Words Corpus VOWEL Triangle DIALECT
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A New Approach of Time Series Variation Based on Power Links and Field Association Words 认领
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作者 Zohair S. Malki El-Sayed Atlam +3 位作者 Talal H. Noor Ahmad Reda Alzighaibi Ghada Elmarhomy Abdallah A. Mohamed 《电脑和通信(英文)》 2020年第3期72-85,共14页
This paper has proposed a new methodology extracting stability classes of field association words depending on automatically power link analysis to enhance the precision of decision tree. In this paper, we have studie... This paper has proposed a new methodology extracting stability classes of field association words depending on automatically power link analysis to enhance the precision of decision tree. In this paper, we have studied the effects of the time variation based on the frequencies of specific words called field association words that connected to documents using power link in a specific period. The stability classes have referred to the popularity of field association words based on the change of time in a given period. The new approach has evaluated by conducting experiments simulating results of 1575 files (about 5.16 MB). Based on these experiments, it has turned out that, the F-measure for ascending, stable and descending classes have achieved 93.6%, 99.8% and 75.7%, respectively. These results mean that F-measure was increasing by 12%, 4% and 34% than traditional methods because of the power link analysis. 展开更多
关键词 Information RETRIEVAL Time CHANGING POWER Link Analysis Field Association WORDS DECISION Tree
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元代买地券词语考 认领
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作者 王阳 《青海师范大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 2020年第1期114-118,共5页
买地券作为地下出土的实物文献资料,具有真实性、丰富性等特点,研究价值较高。学界目前对买地券多是从历史学、民俗学、文化学等角度进行研究,而较少从语言学角度进行研究。实际上,买地券的语言文字学价值亦颇高。单就词汇而言,买地券... 买地券作为地下出土的实物文献资料,具有真实性、丰富性等特点,研究价值较高。学界目前对买地券多是从历史学、民俗学、文化学等角度进行研究,而较少从语言学角度进行研究。实际上,买地券的语言文字学价值亦颇高。单就词汇而言,买地券中俗语词与术语词并现,固定用语较多。文章以元代买地券为考察对象,对其中的一些特殊词语和固定用语加以考释。 展开更多
关键词 元代 买地券 词语 考释
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A Comparative Study on the Metaphorical Meanings and Translations of Green and绿 认领
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作者 李盈盈 《海外英语》 2020年第14期91-92,共2页
Language is not only a part of culture,but also the carrier and container of culture.However,due to differences in cultur⁃al background,customs,historical and geographical environment,language expression is also diffe... Language is not only a part of culture,but also the carrier and container of culture.However,due to differences in cultur⁃al background,customs,historical and geographical environment,language expression is also different.As a part of language,col⁃or words are usually endowed with corresponding metaphorical meaning.Therefore,this paper mainly analyzes the differences be⁃tween English and Chinese color words“green”and“绿”,and explores the translation methods of English and Chinese color words. 展开更多
关键词 color words metaphorical meaning CONTRAST TRANSLATION
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Ordinary and innovation: Insights from a child psychiatrist 认领
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作者 Yonghua Cui Yi Zheng 《儿科学研究(英文)》 2020年第2期77-78,共2页
“Ordinary and innovation”are two words that seem incompatible.However,they are well integrated from a doctor’s perspective.It takes more years to learn as a medical student than as an ordinary college student,and t... “Ordinary and innovation”are two words that seem incompatible.However,they are well integrated from a doctor’s perspective.It takes more years to learn as a medical student than as an ordinary college student,and the boring and mundane life of learning breed innovation.The seemingly mundane day‐to‐day patient‐treating work is full of innovation.People who withstand the ordinary can achieve innovation.Innovation shines in ordinary accumulation.In particular,for a child psychiatrist,ignorance and discrimination among others are mixed with the ordinary.This makes the flash of innovation more dazzling and valuable. 展开更多
关键词 BREED ordinary WORDS
中古汉译佛经词语新释 认领
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作者 真大成 《语言研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第3期92-97,共6页
中古汉译佛经是研治中古汉语的重要语料。文章针对"单到""剋责""""勦""方类""诳逗""罗落""喻""占""占谢"等已有成说的词语,主... 中古汉译佛经是研治中古汉语的重要语料。文章针对"单到""剋责""""勦""方类""诳逗""罗落""喻""占""占谢"等已有成说的词语,主要从用字提出新的解释。 展开更多
关键词 汉译佛经 词语 新释
新课标下英语拓展性教学思路探析 认领
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作者 王燕 《成才之路》 2020年第1期86-87,共2页
英语拓展性教学有助于学生打下良好的英语学习基础。文章从教学实践出发,探讨英语拓展性教学的有效策略,强调从单词、句型、课文、课外阅读等方面融入拓展性教学内容,从而提高学生的英语学习兴趣,扩大英语学习的知识面,促进学生的英语... 英语拓展性教学有助于学生打下良好的英语学习基础。文章从教学实践出发,探讨英语拓展性教学的有效策略,强调从单词、句型、课文、课外阅读等方面融入拓展性教学内容,从而提高学生的英语学习兴趣,扩大英语学习的知识面,促进学生的英语核心素养不断提升。 展开更多
关键词 英语 拓展性教学 新课标 单词 句型
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例谈小组合作教学模式在初中英语课堂中的应用 认领
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作者 陈爱萍 《当代教研论丛》 2020年第4期109-110,共2页
英语教学中,教师需要充分发挥小组合作在不同版块教学中的重要价值,为学生寻找到适合自身的合作教学方式。在初中英语阶段,单词是英语基础,对于该部分的小组合作侧重于对单词记忆和使用,阅读和写作是英语输入输出的方式,这两个部分的小... 英语教学中,教师需要充分发挥小组合作在不同版块教学中的重要价值,为学生寻找到适合自身的合作教学方式。在初中英语阶段,单词是英语基础,对于该部分的小组合作侧重于对单词记忆和使用,阅读和写作是英语输入输出的方式,这两个部分的小组合作教学则侧重于对文章的理解和对写作方法的掌握,以提高学生英语能力为主要目的。 展开更多
关键词 初中英语 小组合作 单词 阅读 写作
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论《诗经》词语的生命力 认领
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作者 陈志刚 《曲靖师范学院学报》 2020年第4期1-7,共7页
商周礼乐文化孕育了《诗经》富于生命力的词语,富于生命力的《诗经》词语是商周礼乐文化的绝佳载体。《诗经》产生于原始巫术宗教文化兴盛的时期,选词用语与自然界和社会现象融合无间,从而造就了元气淋漓的生命力。从乐、礼、自然三个... 商周礼乐文化孕育了《诗经》富于生命力的词语,富于生命力的《诗经》词语是商周礼乐文化的绝佳载体。《诗经》产生于原始巫术宗教文化兴盛的时期,选词用语与自然界和社会现象融合无间,从而造就了元气淋漓的生命力。从乐、礼、自然三个方面梳理分析《诗经》词语,揭示、探寻《诗经》词语的恒久生命力及其原因,以此观照当下及未来的“《诗经》热”。 展开更多
关键词 《诗经》 词语 生命力 自然
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文字动态视觉表现探析 认领
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作者 黄玄 《工业设计》 2020年第6期100-101,共2页
从某种意义上说,文字是信息传播的重要载体之一,而且文字的存在形态对信息的传播也具有重要意义。文字本身就是一种艺术,文字的动态视觉表现就是将静态的文字变得更加具体生动。本文着重阐探讨文字动态视觉表现的历程、意义与方式,希望... 从某种意义上说,文字是信息传播的重要载体之一,而且文字的存在形态对信息的传播也具有重要意义。文字本身就是一种艺术,文字的动态视觉表现就是将静态的文字变得更加具体生动。本文着重阐探讨文字动态视觉表现的历程、意义与方式,希望为文字的发展提供更广阔的发展空间。 展开更多
关键词 文字 动态 视觉表现 探析 静态
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弗及弗所构成字词形义关系探究 认领
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作者 刘书芬 《韶关学院学报》 2020年第1期76-84,共9页
过去的学者对弗的字形义有不同的看法,认为其表矫箭、治、捆绑,或者说是连枷等义。其实,通过对弗的字形及其作为构件所构成的字词形义关系的探讨,可推知弗的字形义表示祭祀时烧香除灾求福。
关键词 构成 字词 形义关系
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道经注释语言研究——以《洞玄灵宝自然九天生神章经解义》为中心 认领
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作者 刘琪 刘祖国 《郑州师范教育》 2020年第2期66-70,共5页
《洞玄灵宝自然九天生神章经解义》是对《洞玄灵宝自然九天生神章经》的注释之书,注者为南宋道士董思靖。此书重在解释词义,兼及注音、辨字、介绍名物与校勘文本,对文字、词语作了详细解释,文章从语言学与文献学两方面探讨其丰富的注释... 《洞玄灵宝自然九天生神章经解义》是对《洞玄灵宝自然九天生神章经》的注释之书,注者为南宋道士董思靖。此书重在解释词义,兼及注音、辨字、介绍名物与校勘文本,对文字、词语作了详细解释,文章从语言学与文献学两方面探讨其丰富的注释资料。道经注释语言是当前汉语史研究的空白点,道经注释卷帙浩繁,文章首次对《解义》的注释语言进行发掘研究,有利于探索以《解义》为代表的道经注释文献在汉语史、训诂学研究中的价值。 展开更多
关键词 《洞玄灵宝自然九天生神章经解义》 道经注释 词语 文字
Evolution Analysis of Societal Risk Events by Risk Maps 认领
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作者 Nuo Xu Xjjin Tang 《Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering》 SCIE EI CSCD 2020年第4期454-467,共14页
Event evolution analysis which provides an effective approach to capture the main context of a story from explosive increased news texts has become the critical basis for many real applications,such as crisis and emer... Event evolution analysis which provides an effective approach to capture the main context of a story from explosive increased news texts has become the critical basis for many real applications,such as crisis and emergency management and decision making.Especially,the development of societal risk events which may cause some possible harm to society or individuals has been heavily concerned by both the government and the public.In order to capture the evolution and trends of societal risk events,this paper presents an improved algorithm based on the method of information maps.It contains an event-level cluster generation algorithm and an evaluation algorithm.The main work includes:1)Word embedding representation is adopted and event-level clusters are chosen as nodes of the events evolution chains which may comprehensively present the underlying structure of events.Meanwhile,clusters that consist of risk-labeled events enable to illustrate how events evolve along the time with transitions of risks.2)One real-world case,the event of"Chinese Red Cross",is studied and a series of experiments are conducted.3)An evaluation algorithm is proposed on the basis of indicators of map construction without massive human-annotated dataset.Our approach for event evolution analysis automatically generates a visual evolution of societal risk events,displaying a clear and structural picture of events development. 展开更多
关键词 Risk maps evolution analysis Baidu hot news search words societal risk events
A Corpus-Based Critical Discourse Analysis of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s New Year Message 认领
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作者 CAO Yicheng GAO Wencheng 《美中外语:英文版》 2020年第7期210-217,共8页
Guided by the critical discourse analysis theory,this paper analyzes the 2014-2018 New Year message delivered by Chinese President Xi Jinping from the following five aspects:high-frequency words,personal pronouns,tran... Guided by the critical discourse analysis theory,this paper analyzes the 2014-2018 New Year message delivered by Chinese President Xi Jinping from the following five aspects:high-frequency words,personal pronouns,transitivity,pragmatics,and rhetoric,so as to further realize the conceptual meaning conveyed by Chinese President Xi Jinping’s New Year message.At the same time,this paper verifies the value and advantages of critical discourse analysis theory in analyzing political speeches,and appreciates President Xi’s speech and leadership style. 展开更多
关键词 critical discourse analysis New Year message high frequency words personal pronouns TRANSITIVITY
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清水江文书词语释义十一则 认领 被引量:1
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作者 肖亚丽 《原生态民族文化学刊》 CSSCI 2020年第2期18-24,共7页
清水江文书语料丰富,具有比较重要的词汇研究价值。其中有一些词语,如"栽手、本名、夫手、青红钱"等,不被《汉语大词典》和《近代汉语词典》等大型历史性语文工具书所收录;有的词语,如"典主、义儿"等虽被词典立目,... 清水江文书语料丰富,具有比较重要的词汇研究价值。其中有一些词语,如"栽手、本名、夫手、青红钱"等,不被《汉语大词典》和《近代汉语词典》等大型历史性语文工具书所收录;有的词语,如"典主、义儿"等虽被词典立目,但其释义与清水江文书不尽吻合,体现出民间文献的地方用词特点。对这些词语加以考释,能够为清水江文书的阅读及近代汉语词语研究提供一些参考。 展开更多
关键词 清水江文书 词语 释义 近代汉语
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A Comparison of Cultural Connotations of Animal Words between Chinese and English 认领
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作者 邢永琛 《英语广场:学术研究》 2020年第20期48-50,共3页
Animal words are widely used in both Chinese and English.Many animals’names not only represent animal themselves but also have certain cultural connotations.The similarities and differences of connotations between Ch... Animal words are widely used in both Chinese and English.Many animals’names not only represent animal themselves but also have certain cultural connotations.The similarities and differences of connotations between Chinese and English animal words are discussed in detail,through which the reader will learn more about cultural connotations of animal words between Chinese and English. 展开更多
关键词 cultural connotation animal words cross-cultural communication
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On the Pragmatic Thought of Gabelentz from the Address Words of Chinesische Grammatik 认领
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作者 Yahui Cui 《教育理论综述(英文)》 2020年第4期54-57,共4页
Chinesische Grammatik is a book about Chinese grammar compiled by Hans Georg von der Gabelentz,in the 19th century.It is also a textbook for teaching Chinese as a second language.Among them,“weft”is a comprehensive ... Chinesische Grammatik is a book about Chinese grammar compiled by Hans Georg von der Gabelentz,in the 19th century.It is also a textbook for teaching Chinese as a second language.Among them,“weft”is a comprehensive system,which contains his pragmatic thought beyond the times.The study of appellations not only shows Hans Georg von der Gabelentz’s pragmatic thought,but also reflects his idea that the cultivation of learners’language ability should be the overall goal in Chinese teaching and the role of culture in cross-cultural communication.And the advanced educational concept of learning to use. 展开更多
关键词 Chinese Jingwei Comprehensive system Address words CULTURE PRAGMATICS
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Distribution of Mandarin Mingled by Cantonese: Survey Based on Pearl River Delta in China 认领
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作者 LI Jin-feng 《文学与艺术研究:英文版》 2020年第7期598-606,共9页
Mandarin Mingled by Cantonese is common in Guangdong dialect area.Its main manifestation is the heterogeneous pronunciation and vocabulary,and its performance degree can measure speakers’Mandarin level.In the summer ... Mandarin Mingled by Cantonese is common in Guangdong dialect area.Its main manifestation is the heterogeneous pronunciation and vocabulary,and its performance degree can measure speakers’Mandarin level.In the summer of 2019,this paper conducted a survey on the Pearl River Delta area and found that:(1)the rank of Mandarin of each city is from high to low:Shenzhen,Dongguan,Guangzhou,Zhuhai,Foshan,Huizhou,Zhongshan,Jiangmen,Zhaoqing;(2)The degree index of Mandarin Mingled by Cantonese in the Pearl River Delta is calculated.It’s wise to strengthen the promotion of Mandarin in Guangdong,to promote the balanced development of regional economic integration. 展开更多
关键词 CANTONESE Mandarin mingled by Cantonese heterogeneous words Mandarin level
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